Abstract

We demonstrate a directly-modulated 10-Gb/s tunable external cavity laser (ECL) fabricated by using a polymer Bragg reflector and a high-speed superluminescent diode (SLD). The tuning range and output power of this ECL are measured to be >11nm and 2.6 mW (@ 100 mA), respectively. We directly modulate this laser at 10 Gb/s and transmit the modulated signal over 20 km of standard single-mode fiber. The power penalty is measured to be <2.8 dB at the bit-error rate (BER) of 10−10.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. D. Nesset, “Network operator perspective on WDM-PON systems and applications,” in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Commun. (ECOC), (2011), Paper Th.12.C.6.
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  3. J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser amplifier modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1175–1177 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J. J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S. H. Oh, and M.-C. Oh, “Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express16(22), 18194–18201 (2008).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Vahala and A. Yariv, “Detuned loading in coupled cavity semiconductor lasers-Effect on quantum noise and dynamics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.45(5), 501–503 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. U. Feiste, “Optimization of modulation bandwidth in DBR lasers with detuned Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(12), 2371–2379 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Lin, S. Lee, and C. Yang, “Spectral filtering of multiple directly modulated channels for WDM access networks by using an FP etalon,” J. Opt. Netw.8(3), 306–316 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara, and K. Uomi, “InP-based reverse-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 672–683 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and E. Ducloux, “Modal competition via four-wave mixing in single-mode extended-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(8), 970–981 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. Detoma, B. Tromborg, and I. Montrosset, “The complex way to laser diode spectra: example of an external cavity laser strong optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(2), 171–182 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

E. Detoma, B. Tromborg, and I. Montrosset, “The complex way to laser diode spectra: example of an external cavity laser strong optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(2), 171–182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and E. Ducloux, “Modal competition via four-wave mixing in single-mode extended-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(8), 970–981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

U. Feiste, “Optimization of modulation bandwidth in DBR lasers with detuned Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(12), 2371–2379 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara, and K. Uomi, “InP-based reverse-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 672–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser amplifier modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1175–1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. F. Ferreira, J. F. Rocha, and J. L. Pinto, “Noise and modulation performance of Fabry-Perot and DFB semiconductor lasers with arbitrary external optical feedback,” IEEE Proc., J Optoelectron.137(6), 361–369 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and C. H. Henry, “Modulation performance of a semiconductor laser coupled to an external high-Q resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(2), 134–142 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

K. Vahala and A. Yariv, “Detuned loading in coupled cavity semiconductor lasers-Effect on quantum noise and dynamics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.45(5), 501–503 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and C. H. Henry, “Modulation performance of a semiconductor laser coupled to an external high-Q resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(2), 134–142 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, M.

M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara, and K. Uomi, “InP-based reverse-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 672–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burrus, C. A.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser amplifier modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1175–1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Choi, B.-S.

Chung, Y. C.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Detoma, E.

E. Detoma, B. Tromborg, and I. Montrosset, “The complex way to laser diode spectra: example of an external cavity laser strong optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(2), 171–182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ducloux, E.

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and E. Ducloux, “Modal competition via four-wave mixing in single-mode extended-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(8), 970–981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N. K.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser amplifier modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1175–1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Feiste, U.

U. Feiste, “Optimization of modulation bandwidth in DBR lasers with detuned Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(12), 2371–2379 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ferreira, M. F.

M. F. Ferreira, J. F. Rocha, and J. L. Pinto, “Noise and modulation performance of Fabry-Perot and DFB semiconductor lasers with arbitrary external optical feedback,” IEEE Proc., J Optoelectron.137(6), 361–369 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Feuer, M. D.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser amplifier modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1175–1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Godard, A.

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and E. Ducloux, “Modal competition via four-wave mixing in single-mode extended-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(8), 970–981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Henry, C. H.

G. P. Agrawal and C. H. Henry, “Modulation performance of a semiconductor laser coupled to an external high-Q resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(2), 134–142 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J. J.

Kim, C. S.

Kim, H. S.

Kim, K. S.

Kim, M.-S.

Komori, M.

M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara, and K. Uomi, “InP-based reverse-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 672–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, O.-K.

Lee, H.-J.

Lee, J. S.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

Lin, S.

Montrosset, I.

E. Detoma, B. Tromborg, and I. Montrosset, “The complex way to laser diode spectra: example of an external cavity laser strong optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(2), 171–182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakahara, K.

M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara, and K. Uomi, “InP-based reverse-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 672–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Noh, Y.-O.

Oh, D. K.

Oh, M.-C.

Oh, S. H.

Pauliat, G.

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and E. Ducloux, “Modal competition via four-wave mixing in single-mode extended-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(8), 970–981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Perino, J. S.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser amplifier modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1175–1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pinto, J. L.

M. F. Ferreira, J. F. Rocha, and J. L. Pinto, “Noise and modulation performance of Fabry-Perot and DFB semiconductor lasers with arbitrary external optical feedback,” IEEE Proc., J Optoelectron.137(6), 361–369 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser amplifier modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1175–1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rocha, J. F.

M. F. Ferreira, J. F. Rocha, and J. L. Pinto, “Noise and modulation performance of Fabry-Perot and DFB semiconductor lasers with arbitrary external optical feedback,” IEEE Proc., J Optoelectron.137(6), 361–369 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Roosen, G.

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and E. Ducloux, “Modal competition via four-wave mixing in single-mode extended-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(8), 970–981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sato, H.

M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara, and K. Uomi, “InP-based reverse-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 672–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shunk, S. C.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser amplifier modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1175–1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sim, J.-S.

Tromborg, B.

E. Detoma, B. Tromborg, and I. Montrosset, “The complex way to laser diode spectra: example of an external cavity laser strong optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(2), 171–182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, T.

M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara, and K. Uomi, “InP-based reverse-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 672–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Uomi, K.

M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara, and K. Uomi, “InP-based reverse-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 672–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K.

K. Vahala and A. Yariv, “Detuned loading in coupled cavity semiconductor lasers-Effect on quantum noise and dynamics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.45(5), 501–503 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Wiesenfeld, J. M.

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser amplifier modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1175–1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

Yariv, A.

K. Vahala and A. Yariv, “Detuned loading in coupled cavity semiconductor lasers-Effect on quantum noise and dynamics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.45(5), 501–503 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, K.-H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Vahala and A. Yariv, “Detuned loading in coupled cavity semiconductor lasers-Effect on quantum noise and dynamics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.45(5), 501–503 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

U. Feiste, “Optimization of modulation bandwidth in DBR lasers with detuned Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.34(12), 2371–2379 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and C. H. Henry, “Modulation performance of a semiconductor laser coupled to an external high-Q resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(2), 134–142 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and E. Ducloux, “Modal competition via four-wave mixing in single-mode extended-cavity semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(8), 970–981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Detoma, B. Tromborg, and I. Montrosset, “The complex way to laser diode spectra: example of an external cavity laser strong optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(2), 171–182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara, and K. Uomi, “InP-based reverse-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 672–683 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multichannel WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(12), 1458–1461 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser amplifier modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1175–1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Proc., J Optoelectron. (1)

M. F. Ferreira, J. F. Rocha, and J. L. Pinto, “Noise and modulation performance of Fabry-Perot and DFB semiconductor lasers with arbitrary external optical feedback,” IEEE Proc., J Optoelectron.137(6), 361–369 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Other (2)

D. Nesset, “Network operator perspective on WDM-PON systems and applications,” in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Commun. (ECOC), (2011), Paper Th.12.C.6.

M. J. Wale, “Technology options for future WDM-PON access systems,” in Proc. OptoElectron. and Commun. Conf. (OECC), (2009), Paper TuH4.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the proposed tunable ECL (b) electric-to-optic responses of the ECL at various cavity lengths.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Effective reflectivity and effective linewidth enhancement factor calculated as a function of the lasing wavelength when Lext of ECL is 10 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

UV-cured module of tunable ECL.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured L-I curve at 1547nm and (b) optical spectra of the fabricated tunable ECL.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured wavelength of the fabricated ECL as a function of the UV-module temperature.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Bandwidths of the fabricated tunable ECL measured at three different wavelengths.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured BER curves and eye diagrams of the 10-Gb/s signal (obtained from a directly modulated ECL) in back-to-back condition and after 20 km of SMF transmission.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 ECL Parameters

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