Abstract

We propose an OTDM to WDM converter which enables wavelength tunability, flexible OTDM tributary to WDM channel mapping and modulation format transparency. The converted signals are obtained by four-wave mixing (FWM) the input 160 Gb/s OTDM signal with a multi-wavelength sampling pulse train (SPT). The generation of the multi-wavelength SPT starts by multicasting an optical clock signal. The multicast pulses are then individually delayed and reshaped by a programmable optical processor (POP), resulting in flexible generation of the SPT. Error-free performance was achieved in different OTDM tributary to WDM channel mappings. In addition, intermediate rate conversion (2x80 Gb/s) was also achieved simply by reconfiguring the POP.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11x224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM Transmission Over 670 km of SSMF With 50-GHz Channel Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1150–1152 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1438–1443 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. Areal, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Ultra-high-speed optical signal processing of Tbaud data signals,” in Proc. ECOC’10(2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.
  4. T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, “All-Optical Demultiplexing of 640-Gb/s OTDM-DPSK Signal Using a Semiconductor SMZ Switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1574–1576 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Hu, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Polarization-Insensitive 640 Gb/s Demultiplexing Based on Four Wave Mixing in a Polarization-Maintaining Fibre Loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(12), 1789–1795 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløewe, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based 1.28 Tbaud transmitter optimization and receiver OTDM demultiplexing,” in Proc. OFC’10(2010), Post-deadline paper PDPC5.
  7. C. Brés, A. Wiberg, B. Kuo, J. Chavez-Boggio, C. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8x40 Gb/s in Single Parametric Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 434–442 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. W. Tkach, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Serial-to-Parallel Demultiplexing Using WDM Sampling Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 97–99 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Awaji, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, “40 Gb/s WDM-Multicasting Wavelength Conversion From 160 Gb/s OTDM Signal,” Opt. Netw. Technol. 164, 292–298 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Lei, C. Shu, and M. Fok, “All-Optical OTDM-to-WDM Signal Conversion Using Cross-Absorption Modulation With Time- and Wavelength-Interleaved Short Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(8), 571–573 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. J. Lee, S. Liu, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “OTDM to WDM format conversion based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10282–10288 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. Yan, J. del Val Puente, T. G. Silveira, A. Teixeira, A. P. S. Ferreira, E. Tangdiongga, P. Monteiro, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Simulation and Experimental Characterization of SOA-MZI-Based Multiwavelength Conversion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(2), 117–127 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, and B. Eggleton, “Dispersion Trimming in a Reconfigurable Wavelength Selective Switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1), 73–78 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (6)

H. Hu, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “Polarization-Insensitive 640 Gb/s Demultiplexing Based on Four Wave Mixing in a Polarization-Maintaining Fibre Loop,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(12), 1789–1795 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Brés, A. Wiberg, B. Kuo, J. Chavez-Boggio, C. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8x40 Gb/s in Single Parametric Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 434–442 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Lei, C. Shu, and M. Fok, “All-Optical OTDM-to-WDM Signal Conversion Using Cross-Absorption Modulation With Time- and Wavelength-Interleaved Short Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(8), 571–573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Lee, S. Liu, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “OTDM to WDM format conversion based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10282–10288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11x224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM Transmission Over 670 km of SSMF With 50-GHz Channel Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1150–1152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, H. Hu, A. T. Clausen, J. B. Jensen, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Demonstration of 5.1 Tbit/s data capacity on a single-wavelength channel,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1438–1443 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, “All-Optical Demultiplexing of 640-Gb/s OTDM-DPSK Signal Using a Semiconductor SMZ Switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1574–1576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Yan, J. del Val Puente, T. G. Silveira, A. Teixeira, A. P. S. Ferreira, E. Tangdiongga, P. Monteiro, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Simulation and Experimental Characterization of SOA-MZI-Based Multiwavelength Conversion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(2), 117–127 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. W. Tkach, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Serial-to-Parallel Demultiplexing Using WDM Sampling Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 97–99 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

Y. Awaji, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, “40 Gb/s WDM-Multicasting Wavelength Conversion From 160 Gb/s OTDM Signal,” Opt. Netw. Technol. 164, 292–298 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Abakoumov, D.

Alfiad, M. S.

M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11x224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM Transmission Over 670 km of SSMF With 50-GHz Channel Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1150–1152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

Awaji, Y.

Y. Awaji, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, “40 Gb/s WDM-Multicasting Wavelength Conversion From 160 Gb/s OTDM Signal,” Opt. Netw. Technol. 164, 292–298 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baxter, G.

Baxter, G. W.

M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bolger, J.

Bolger, J. A.

M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brés, C.

Chavez-Boggio, J.

Clarke, A. M.

M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, A. T.

de Waardt, H.

M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11x224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM Transmission Over 670 km of SSMF With 50-GHz Channel Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1150–1152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

del Val Puente, J.

Eggleton, B.

Eggleton, B. J.

M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferreira, A. P. S.

Fok, M.

G. Lei, C. Shu, and M. Fok, “All-Optical OTDM-to-WDM Signal Conversion Using Cross-Absorption Modulation With Time- and Wavelength-Interleaved Short Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(8), 571–573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frisken, S.

Frisken, S. J.

M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Galili, M.

Gallo, K.

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. W. Tkach, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Serial-to-Parallel Demultiplexing Using WDM Sampling Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 97–99 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guan, P.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, “All-Optical Demultiplexing of 640-Gb/s OTDM-DPSK Signal Using a Semiconductor SMZ Switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1574–1576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, T.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, “All-Optical Demultiplexing of 640-Gb/s OTDM-DPSK Signal Using a Semiconductor SMZ Switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1574–1576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, T.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, “All-Optical Demultiplexing of 640-Gb/s OTDM-DPSK Signal Using a Semiconductor SMZ Switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1574–1576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

Ibsen, M.

Jansen, S. L.

M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11x224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM Transmission Over 670 km of SSMF With 50-GHz Channel Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1150–1152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. B.

Jeppesen, P.

Jopson, R. M.

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. W. Tkach, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Serial-to-Parallel Demultiplexing Using WDM Sampling Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 97–99 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kubota, F.

Y. Awaji, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, “40 Gb/s WDM-Multicasting Wavelength Conversion From 160 Gb/s OTDM Signal,” Opt. Netw. Technol. 164, 292–298 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, B.

Kuschnerov, M.

M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11x224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM Transmission Over 670 km of SSMF With 50-GHz Channel Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1150–1152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. J.

Lei, G.

G. Lei, C. Shu, and M. Fok, “All-Optical OTDM-to-WDM Signal Conversion Using Cross-Absorption Modulation With Time- and Wavelength-Interleaved Short Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(8), 571–573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

Marki, C.

McKinstrie, C. J.

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. W. Tkach, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Serial-to-Parallel Demultiplexing Using WDM Sampling Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 97–99 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

Y. Awaji, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, “40 Gb/s WDM-Multicasting Wavelength Conversion From 160 Gb/s OTDM Signal,” Opt. Netw. Technol. 164, 292–298 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Monteiro, P.

Mulvad, H. C. H.

Nakamura, S.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, “All-Optical Demultiplexing of 640-Gb/s OTDM-DPSK Signal Using a Semiconductor SMZ Switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1574–1576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, “All-Optical Demultiplexing of 640-Gb/s OTDM-DPSK Signal Using a Semiconductor SMZ Switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1574–1576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okazaki, M.

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, “All-Optical Demultiplexing of 640-Gb/s OTDM-DPSK Signal Using a Semiconductor SMZ Switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1574–1576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

Palushani, E.

Parmigiani, F.

Petropoulos, P.

Peucheret, C.

Poole, S.

Radic, S.

C. Brés, A. Wiberg, B. Kuo, J. Chavez-Boggio, C. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8x40 Gb/s in Single Parametric Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 434–442 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. W. Tkach, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Serial-to-Parallel Demultiplexing Using WDM Sampling Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 97–99 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Roelens, M.

Roelens, M. A. F.

M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

G. Lei, C. Shu, and M. Fok, “All-Optical OTDM-to-WDM Signal Conversion Using Cross-Absorption Modulation With Time- and Wavelength-Interleaved Short Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(8), 571–573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Silveira, T. G.

Tangdiongga, E.

Teixeira, A.

Tkach, R. W.

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. W. Tkach, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Serial-to-Parallel Demultiplexing Using WDM Sampling Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 97–99 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van den Borne, D.

M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11x224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM Transmission Over 670 km of SSMF With 50-GHz Channel Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1150–1152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wiberg, A.

Williams, D.

M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wuth, T.

M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11x224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM Transmission Over 670 km of SSMF With 50-GHz Channel Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1150–1152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Yan, N.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11x224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM Transmission Over 670 km of SSMF With 50-GHz Channel Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1150–1152 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirooka, M. Okazaki, T. Hirano, P. Guan, M. Nakazawa, and S. Nakamura, “All-Optical Demultiplexing of 640-Gb/s OTDM-DPSK Signal Using a Semiconductor SMZ Switch,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1574–1576 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, R. W. Tkach, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, “Serial-to-Parallel Demultiplexing Using WDM Sampling Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(2), 97–99 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Lei, C. Shu, and M. Fok, “All-Optical OTDM-to-WDM Signal Conversion Using Cross-Absorption Modulation With Time- and Wavelength-Interleaved Short Pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(8), 571–573 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. A. F. Roelens, J. A. Bolger, D. Williams, S. J. Frisken, G. W. Baxter, A. M. Clarke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Flexible and Reconfigurable Time-Domain Demultiplexing of Optical Signals at 160 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 618–620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Netw. Technol. (1)

Y. Awaji, T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, “40 Gb/s WDM-Multicasting Wavelength Conversion From 160 Gb/s OTDM Signal,” Opt. Netw. Technol. 164, 292–298 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Mulvad, H. Hu, H. Ji, J. Xu, E. Palushani, J. Areal, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Ultra-high-speed optical signal processing of Tbaud data signals,” in Proc. ECOC’10(2010), paper Mo.1.A.1.

T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløewe, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schroder, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photonic chip based 1.28 Tbaud transmitter optimization and receiver OTDM demultiplexing,” in Proc. OFC’10(2010), Post-deadline paper PDPC5.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Operation principle of the proposed OTDM to WDM converter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. Inset: eye diagram of the 160 Gb/s input OTDM signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) frequency responses of the POP measured by an optical network analyzer, (b) optical spectra of the SPT, waveforms of the (c)-(e) SPs and (f) SPTs obtained for the POP configured to produce (up) rectangular bandpass filtering, (middle) line-by-line filtering, and (bottom) improved CR.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a)-(d) SPTs and corresponding 40 Gb/s converted WDM signals located at (2) λo,1 = 1532.7 nm, (3) λo,2 = 1528.2 nm and (4) λo,3 = 1523.1 nm. The Q-factors are in dB. (e) Spectrum at the HNLF output. (f) BERs of the input and converted WDM signals. Inset: eye diagram of the BtB 40 Gb/s optical signal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Results obtained for intermediate rate (80 Gb/s) conversion. (a) Frequency response of the POP, (b) optical spectra and (c)-(d) waveforms of the SPs and SPTs. (e) converted optical signals at λo,1 (up) and λo,3 (down).

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