Abstract

Optical circuits are low power consumption and fast speed alternatives for the current information processing based on transistor circuits. However, because of no transistor function available in optics, the architecture for optical computing should be chosen that optics prefers. One of which is Binary Decision Diagram (BDD), where signal is processed by sending an optical signal from the root through a serial of switching nodes to the leaf (terminal). Speed of optical computing is limited by either transmission time of optical signals from the root to the leaf or switching time of a node. We have designed and experimentally demonstrated 1-bit and 2-bit adders based on the BDD architecture. The switching nodes are silicon ring resonators with a modulation depth of 10 dB and the states are changed by the plasma dispersion effect. The quality, Q of the rings designed is 1500, which allows fast transmission of signal, e.g., 1.3 ps calculated by a photon escaping time. A total processing time is thus analyzed to be ~9 ps for a 2-bit adder and would scales linearly with the number of bit. It is two orders of magnitude faster than the conventional CMOS circuitry, ~ns scale of delay. The presented results show the potential of fast speed optical computing circuits.

© 2012 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. “International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors,” (2007), http://www.itrs.net/links/2007itrs/execsum2007.pdf
  2. D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88(6), 728–749 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. J. Caulfield and S. Dolev, “Why future supercomputing requires optics,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 261–263 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. A. B. Miller, “Are optical transistors the logical next step?” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 3–5 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. E. Tamir, N. T. Shaked, P. J. Wilson, and S. Dolev, “High-speed and low-power electro-optical DSP coprocessor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26(8), A11–A20 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Hardy and J. Shamir, “Optics inspired logic architecture,” Opt. Express 15(1), 150–165 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. Condrat, P. Kalla, and S. Blair, “Logic synthesis for integrated optics,” in Proceedings of the 21st Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI (ACM, 2011), pp. 13–18.
  8. C. Condrat, P. Kalla, and S. Blair, “Exploring design and synthesis for optical digital logic,” presented at 19th International Workshop on Logic & Synthesis, Irvine, CA, 18–20 Jun. 2010.
  9. M. Nazarathy, Z. Zalevsky, A. Rudnitsky, B. Larom, A. Nevet, M. Orenstein, and B. Fischer, “All-optical linear reconfigurable logic with nonlinear phase erasure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26(8), A21–A39 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Tian, L. Zhang, R. Ji, L. Yang, and Q. Xu, “Demonstration of a directed optical encoder using microring-resonator-based optical switches,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3795–3797 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Q. Xu and R. Soref, “Reconfigurable optical directed-logic circuits using microresonator-based optical switches,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5244–5259 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. Asahi, M. Akazawa, and Y. Amemiya, ““Single-electron logic device based on the binary decision diagram,” IEICE Trans. Electron,” E 81-C, 49–56 (1998).
  13. G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Dong, S. Liao, D. Feng, H. Liang, D. Zheng, R. Shafiiha, C.-C. Kung, W. Qian, G. Li, X. Zheng, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Low Vpp, ultralow-energy, compact, high-speed silicon electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22484–22490 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. H. Lim, J. Cai, Y. Ishikawa, and K. Wada, “C-band electromodulation in silicon–germanium ring and linear devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131115 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, T. Pinguet, A. Mekis, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, G. Li, J. Yao, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Highly-efficient thermally-tuned resonant optical filters,” Opt. Express 18(18), 19055–19063 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P. T. Ho, and C. H. Lee, “All-optical switching in a laterally coupled microring resonator by carrier injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 µm square Si wire waveguides to single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, and T. Tanabe, “Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities,” Opt. Express 13(7), 2678–2687 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (6)

H. J. Caulfield and S. Dolev, “Why future supercomputing requires optics,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 261–263 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, “Are optical transistors the logical next step?” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 3–5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Lim, J. Cai, Y. Ishikawa, and K. Wada, “C-band electromodulation in silicon–germanium ring and linear devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, T. Pinguet, A. Mekis, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, G. Li, J. Yao, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Highly-efficient thermally-tuned resonant optical filters,” Opt. Express 18(18), 19055–19063 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2007 (2)

J. Hardy and J. Shamir, “Optics inspired logic architecture,” Opt. Express 15(1), 150–165 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P. T. Ho, and C. H. Lee, “All-optical switching in a laterally coupled microring resonator by carrier injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 µm square Si wire waveguides to single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88(6), 728–749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

N. Asahi, M. Akazawa, and Y. Amemiya, ““Single-electron logic device based on the binary decision diagram,” IEICE Trans. Electron,” E 81-C, 49–56 (1998).

Akazawa, M.

N. Asahi, M. Akazawa, and Y. Amemiya, ““Single-electron logic device based on the binary decision diagram,” IEICE Trans. Electron,” E 81-C, 49–56 (1998).

Amemiya, Y.

N. Asahi, M. Akazawa, and Y. Amemiya, ““Single-electron logic device based on the binary decision diagram,” IEICE Trans. Electron,” E 81-C, 49–56 (1998).

Asahi, N.

N. Asahi, M. Akazawa, and Y. Amemiya, ““Single-electron logic device based on the binary decision diagram,” IEICE Trans. Electron,” E 81-C, 49–56 (1998).

Asghari, M.

Basak, J.

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cai, J.

P. H. Lim, J. Cai, Y. Ishikawa, and K. Wada, “C-band electromodulation in silicon–germanium ring and linear devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Calhoun, L. C.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P. T. Ho, and C. H. Lee, “All-optical switching in a laterally coupled microring resonator by carrier injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

H. J. Caulfield and S. Dolev, “Why future supercomputing requires optics,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 261–263 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chetrit, Y.

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, R.

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

Dolev, S.

Dong, P.

Feng, D.

Fischer, B.

Freude, W.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gardes, F. Y.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Goldhar, J.

T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P. T. Ho, and C. H. Lee, “All-optical switching in a laterally coupled microring resonator by carrier injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grover, R.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, J.

Ho, P. T.

T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P. T. Ho, and C. H. Lee, “All-optical switching in a laterally coupled microring resonator by carrier injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P.-T.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, T. A.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P. T. Ho, and C. H. Lee, “All-optical switching in a laterally coupled microring resonator by carrier injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, Y.

P. H. Lim, J. Cai, Y. Ishikawa, and K. Wada, “C-band electromodulation in silicon–germanium ring and linear devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Izhaky, N.

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ji, R.

Kanakaraju, S.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P. T. Ho, and C. H. Lee, “All-optical switching in a laterally coupled microring resonator by carrier injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kira, G.

Koos, C.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Kung, C.-C.

Kuo, L.-C.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuramochi, E.

Larom, B.

Lee, C. H.

T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P. T. Ho, and C. H. Lee, “All-optical switching in a laterally coupled microring resonator by carrier injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Li, J.

T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P. T. Ho, and C. H. Lee, “All-optical switching in a laterally coupled microring resonator by carrier injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

Liao, L.

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liao, S.

Lim, P. H.

P. H. Lim, J. Cai, Y. Ishikawa, and K. Wada, “C-band electromodulation in silicon–germanium ring and linear devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Mashanovich, G.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mekis, A.

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, “Are optical transistors the logical next step?” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 3–5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88(6), 728–749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mitsugi, S.

Morita, H.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 µm square Si wire waveguides to single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nazarathy, M.

Nevet, A.

Nguyen, H.

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

Orenstein, M.

Paniccia, M.

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pinguet, T.

Qian, W.

Raj, K.

Reed, G. T.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, D.

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rudnitsky, A.

Shafiiha, R.

Shaked, N. T.

Shamir, J.

Shinya, A.

Shoji, T.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 µm square Si wire waveguides to single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shubin, I.

Soref, R.

Tamir, D. E.

Tanabe, T.

Thacker, H.

Thomson, D. J.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y.

Tsuchizawa, T.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 µm square Si wire waveguides to single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wada, K.

P. H. Lim, J. Cai, Y. Ishikawa, and K. Wada, “C-band electromodulation in silicon–germanium ring and linear devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 µm square Si wire waveguides to single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, P. J.

Xu, Q.

Yamada, K.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 µm square Si wire waveguides to single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Yao, J.

Zalevsky, Z.

Zhang, L.

Zheng, D.

Zheng, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. H. Lim, J. Cai, Y. Ishikawa, and K. Wada, “C-band electromodulation in silicon–germanium ring and linear devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E (1)

N. Asahi, M. Akazawa, and Y. Amemiya, ““Single-electron logic device based on the binary decision diagram,” IEICE Trans. Electron,” E 81-C, 49–56 (1998).

Electron. Lett. (2)

L. Liao, A. Liu, D. Rubin, J. Basak, Y. Chetrit, H. Nguyen, R. Cohen, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for highspeed applications,” Electron. Lett. 43(22), 1196–1197 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 µm square Si wire waveguides to single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(25), 1669 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P. T. Ho, and C. H. Lee, “All-optical switching in a laterally coupled microring resonator by carrier injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Nat. Photonics (4)

H. J. Caulfield and S. Dolev, “Why future supercomputing requires optics,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 261–263 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, “Are optical transistors the logical next step?” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 3–5 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88(6), 728–749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

“International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors,” (2007), http://www.itrs.net/links/2007itrs/execsum2007.pdf

C. Condrat, P. Kalla, and S. Blair, “Logic synthesis for integrated optics,” in Proceedings of the 21st Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI (ACM, 2011), pp. 13–18.

C. Condrat, P. Kalla, and S. Blair, “Exploring design and synthesis for optical digital logic,” presented at 19th International Workshop on Logic & Synthesis, Irvine, CA, 18–20 Jun. 2010.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics