Abstract

Reflective electro-absorption modulation-intensity modulators (REAM-IMs) are utilized, for the first time, to experimentally demonstrate colorless ONUs in single-fiber-based, bidirectional, intensity-modulation and direct-detection (IMDD), optical OFDM PONs (OOFDM-PONs) incorporating 25km SSMFs and OLT-side-seeded CW optical signals. The colorlessness of the REAM-IMs is characterized, based on which optimum REAM-IM operating conditions are identified. In the aforementioned PON architecture, 10Gb/s colorless upstream transmissions of end-to-end real-time OOFDM signals are successfully achieved for various wavelengths within the entire C-band. Over such a wavelength window, corresponding minimum received optical powers at the FEC limit vary in a range as small as <0.5dB. In addition, experimental measurements also indicate that Rayleigh backscattering imposes a 2.8dB optical power penalty on the 10Gb/s over 25km upstream OOFDM signal transmission. Furthermore, making use of on-line adaptive bit and power loading, a linear trade-off between aggregated signal line rate and optical power budget is observed, which shows that, for the present PON system, a 10% reduction in signal line rate can improve the optical power budget by 2.6dB.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

2010

2009

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

E. Lach, K. Schuh, and M. Schmidt, “Application of electro-absorption modulators for high-speed transmission systems,” J. Opt. Fiber. Commun.2(2), 140–170 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with Wavelength-selection-free transmitters,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 187–195 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Antony, C.

Borghesani, A.

Chang, Y.

Chi, S.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, A. M.

Davey, R. P.

Ford, C.

Giacoumidis, E.

Giddings, R. P.

E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, Y. Hong, S. Mansoor, A. Villafranca, and J. M. Tang, “Directly modulated VCSEL-based real-time 11.25-Gb/s optical OFDM transmission over 2000-m legacy MMFs,” IEEE Photon. J.4(1), 143–154 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J.3(3), 500–511 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, X. Zheng, Y. Hong, C. Shu, and J. M. Tang, “Real-time experimental demonstration of low-cost VCSEL intensity-modulated 11.25 Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 25 km PON systems,” Opt. Express19(4), 2979–2988 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of real-time optical OFDM transmission at 7.5 Gb/s over 25-km SSMF using a 1-GHz RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 745–747 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express18(6), 5541–5555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Express18(10), 9791–9808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of record high 19.125Gb/s real-time end-to-end dual-band optical OFDM transmission over 25km SMF in a simple EML-based IMDD system,” Opt. Express (accepted for publication).

Harmon, B.

Hong, Y.

E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, Y. Hong, S. Mansoor, A. Villafranca, and J. M. Tang, “Directly modulated VCSEL-based real-time 11.25-Gb/s optical OFDM transmission over 2000-m legacy MMFs,” IEEE Photon. J.4(1), 143–154 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, X. Zheng, Y. Hong, C. Shu, and J. M. Tang, “Real-time experimental demonstration of low-cost VCSEL intensity-modulated 11.25 Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 25 km PON systems,” Opt. Express19(4), 2979–2988 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hugues-Salas, E.

E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, Y. Hong, S. Mansoor, A. Villafranca, and J. M. Tang, “Directly modulated VCSEL-based real-time 11.25-Gb/s optical OFDM transmission over 2000-m legacy MMFs,” IEEE Photon. J.4(1), 143–154 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, X. Zheng, Y. Hong, C. Shu, and J. M. Tang, “Real-time experimental demonstration of low-cost VCSEL intensity-modulated 11.25 Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 25 km PON systems,” Opt. Express19(4), 2979–2988 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Wei, C. Sánchez, E. Hugues-Salas, P. S. Spencer, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength-offset filtering in optical OFDM IMDD systems using directly modulated DFB lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(18), 2861–2870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of real-time optical OFDM transmission at 7.5 Gb/s over 25-km SSMF using a 1-GHz RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 745–747 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express18(6), 5541–5555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Express18(10), 9791–9808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of record high 19.125Gb/s real-time end-to-end dual-band optical OFDM transmission over 25km SMF in a simple EML-based IMDD system,” Opt. Express (accepted for publication).

Hwang, S.

Iwatsuki, A.

Jin, X. Q.

X. Q. Jin and J. M. Tang, “Experimental investigations of wavelength spacing and colorlessness of RSOA-based ONUs in real-time optical OFDMA PONs,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(16), 2603–2609 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, Y. Hong, S. Mansoor, A. Villafranca, and J. M. Tang, “Directly modulated VCSEL-based real-time 11.25-Gb/s optical OFDM transmission over 2000-m legacy MMFs,” IEEE Photon. J.4(1), 143–154 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J.3(3), 500–511 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, X. Zheng, Y. Hong, C. Shu, and J. M. Tang, “Real-time experimental demonstration of low-cost VCSEL intensity-modulated 11.25 Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 25 km PON systems,” Opt. Express19(4), 2979–2988 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of real-time optical OFDM transmission at 7.5 Gb/s over 25-km SSMF using a 1-GHz RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 745–747 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Express18(10), 9791–9808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express18(6), 5541–5555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jung, D. K.

Jun-ichi Kani, K.

Kamei, S.

Kaneko, S.

Kani, J.

J. Kani, “Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1290–1297 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Keiser, G.

Ko, S. C.

Krimmel, H. G.

Kwon, J. W.

Lach, E.

E. Lach, K. Schuh, and M. Schmidt, “Application of electro-absorption modulators for high-speed transmission systems,” J. Opt. Fiber. Commun.2(2), 140–170 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lealman, I.

Lee, S. L.

Liaw, T. W.

Lin, S. C.

Liu, C. K.

Mansoor, S.

E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, Y. Hong, S. Mansoor, A. Villafranca, and J. M. Tang, “Directly modulated VCSEL-based real-time 11.25-Gb/s optical OFDM transmission over 2000-m legacy MMFs,” IEEE Photon. J.4(1), 143–154 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Express18(10), 9791–9808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maxwell, G.

Moodie, D. G.

Naughton, A.

Nesset, D.

Oh, Y.

Ohki, M.

Ossieur, P.

Poustie, A.

Quinlan, T.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J.3(3), 500–511 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, D.

Sánchez, C.

Schmidt, M.

E. Lach, K. Schuh, and M. Schmidt, “Application of electro-absorption modulators for high-speed transmission systems,” J. Opt. Fiber. Commun.2(2), 140–170 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schuh, K.

E. Lach, K. Schuh, and M. Schmidt, “Application of electro-absorption modulators for high-speed transmission systems,” J. Opt. Fiber. Commun.2(2), 140–170 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shih, F. Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shim, C.

Shin, D. J.

Shin, H. S.

Shu, C.

Smith, D. W.

Spencer, P. S.

Sugo,

Tang, J. M.

X. Q. Jin and J. M. Tang, “Experimental investigations of wavelength spacing and colorlessness of RSOA-based ONUs in real-time optical OFDMA PONs,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(16), 2603–2609 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, Y. Hong, S. Mansoor, A. Villafranca, and J. M. Tang, “Directly modulated VCSEL-based real-time 11.25-Gb/s optical OFDM transmission over 2000-m legacy MMFs,” IEEE Photon. J.4(1), 143–154 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J.3(3), 500–511 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Wei, C. Sánchez, E. Hugues-Salas, P. S. Spencer, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength-offset filtering in optical OFDM IMDD systems using directly modulated DFB lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(18), 2861–2870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, X. Zheng, Y. Hong, C. Shu, and J. M. Tang, “Real-time experimental demonstration of low-cost VCSEL intensity-modulated 11.25 Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 25 km PON systems,” Opt. Express19(4), 2979–2988 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of real-time optical OFDM transmission at 7.5 Gb/s over 25-km SSMF using a 1-GHz RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 745–747 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Express18(10), 9791–9808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express18(6), 5541–5555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of record high 19.125Gb/s real-time end-to-end dual-band optical OFDM transmission over 25km SMF in a simple EML-based IMDD system,” Opt. Express (accepted for publication).

Townsend, P. D.

Villafranca, A.

E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, Y. Hong, S. Mansoor, A. Villafranca, and J. M. Tang, “Directly modulated VCSEL-based real-time 11.25-Gb/s optical OFDM transmission over 2000-m legacy MMFs,” IEEE Photon. J.4(1), 143–154 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Walker, S.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J.3(3), 500–511 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wei, J. L.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J.3(3), 500–511 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Wei, C. Sánchez, E. Hugues-Salas, P. S. Spencer, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength-offset filtering in optical OFDM IMDD systems using directly modulated DFB lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(18), 2861–2870 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, X. Zheng, Y. Hong, C. Shu, and J. M. Tang, “Real-time experimental demonstration of low-cost VCSEL intensity-modulated 11.25 Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 25 km PON systems,” Opt. Express19(4), 2979–2988 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of real-time optical OFDM transmission at 7.5 Gb/s over 25-km SSMF using a 1-GHz RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 745–747 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express18(6), 5541–5555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Express18(10), 9791–9808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wyatt, R.

Yang, C. L.

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 715–717 (2009).
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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental system setup for colorless real-time unidirectional OOFDM transmission based on an REAM-IM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a) Adaptive bit allocation for the REAM-IM-based OOFDM-PON system and b) Insertion loss of the REAM-IM for different reverse DC bias voltages and operating wavelengths in the C-band for a CW input signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a) REAM-IM-based and RSOA-IM-based OOFDM-PON system frequency response for different wavelengths. b) REAM-IM-based OOFDM-PON BER performance of the 10Gb/s OOFDM signals for optical back-to-back configuration and 25km SSMF transmission for different wavelengths.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Real-time bidirectional OOFDM-PON for upstream transmission.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Adaptively loaded and received subcarrier power profiles and system frequency responses for upstream OOFDM signal transmission in the 25km SSMF bidirectional OOFDM-PON.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER performance of 10Gb/s upstream OOFDM signals for the REAM-IM-based 25km SSMF bidirectional OOFDM-PON for different wavelengths within the C-band.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Received constellations of different subcarriers before channel equalization for the upstream transmission of the 10Gb/s REAM-IM-modulated OOFDM signals over the bidirectional PON. (a)-(c) for 1560nm, (d)-(f) for 1550nm and (g)-(i) for 1535nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Impact of RB on the BER performance of upstream 10Gb/s over 25km OOFDM signals.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

BER performance of various upstream OOFDM signals over 25km SSMF bidirectional OOFDM-PON.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Adaptive bit loading profiles for different upstream signal line rates achieved in the bidirectional OOFDM-PON.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Measured trade-off between ROP and signal line rate in bidirectional OOFDM-PON.

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