Abstract

Remote sensing of aerosol optical properties is difficult, but multi-angle, multi-spectral, polarimetric instruments have the potential to retrieve sufficient information about aerosols that they can be used to improve global climate models. However, the complexity of these instruments means that it is difficult to intuitively understand the relationship between instrument design and retrieval success. We apply a Bayesian statistical technique that relates instrument characteristics to the information contained in an observation. Using realistic simulations of fine size mode dominated spherical aerosols, we investigate three instrument designs. Two of these represent instruments currently in orbit: the Multiangle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) and the POLarization and Directionality of the Earths Reflectances (POLDER). The third is the Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor (APS), which failed to reach orbit during recent launch, but represents a viable design for future instruments. The results show fundamental differences between the three, and offer suggestions for future instrument design and the optimal retrieval strategy for current instruments. Generally, our results agree with previous validation efforts of POLDER and airborne prototypes of APS, but show that the MISR aerosol optical thickness uncertainty characterization is possibly underestimated.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (2)

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, F. Waquet, K. Knobelspiesse, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, L. Travis, and M. Mishchenko, “Sensitivity of multiangle, multispectral polarimetric remote sensing over open oceans to water-leaving radiance: Analyses of RSP data acquired during the MILAGRO campaign,” Remote Sens. Environ.118, 284–308 (2012).

M. Ottaviani, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, K. Knobelspiesse, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, S. Burton, J. Hair, M. Obland, and R. Rogers, “Polarimetric retrievals of surface and cirrus clouds properties in the region affected by the deepwater horizon oil spill,” Remote Sens. Environ.121, 389–403 (2012).

2011 (8)

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 1383–1395 (2011).

O. Dubovik, M. Herman, A. Holdak, T. Lapyonok, D. Tanré, J. L. Deuzé, F. Ducos, A. Sinyuk, and A. Lopatin, “Statistically optimized inversion algorithm for enhanced retrieval of aerosol properties from spectral multi-angle polarimetric satellite observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 975–1018 (2011).

O. Hasekamp, P. Litvinov, and A. Butz, “Aerosol properties over the ocean from parasol multiangle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.116, D14204 (2011).

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, M. Ottaviani, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, C. Hostetler, M. Obland, R. Rogers, J. Redemann, Y. Shinozuka, A. Clarke, S. Freitag, S. Howell, V. Kapustin, and C. McNaughton, “Combined retrievals of boreal forest fire aerosol properties with a polarimeter and lidar,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 7045–7067 (2011).

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, J. Redemann, R. W. Bergstrom, and A. Stohl, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and cloud properties during the MILAGRO field campaign,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 6245–6263 (2011).

O. Kalashnikova, M. Garay, A. Davis, D. Diner, and J. Martonchik, “Sensitivity of multi-angle photo-polarimetry to vertical layering and mixing of absorbing aerosols: Quantifying measurement uncertainties,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112, 2149–2163 (2011).

J. Hansen, M. Sato, P. Kharecha, and K. von Schuckmann, “Earth’s energy imbalance and implications,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 13421–13449 (2011).

J. Penner, L. Xu, and M. Wang, “Satellite methods underestimate indirect climate forcing by aerosols,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.108, 13404–13408 (2011).
[PubMed]

2010 (7)

N. Loeb and W. Su, “Direct aerosol radiative forcing uncertainty based on a radiative perturbation analysis,” J. Climate23, 5288–5293 (2010).

A. Kokhanovsky, J. Deuzé, D. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. Garay, R. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. North, A. Prikhach, V. Rozanov, A. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. Thomas, and E. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.3, 909–932 (2010).

O. P. Hasekamp, “Capability of multi-viewing-angle photo-polarimetric measurements for the simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and cloud properties,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.3, 839–851 (2010).

M. Mishchenko, L. Liu, L. Travis, B. Cairns, and A. Lacis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: 3. MODIS versus MISR versus AERONET,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.111, 540–5522010.

R. Levy, L. Remer, R. Kleidman, S. Mattoo, C. Ichoku, R. Kahn, and T. Eck, “Global evaluation of the collection 5 MODIS dark-target aerosol products over land,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10, 10399–10420 (2010).

S. Persh, Y. Shaham, O. Benami, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, J. Hein, and B. Fafaul, “Ground performance measurements of the Glory aerosol polarimetry sensor,” Proc. SPIE7807, 780703 (2010).

P. Litvinov, O. Hasekamp, B. Cairns, and M. Mishchenko, “Reflection models for soil and vegetation surfaces from multiple-viewing angle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer111, 529–539 (2010).

2009 (4)

G. Myhre, T. Berglen, M. Johnsrud, C. Hoyle, T. Berntsen, S. Christopher, D. Fahey, I. Isaksen, T. Jones, R. Kahn, N. Loeb, P. Quinn, L. Remer, S. Schwartz, and K. Yttri, “Modelled radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect with multi-observation evaluation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9, 1365–1392 (2009).

R. Kahn, D. Nelson, M. Garay, R. Levy, M. Bull, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, S. Paradise, E. Hansen, and L. Remer, “MISR aerosol product attributes and statistical comparisons with MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.47, 4095–4114 (2009).

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res.114, D01206 (2009).

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, A. Lacis, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: What do fully compatible MODIS and MISR aerosol pixels tell us?” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.110, 402–408 (2009).

2008 (3)

C. Rodgers and B. Connor, “Intercomparison of remote sounding instruments,” J. Geophys. Res.108, D34116 (2008).

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, C. Schaaf, B. Schmid, and M. Román, “Surface BRDF estimation from an aircraft compared to MODIS and ground estimates at the Southern Great Plains site,” J. Geophys. Res.113, D20105 (2008).

L. A. Remer, R. G. Kleidman, R. C. Levy, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, J. V. Martins, C. Ichoku, I. Koren, H. Yu, and B. Holben, “Global aerosol climatology from the MODIS satellite sensors,” J. Geophys. Res.113, D14S07 (2008).

2007 (7)

X. Jiang, Y. Liu, B. Yu, and M. Jiang, “Comparison of MISR aerosol optical thickness with AERONET measurements in Beijing metropolitan area,” Remote Sens. Environ.107, 45–53 (2007).

B. Fougnie, G. Bracco, B. Lafrance, C. Ruffel, O. Hagolle, and C. Tinel, “PARASOL in-flight calibration and performance,” Appl. Opt.46, 5435–5451 (2007).
[PubMed]

O. Hasekamp and J. Landgraf, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over land surfaces: capabilities of multiple-viewing-angle intensity and polarization measurements,” Appl. Opt.46, 3332–3344 (2007).
[PubMed]

V. Zubko, Y. Kaufman, R. Burg, and J. Martins, “Principal component analysis of remote sensing of aerosols over oceans,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.45, 730–745 (2007).

R. Kahn, M. Garay, D. Nelson, K. Yau, M. Bull, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, and R. Levy, “Satellite-derived aerosol optical depth over dark water from MISR and MODIS: Comparisons with aeronet and implications for climatological studies,” J. Geophys. Res.112, D18205 (2007).

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. Rossow, and L. Travis, “Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.106, 325–347 (2007).

M. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. Schueler, B. Fafaul, J. Hansen, R. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. Maring, and L. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.88, 687–691 (2007).

2006 (3)

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Contribution of water-leaving radiances to multiangle, multispectral polarimetric observations over the open ocean: bio-optical model results for case 1 waters,” Appl. Opt.45, 5542–5567 (2006).
[PubMed]

G. Schaepman-Strub, M. Schaepman, T. Painter, S. Dangel, and J. Martonchik, “Reflectance quantities in optical remote sensing: definitions and case studies,” Remote Sens. Environ.103, 27–42 (2006).

L. Remer, Y. Kaufman, and R. Kleidman, “Comparison of three years of Terra and Aqua MODIS aerosol optical thickness over the global oceans,” IEEE Lett. Geosci. Remote Sens.3, 537– 540 (2006).

2005 (6)

L. Remer, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. Chu, J. Martins, R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. Levy, R. Kleidman, T. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. Holben, “The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products, and validation,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 947–973 (2005).

R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, D. Diner, K. Crean, and B. Holben. “Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S04 (2005).

W. Abdou, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, C. Bruegge, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, K. Crean, L. Remer, and B. Holben, “Comparison of coincident multiangle imaging spectroradiometer and moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer aerosol optical depths over land and ocean scenes containing aerosol robotic network sites,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S07 (2005).

T. Anderson, R. Charlson, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, M. Chin, S. Christopher, J. Haywood, Y. Kaufman, S. Kinne, J. Ogren, L. A. Remer, T. Takemure, D. Tanré, O. Torres, C. Trepte, B. Wielicki, D. Winker, and H. Yu, “An “A-Train” strategy for quantifying direct climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.86, 1795–1809 (2005).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, P. Hobbs, G. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the clams experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 1093–1117 (2005).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. Travis, “Using multi-angle multispectral photo-polarimetry of the NASA Glory mission to constrain optical properties of aerosols and clouds: results from four field experiments,” Proc. SPIE5978, 59780G (2005).

2004 (4)

M. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. Hansen, L. Travis, R. Burg, Y. Kaufman, J. Vanderlei Martins, and E. Shettle, “Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.88, 149–161 (2004).

S. Christopher and J. Wang, “Intercomparison between multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer (MISR) and sunphotometer aerosol optical thickness in dust source regions over China: implications for satellite aerosol retrievals and radiative forcing calculations,” Tellus, Ser. B56, 451–456 (2004).

Y. Liu, J. Sarnat, B. Coull, P. Koutrakis, and D. Jacob, “Validation of multiangle imaging spectroradiometer (MISR) aerosol optical thickness measurements using aerosol robotic network (AERONET) observations over the contiguous United States,” J. Geophys. Res.109, D06205 (2004).

J. Martonchik, D. Diner, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, and B. Holben, “Comparison of MISR and AERONET aerosol optical depths over desert sites,” Geophys. Res. Lett.31, L16102 (2004).

2003 (3)

R. Levy, L. Remer, D. Tanré, Y. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, B. Holben, J. Livingston, P. Russell, and H. Maring, “Evaluation of the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) retrievals of dust aerosol over the ocean during PRIDE,” J. Geophys. Res.108, D198594 (2003).

M. King, W. Menzel, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. Gao, S. Platnick, S. Ackerman, L. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.41, 442–458 (2003).

B. Cairns, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols,” Proc Geosci. Remote Sens. Symp.518–520 (2003).

2002 (5)

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Case studies of aerosol retrievals over the ocean from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric remote sensing data,” J. Atmos. Sci.59, 383–397 (2002).

Y. Kaufman, D. Tanre, and O. Boucher, “A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system,” Nature419, 215–223 (2002).
[PubMed]

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. Kaufman, M. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59, 590–608 (2002).

C. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, and J. Muller, “First operational BRDF, albedo nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.83, 135–148 (2002).

J. Martonchik, D. Diner, K. Crean, and M. Bull, “Regional aerosol retrieval results from MISR,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.40, 1520–1532 (2002).

2001 (2)

D. Diner, W. Abdou, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, K. Crean, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, S. Pilorz, and B. Holben,” “MISR aerosol optical depth retrievals over southern Africa during the SAFARI-2000 dry season campaign,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 3127–3130 (2001).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 243–246 (2001).

2000 (1)

W. Lucht, C. Schaaf, and A. Strahler, “An algorithm for the retrieval of albedo from space using semiempirical BRDF models,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.38, 977–998 (2000).

1999 (1)

F. Nadal and F.-M. Breon, “Parameterization of surface polarized reflectance derived from POLDER spaceborne measurements,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.37, 1709 (1999).

1998 (2)

B. Holben, Y. Kaufman, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, and J. Reagan, “AERONET – a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ.66, 1–16 (1998).

D. Diner, J. Beckert, T. Reilly, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, T. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. Gerstl, H. Gordon, J. Muller, R. Myneni, P. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.36, 1072–1087 (1998).

1997 (1)

Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, L. Remer, E. Vermote, A. Chu, and B. Holben, “Operational remote sensing of tropospheric aerosol over land from EOS moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer,” J. Geophys. Res.102, 17,051–17,067 (1997).

1996 (1)

D. Tanre, M. Herman, and Y. Kaufman, “Information on aerosol size distribution contained in solar reflected spectral radiances,” J. Geophys. Res.101, 19,043–19,060 (1996).

1995 (1)

F. Breon, D. Tanré, P. Lecomte, and M. Herman, “Polarized reflectance of bare soils and vegetation: measurements and models,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.33, 487–499 (1995).

1994 (1)

P. Deschamps, F. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: Instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.32, 598–615 (1994).

1987 (1)

J. de Haan, P. Bosma, and J. Hovenier, “The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light,” Astron. Astrophys.183, 371–391 (1987).

1984 (1)

W. De Rooij and C. Van der Stap, “Expansion of Mie scattering matrices in generalized spherical functions,” Astron. Astrophys.131, 237–248 (1984).

1978 (1)

Y. Kawata, “Circular polarization of sunlight reflected by planetary atmospheres,” Icarus33, 217–232 (1978).

1974 (1)

J. Hansen and L. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev.16, 527–610 (1974).

1954 (1)

Abdou, W.

W. Abdou, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, C. Bruegge, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, K. Crean, L. Remer, and B. Holben, “Comparison of coincident multiangle imaging spectroradiometer and moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer aerosol optical depths over land and ocean scenes containing aerosol robotic network sites,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S07 (2005).

D. Diner, W. Abdou, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, K. Crean, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, S. Pilorz, and B. Holben,” “MISR aerosol optical depth retrievals over southern Africa during the SAFARI-2000 dry season campaign,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 3127–3130 (2001).

C. Bruegge, W. Abdou, D. Diner, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, and J. Martonchik. “Validating the MISR radiometric scale for the ocean aerosol science communities.” in Proceedings of The International Workshop on Radiometric and Geometric Calibration (AA. Balkema Publishers, 2004).

Ackerman, S.

M. King, W. Menzel, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. Gao, S. Platnick, S. Ackerman, L. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.41, 442–458 (2003).

Ackerman, T.

D. Diner, J. Beckert, T. Reilly, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, T. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. Gerstl, H. Gordon, J. Muller, R. Myneni, P. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.36, 1072–1087 (1998).

Anderson, T.

T. Anderson, R. Charlson, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, M. Chin, S. Christopher, J. Haywood, Y. Kaufman, S. Kinne, J. Ogren, L. A. Remer, T. Takemure, D. Tanré, O. Torres, C. Trepte, B. Wielicki, D. Winker, and H. Yu, “An “A-Train” strategy for quantifying direct climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.86, 1795–1809 (2005).

Beckert, J.

D. Diner, J. Beckert, T. Reilly, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, T. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. Gerstl, H. Gordon, J. Muller, R. Myneni, P. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.36, 1072–1087 (1998).

Bellouin, N.

T. Anderson, R. Charlson, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, M. Chin, S. Christopher, J. Haywood, Y. Kaufman, S. Kinne, J. Ogren, L. A. Remer, T. Takemure, D. Tanré, O. Torres, C. Trepte, B. Wielicki, D. Winker, and H. Yu, “An “A-Train” strategy for quantifying direct climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.86, 1795–1809 (2005).

Benami, O.

S. Persh, Y. Shaham, O. Benami, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, J. Hein, and B. Fafaul, “Ground performance measurements of the Glory aerosol polarimetry sensor,” Proc. SPIE7807, 780703 (2010).

Bennouna, Y.

L. Curier, G. de Leeuw, P. Kolmonen, A.-M. Sundstrom, L. Sogacheva, and Y. Bennouna, “Aerosol retrieval over land using the (A)ATSR dual-view algorithm,” in Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing over Land (Springer, 2009).

Berglen, T.

G. Myhre, T. Berglen, M. Johnsrud, C. Hoyle, T. Berntsen, S. Christopher, D. Fahey, I. Isaksen, T. Jones, R. Kahn, N. Loeb, P. Quinn, L. Remer, S. Schwartz, and K. Yttri, “Modelled radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect with multi-observation evaluation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9, 1365–1392 (2009).

Bergstrom, R. W.

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, J. Redemann, R. W. Bergstrom, and A. Stohl, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and cloud properties during the MILAGRO field campaign,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 6245–6263 (2011).

Berntsen, T.

G. Myhre, T. Berglen, M. Johnsrud, C. Hoyle, T. Berntsen, S. Christopher, D. Fahey, I. Isaksen, T. Jones, R. Kahn, N. Loeb, P. Quinn, L. Remer, S. Schwartz, and K. Yttri, “Modelled radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect with multi-observation evaluation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9, 1365–1392 (2009).

Bosma, P.

J. de Haan, P. Bosma, and J. Hovenier, “The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light,” Astron. Astrophys.183, 371–391 (1987).

Boucher, O.

T. Anderson, R. Charlson, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, M. Chin, S. Christopher, J. Haywood, Y. Kaufman, S. Kinne, J. Ogren, L. A. Remer, T. Takemure, D. Tanré, O. Torres, C. Trepte, B. Wielicki, D. Winker, and H. Yu, “An “A-Train” strategy for quantifying direct climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.86, 1795–1809 (2005).

Y. Kaufman, D. Tanre, and O. Boucher, “A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system,” Nature419, 215–223 (2002).
[PubMed]

Bracco, G.

Breon, F.

F. Breon, D. Tanré, P. Lecomte, and M. Herman, “Polarized reflectance of bare soils and vegetation: measurements and models,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.33, 487–499 (1995).

Breon, F.-M.

F. Nadal and F.-M. Breon, “Parameterization of surface polarized reflectance derived from POLDER spaceborne measurements,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.37, 1709 (1999).

Bréon, F.

P. Deschamps, F. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: Instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.32, 598–615 (1994).

Bréon, F. M.

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 1383–1395 (2011).

Bricaud, A.

P. Deschamps, F. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: Instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.32, 598–615 (1994).

Bruegge, C.

W. Abdou, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, C. Bruegge, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, K. Crean, L. Remer, and B. Holben, “Comparison of coincident multiangle imaging spectroradiometer and moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer aerosol optical depths over land and ocean scenes containing aerosol robotic network sites,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S07 (2005).

D. Diner, W. Abdou, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, K. Crean, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, S. Pilorz, and B. Holben,” “MISR aerosol optical depth retrievals over southern Africa during the SAFARI-2000 dry season campaign,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 3127–3130 (2001).

D. Diner, J. Beckert, T. Reilly, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, T. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. Gerstl, H. Gordon, J. Muller, R. Myneni, P. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.36, 1072–1087 (1998).

C. Bruegge, W. Abdou, D. Diner, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, and J. Martonchik. “Validating the MISR radiometric scale for the ocean aerosol science communities.” in Proceedings of The International Workshop on Radiometric and Geometric Calibration (AA. Balkema Publishers, 2004).

Buis, J.

B. Holben, Y. Kaufman, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, and J. Reagan, “AERONET – a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ.66, 1–16 (1998).

Bull, M.

R. Kahn, D. Nelson, M. Garay, R. Levy, M. Bull, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, S. Paradise, E. Hansen, and L. Remer, “MISR aerosol product attributes and statistical comparisons with MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.47, 4095–4114 (2009).

R. Kahn, M. Garay, D. Nelson, K. Yau, M. Bull, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, and R. Levy, “Satellite-derived aerosol optical depth over dark water from MISR and MODIS: Comparisons with aeronet and implications for climatological studies,” J. Geophys. Res.112, D18205 (2007).

J. Martonchik, D. Diner, K. Crean, and M. Bull, “Regional aerosol retrieval results from MISR,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.40, 1520–1532 (2002).

Burg, R.

V. Zubko, Y. Kaufman, R. Burg, and J. Martins, “Principal component analysis of remote sensing of aerosols over oceans,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.45, 730–745 (2007).

M. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. Hansen, L. Travis, R. Burg, Y. Kaufman, J. Vanderlei Martins, and E. Shettle, “Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.88, 149–161 (2004).

Buriez, J.

P. Deschamps, F. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J. Buriez, and G. Seze, “The POLDER mission: Instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.32, 598–615 (1994).

Burton, S.

M. Ottaviani, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, K. Knobelspiesse, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, S. Burton, J. Hair, M. Obland, and R. Rogers, “Polarimetric retrievals of surface and cirrus clouds properties in the region affected by the deepwater horizon oil spill,” Remote Sens. Environ.121, 389–403 (2012).

Butz, A.

O. Hasekamp, P. Litvinov, and A. Butz, “Aerosol properties over the ocean from parasol multiangle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.116, D14204 (2011).

Cairns, B.

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, F. Waquet, K. Knobelspiesse, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, L. Travis, and M. Mishchenko, “Sensitivity of multiangle, multispectral polarimetric remote sensing over open oceans to water-leaving radiance: Analyses of RSP data acquired during the MILAGRO campaign,” Remote Sens. Environ.118, 284–308 (2012).

M. Ottaviani, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, K. Knobelspiesse, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, S. Burton, J. Hair, M. Obland, and R. Rogers, “Polarimetric retrievals of surface and cirrus clouds properties in the region affected by the deepwater horizon oil spill,” Remote Sens. Environ.121, 389–403 (2012).

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, J. Redemann, R. W. Bergstrom, and A. Stohl, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and cloud properties during the MILAGRO field campaign,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 6245–6263 (2011).

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, M. Ottaviani, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, C. Hostetler, M. Obland, R. Rogers, J. Redemann, Y. Shinozuka, A. Clarke, S. Freitag, S. Howell, V. Kapustin, and C. McNaughton, “Combined retrievals of boreal forest fire aerosol properties with a polarimeter and lidar,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 7045–7067 (2011).

S. Persh, Y. Shaham, O. Benami, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, J. Hein, and B. Fafaul, “Ground performance measurements of the Glory aerosol polarimetry sensor,” Proc. SPIE7807, 780703 (2010).

M. Mishchenko, L. Liu, L. Travis, B. Cairns, and A. Lacis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: 3. MODIS versus MISR versus AERONET,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.111, 540–5522010.

P. Litvinov, O. Hasekamp, B. Cairns, and M. Mishchenko, “Reflection models for soil and vegetation surfaces from multiple-viewing angle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer111, 529–539 (2010).

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, A. Lacis, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: What do fully compatible MODIS and MISR aerosol pixels tell us?” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.110, 402–408 (2009).

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res.114, D01206 (2009).

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, C. Schaaf, B. Schmid, and M. Román, “Surface BRDF estimation from an aircraft compared to MODIS and ground estimates at the Southern Great Plains site,” J. Geophys. Res.113, D20105 (2008).

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. Rossow, and L. Travis, “Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.106, 325–347 (2007).

M. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. Schueler, B. Fafaul, J. Hansen, R. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. Maring, and L. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.88, 687–691 (2007).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Contribution of water-leaving radiances to multiangle, multispectral polarimetric observations over the open ocean: bio-optical model results for case 1 waters,” Appl. Opt.45, 5542–5567 (2006).
[PubMed]

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. Travis, “Using multi-angle multispectral photo-polarimetry of the NASA Glory mission to constrain optical properties of aerosols and clouds: results from four field experiments,” Proc. SPIE5978, 59780G (2005).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, P. Hobbs, G. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the clams experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 1093–1117 (2005).

M. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. Hansen, L. Travis, R. Burg, Y. Kaufman, J. Vanderlei Martins, and E. Shettle, “Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.88, 149–161 (2004).

B. Cairns, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols,” Proc Geosci. Remote Sens. Symp.518–520 (2003).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Case studies of aerosol retrievals over the ocean from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric remote sensing data,” J. Atmos. Sci.59, 383–397 (2002).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 243–246 (2001).

B. Cairns, F. Waquet, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, and J. Deuzé, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces” in Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing over Land (Springer, 2009), pp. 295–325.

Carlson, B.

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. Rossow, and L. Travis, “Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.106, 325–347 (2007).

Charlson, R.

T. Anderson, R. Charlson, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, M. Chin, S. Christopher, J. Haywood, Y. Kaufman, S. Kinne, J. Ogren, L. A. Remer, T. Takemure, D. Tanré, O. Torres, C. Trepte, B. Wielicki, D. Winker, and H. Yu, “An “A-Train” strategy for quantifying direct climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.86, 1795–1809 (2005).

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T. Anderson, R. Charlson, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, M. Chin, S. Christopher, J. Haywood, Y. Kaufman, S. Kinne, J. Ogren, L. A. Remer, T. Takemure, D. Tanré, O. Torres, C. Trepte, B. Wielicki, D. Winker, and H. Yu, “An “A-Train” strategy for quantifying direct climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.86, 1795–1809 (2005).

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J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, F. Waquet, K. Knobelspiesse, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, L. Travis, and M. Mishchenko, “Sensitivity of multiangle, multispectral polarimetric remote sensing over open oceans to water-leaving radiance: Analyses of RSP data acquired during the MILAGRO campaign,” Remote Sens. Environ.118, 284–308 (2012).

M. Ottaviani, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, K. Knobelspiesse, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, S. Burton, J. Hair, M. Obland, and R. Rogers, “Polarimetric retrievals of surface and cirrus clouds properties in the region affected by the deepwater horizon oil spill,” Remote Sens. Environ.121, 389–403 (2012).

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res.114, D01206 (2009).

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. Rossow, and L. Travis, “Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.106, 325–347 (2007).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Contribution of water-leaving radiances to multiangle, multispectral polarimetric observations over the open ocean: bio-optical model results for case 1 waters,” Appl. Opt.45, 5542–5567 (2006).
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J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. Travis, “Using multi-angle multispectral photo-polarimetry of the NASA Glory mission to constrain optical properties of aerosols and clouds: results from four field experiments,” Proc. SPIE5978, 59780G (2005).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, P. Hobbs, G. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the clams experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 1093–1117 (2005).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Case studies of aerosol retrievals over the ocean from multiangle, multispectral photopolarimetric remote sensing data,” J. Atmos. Sci.59, 383–397 (2002).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 243–246 (2001).

B. Cairns, F. Waquet, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, and J. Deuzé, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces” in Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing over Land (Springer, 2009), pp. 295–325.

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G. Myhre, T. Berglen, M. Johnsrud, C. Hoyle, T. Berntsen, S. Christopher, D. Fahey, I. Isaksen, T. Jones, R. Kahn, N. Loeb, P. Quinn, L. Remer, S. Schwartz, and K. Yttri, “Modelled radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect with multi-observation evaluation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9, 1365–1392 (2009).

T. Anderson, R. Charlson, N. Bellouin, O. Boucher, M. Chin, S. Christopher, J. Haywood, Y. Kaufman, S. Kinne, J. Ogren, L. A. Remer, T. Takemure, D. Tanré, O. Torres, C. Trepte, B. Wielicki, D. Winker, and H. Yu, “An “A-Train” strategy for quantifying direct climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.86, 1795–1809 (2005).

S. Christopher and J. Wang, “Intercomparison between multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer (MISR) and sunphotometer aerosol optical thickness in dust source regions over China: implications for satellite aerosol retrievals and radiative forcing calculations,” Tellus, Ser. B56, 451–456 (2004).

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Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, L. Remer, E. Vermote, A. Chu, and B. Holben, “Operational remote sensing of tropospheric aerosol over land from EOS moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer,” J. Geophys. Res.102, 17,051–17,067 (1997).

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L. Remer, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. Chu, J. Martins, R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. Levy, R. Kleidman, T. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. Holben, “The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products, and validation,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 947–973 (2005).

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K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, M. Ottaviani, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, C. Hostetler, M. Obland, R. Rogers, J. Redemann, Y. Shinozuka, A. Clarke, S. Freitag, S. Howell, V. Kapustin, and C. McNaughton, “Combined retrievals of boreal forest fire aerosol properties with a polarimeter and lidar,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 7045–7067 (2011).

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D. Diner, W. Abdou, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, K. Crean, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, S. Pilorz, and B. Holben,” “MISR aerosol optical depth retrievals over southern Africa during the SAFARI-2000 dry season campaign,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 3127–3130 (2001).

D. Diner, J. Beckert, T. Reilly, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, T. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. Gerstl, H. Gordon, J. Muller, R. Myneni, P. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.36, 1072–1087 (1998).

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J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, P. Hobbs, G. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the clams experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 1093–1117 (2005).

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Y. Liu, J. Sarnat, B. Coull, P. Koutrakis, and D. Jacob, “Validation of multiangle imaging spectroradiometer (MISR) aerosol optical thickness measurements using aerosol robotic network (AERONET) observations over the contiguous United States,” J. Geophys. Res.109, D06205 (2004).

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Crean, K.

R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, D. Diner, K. Crean, and B. Holben. “Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S04 (2005).

W. Abdou, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, C. Bruegge, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, K. Crean, L. Remer, and B. Holben, “Comparison of coincident multiangle imaging spectroradiometer and moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer aerosol optical depths over land and ocean scenes containing aerosol robotic network sites,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S07 (2005).

J. Martonchik, D. Diner, K. Crean, and M. Bull, “Regional aerosol retrieval results from MISR,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.40, 1520–1532 (2002).

D. Diner, W. Abdou, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, K. Crean, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, S. Pilorz, and B. Holben,” “MISR aerosol optical depth retrievals over southern Africa during the SAFARI-2000 dry season campaign,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 3127–3130 (2001).

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D. Diner, J. Beckert, T. Reilly, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, T. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. Gerstl, H. Gordon, J. Muller, R. Myneni, P. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.36, 1072–1087 (1998).

Davis, A.

O. Kalashnikova, M. Garay, A. Davis, D. Diner, and J. Martonchik, “Sensitivity of multi-angle photo-polarimetry to vertical layering and mixing of absorbing aerosols: Quantifying measurement uncertainties,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112, 2149–2163 (2011).

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L. Curier, G. de Leeuw, P. Kolmonen, A.-M. Sundstrom, L. Sogacheva, and Y. Bennouna, “Aerosol retrieval over land using the (A)ATSR dual-view algorithm,” in Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing over Land (Springer, 2009).

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A. Kokhanovsky, J. Deuzé, D. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. Garay, R. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. North, A. Prikhach, V. Rozanov, A. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. Thomas, and E. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.3, 909–932 (2010).

B. Cairns, F. Waquet, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, and J. Deuzé, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces” in Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing over Land (Springer, 2009), pp. 295–325.

Deuzé, J. L.

O. Dubovik, M. Herman, A. Holdak, T. Lapyonok, D. Tanré, J. L. Deuzé, F. Ducos, A. Sinyuk, and A. Lopatin, “Statistically optimized inversion algorithm for enhanced retrieval of aerosol properties from spectral multi-angle polarimetric satellite observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 975–1018 (2011).

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 1383–1395 (2011).

Diner, D.

O. Kalashnikova, M. Garay, A. Davis, D. Diner, and J. Martonchik, “Sensitivity of multi-angle photo-polarimetry to vertical layering and mixing of absorbing aerosols: Quantifying measurement uncertainties,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112, 2149–2163 (2011).

A. Kokhanovsky, J. Deuzé, D. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. Garay, R. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. North, A. Prikhach, V. Rozanov, A. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. Thomas, and E. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.3, 909–932 (2010).

R. Kahn, D. Nelson, M. Garay, R. Levy, M. Bull, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, S. Paradise, E. Hansen, and L. Remer, “MISR aerosol product attributes and statistical comparisons with MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.47, 4095–4114 (2009).

R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, D. Diner, K. Crean, and B. Holben. “Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S04 (2005).

W. Abdou, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, C. Bruegge, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, K. Crean, L. Remer, and B. Holben, “Comparison of coincident multiangle imaging spectroradiometer and moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer aerosol optical depths over land and ocean scenes containing aerosol robotic network sites,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S07 (2005).

J. Martonchik, D. Diner, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, and B. Holben, “Comparison of MISR and AERONET aerosol optical depths over desert sites,” Geophys. Res. Lett.31, L16102 (2004).

J. Martonchik, D. Diner, K. Crean, and M. Bull, “Regional aerosol retrieval results from MISR,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.40, 1520–1532 (2002).

D. Diner, W. Abdou, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, K. Crean, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, S. Pilorz, and B. Holben,” “MISR aerosol optical depth retrievals over southern Africa during the SAFARI-2000 dry season campaign,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 3127–3130 (2001).

D. Diner, J. Beckert, T. Reilly, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, T. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. Gerstl, H. Gordon, J. Muller, R. Myneni, P. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.36, 1072–1087 (1998).

C. Bruegge, W. Abdou, D. Diner, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, and J. Martonchik. “Validating the MISR radiometric scale for the ocean aerosol science communities.” in Proceedings of The International Workshop on Radiometric and Geometric Calibration (AA. Balkema Publishers, 2004).

J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, and D. Diner. “Retrieval of aerosol properties over land using MISR observations,” in Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing over Land (Springer, 2009), pp. 267–293.

Dubovik, O.

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 1383–1395 (2011).

O. Dubovik, M. Herman, A. Holdak, T. Lapyonok, D. Tanré, J. L. Deuzé, F. Ducos, A. Sinyuk, and A. Lopatin, “Statistically optimized inversion algorithm for enhanced retrieval of aerosol properties from spectral multi-angle polarimetric satellite observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 975–1018 (2011).

A. Kokhanovsky, J. Deuzé, D. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. Garay, R. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. North, A. Prikhach, V. Rozanov, A. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. Thomas, and E. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.3, 909–932 (2010).

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. Kaufman, M. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59, 590–608 (2002).

Ducos, F.

O. Dubovik, M. Herman, A. Holdak, T. Lapyonok, D. Tanré, J. L. Deuzé, F. Ducos, A. Sinyuk, and A. Lopatin, “Statistically optimized inversion algorithm for enhanced retrieval of aerosol properties from spectral multi-angle polarimetric satellite observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 975–1018 (2011).

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 1383–1395 (2011).

A. Kokhanovsky, J. Deuzé, D. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. Garay, R. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. North, A. Prikhach, V. Rozanov, A. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. Thomas, and E. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.3, 909–932 (2010).

Eck, T.

R. Levy, L. Remer, R. Kleidman, S. Mattoo, C. Ichoku, R. Kahn, and T. Eck, “Global evaluation of the collection 5 MODIS dark-target aerosol products over land,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10, 10399–10420 (2010).

L. Remer, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. Chu, J. Martins, R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. Levy, R. Kleidman, T. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. Holben, “The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products, and validation,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 947–973 (2005).

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. Kaufman, M. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59, 590–608 (2002).

B. Holben, Y. Kaufman, T. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanre, J. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, and J. Reagan, “AERONET – a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ.66, 1–16 (1998).

Emde, C.

A. Kokhanovsky, J. Deuzé, D. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. Garay, R. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. North, A. Prikhach, V. Rozanov, A. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. Thomas, and E. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.3, 909–932 (2010).

Fafaul, B.

S. Persh, Y. Shaham, O. Benami, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, J. Hein, and B. Fafaul, “Ground performance measurements of the Glory aerosol polarimetry sensor,” Proc. SPIE7807, 780703 (2010).

M. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. Schueler, B. Fafaul, J. Hansen, R. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. Maring, and L. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.88, 687–691 (2007).

Fahey, D.

G. Myhre, T. Berglen, M. Johnsrud, C. Hoyle, T. Berntsen, S. Christopher, D. Fahey, I. Isaksen, T. Jones, R. Kahn, N. Loeb, P. Quinn, L. Remer, S. Schwartz, and K. Yttri, “Modelled radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect with multi-observation evaluation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9, 1365–1392 (2009).

Ferrare, R.

M. Ottaviani, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, K. Knobelspiesse, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, S. Burton, J. Hair, M. Obland, and R. Rogers, “Polarimetric retrievals of surface and cirrus clouds properties in the region affected by the deepwater horizon oil spill,” Remote Sens. Environ.121, 389–403 (2012).

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, M. Ottaviani, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, C. Hostetler, M. Obland, R. Rogers, J. Redemann, Y. Shinozuka, A. Clarke, S. Freitag, S. Howell, V. Kapustin, and C. McNaughton, “Combined retrievals of boreal forest fire aerosol properties with a polarimeter and lidar,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 7045–7067 (2011).

Fougnie, B.

François, P.

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 1383–1395 (2011).

Freitag, S.

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, M. Ottaviani, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, C. Hostetler, M. Obland, R. Rogers, J. Redemann, Y. Shinozuka, A. Clarke, S. Freitag, S. Howell, V. Kapustin, and C. McNaughton, “Combined retrievals of boreal forest fire aerosol properties with a polarimeter and lidar,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 7045–7067 (2011).

Gaitley, B.

R. Kahn, M. Garay, D. Nelson, K. Yau, M. Bull, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, and R. Levy, “Satellite-derived aerosol optical depth over dark water from MISR and MODIS: Comparisons with aeronet and implications for climatological studies,” J. Geophys. Res.112, D18205 (2007).

R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, D. Diner, K. Crean, and B. Holben. “Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S04 (2005).

W. Abdou, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, C. Bruegge, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, K. Crean, L. Remer, and B. Holben, “Comparison of coincident multiangle imaging spectroradiometer and moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer aerosol optical depths over land and ocean scenes containing aerosol robotic network sites,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S07 (2005).

J. Martonchik, D. Diner, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, and B. Holben, “Comparison of MISR and AERONET aerosol optical depths over desert sites,” Geophys. Res. Lett.31, L16102 (2004).

D. Diner, W. Abdou, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, K. Crean, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, S. Pilorz, and B. Holben,” “MISR aerosol optical depth retrievals over southern Africa during the SAFARI-2000 dry season campaign,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 3127–3130 (2001).

C. Bruegge, W. Abdou, D. Diner, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, and J. Martonchik. “Validating the MISR radiometric scale for the ocean aerosol science communities.” in Proceedings of The International Workshop on Radiometric and Geometric Calibration (AA. Balkema Publishers, 2004).

Gao, B.

M. King, W. Menzel, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. Gao, S. Platnick, S. Ackerman, L. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.41, 442–458 (2003).

Gao, F.

C. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, and J. Muller, “First operational BRDF, albedo nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.83, 135–148 (2002).

Garay, M.

O. Kalashnikova, M. Garay, A. Davis, D. Diner, and J. Martonchik, “Sensitivity of multi-angle photo-polarimetry to vertical layering and mixing of absorbing aerosols: Quantifying measurement uncertainties,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112, 2149–2163 (2011).

A. Kokhanovsky, J. Deuzé, D. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. Garay, R. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. North, A. Prikhach, V. Rozanov, A. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. Thomas, and E. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.3, 909–932 (2010).

R. Kahn, D. Nelson, M. Garay, R. Levy, M. Bull, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, S. Paradise, E. Hansen, and L. Remer, “MISR aerosol product attributes and statistical comparisons with MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.47, 4095–4114 (2009).

R. Kahn, M. Garay, D. Nelson, K. Yau, M. Bull, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, and R. Levy, “Satellite-derived aerosol optical depth over dark water from MISR and MODIS: Comparisons with aeronet and implications for climatological studies,” J. Geophys. Res.112, D18205 (2007).

Geogdzhayev, I.

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, A. Lacis, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: What do fully compatible MODIS and MISR aerosol pixels tell us?” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.110, 402–408 (2009).

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M. Ottaviani, B. Cairns, J. Chowdhary, B. Van Diedenhoven, K. Knobelspiesse, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, S. Burton, J. Hair, M. Obland, and R. Rogers, “Polarimetric retrievals of surface and cirrus clouds properties in the region affected by the deepwater horizon oil spill,” Remote Sens. Environ.121, 389–403 (2012).

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L. A. Remer, R. G. Kleidman, R. C. Levy, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, J. V. Martins, C. Ichoku, I. Koren, H. Yu, and B. Holben, “Global aerosol climatology from the MODIS satellite sensors,” J. Geophys. Res.113, D14S07 (2008).

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M. Mishchenko, L. Liu, L. Travis, B. Cairns, and A. Lacis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: 3. MODIS versus MISR versus AERONET,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.111, 540–5522010.

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, A. Lacis, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: What do fully compatible MODIS and MISR aerosol pixels tell us?” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.110, 402–408 (2009).

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. Rossow, and L. Travis, “Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.106, 325–347 (2007).

M. Mishchenko, L. Travis, and A. Lacis, Multiple Scattering of Light by Particles: Radiative Transfer and Coherent Backscattering (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2006).

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A. Kokhanovsky, J. Deuzé, D. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. Garay, R. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. North, A. Prikhach, V. Rozanov, A. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanré, G. Thomas, and E. Zege, “The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.3, 909–932 (2010).

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R. Kahn, M. Garay, D. Nelson, K. Yau, M. Bull, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, and R. Levy, “Satellite-derived aerosol optical depth over dark water from MISR and MODIS: Comparisons with aeronet and implications for climatological studies,” J. Geophys. Res.112, D18205 (2007).

L. Remer, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. Chu, J. Martins, R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. Levy, R. Kleidman, T. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. Holben, “The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products, and validation,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 947–973 (2005).

R. Levy, L. Remer, D. Tanré, Y. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, B. Holben, J. Livingston, P. Russell, and H. Maring, “Evaluation of the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) retrievals of dust aerosol over the ocean during PRIDE,” J. Geophys. Res.108, D198594 (2003).

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L. A. Remer, R. G. Kleidman, R. C. Levy, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, J. V. Martins, C. Ichoku, I. Koren, H. Yu, and B. Holben, “Global aerosol climatology from the MODIS satellite sensors,” J. Geophys. Res.113, D14S07 (2008).

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L. Remer, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. Chu, J. Martins, R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. Levy, R. Kleidman, T. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. Holben, “The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products, and validation,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 947–973 (2005).

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C. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, and J. Muller, “First operational BRDF, albedo nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.83, 135–148 (2002).

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D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, P. François, P. Goloub, M. Herman, A. Lifermann, and F. Waquet, “Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-train: the PARASOL mission,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 1383–1395 (2011).

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O. Hasekamp, P. Litvinov, and A. Butz, “Aerosol properties over the ocean from parasol multiangle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.116, D14204 (2011).

P. Litvinov, O. Hasekamp, B. Cairns, and M. Mishchenko, “Reflection models for soil and vegetation surfaces from multiple-viewing angle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer111, 529–539 (2010).

Liu, L.

M. Mishchenko, L. Liu, L. Travis, B. Cairns, and A. Lacis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: 3. MODIS versus MISR versus AERONET,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.111, 540–5522010.

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, A. Lacis, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: What do fully compatible MODIS and MISR aerosol pixels tell us?” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.110, 402–408 (2009).

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. Rossow, and L. Travis, “Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.106, 325–347 (2007).

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X. Jiang, Y. Liu, B. Yu, and M. Jiang, “Comparison of MISR aerosol optical thickness with AERONET measurements in Beijing metropolitan area,” Remote Sens. Environ.107, 45–53 (2007).

Y. Liu, J. Sarnat, B. Coull, P. Koutrakis, and D. Jacob, “Validation of multiangle imaging spectroradiometer (MISR) aerosol optical thickness measurements using aerosol robotic network (AERONET) observations over the contiguous United States,” J. Geophys. Res.109, D06205 (2004).

Livingston, J.

R. Levy, L. Remer, D. Tanré, Y. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, B. Holben, J. Livingston, P. Russell, and H. Maring, “Evaluation of the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) retrievals of dust aerosol over the ocean during PRIDE,” J. Geophys. Res.108, D198594 (2003).

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Lopatin, A.

O. Dubovik, M. Herman, A. Holdak, T. Lapyonok, D. Tanré, J. L. Deuzé, F. Ducos, A. Sinyuk, and A. Lopatin, “Statistically optimized inversion algorithm for enhanced retrieval of aerosol properties from spectral multi-angle polarimetric satellite observations,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.4, 975–1018 (2011).

Lucht, W.

C. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, and J. Muller, “First operational BRDF, albedo nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.83, 135–148 (2002).

W. Lucht, C. Schaaf, and A. Strahler, “An algorithm for the retrieval of albedo from space using semiempirical BRDF models,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.38, 977–998 (2000).

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M. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. Schueler, B. Fafaul, J. Hansen, R. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. Maring, and L. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.88, 687–691 (2007).

R. Levy, L. Remer, D. Tanré, Y. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, B. Holben, J. Livingston, P. Russell, and H. Maring, “Evaluation of the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) retrievals of dust aerosol over the ocean during PRIDE,” J. Geophys. Res.108, D198594 (2003).

Martins, J.

V. Zubko, Y. Kaufman, R. Burg, and J. Martins, “Principal component analysis of remote sensing of aerosols over oceans,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.45, 730–745 (2007).

L. Remer, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. Chu, J. Martins, R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. Levy, R. Kleidman, T. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. Holben, “The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products, and validation,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 947–973 (2005).

Martins, J. V.

L. A. Remer, R. G. Kleidman, R. C. Levy, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, J. V. Martins, C. Ichoku, I. Koren, H. Yu, and B. Holben, “Global aerosol climatology from the MODIS satellite sensors,” J. Geophys. Res.113, D14S07 (2008).

Martonchik, J.

O. Kalashnikova, M. Garay, A. Davis, D. Diner, and J. Martonchik, “Sensitivity of multi-angle photo-polarimetry to vertical layering and mixing of absorbing aerosols: Quantifying measurement uncertainties,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112, 2149–2163 (2011).

R. Kahn, D. Nelson, M. Garay, R. Levy, M. Bull, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, S. Paradise, E. Hansen, and L. Remer, “MISR aerosol product attributes and statistical comparisons with MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.47, 4095–4114 (2009).

R. Kahn, M. Garay, D. Nelson, K. Yau, M. Bull, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, and R. Levy, “Satellite-derived aerosol optical depth over dark water from MISR and MODIS: Comparisons with aeronet and implications for climatological studies,” J. Geophys. Res.112, D18205 (2007).

G. Schaepman-Strub, M. Schaepman, T. Painter, S. Dangel, and J. Martonchik, “Reflectance quantities in optical remote sensing: definitions and case studies,” Remote Sens. Environ.103, 27–42 (2006).

R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, J. Martonchik, D. Diner, K. Crean, and B. Holben. “Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S04 (2005).

W. Abdou, D. Diner, J. Martonchik, C. Bruegge, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, K. Crean, L. Remer, and B. Holben, “Comparison of coincident multiangle imaging spectroradiometer and moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer aerosol optical depths over land and ocean scenes containing aerosol robotic network sites,” J. Geophys. Res.110, D10S07 (2005).

J. Martonchik, D. Diner, R. Kahn, B. Gaitley, and B. Holben, “Comparison of MISR and AERONET aerosol optical depths over desert sites,” Geophys. Res. Lett.31, L16102 (2004).

J. Martonchik, D. Diner, K. Crean, and M. Bull, “Regional aerosol retrieval results from MISR,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.40, 1520–1532 (2002).

D. Diner, W. Abdou, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, K. Crean, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, S. Pilorz, and B. Holben,” “MISR aerosol optical depth retrievals over southern Africa during the SAFARI-2000 dry season campaign,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 3127–3130 (2001).

D. Diner, J. Beckert, T. Reilly, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, T. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. Gerstl, H. Gordon, J. Muller, R. Myneni, P. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.36, 1072–1087 (1998).

C. Bruegge, W. Abdou, D. Diner, B. Gaitley, M. Helmlinger, R. Kahn, and J. Martonchik. “Validating the MISR radiometric scale for the ocean aerosol science communities.” in Proceedings of The International Workshop on Radiometric and Geometric Calibration (AA. Balkema Publishers, 2004).

J. Martonchik, R. Kahn, and D. Diner. “Retrieval of aerosol properties over land using MISR observations,” in Satellite Aerosol Remote Sensing over Land (Springer, 2009), pp. 267–293.

Mattoo, S.

R. Levy, L. Remer, R. Kleidman, S. Mattoo, C. Ichoku, R. Kahn, and T. Eck, “Global evaluation of the collection 5 MODIS dark-target aerosol products over land,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10, 10399–10420 (2010).

L. A. Remer, R. G. Kleidman, R. C. Levy, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, J. V. Martins, C. Ichoku, I. Koren, H. Yu, and B. Holben, “Global aerosol climatology from the MODIS satellite sensors,” J. Geophys. Res.113, D14S07 (2008).

L. Remer, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. Chu, J. Martins, R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. Levy, R. Kleidman, T. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. Holben, “The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products, and validation,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 947–973 (2005).

McNaughton, C.

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, M. Ottaviani, R. Ferrare, J. Hair, C. Hostetler, M. Obland, R. Rogers, J. Redemann, Y. Shinozuka, A. Clarke, S. Freitag, S. Howell, V. Kapustin, and C. McNaughton, “Combined retrievals of boreal forest fire aerosol properties with a polarimeter and lidar,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 7045–7067 (2011).

Menzel, W.

M. King, W. Menzel, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. Gao, S. Platnick, S. Ackerman, L. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.41, 442–458 (2003).

Mishchenko, M.

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, F. Waquet, K. Knobelspiesse, M. Ottaviani, J. Redemann, L. Travis, and M. Mishchenko, “Sensitivity of multiangle, multispectral polarimetric remote sensing over open oceans to water-leaving radiance: Analyses of RSP data acquired during the MILAGRO campaign,” Remote Sens. Environ.118, 284–308 (2012).

S. Persh, Y. Shaham, O. Benami, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, J. Hein, and B. Fafaul, “Ground performance measurements of the Glory aerosol polarimetry sensor,” Proc. SPIE7807, 780703 (2010).

M. Mishchenko, L. Liu, L. Travis, B. Cairns, and A. Lacis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: 3. MODIS versus MISR versus AERONET,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.111, 540–5522010.

P. Litvinov, O. Hasekamp, B. Cairns, and M. Mishchenko, “Reflection models for soil and vegetation surfaces from multiple-viewing angle photopolarimetric measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer111, 529–539 (2010).

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, A. Lacis, B. Cairns, and L. Travis, “Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties: What do fully compatible MODIS and MISR aerosol pixels tell us?” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.110, 402–408 (2009).

F. Waquet, B. Cairns, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Chowdhary, L. Travis, B. Schmid, and M. Mishchenko, “Polarimetric remote sensing of aerosols over land,” J. Geophys. Res.114, D01206 (2009).

M. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. Rossow, and L. Travis, “Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: A perspective,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.106, 325–347 (2007).

M. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. Schueler, B. Fafaul, J. Hansen, R. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. Maring, and L. Travis, “Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.88, 687–691 (2007).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. Travis, “Using multi-angle multispectral photo-polarimetry of the NASA Glory mission to constrain optical properties of aerosols and clouds: results from four field experiments,” Proc. SPIE5978, 59780G (2005).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, P. Hobbs, G. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the clams experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 1093–1117 (2005).

M. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. Hansen, L. Travis, R. Burg, Y. Kaufman, J. Vanderlei Martins, and E. Shettle, “Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.88, 149–161 (2004).

J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, and L. Travis, “Retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using multispectral and multiangle photopolarimetric measurements from the research scanning polarimeter,” Geophys. Res. Lett.28, 243–246 (2001).

M. Mishchenko, L. Travis, and A. Lacis, Multiple Scattering of Light by Particles: Radiative Transfer and Coherent Backscattering (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2006).

Muller, J.

C. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, and J. Muller, “First operational BRDF, albedo nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.83, 135–148 (2002).

D. Diner, J. Beckert, T. Reilly, C. Bruegge, J. Conel, R. Kahn, J. Martonchik, T. Ackerman, R. Davies, S. Gerstl, H. Gordon, J. Muller, R. Myneni, P. Sellers, B. Pinty, and M. Verstraete, “Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.36, 1072–1087 (1998).

Munk, W.

Myhre, G.

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M. King, W. Menzel, Y. Kaufman, D. Tanré, B. Gao, S. Platnick, S. Ackerman, L. Remer, R. Pincus, and P. Hubanks, “Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and water vapor from MODIS,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.41, 442–458 (2003).

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J. Chowdhary, B. Cairns, M. Mishchenko, P. Hobbs, G. Cota, J. Redemann, K. Rutledge, B. Holben, and E. Russell, “Retrieval of aerosol scattering and absorption properties from photopolarimetric observations over the ocean during the clams experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci.62, 1093–1117 (2005).

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K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, C. Schaaf, B. Schmid, and M. Román, “Surface BRDF estimation from an aircraft compared to MODIS and ground estimates at the Southern Great Plains site,” J. Geophys. Res.113, D20105 (2008).

C. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, and J. Muller, “First operational BRDF, albedo nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.83, 135–148 (2002).

W. Lucht, C. Schaaf, and A. Strahler, “An algorithm for the retrieval of albedo from space using semiempirical BRDF models,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.38, 977–998 (2000).

C. Schaaf, A. Strahler, M. Roman, J. Salomon, and J. Hodges. “Assessment of albedo derived from the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer at the Southern Great Plains site,” in Proceedings of the Sixteenth ARM Science Team Meeting (Alburquerque, NM, 2006).

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K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, J. Redemann, R. W. Bergstrom, and A. Stohl, “Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and cloud properties during the MILAGRO field campaign,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11, 6245–6263 (2011).

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C. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, and J. Muller, “First operational BRDF, albedo nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.83, 135–148 (2002).

W. Lucht, C. Schaaf, and A. Strahler, “An algorithm for the retrieval of albedo from space using semiempirical BRDF models,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.38, 977–998 (2000).

C. Schaaf, A. Strahler, M. Roman, J. Salomon, and J. Hodges. “Assessment of albedo derived from the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer at the Southern Great Plains site,” in Proceedings of the Sixteenth ARM Science Team Meeting (Alburquerque, NM, 2006).

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C. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, and J. Muller, “First operational BRDF, albedo nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ.83, 135–148 (2002).

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