Abstract

Nanoplasmonics and metamaterials sciences are rapidly growing due to their contributions to photonic devices fabrication with applications ranging from biomedicine to photovoltaic cells. Noble metal nanoparticles incorporated into polymer matrix have great potential for such applications due to their distinctive optical properties. However, methods to indirectly incorporate metal nanoparticles into polymeric microstructures are still on demand. Here we report on the fabrication of two-photon polymerized microstructures doped with gold nanoparticles through an indirect doping process, so they do not interfere in the two-photon polymerization (2PP) process. Such microstructures present a strong emission, arising from gold nanoparticles fluorescence. The microstructures produced are potential candidates for nanoplasmonics and metamaterials devices applications and the nanoparticles production method can be applied in many samples, heated simultaneously, opening the possibility for large scale processes.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  26. K. Kaneko, H. B. Sun, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon photoreduction of metallic nanoparticle gratings in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1426–1428 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  27. D. S. Correa, M. R. Cardoso, V. Tribuzi, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonca, “Femtosecond Laser in Polymeric Materials: Microfabrication of Doped Structures and Micromachining,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron.18, 176–186 (2012).
  28. T. Baldacchini, C. N. LaFratta, R. A. Farrer, M. C. Teich, B. E. A. Saleh, M. J. Naughton, and J. T. Fourkas, “Acrylic-based resin with favorable properties for three-dimensional two-photon polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.95(11), 6072–6076 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  29. C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Two-photon absorption spectrum of the photoinitiator Lucirin TPO-L,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.90(4), 633–636 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  30. H. He, C. Xie, and J. Ren, “Nonbleaching fluorescence of gold nanoparticles and its applications in cancer cell imaging,” Anal. Chem.80(15), 5951–5957 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  32. A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV-initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci.248(1-4), 181–184 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2012

K. Vora, S. Y. Kang, S. Shukla, and E. Mazur, “Fabrication of disconnected three-dimensional silver nanostructures in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(6), 063120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Correa, M. R. Cardoso, V. Tribuzi, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonca, “Femtosecond Laser in Polymeric Materials: Microfabrication of Doped Structures and Micromachining,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron.18, 176–186 (2012).

2011

2010

E. Yilmaz and S. Suzer, “Au nanoparticles in PMMA matrix: In situ synthesis and the effect of Au nanoparticles on PMMA conductivity,” Appl. Surf. Sci.256(22), 6630–6633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W.-S. Kuo, C.-H. Lien, K.-C. Cho, C.-Y. Chang, C.-Y. Lin, L. L. H. Huang, P. J. Campagnola, C. Y. Dong, and S.-J. Chen, “Multiphoton fabrication of freeform polymer microstructures with gold nanorods,” Opt. Express18(26), 27550–27559 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater.9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

X. Huang, S. Neretina, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold Nanorods: From Synthesis and Properties to Biological and Biomedical Applications,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)21(48), 4880–4910 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, F. Marlow, T. Voss, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Three-dimensional fabrication of optically active microstructures containing an electroluminescent polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 113309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

L. Li, E. Gershgoren, G. Kumi, W.-Y. Chen, P. T. Ho, W. N. Herman, and J. T. Fourkas, “High-Performance Microring Resonators Fabricated with Multiphoton Absorption Polymerization,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(19), 3668–3671 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Two-photon absorption spectrum of the photoinitiator Lucirin TPO-L,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.90(4), 633–636 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. He, C. Xie, and J. Ren, “Nonbleaching fluorescence of gold nanoparticles and its applications in cancer cell imaging,” Anal. Chem.80(15), 5951–5957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Philip, “Synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of gold nanoparticles,” Spectroc. Acta Pt. A-Molec. Biomolec. Spectr.71(1), 80–85 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Plasmonic and metamaterial cloaking: physical mechanisms and potentials,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.10(9), 093002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Tayalia, C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, D. J. Mooney, and E. Mazur, “3D Cell-Migration Studies using Two-Photon Engineered Polymer Scaffolds,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(23), 4494–4498 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

W. Haske, V. W. Chen, J. M. Hales, W. T. Dong, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “65 nm feature sizes using visible wavelength 3-D multiphoton lithography,” Opt. Express15(6), 3426–3436 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics2(3), 107–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Reversible birefringence in microstructures fabricated by two-photon absorption polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 013109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

T. Tanaka, A. Ishikawa, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon-induced reduction of metal ions for fabricating three-dimensional electrically conductive metallic microstructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 081107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Farrer, C. N. LaFratta, L. J. Li, J. Praino, M. J. Naughton, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and J. T. Fourkas, “Selective functionalization of 3-D polymer microstructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(6), 1796–1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. N. LaFratta, D. Lim, K. O'Malley, T. Baldacchini, and J. T. Fourkas, “Direct laser patterning of conductive wires on three-dimensional polymeric microstructures,” Chem. Mater.18(8), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV-initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci.248(1-4), 181–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

T. Baldacchini, C. N. LaFratta, R. A. Farrer, M. C. Teich, B. E. A. Saleh, M. J. Naughton, and J. T. Fourkas, “Acrylic-based resin with favorable properties for three-dimensional two-photon polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.95(11), 6072–6076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Duan, H. B. Sun, K. Kaneko, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon polymerization of metal ions doped acrylate monomers and oligomers for three-dimensional structure fabrication,” Thin Solid Films453-454, 518–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Daniel and D. Astruc, “Gold nanoparticles: Assembly, supramolecular chemistry, quantum-size-related properties, and applications toward biology, catalysis, and nanotechnology,” Chem. Rev.104(1), 293–346 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

H. B. Sun and S. Kawata, “Two-photon laser precision microfabrication and its applications to micro-nano devices and systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(3), 624–633 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Kaneko, H. B. Sun, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon photoreduction of metallic nanoparticle gratings in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1426–1428 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. Galajda and P. Ormos, “Complex micromachines produced and driven by light,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(2), 249–251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. P. Joshi, H. E. Pudavar, J. Swiatkiewicz, P. N. Prasad, and B. A. Reianhardt, “Three-dimensional optical circuitry using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(2), 170–172 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Three-dimensional photonic crystal structures achieved with two-photon-absorption photopolymerization of resin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(6), 786–788 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

Alexandrov, A.

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV-initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci.248(1-4), 181–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Alu, A.

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Plasmonic and metamaterial cloaking: physical mechanisms and potentials,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.10(9), 093002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Anker, J. N.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asaba, K.

Astruc, D.

M. C. Daniel and D. Astruc, “Gold nanoparticles: Assembly, supramolecular chemistry, quantum-size-related properties, and applications toward biology, catalysis, and nanotechnology,” Chem. Rev.104(1), 293–346 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater.9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baldacchini, T.

P. Tayalia, C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, D. J. Mooney, and E. Mazur, “3D Cell-Migration Studies using Two-Photon Engineered Polymer Scaffolds,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(23), 4494–4498 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Two-photon absorption spectrum of the photoinitiator Lucirin TPO-L,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.90(4), 633–636 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Reversible birefringence in microstructures fabricated by two-photon absorption polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 013109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. N. LaFratta, D. Lim, K. O'Malley, T. Baldacchini, and J. T. Fourkas, “Direct laser patterning of conductive wires on three-dimensional polymeric microstructures,” Chem. Mater.18(8), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Baldacchini, C. N. LaFratta, R. A. Farrer, M. C. Teich, B. E. A. Saleh, M. J. Naughton, and J. T. Fourkas, “Acrylic-based resin with favorable properties for three-dimensional two-photon polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.95(11), 6072–6076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barlow, S.

Bityurin, N.

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV-initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci.248(1-4), 181–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Campagnola, P. J.

Cardoso, M. R.

D. S. Correa, M. R. Cardoso, V. Tribuzi, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonca, “Femtosecond Laser in Polymeric Materials: Microfabrication of Doped Structures and Micromachining,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron.18, 176–186 (2012).

Chang, C.-Y.

Chen, S.-J.

Chen, S.-L.

Chen, V. W.

Chen, W.-Y.

L. Li, E. Gershgoren, G. Kumi, W.-Y. Chen, P. T. Ho, W. N. Herman, and J. T. Fourkas, “High-Performance Microring Resonators Fabricated with Multiphoton Absorption Polymerization,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(19), 3668–3671 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cho, K.-C.

Correa, D. S.

D. S. Correa, M. R. Cardoso, V. Tribuzi, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonca, “Femtosecond Laser in Polymeric Materials: Microfabrication of Doped Structures and Micromachining,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron.18, 176–186 (2012).

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, F. Marlow, T. Voss, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Three-dimensional fabrication of optically active microstructures containing an electroluminescent polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 113309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Two-photon absorption spectrum of the photoinitiator Lucirin TPO-L,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.90(4), 633–636 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Daniel, M. C.

M. C. Daniel and D. Astruc, “Gold nanoparticles: Assembly, supramolecular chemistry, quantum-size-related properties, and applications toward biology, catalysis, and nanotechnology,” Chem. Rev.104(1), 293–346 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, C. Y.

Dong, W. T.

Duan, X. M.

K. Masui, S. Shoji, K. Asaba, T. C. Rodgers, F. Jin, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Laser fabrication of Au nanorod aggregates microstructures assisted by two-photon polymerization,” Opt. Express19(23), 22786–22796 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. M. Duan, H. B. Sun, K. Kaneko, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon polymerization of metal ions doped acrylate monomers and oligomers for three-dimensional structure fabrication,” Thin Solid Films453-454, 518–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Kaneko, H. B. Sun, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon photoreduction of metallic nanoparticle gratings in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1426–1428 (2003).
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, I. H.

P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics2(3), 107–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, M. A.

X. Huang, S. Neretina, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold Nanorods: From Synthesis and Properties to Biological and Biomedical Applications,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)21(48), 4880–4910 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics2(3), 107–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Engheta, N.

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Plasmonic and metamaterial cloaking: physical mechanisms and potentials,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.10(9), 093002 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Farrer, R. A.

R. A. Farrer, C. N. LaFratta, L. J. Li, J. Praino, M. J. Naughton, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and J. T. Fourkas, “Selective functionalization of 3-D polymer microstructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(6), 1796–1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baldacchini, C. N. LaFratta, R. A. Farrer, M. C. Teich, B. E. A. Saleh, M. J. Naughton, and J. T. Fourkas, “Acrylic-based resin with favorable properties for three-dimensional two-photon polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.95(11), 6072–6076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fourkas, J. T.

L. Li, E. Gershgoren, G. Kumi, W.-Y. Chen, P. T. Ho, W. N. Herman, and J. T. Fourkas, “High-Performance Microring Resonators Fabricated with Multiphoton Absorption Polymerization,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(19), 3668–3671 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. N. LaFratta, D. Lim, K. O'Malley, T. Baldacchini, and J. T. Fourkas, “Direct laser patterning of conductive wires on three-dimensional polymeric microstructures,” Chem. Mater.18(8), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Farrer, C. N. LaFratta, L. J. Li, J. Praino, M. J. Naughton, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and J. T. Fourkas, “Selective functionalization of 3-D polymer microstructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(6), 1796–1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baldacchini, C. N. LaFratta, R. A. Farrer, M. C. Teich, B. E. A. Saleh, M. J. Naughton, and J. T. Fourkas, “Acrylic-based resin with favorable properties for three-dimensional two-photon polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.95(11), 6072–6076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galajda, P.

P. Galajda and P. Ormos, “Complex micromachines produced and driven by light,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(2), 249–251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gershgoren, E.

L. Li, E. Gershgoren, G. Kumi, W.-Y. Chen, P. T. Ho, W. N. Herman, and J. T. Fourkas, “High-Performance Microring Resonators Fabricated with Multiphoton Absorption Polymerization,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(19), 3668–3671 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L. J.

Hales, J. M.

Hall, W. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haske, W.

He, H.

H. He, C. Xie, and J. Ren, “Nonbleaching fluorescence of gold nanoparticles and its applications in cancer cell imaging,” Anal. Chem.80(15), 5951–5957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herman, W. N.

L. Li, E. Gershgoren, G. Kumi, W.-Y. Chen, P. T. Ho, W. N. Herman, and J. T. Fourkas, “High-Performance Microring Resonators Fabricated with Multiphoton Absorption Polymerization,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(19), 3668–3671 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P. T.

L. Li, E. Gershgoren, G. Kumi, W.-Y. Chen, P. T. Ho, W. N. Herman, and J. T. Fourkas, “High-Performance Microring Resonators Fabricated with Multiphoton Absorption Polymerization,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(19), 3668–3671 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L. L. H.

Huang, X.

X. Huang, S. Neretina, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold Nanorods: From Synthesis and Properties to Biological and Biomedical Applications,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)21(48), 4880–4910 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics2(3), 107–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, A.

T. Tanaka, A. Ishikawa, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon-induced reduction of metal ions for fabricating three-dimensional electrically conductive metallic microstructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 081107 (2006).
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P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics2(3), 107–118 (2007).
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Joshi, M. P.

M. P. Joshi, H. E. Pudavar, J. Swiatkiewicz, P. N. Prasad, and B. A. Reianhardt, “Three-dimensional optical circuitry using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(2), 170–172 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, K.

X. M. Duan, H. B. Sun, K. Kaneko, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon polymerization of metal ions doped acrylate monomers and oligomers for three-dimensional structure fabrication,” Thin Solid Films453-454, 518–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Kaneko, H. B. Sun, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon photoreduction of metallic nanoparticle gratings in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1426–1428 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. Y.

K. Vora, S. Y. Kang, S. Shukla, and E. Mazur, “Fabrication of disconnected three-dimensional silver nanostructures in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(6), 063120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

K. Masui, S. Shoji, K. Asaba, T. C. Rodgers, F. Jin, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Laser fabrication of Au nanorod aggregates microstructures assisted by two-photon polymerization,” Opt. Express19(23), 22786–22796 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tanaka, A. Ishikawa, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon-induced reduction of metal ions for fabricating three-dimensional electrically conductive metallic microstructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 081107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Duan, H. B. Sun, K. Kaneko, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon polymerization of metal ions doped acrylate monomers and oligomers for three-dimensional structure fabrication,” Thin Solid Films453-454, 518–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Kaneko, H. B. Sun, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon photoreduction of metallic nanoparticle gratings in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1426–1428 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Sun and S. Kawata, “Two-photon laser precision microfabrication and its applications to micro-nano devices and systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(3), 624–633 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Maruo, O. Nakamura, and S. Kawata, “Three-dimensional microfabrication with two-photon-absorbed photopolymerization,” Opt. Lett.22(2), 132–134 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirsanov, A.

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV-initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci.248(1-4), 181–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kumi, G.

L. Li, E. Gershgoren, G. Kumi, W.-Y. Chen, P. T. Ho, W. N. Herman, and J. T. Fourkas, “High-Performance Microring Resonators Fabricated with Multiphoton Absorption Polymerization,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(19), 3668–3671 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, W.-S.

LaFratta, C. N.

R. A. Farrer, C. N. LaFratta, L. J. Li, J. Praino, M. J. Naughton, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and J. T. Fourkas, “Selective functionalization of 3-D polymer microstructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(6), 1796–1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. N. LaFratta, D. Lim, K. O'Malley, T. Baldacchini, and J. T. Fourkas, “Direct laser patterning of conductive wires on three-dimensional polymeric microstructures,” Chem. Mater.18(8), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Baldacchini, C. N. LaFratta, R. A. Farrer, M. C. Teich, B. E. A. Saleh, M. J. Naughton, and J. T. Fourkas, “Acrylic-based resin with favorable properties for three-dimensional two-photon polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.95(11), 6072–6076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

L. Li, E. Gershgoren, G. Kumi, W.-Y. Chen, P. T. Ho, W. N. Herman, and J. T. Fourkas, “High-Performance Microring Resonators Fabricated with Multiphoton Absorption Polymerization,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(19), 3668–3671 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. J.

R. A. Farrer, C. N. LaFratta, L. J. Li, J. Praino, M. J. Naughton, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and J. T. Fourkas, “Selective functionalization of 3-D polymer microstructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(6), 1796–1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lien, C.-H.

Lim, D.

C. N. LaFratta, D. Lim, K. O'Malley, T. Baldacchini, and J. T. Fourkas, “Direct laser patterning of conductive wires on three-dimensional polymeric microstructures,” Chem. Mater.18(8), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-Y.

Ling, T.

Lyandres, O.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Marlow, F.

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, F. Marlow, T. Voss, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Three-dimensional fabrication of optically active microstructures containing an electroluminescent polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 113309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maruo, S.

Masui, K.

Matsuo, S.

H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Three-dimensional photonic crystal structures achieved with two-photon-absorption photopolymerization of resin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(6), 786–788 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

K. Vora, S. Y. Kang, S. Shukla, and E. Mazur, “Fabrication of disconnected three-dimensional silver nanostructures in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(6), 063120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, F. Marlow, T. Voss, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Three-dimensional fabrication of optically active microstructures containing an electroluminescent polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 113309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Tayalia, C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, D. J. Mooney, and E. Mazur, “3D Cell-Migration Studies using Two-Photon Engineered Polymer Scaffolds,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(23), 4494–4498 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Two-photon absorption spectrum of the photoinitiator Lucirin TPO-L,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.90(4), 633–636 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Reversible birefringence in microstructures fabricated by two-photon absorption polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 013109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mendonca, C. R.

D. S. Correa, M. R. Cardoso, V. Tribuzi, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonca, “Femtosecond Laser in Polymeric Materials: Microfabrication of Doped Structures and Micromachining,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron.18, 176–186 (2012).

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, F. Marlow, T. Voss, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Three-dimensional fabrication of optically active microstructures containing an electroluminescent polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 113309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Tayalia, C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, D. J. Mooney, and E. Mazur, “3D Cell-Migration Studies using Two-Photon Engineered Polymer Scaffolds,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(23), 4494–4498 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Two-photon absorption spectrum of the photoinitiator Lucirin TPO-L,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.90(4), 633–636 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Reversible birefringence in microstructures fabricated by two-photon absorption polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 013109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Three-dimensional photonic crystal structures achieved with two-photon-absorption photopolymerization of resin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(6), 786–788 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Misoguti, L.

D. S. Correa, M. R. Cardoso, V. Tribuzi, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonca, “Femtosecond Laser in Polymeric Materials: Microfabrication of Doped Structures and Micromachining,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron.18, 176–186 (2012).

Mooney, D. J.

P. Tayalia, C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, D. J. Mooney, and E. Mazur, “3D Cell-Migration Studies using Two-Photon Engineered Polymer Scaffolds,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(23), 4494–4498 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, O.

Naughton, M. J.

R. A. Farrer, C. N. LaFratta, L. J. Li, J. Praino, M. J. Naughton, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and J. T. Fourkas, “Selective functionalization of 3-D polymer microstructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(6), 1796–1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baldacchini, C. N. LaFratta, R. A. Farrer, M. C. Teich, B. E. A. Saleh, M. J. Naughton, and J. T. Fourkas, “Acrylic-based resin with favorable properties for three-dimensional two-photon polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.95(11), 6072–6076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neretina, S.

X. Huang, S. Neretina, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold Nanorods: From Synthesis and Properties to Biological and Biomedical Applications,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)21(48), 4880–4910 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O'Malley, K.

C. N. LaFratta, D. Lim, K. O'Malley, T. Baldacchini, and J. T. Fourkas, “Direct laser patterning of conductive wires on three-dimensional polymeric microstructures,” Chem. Mater.18(8), 2038–2042 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ormos, P.

P. Galajda and P. Ormos, “Complex micromachines produced and driven by light,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(2), 249–251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Philip, D.

D. Philip, “Synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of gold nanoparticles,” Spectroc. Acta Pt. A-Molec. Biomolec. Spectr.71(1), 80–85 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater.9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Praino, J.

R. A. Farrer, C. N. LaFratta, L. J. Li, J. Praino, M. J. Naughton, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and J. T. Fourkas, “Selective functionalization of 3-D polymer microstructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(6), 1796–1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prasad, P. N.

M. P. Joshi, H. E. Pudavar, J. Swiatkiewicz, P. N. Prasad, and B. A. Reianhardt, “Three-dimensional optical circuitry using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(2), 170–172 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pudavar, H. E.

M. P. Joshi, H. E. Pudavar, J. Swiatkiewicz, P. N. Prasad, and B. A. Reianhardt, “Three-dimensional optical circuitry using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(2), 170–172 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reianhardt, B. A.

M. P. Joshi, H. E. Pudavar, J. Swiatkiewicz, P. N. Prasad, and B. A. Reianhardt, “Three-dimensional optical circuitry using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(2), 170–172 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

H. He, C. Xie, and J. Ren, “Nonbleaching fluorescence of gold nanoparticles and its applications in cancer cell imaging,” Anal. Chem.80(15), 5951–5957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodgers, T. C.

Saleh, B. E. A.

R. A. Farrer, C. N. LaFratta, L. J. Li, J. Praino, M. J. Naughton, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and J. T. Fourkas, “Selective functionalization of 3-D polymer microstructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(6), 1796–1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baldacchini, C. N. LaFratta, R. A. Farrer, M. C. Teich, B. E. A. Saleh, M. J. Naughton, and J. T. Fourkas, “Acrylic-based resin with favorable properties for three-dimensional two-photon polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.95(11), 6072–6076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sapogova, N.

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV-initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci.248(1-4), 181–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shah, N. C.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shoji, S.

Shukla, S.

K. Vora, S. Y. Kang, S. Shukla, and E. Mazur, “Fabrication of disconnected three-dimensional silver nanostructures in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(6), 063120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Smirnova, L.

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV-initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci.248(1-4), 181–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Soustov, L.

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV-initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci.248(1-4), 181–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. B.

X. M. Duan, H. B. Sun, K. Kaneko, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon polymerization of metal ions doped acrylate monomers and oligomers for three-dimensional structure fabrication,” Thin Solid Films453-454, 518–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Kaneko, H. B. Sun, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon photoreduction of metallic nanoparticle gratings in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1426–1428 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Sun and S. Kawata, “Two-photon laser precision microfabrication and its applications to micro-nano devices and systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(3), 624–633 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Three-dimensional photonic crystal structures achieved with two-photon-absorption photopolymerization of resin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(6), 786–788 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suzer, S.

E. Yilmaz and S. Suzer, “Au nanoparticles in PMMA matrix: In situ synthesis and the effect of Au nanoparticles on PMMA conductivity,” Appl. Surf. Sci.256(22), 6630–6633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Swiatkiewicz, J.

M. P. Joshi, H. E. Pudavar, J. Swiatkiewicz, P. N. Prasad, and B. A. Reianhardt, “Three-dimensional optical circuitry using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(2), 170–172 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

T. Tanaka, A. Ishikawa, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon-induced reduction of metal ions for fabricating three-dimensional electrically conductive metallic microstructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 081107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tayalia, P.

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, F. Marlow, T. Voss, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Three-dimensional fabrication of optically active microstructures containing an electroluminescent polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 113309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Two-photon absorption spectrum of the photoinitiator Lucirin TPO-L,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.90(4), 633–636 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Tayalia, C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, D. J. Mooney, and E. Mazur, “3D Cell-Migration Studies using Two-Photon Engineered Polymer Scaffolds,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(23), 4494–4498 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Reversible birefringence in microstructures fabricated by two-photon absorption polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 013109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

R. A. Farrer, C. N. LaFratta, L. J. Li, J. Praino, M. J. Naughton, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and J. T. Fourkas, “Selective functionalization of 3-D polymer microstructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(6), 1796–1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baldacchini, C. N. LaFratta, R. A. Farrer, M. C. Teich, B. E. A. Saleh, M. J. Naughton, and J. T. Fourkas, “Acrylic-based resin with favorable properties for three-dimensional two-photon polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.95(11), 6072–6076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tribuzi, V.

D. S. Correa, M. R. Cardoso, V. Tribuzi, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonca, “Femtosecond Laser in Polymeric Materials: Microfabrication of Doped Structures and Micromachining,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron.18, 176–186 (2012).

Van Duyne, R. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vora, K.

K. Vora, S. Y. Kang, S. Shukla, and E. Mazur, “Fabrication of disconnected three-dimensional silver nanostructures in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(6), 063120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Voss, T.

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, F. Marlow, T. Voss, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Three-dimensional fabrication of optically active microstructures containing an electroluminescent polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 113309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xie, C.

H. He, C. Xie, and J. Ren, “Nonbleaching fluorescence of gold nanoparticles and its applications in cancer cell imaging,” Anal. Chem.80(15), 5951–5957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakimovich, N.

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV-initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci.248(1-4), 181–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yilmaz, E.

E. Yilmaz and S. Suzer, “Au nanoparticles in PMMA matrix: In situ synthesis and the effect of Au nanoparticles on PMMA conductivity,” Appl. Surf. Sci.256(22), 6630–6633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)

X. Huang, S. Neretina, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Gold Nanorods: From Synthesis and Properties to Biological and Biomedical Applications,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)21(48), 4880–4910 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Tayalia, C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, D. J. Mooney, and E. Mazur, “3D Cell-Migration Studies using Two-Photon Engineered Polymer Scaffolds,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(23), 4494–4498 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, E. Gershgoren, G. Kumi, W.-Y. Chen, P. T. Ho, W. N. Herman, and J. T. Fourkas, “High-Performance Microring Resonators Fabricated with Multiphoton Absorption Polymerization,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)20(19), 3668–3671 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem.

H. He, C. Xie, and J. Ren, “Nonbleaching fluorescence of gold nanoparticles and its applications in cancer cell imaging,” Anal. Chem.80(15), 5951–5957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Kaneko, H. B. Sun, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon photoreduction of metallic nanoparticle gratings in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(7), 1426–1428 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanaka, A. Ishikawa, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon-induced reduction of metal ions for fabricating three-dimensional electrically conductive metallic microstructure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(8), 081107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Vora, S. Y. Kang, S. Shukla, and E. Mazur, “Fabrication of disconnected three-dimensional silver nanostructures in a polymer matrix,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(6), 063120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Three-dimensional photonic crystal structures achieved with two-photon-absorption photopolymerization of resin,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(6), 786–788 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Galajda and P. Ormos, “Complex micromachines produced and driven by light,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(2), 249–251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Joshi, H. E. Pudavar, J. Swiatkiewicz, P. N. Prasad, and B. A. Reianhardt, “Three-dimensional optical circuitry using two-photon-assisted polymerization,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(2), 170–172 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, F. Marlow, T. Voss, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Three-dimensional fabrication of optically active microstructures containing an electroluminescent polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 113309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.

C. R. Mendonca, D. S. Correa, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Two-photon absorption spectrum of the photoinitiator Lucirin TPO-L,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.90(4), 633–636 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci.

A. Alexandrov, L. Smirnova, N. Yakimovich, N. Sapogova, L. Soustov, A. Kirsanov, and N. Bityurin, “UV-initiated growth of gold nanoparticles in PMMA matrix,” Appl. Surf. Sci.248(1-4), 181–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Yilmaz and S. Suzer, “Au nanoparticles in PMMA matrix: In situ synthesis and the effect of Au nanoparticles on PMMA conductivity,” Appl. Surf. Sci.256(22), 6630–6633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

C. N. LaFratta, D. Lim, K. O'Malley, T. Baldacchini, and J. T. Fourkas, “Direct laser patterning of conductive wires on three-dimensional polymeric microstructures,” Chem. Mater.18(8), 2038–2042 (2006).
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Chem. Rev.

M. C. Daniel and D. Astruc, “Gold nanoparticles: Assembly, supramolecular chemistry, quantum-size-related properties, and applications toward biology, catalysis, and nanotechnology,” Chem. Rev.104(1), 293–346 (2004).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron.

D. S. Correa, M. R. Cardoso, V. Tribuzi, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonca, “Femtosecond Laser in Polymeric Materials: Microfabrication of Doped Structures and Micromachining,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron.18, 176–186 (2012).

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

R. A. Farrer, C. N. LaFratta, L. J. Li, J. Praino, M. J. Naughton, B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, and J. T. Fourkas, “Selective functionalization of 3-D polymer microstructures,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(6), 1796–1797 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys.

T. Baldacchini, C. N. LaFratta, R. A. Farrer, M. C. Teich, B. E. A. Saleh, M. J. Naughton, and J. T. Fourkas, “Acrylic-based resin with favorable properties for three-dimensional two-photon polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.95(11), 6072–6076 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Mendonca, T. Baldacchini, P. Tayalia, and E. Mazur, “Reversible birefringence in microstructures fabricated by two-photon absorption polymerization,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 013109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Plasmonic and metamaterial cloaking: physical mechanisms and potentials,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.10(9), 093002 (2008).
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Nat. Mater.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater.7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater.9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Plasmonics

P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics2(3), 107–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spectroc. Acta Pt. A-Molec. Biomolec. Spectr.

D. Philip, “Synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of gold nanoparticles,” Spectroc. Acta Pt. A-Molec. Biomolec. Spectr.71(1), 80–85 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films

X. M. Duan, H. B. Sun, K. Kaneko, and S. Kawata, “Two-photon polymerization of metal ions doped acrylate monomers and oligomers for three-dimensional structure fabrication,” Thin Solid Films453-454, 518–521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM images of two-photon polymerized microstructures doped with gold nanoparticles (after heating process).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fluorescence microscopy images of a) HAuCl4 doped microstructure and b) gold nanoparticle doped microstructures, where a typical enhanced fluorescence emission caused by the nanoparticles is observed. c) Confocal microscopy image of the same microstructures shown in b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical emission of nanoparticle doped (red line) and non-doped microstructure when excited by a CW laser at 325 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorption spectra of macroscopic samples a, b and c. In the inset we have a picture of the samples where a typical color change, due to gold nanoparticle samples, is observed in sample c. TEM images shows gold nanoparticles with diameters from 5 to 40 nm.

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