Abstract

A 25 Gbits/s error-free on-off-keying (OOK) wireless link between an ultra high-speed W-band photonic transmitter-mixer (PTM) and a fast W-band envelope detector is demonstrated. At the transmission end, the high-speed PTM is developed with an active near-ballistic uni-traveling carrier photodiode (NBUTC-PD) integrated with broadband front-end circuitry via the flip-chip bonding technique. Compared to our previous work, the wireless data rate is significantly increased through the improvement on the bandwidth of the front-end circuitry together with the reduction of the intermediate-frequency (IF) driving voltage of the active NBUTC-PD. The demonstrated PTM has a record-wide IF modulation (DC-25 GHz) and optical-to-electrical fractional bandwidths (68-128 GHz, ~67%). At the receiver end, the demodulation is realized with an ultra-fast W-band envelope detector built with a zero-bias Schottky barrier diode with a record wide video bandwidth (37 GHz) and excellent sensitivity. The demonstrated PTM is expected to find applications in multi-gigabit short-range wireless communication.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (1)

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and analysis of ultra-high speed near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes under a 50 Ω Load for high-power performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(7), 533–535 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (10)

M. Beltran, J. B. Jensen, R. Llorente, and I. T. Monroy, “Experimental analysis of 60-GHz VCSEL and ECL photonic generation and transmission of impulse-radio ultra-wideband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1055–1057 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergen, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-i. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Samoska, “An overview of solid-state integrated circuit amplifiers in the sub-millimeter-wave and THz regime,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 9–24 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Deal, X. B. Mei, K. M. K. H. Leong, V. Radisic, S. Sarkozy, and R. Lai, “THz monolithic integrated circuits using InP high electron mobility transistors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 25–32 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Millimeter-wave photonic wireless links for very-high data rate communication,” NPG Asia Materials.3(4), 41–48 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, F.-M. Kuo, and J.-W. Shi, “High-speed W-Band integrated photonic transmitter for radio-over-fiber applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.59(4), 978–986 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C.-L. Pan, “Remotely up-converted 20 Gbit/s error-Free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).

2010 (6)

H. Ito, K. Yoshino, Y. Muramoto, H. Yamamoto, and T. Ishibashi, “Sub-terahertz transceiver module integrating uni-traveling-carrier photodiode, Schottky barrier diode, and planar circulator circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.28, 3599–3605 (2010).

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Lazarus, “The great radio spectrum famine,” IEEE Spectr.47(10), 26–31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R.-W. Ridgway, D.-W. Nippa, and S. Yen, “Data transmission using differential phase-shift keying on a 92 GHz carrier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3117–3126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, A. Hirata, K. Murata, and N. Kukutsu, “10-Gbit/s quadrature phase-shift-keying modulator and demodulator for 120-GHz-Band wireless links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58, 4072–4078 (2010).

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C. Y. Liu, C.-Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

J. Wells, “Faster than fiber: the future of multi-Gb/s wireless,” IEEE Microw. Mag.10(3), 104–112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Y.-S. Wu and J.-W. Shi, “Dynamic analysis of high-power and high-speed near-ballistic uni-traveling carrier photodiodes at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1160–1162 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, “120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(5), 1937–1944 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, T. Furuta, H. Ito, and T. Nagatsuma, “10-Gb/s millimeter-wave signal generation using photodiode bias modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(4), 1725–1731 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, N. Meisl, T. Shibata, and T. Nagatsuma, “High-directivity photonic emitter using photodiode module integrated with HEMT amplifier for 10-Gbit/s wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.52(8), 1843–1850 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Ohmori, Y. Yamao, and N. Nakajima, “The future generations of mobile communications based on broadband access technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag.38, 134–142 (2000).

1996 (1)

N. K. Das, “Methods of suppression or avoidance of parallel plate power leakage from conductor-backed transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.44(2), 169–181 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Liu, K. Cha, and T. Itoh, “Non-leaky coplanar (NLC) waveguides with conductor backing,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(5), 1067–1072 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Antes, J.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Babiel, S.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beltran, M.

M. Beltran, J. B. Jensen, R. Llorente, and I. T. Monroy, “Experimental analysis of 60-GHz VCSEL and ECL photonic generation and transmission of impulse-radio ultra-wideband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1055–1057 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and analysis of ultra-high speed near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes under a 50 Ω Load for high-power performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(7), 533–535 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C.-L. Pan, “Remotely up-converted 20 Gbit/s error-Free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).

Caballero, A.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergen, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cannard, P. J.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cha, K.

Y. Liu, K. Cha, and T. Itoh, “Non-leaky coplanar (NLC) waveguides with conductor backing,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(5), 1067–1072 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. L.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C. Y. Liu, C.-Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Charbonnier, B.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.-Y.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C. Y. Liu, C.-Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N.-W.

N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, F.-M. Kuo, and J.-W. Shi, “High-speed W-Band integrated photonic transmitter for radio-over-fiber applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.59(4), 978–986 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C.-L. Pan, “Remotely up-converted 20 Gbit/s error-Free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).

Chuang, H.-P.

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C.-L. Pan, “Remotely up-converted 20 Gbit/s error-Free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).

Chyi, J.-I.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C. Y. Liu, C.-Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Das, N. K.

N. K. Das, “Methods of suppression or avoidance of parallel plate power leakage from conductor-backed transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.44(2), 169–181 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Deal, W.

W. Deal, X. B. Mei, K. M. K. H. Leong, V. Radisic, S. Sarkozy, and R. Lai, “THz monolithic integrated circuits using InP high electron mobility transistors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 25–32 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Diebold, S.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fedderwitz, S.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Furuta, T.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, “120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(5), 1937–1944 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, T. Furuta, H. Ito, and T. Nagatsuma, “10-Gb/s millimeter-wave signal generation using photodiode bias modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(4), 1725–1731 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Ito, T. Furuta, F. Nakajima, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, “Photonic generation of continuous THz wave using uni-traveling-carrier photodiode,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(12), 4016–4021 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Herrera, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergen, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, A.

H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, A. Hirata, K. Murata, and N. Kukutsu, “10-Gbit/s quadrature phase-shift-keying modulator and demodulator for 120-GHz-Band wireless links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58, 4072–4078 (2010).

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, “120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(5), 1937–1944 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, T. Furuta, H. Ito, and T. Nagatsuma, “10-Gb/s millimeter-wave signal generation using photodiode bias modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(4), 1725–1731 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, N. Meisl, T. Shibata, and T. Nagatsuma, “High-directivity photonic emitter using photodiode module integrated with HEMT amplifier for 10-Gbit/s wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.52(8), 1843–1850 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hosako, I.

Huang, C.-B.

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C.-L. Pan, “Remotely up-converted 20 Gbit/s error-Free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).

J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Millimeter-wave photonic wireless links for very-high data rate communication,” NPG Asia Materials.3(4), 41–48 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Inagaki, K.

Ishibashi, T.

Ito, H.

Itoh, T.

Y. Liu, K. Cha, and T. Itoh, “Non-leaky coplanar (NLC) waveguides with conductor backing,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(5), 1067–1072 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. B.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergen, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Beltran, J. B. Jensen, R. Llorente, and I. T. Monroy, “Experimental analysis of 60-GHz VCSEL and ECL photonic generation and transmission of impulse-radio ultra-wideband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1055–1057 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kallfass, I.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kanno, A.

Kawanishi, T.

Kitayama, K.-i.

Kosugi, T.

H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, A. Hirata, K. Murata, and N. Kukutsu, “10-Gbit/s quadrature phase-shift-keying modulator and demodulator for 120-GHz-Band wireless links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58, 4072–4078 (2010).

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, “120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(5), 1937–1944 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, N. Meisl, T. Shibata, and T. Nagatsuma, “High-directivity photonic emitter using photodiode module integrated with HEMT amplifier for 10-Gbit/s wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.52(8), 1843–1850 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kukutsu, N.

H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, A. Hirata, K. Murata, and N. Kukutsu, “10-Gbit/s quadrature phase-shift-keying modulator and demodulator for 120-GHz-Band wireless links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58, 4072–4078 (2010).

Kuo, F.-M.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and analysis of ultra-high speed near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes under a 50 Ω Load for high-power performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(7), 533–535 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, F.-M. Kuo, and J.-W. Shi, “High-speed W-Band integrated photonic transmitter for radio-over-fiber applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.59(4), 978–986 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C.-L. Pan, “Remotely up-converted 20 Gbit/s error-Free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C. Y. Liu, C.-Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuri, T.

Kurz, F.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lai, R.

W. Deal, X. B. Mei, K. M. K. H. Leong, V. Radisic, S. Sarkozy, and R. Lai, “THz monolithic integrated circuits using InP high electron mobility transistors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 25–32 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lazarus, M.

M. Lazarus, “The great radio spectrum famine,” IEEE Spectr.47(10), 26–31 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leong, K. M. K. H.

W. Deal, X. B. Mei, K. M. K. H. Leong, V. Radisic, S. Sarkozy, and R. Lai, “THz monolithic integrated circuits using InP high electron mobility transistors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 25–32 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leuther, A.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C. Y.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C. Y. Liu, C.-Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, K. Cha, and T. Itoh, “Non-leaky coplanar (NLC) waveguides with conductor backing,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(5), 1067–1072 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Llorente, R.

M. Beltran, J. B. Jensen, R. Llorente, and I. T. Monroy, “Experimental analysis of 60-GHz VCSEL and ECL photonic generation and transmission of impulse-radio ultra-wideband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1055–1057 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Diaz, D.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergen, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Massler, H.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mei, X. B.

W. Deal, X. B. Mei, K. M. K. H. Leong, V. Radisic, S. Sarkozy, and R. Lai, “THz monolithic integrated circuits using InP high electron mobility transistors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 25–32 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meisl, N.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, N. Meisl, T. Shibata, and T. Nagatsuma, “High-directivity photonic emitter using photodiode module integrated with HEMT amplifier for 10-Gbit/s wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.52(8), 1843–1850 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Monroy, I. T.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergen, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Beltran, J. B. Jensen, R. Llorente, and I. T. Monroy, “Experimental analysis of 60-GHz VCSEL and ECL photonic generation and transmission of impulse-radio ultra-wideband signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1055–1057 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moodie, D.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morohashi, I.

Muramoto, Y.

Murata, K.

H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, A. Hirata, K. Murata, and N. Kukutsu, “10-Gbit/s quadrature phase-shift-keying modulator and demodulator for 120-GHz-Band wireless links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58, 4072–4078 (2010).

Nagatsuma, T.

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, “120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(5), 1937–1944 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, T. Furuta, H. Ito, and T. Nagatsuma, “10-Gb/s millimeter-wave signal generation using photodiode bias modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(4), 1725–1731 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, N. Meisl, T. Shibata, and T. Nagatsuma, “High-directivity photonic emitter using photodiode module integrated with HEMT amplifier for 10-Gbit/s wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.52(8), 1843–1850 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, F.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, “120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(5), 1937–1944 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Ito, T. Furuta, F. Nakajima, K. Yoshino, and T. Ishibashi, “Photonic generation of continuous THz wave using uni-traveling-carrier photodiode,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(12), 4016–4021 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, N.

S. Ohmori, Y. Yamao, and N. Nakajima, “The future generations of mobile communications based on broadband access technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag.38, 134–142 (2000).

Nippa, D.-W.

R.-W. Ridgway, D.-W. Nippa, and S. Yen, “Data transmission using differential phase-shift keying on a 92 GHz carrier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3117–3126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, S.

S. Ohmori, Y. Yamao, and N. Nakajima, “The future generations of mobile communications based on broadband access technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag.38, 134–142 (2000).

Pan, C.-L.

J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Millimeter-wave photonic wireless links for very-high data rate communication,” NPG Asia Materials.3(4), 41–48 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C.-L. Pan, “Remotely up-converted 20 Gbit/s error-Free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).

Pavlovic, L.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ponnampalam, L.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Radisic, V.

W. Deal, X. B. Mei, K. M. K. H. Leong, V. Radisic, S. Sarkozy, and R. Lai, “THz monolithic integrated circuits using InP high electron mobility transistors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 25–32 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Renaud, C. C.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ridgway, R.-W.

R.-W. Ridgway, D.-W. Nippa, and S. Yen, “Data transmission using differential phase-shift keying on a 92 GHz carrier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3117–3126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, D.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rymanov, V.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

Sambaraju, R.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergen, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Samoska, L. A.

L. A. Samoska, “An overview of solid-state integrated circuit amplifiers in the sub-millimeter-wave and THz regime,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 9–24 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sarkozy, S.

W. Deal, X. B. Mei, K. M. K. H. Leong, V. Radisic, S. Sarkozy, and R. Lai, “THz monolithic integrated circuits using InP high electron mobility transistors,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 25–32 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, “120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(5), 1937–1944 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, T.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.-W.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and analysis of ultra-high speed near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes under a 50 Ω Load for high-power performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(7), 533–535 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, F.-M. Kuo, and J.-W. Shi, “High-speed W-Band integrated photonic transmitter for radio-over-fiber applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.59(4), 978–986 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N.-W. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C.-L. Pan, “Remotely up-converted 20 Gbit/s error-Free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.3(2), 209–219 (2011).

J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Millimeter-wave photonic wireless links for very-high data rate communication,” NPG Asia Materials.3(4), 41–48 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C. Y. Liu, C.-Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y.-S. Wu and J.-W. Shi, “Dynamic analysis of high-power and high-speed near-ballistic uni-traveling carrier photodiodes at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1160–1162 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, T.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, N. Meisl, T. Shibata, and T. Nagatsuma, “High-directivity photonic emitter using photodiode module integrated with HEMT amplifier for 10-Gbit/s wireless link,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.52(8), 1843–1850 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Song, H.-J.

H.-J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(1), 256–263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Steffan, A. G.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stöhr, A.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sugahara, H.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, “120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(5), 1937–1944 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

H. Takahashi, T. Kosugi, A. Hirata, K. Murata, and N. Kukutsu, “10-Gbit/s quadrature phase-shift-keying modulator and demodulator for 120-GHz-Band wireless links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58, 4072–4078 (2010).

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, “120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(5), 1937–1944 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tessmann, A.

I. Kallfass, J. Antes, T. Schneider, F. Kurz, D. Lopez-Diaz, S. Diebold, H. Massler, A. Leuther, and A. Tessmann, “All active MMIC-based wireless communication at 220 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Science Tech.1(2), 477–487 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, H.-J.

N.-W. Chen, H.-J. Tsai, F.-M. Kuo, and J.-W. Shi, “High-speed W-Band integrated photonic transmitter for radio-over-fiber applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.59(4), 978–986 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Umbach, A.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

van Dijk, F.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Walber, A.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergen, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Weiß, M.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wells, J.

J. Wells, “Faster than fiber: the future of multi-Gb/s wireless,” IEEE Microw. Mag.10(3), 104–112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Westergen, U.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergen, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.-J.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, C.-J. Wu, C. L. Chang, C. Y. Liu, C.-Y. Chen, and J.-I. Chyi, “Extremely high saturation current-bandwidth product performance of a near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with a flip-chip bonding structure,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(1), 80–86 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Wu and J.-W. Shi, “Dynamic analysis of high-power and high-speed near-ballistic uni-traveling carrier photodiodes at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(13), 1160–1162 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, R.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, “120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(5), 1937–1944 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, H.

Yamao, Y.

S. Ohmori, Y. Yamao, and N. Nakajima, “The future generations of mobile communications based on broadband access technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag.38, 134–142 (2000).

Yao, J. P.

Yen, S.

R.-W. Ridgway, D.-W. Nippa, and S. Yen, “Data transmission using differential phase-shift keying on a 92 GHz carrier,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3117–3126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, Y.

Yoshino, K.

Zeng, F.

Zibar, D.

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Three-dimensional schematic diagram of the proposed W-band photonic transmitter-mixer comprised of the NBUTC-PD and the front-end circuitry. (b) The corresponding schematic system building-block diagram.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The photographs of the fabricated photonic transmitter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The circuit topology of the proposed RF choke with a backside metal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The detailed circuit configuration and dimensions of the proposed RF choke.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The simulated S-parameter data of the proposed RF choke.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The transfer curve of the PTM based on the device A/B.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) The photograph of the G-series ZBD. (b) Measured IF response of the standard and G-series ZBDs.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The measured and simulated O-E responses of the demonstrated PTM based on: (a) device A; (b) device B.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The measured and simulated IF modulation responses of the demonstrated PTM with (a) the device A or (b) the device B.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

The measured photonic-generated MMW power at 93 GHz versus the photocurrent of the PTM based on device A or B with/without backside metal at different reverse bias voltages (−2 V and −4 V).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

The measurement setup for wireless data transmission

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(a) The measured BER of the 20 Gbits/sec OOK link vs. the transmission distance; (b) The corresponding measured error-free eye-pattern at 20 Gbits/sec at the transmission distance of 2.5 meter. FEC: Forward error correction.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

The measured 20 Gbits/sec error-free eye-pattern using the BTB measurement setup: (a) device A (b) device B.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(a)The measured –log (BER) at 25 Gbit/s (PRBS: 215-1) versus transmission distance realized with the PTM based on the device A at a fixed output photocurrent at 15 mA. (b) The corresponding eye-pattern at 0.3m.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of the Performance of the Proposed Transmitter to the Reported Designs

Metrics