Abstract

Passive remote sensing of the Earth system has used spatial resolutions ranging from meters to kilometers. It is thus necessary to understand how data products with different spatial resolutions can be compared with each other, and how sub-pixel variations may affect data comparison. This is particularly important for ocean color remote sensing where the measured signal (water-leaving radiance or remote sensing reflectance) is a non-linear function of sub-surface constituents. As a result, products at low resolution are not necessarily arithmetic or geometric means of those at higher resolution. Here, we developed analytical expressions to link ocean color properties derived from high- and low-resolution data, and the proof-of-concept is further demonstrated with both simple examples and measurements of MERIS full-resolution (FR) and reduced resolution (RR). These results suggest that current global chlorophyll concentration is likely underestimated due to the coarse spatial resolutions. Application of the expressions will facilitate cross-sensor comparisons and may also reduce uncertainties.

© 2012 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. B. Eisner and T. J. Cowles, “Spatial variations in phytoplankton pigment ratios, optical properties, and environmental gradients in Oregon coast surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C10), C10S14 (2005), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Hu, B. Nababan, D. C. Biggs, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “ Variability of bio-optical properties at sampling stations and implications for remote sensing: a case study in the north-east Gulf of Mexico,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25(11), 2111–2120 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. R. Gordon and D. K. Clark, “Remote sensing optical properties of a stratified ocean: an improved interpretation,” Appl. Opt. 19(20), 3428–3430 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “Remote sensing of ocean chlorophyll: consequence of nonuniform pigment profile,” Appl. Opt. 28(3), 490–495 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. R. V. Zaneveld, A. H. Barnard, and E. Boss, “Theoretical derivation of the depth average of remotely sensed optical parameters,” Opt. Express 13(22), 9052–9061 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. R. Gordon and A. Morel, Remote assessment of ocean color for interpretation of satellite visible imagery: A review (New York: Springer-Verlag 1983) p. 44.
  8. IOCCG, Remote Sensing of Inherent Optical Properties: Fundamentals, Tests of Algorithms, and Applications, in Reports of the International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group, No. 5, Z.-P. Lee, ed. (IOCCG: Dartmouth, Canada. 2006) p. 126.
  9. H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. P. Lee, K. Du, K. J. Voss, G. Zibordi, B. Lubac, R. Arnone, and A. Weidemann, “An inherent-optical-property-centered approach to correct the angular effects in water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(19), 3155–3167 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Morel and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters (2): Bi-directional aspects,” Appl. Opt. 32(33), 6864–6879 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. D. Mobley, Light and Water: radiative transfer in natural waters (New York: Academic Press 1994).
  13. C. Hu, Z. Chen, T. D. Clayton, P. Swarzenski, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karge, “Assessment of estuarine water-quality indicators using MODIS medium-resolution bands: Initial results from Tampa Bay Florida,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93(3), 423–441 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Darecki and D. Stramski, “An evaluation of MODIS and SeaWiFS bio-optical algorithms in the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 89(3), 326–350 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110(2), 192–215 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Shang, Z. Lee, and G. Wei, “ Characterization of MODIS-derived euphotic zone depth: results for the China Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115(1), 180–186 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. M. Pope and E. S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (380-700 nm) of pure water. II. Integrating cavity measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36(33), 8710–8723 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. R. Gordon, M. R. Lewis, S. D. McLean, M. S. Twardowski, S. A. Freeman, K. J. Voss, and G. C. Boynton, “Spectra of particulate backscattering in natural waters,” Opt. Express 17(18), 16192–16208 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and K. P. Du, “Effects of molecular and particle scatterings on the model parameter for remote-sensing reflectance,” Appl. Opt. 43(25), 4957–4964 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. G. Steward, and J. S. Patch, “Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters: 2. Deriving bottom depths and water properties by optimization,” Appl. Opt. 38(18), 3831–3843 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “Analytic model of ocean color,” Appl. Opt. 36(12), 2620–2629 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  23. C. Hu, Z. Lee, and B. Franz, “Chlorophyll a algorithms for oligotrophic oceans: A novel approach based on three-band reflectance difference,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C1), C01011 (2012), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. E. O'Reilly, “SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses,” Part 3, in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S.B. Hooker and E.R. Firestone, Editors. 2000, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center: Greenbelt, MD. p. 58.
  25. F. C. Polcyn, W. L. Brown, and I. J. Sattinger, “The measurement of water depth by remote-sensing techniques,” University of Michigan: Ann Arbor (1970).
  26. D. R. Lyzenga, “Passive remote-sensing techniques for mapping water depth and bottom features,” Appl. Opt. 17(3), 379–383 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, C. O. Davis, J. H. Bowles, T. V. Downes, R. A. Leathers, M. J. Montes, W. P. Bissett, D. D. R. Kohler, R. P. Reid, E. M. Louchard, and A. Gleason, “Interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery by spectrum matching and look-up tables,” Appl. Opt. 44(17), 3576–3592 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. V. E. Brando, J. M. Anstee, M. Wettle, A. G. Dekker, S. R. Phinn, and C. Roelfsema, “A physics based retrieval and quality assessment of bathymetry from suboptimal hyperspectral data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(4), 755–770 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  29. S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic shallow waters: influence of water depth and bottom albedo,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 39(7), 1689–1703 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “ Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639–11652 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  31. Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  32. Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. P. Bontempi and J. Yoder, “Spatial variability in SeaWiFS imagery of the South Atlantic bight as evidenced by gradients (fronts) in chlorophyll a and water-leaving radiance,” Deep Sea Res., Part II 51(10–11), 1019–1032 (2004).
  34. C. O. Davis, M. Kavanaugh, R. Letelier, W. P. Bissett, and D. Kohler, “Spatial and Spectral Resolution Considerations for Imaging Coastal Waters,” in SPIE Coastal Ocean Remote Sensing. 2007. San Diego, CA.

2012

C. Hu, Z. Lee, and B. Franz, “Chlorophyll a algorithms for oligotrophic oceans: A novel approach based on three-band reflectance difference,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C1), C01011 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2011

S. Shang, Z. Lee, and G. Wei, “ Characterization of MODIS-derived euphotic zone depth: results for the China Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115(1), 180–186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Lee, K. Du, K. J. Voss, G. Zibordi, B. Lubac, R. Arnone, and A. Weidemann, “An inherent-optical-property-centered approach to correct the angular effects in water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(19), 3155–3167 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

H. R. Gordon, M. R. Lewis, S. D. McLean, M. S. Twardowski, S. A. Freeman, K. J. Voss, and G. C. Boynton, “Spectra of particulate backscattering in natural waters,” Opt. Express 17(18), 16192–16208 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Brando, J. M. Anstee, M. Wettle, A. G. Dekker, S. R. Phinn, and C. Roelfsema, “A physics based retrieval and quality assessment of bathymetry from suboptimal hyperspectral data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(4), 755–770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110(2), 192–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and K. P. Du, “Effects of molecular and particle scatterings on the model parameter for remote-sensing reflectance,” Appl. Opt. 43(25), 4957–4964 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hu, B. Nababan, D. C. Biggs, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “ Variability of bio-optical properties at sampling stations and implications for remote sensing: a case study in the north-east Gulf of Mexico,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25(11), 2111–2120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, Z. Chen, T. D. Clayton, P. Swarzenski, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karge, “Assessment of estuarine water-quality indicators using MODIS medium-resolution bands: Initial results from Tampa Bay Florida,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93(3), 423–441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Darecki and D. Stramski, “An evaluation of MODIS and SeaWiFS bio-optical algorithms in the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 89(3), 326–350 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Bontempi and J. Yoder, “Spatial variability in SeaWiFS imagery of the South Atlantic bight as evidenced by gradients (fronts) in chlorophyll a and water-leaving radiance,” Deep Sea Res., Part II 51(10–11), 1019–1032 (2004).

2002

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “ Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639–11652 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

1994

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic shallow waters: influence of water depth and bottom albedo,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 39(7), 1689–1703 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

1989

1988

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1980

1978

Anstee, J. M.

V. E. Brando, J. M. Anstee, M. Wettle, A. G. Dekker, S. R. Phinn, and C. Roelfsema, “A physics based retrieval and quality assessment of bathymetry from suboptimal hyperspectral data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(4), 755–770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arnone, R.

Arnone, R. A.

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baker, K. S.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Barnard, A. H.

Barnsley, M.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Berthon, J.-F.

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110(2), 192–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Biggs, D. C.

C. Hu, B. Nababan, D. C. Biggs, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “ Variability of bio-optical properties at sampling stations and implications for remote sensing: a case study in the north-east Gulf of Mexico,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25(11), 2111–2120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bissett, W. P.

Bontempi, P.

P. Bontempi and J. Yoder, “Spatial variability in SeaWiFS imagery of the South Atlantic bight as evidenced by gradients (fronts) in chlorophyll a and water-leaving radiance,” Deep Sea Res., Part II 51(10–11), 1019–1032 (2004).

Boss, E.

Bowles, J. H.

Boynton, G. C.

Brando, V. E.

V. E. Brando, J. M. Anstee, M. Wettle, A. G. Dekker, S. R. Phinn, and C. Roelfsema, “A physics based retrieval and quality assessment of bathymetry from suboptimal hyperspectral data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(4), 755–770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brock, J. C.

C. Hu, Z. Chen, T. D. Clayton, P. Swarzenski, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karge, “Assessment of estuarine water-quality indicators using MODIS medium-resolution bands: Initial results from Tampa Bay Florida,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93(3), 423–441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brown, J. W.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brown, O. B.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Carder, K. L.

Casey, B.

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R. F.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “ Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639–11652 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

C. Hu, Z. Chen, T. D. Clayton, P. Swarzenski, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karge, “Assessment of estuarine water-quality indicators using MODIS medium-resolution bands: Initial results from Tampa Bay Florida,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93(3), 423–441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clark, D. K.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon and D. K. Clark, “Remote sensing optical properties of a stratified ocean: an improved interpretation,” Appl. Opt. 19(20), 3428–3430 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clayton, T. D.

C. Hu, Z. Chen, T. D. Clayton, P. Swarzenski, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karge, “Assessment of estuarine water-quality indicators using MODIS medium-resolution bands: Initial results from Tampa Bay Florida,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93(3), 423–441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cowles, T. J.

L. B. Eisner and T. J. Cowles, “Spatial variations in phytoplankton pigment ratios, optical properties, and environmental gradients in Oregon coast surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C10), C10S14 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

d’Entremont, R. P.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Darecki, M.

M. Darecki and D. Stramski, “An evaluation of MODIS and SeaWiFS bio-optical algorithms in the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 89(3), 326–350 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C.

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. O.

Dekker, A. G.

V. E. Brando, J. M. Anstee, M. Wettle, A. G. Dekker, S. R. Phinn, and C. Roelfsema, “A physics based retrieval and quality assessment of bathymetry from suboptimal hyperspectral data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(4), 755–770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Del Castillo, C.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Disney, M.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Doll, C.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Downes, T. V.

Du, K.

Du, K. P.

Dunderdale, M.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dye, J.

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eisner, L. B.

L. B. Eisner and T. J. Cowles, “Spatial variations in phytoplankton pigment ratios, optical properties, and environmental gradients in Oregon coast surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C10), C10S14 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Evans, R. H.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Franz, B.

C. Hu, Z. Lee, and B. Franz, “Chlorophyll a algorithms for oligotrophic oceans: A novel approach based on three-band reflectance difference,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C1), C01011 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Freeman, S.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Freeman, S. A.

Fry, E. S.

Gao, B. C.

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gao, F.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gentili, B.

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic shallow waters: influence of water depth and bottom albedo,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 39(7), 1689–1703 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters (2): Bi-directional aspects,” Appl. Opt. 32(33), 6864–6879 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gleason, A.

Goode, W. A.

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, H. R.

Hargreaves, B. R.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Hobson, P.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hu, C.

C. Hu, Z. Lee, and B. Franz, “Chlorophyll a algorithms for oligotrophic oceans: A novel approach based on three-band reflectance difference,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C1), C01011 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, B. Nababan, D. C. Biggs, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “ Variability of bio-optical properties at sampling stations and implications for remote sensing: a case study in the north-east Gulf of Mexico,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25(11), 2111–2120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, Z. Chen, T. D. Clayton, P. Swarzenski, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karge, “Assessment of estuarine water-quality indicators using MODIS medium-resolution bands: Initial results from Tampa Bay Florida,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93(3), 423–441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, D. D. R.

Lance, V. P.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Leathers, R. A.

Lee, Z.

C. Hu, Z. Lee, and B. Franz, “Chlorophyll a algorithms for oligotrophic oceans: A novel approach based on three-band reflectance difference,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C1), C01011 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

S. Shang, Z. Lee, and G. Wei, “ Characterization of MODIS-derived euphotic zone depth: results for the China Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115(1), 180–186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Z. P.

Lewis, M. R.

Lewis, P.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liang, S.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Louchard, E. M.

Lubac, B.

Z. P. Lee, K. Du, K. J. Voss, G. Zibordi, B. Lubac, R. Arnone, and A. Weidemann, “An inherent-optical-property-centered approach to correct the angular effects in water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(19), 3155–3167 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Lucht, W.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lyzenga, D. R.

Maritorena, S.

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic shallow waters: influence of water depth and bottom albedo,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 39(7), 1689–1703 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McLean, S. D.

Mélin, F.

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110(2), 192–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Mobley, C. D.

Montes, M.

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Montes, M. J.

Morel, A.

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic shallow waters: influence of water depth and bottom albedo,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 39(7), 1689–1703 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters (2): Bi-directional aspects,” Appl. Opt. 32(33), 6864–6879 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, J. P.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Muller-Karge, F. E.

C. Hu, Z. Chen, T. D. Clayton, P. Swarzenski, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karge, “Assessment of estuarine water-quality indicators using MODIS medium-resolution bands: Initial results from Tampa Bay Florida,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93(3), 423–441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Muller-Karger, F. E.

C. Hu, B. Nababan, D. C. Biggs, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “ Variability of bio-optical properties at sampling stations and implications for remote sensing: a case study in the north-east Gulf of Mexico,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25(11), 2111–2120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nababan, B.

C. Hu, B. Nababan, D. C. Biggs, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “ Variability of bio-optical properties at sampling stations and implications for remote sensing: a case study in the north-east Gulf of Mexico,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25(11), 2111–2120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Parsons, A. R.

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Patch, J. S.

Peacock, T. G.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “ Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639–11652 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phinn, S. R.

V. E. Brando, J. M. Anstee, M. Wettle, A. G. Dekker, S. R. Phinn, and C. Roelfsema, “A physics based retrieval and quality assessment of bathymetry from suboptimal hyperspectral data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(4), 755–770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Platt, T.

Pope, R. M.

Privette, J. L.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reid, R. P.

Roberts, G.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roelfsema, C.

V. E. Brando, J. M. Anstee, M. Wettle, A. G. Dekker, S. R. Phinn, and C. Roelfsema, “A physics based retrieval and quality assessment of bathymetry from suboptimal hyperspectral data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(4), 755–770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roy, D.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sathyendranath, S.

Schaaf, C. B.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shang, S.

S. Shang, Z. Lee, and G. Wei, “ Characterization of MODIS-derived euphotic zone depth: results for the China Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115(1), 180–186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. C.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Steward, R. G.

Strahler, A.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stramski, D.

M. Darecki and D. Stramski, “An evaluation of MODIS and SeaWiFS bio-optical algorithms in the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 89(3), 326–350 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Strugnell, N. C.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sundman, L. K.

Swarzenski, P.

C. Hu, Z. Chen, T. D. Clayton, P. Swarzenski, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karge, “Assessment of estuarine water-quality indicators using MODIS medium-resolution bands: Initial results from Tampa Bay Florida,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93(3), 423–441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, T.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Twardowski, M.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Twardowski, M. S.

Vaillancourt, R.

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Voss, K. J.

Wei, G.

S. Shang, Z. Lee, and G. Wei, “ Characterization of MODIS-derived euphotic zone depth: results for the China Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115(1), 180–186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Weidemann, A.

Weidemann, A. D.

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wettle, M.

V. E. Brando, J. M. Anstee, M. Wettle, A. G. Dekker, S. R. Phinn, and C. Roelfsema, “A physics based retrieval and quality assessment of bathymetry from suboptimal hyperspectral data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(4), 755–770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoder, J.

P. Bontempi and J. Yoder, “Spatial variability in SeaWiFS imagery of the South Atlantic bight as evidenced by gradients (fronts) in chlorophyll a and water-leaving radiance,” Deep Sea Res., Part II 51(10–11), 1019–1032 (2004).

Zaneveld, J. R. V.

Zhang, X.

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zibordi, G.

Appl. Opt.

D. R. Lyzenga, “Passive remote-sensing techniques for mapping water depth and bottom features,” Appl. Opt. 17(3), 379–383 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “Remote sensing of ocean chlorophyll: consequence of nonuniform pigment profile,” Appl. Opt. 28(3), 490–495 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sathyendranath and T. Platt, “Analytic model of ocean color,” Appl. Opt. 36(12), 2620–2629 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters (2): Bi-directional aspects,” Appl. Opt. 32(33), 6864–6879 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. G. Steward, and J. S. Patch, “Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters: 2. Deriving bottom depths and water properties by optimization,” Appl. Opt. 38(18), 3831–3843 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Pope and E. S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (380-700 nm) of pure water. II. Integrating cavity measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36(33), 8710–8723 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and K. P. Du, “Effects of molecular and particle scatterings on the model parameter for remote-sensing reflectance,” Appl. Opt. 43(25), 4957–4964 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Mobley, L. K. Sundman, C. O. Davis, J. H. Bowles, T. V. Downes, R. A. Leathers, M. J. Montes, W. P. Bissett, D. D. R. Kohler, R. P. Reid, E. M. Louchard, and A. Gleason, “Interpretation of hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery by spectrum matching and look-up tables,” Appl. Opt. 44(17), 3576–3592 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Gordon and D. K. Clark, “Remote sensing optical properties of a stratified ocean: an improved interpretation,” Appl. Opt. 19(20), 3428–3430 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Lee, K. Du, K. J. Voss, G. Zibordi, B. Lubac, R. Arnone, and A. Weidemann, “An inherent-optical-property-centered approach to correct the angular effects in water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(19), 3155–3167 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deep Sea Res., Part II

P. Bontempi and J. Yoder, “Spatial variability in SeaWiFS imagery of the South Atlantic bight as evidenced by gradients (fronts) in chlorophyll a and water-leaving radiance,” Deep Sea Res., Part II 51(10–11), 1019–1032 (2004).

Int. J. Remote Sens.

C. Hu, B. Nababan, D. C. Biggs, and F. E. Muller-Karger, “ Variability of bio-optical properties at sampling stations and implications for remote sensing: a case study in the north-east Gulf of Mexico,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 25(11), 2111–2120 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Remote Sens.

Z. P. Lee, B. Casey, R. A. Arnone, A. D. Weidemann, A. R. Parsons, M. Montes, B. C. Gao, W. A. Goode, C. Davis, and J. Dye, “Water and bottom properties of a coastal environment derived from Hyperion data measured from the EO-1 spacecraft platform,” J. Appl. Remote Sens. 1(1), 011502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, “ Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11639–11652 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lee, V. P. Lance, S. Shang, R. Vaillancourt, S. Freeman, B. Lubac, B. R. Hargreaves, C. Del Castillo, R. Miller, M. Twardowski, and G. Wei, “An assessment of optical properties and primary production derived from remote sensing in the Southern Ocean (SO GasEx),” J. Geophys. Res. 116, C00F03 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, Z. Lee, and B. Franz, “Chlorophyll a algorithms for oligotrophic oceans: A novel approach based on three-band reflectance difference,” J. Geophys. Res. 117(C1), C01011 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–10924 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Eisner and T. J. Cowles, “Spatial variations in phytoplankton pigment ratios, optical properties, and environmental gradients in Oregon coast surface waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 110(C10), C10S14 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr.

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic shallow waters: influence of water depth and bottom albedo,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 39(7), 1689–1703 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Remote Sens. Environ.

V. E. Brando, J. M. Anstee, M. Wettle, A. G. Dekker, S. R. Phinn, and C. Roelfsema, “A physics based retrieval and quality assessment of bathymetry from suboptimal hyperspectral data,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(4), 755–770 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. Strahler, W. Lucht, X. Li, T. Tsang, N. C. Strugnell, X. Zhang, Y. Jin, J. P. Muller, P. Lewis, M. Barnsley, P. Hobson, M. Disney, G. Roberts, M. Dunderdale, C. Doll, R. P. d’Entremont, B. Hu, S. Liang, J. L. Privette, and D. Roy, “First Operational BRDF, Albedo and Nadir reflectance products from MODIS,” Remote Sens. Environ. 83(1-2), 135–148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, Z. Chen, T. D. Clayton, P. Swarzenski, J. C. Brock, and F. E. Muller-Karge, “Assessment of estuarine water-quality indicators using MODIS medium-resolution bands: Initial results from Tampa Bay Florida,” Remote Sens. Environ. 93(3), 423–441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Darecki and D. Stramski, “An evaluation of MODIS and SeaWiFS bio-optical algorithms in the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 89(3), 326–350 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Mélin, G. Zibordi, and J.-F. Berthon, “Assessment of satellite ocean color products at a coastal site,” Remote Sens. Environ. 110(2), 192–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Shang, Z. Lee, and G. Wei, “ Characterization of MODIS-derived euphotic zone depth: results for the China Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ. 115(1), 180–186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. R. Gordon and A. Morel, Remote assessment of ocean color for interpretation of satellite visible imagery: A review (New York: Springer-Verlag 1983) p. 44.

IOCCG, Remote Sensing of Inherent Optical Properties: Fundamentals, Tests of Algorithms, and Applications, in Reports of the International Ocean-Colour Coordinating Group, No. 5, Z.-P. Lee, ed. (IOCCG: Dartmouth, Canada. 2006) p. 126.

C. D. Mobley, Light and Water: radiative transfer in natural waters (New York: Academic Press 1994).

J. E. O'Reilly, “SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses,” Part 3, in SeaWiFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series, S.B. Hooker and E.R. Firestone, Editors. 2000, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center: Greenbelt, MD. p. 58.

F. C. Polcyn, W. L. Brown, and I. J. Sattinger, “The measurement of water depth by remote-sensing techniques,” University of Michigan: Ann Arbor (1970).

C. O. Davis, M. Kavanaugh, R. Letelier, W. P. Bissett, and D. Kohler, “Spatial and Spectral Resolution Considerations for Imaging Coastal Waters,” in SPIE Coastal Ocean Remote Sensing. 2007. San Diego, CA.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics