Abstract

A cladding pumped multicore erbium-doped fiber amplifier for simultaneous amplification of 6 channels is demonstrated. Peak gain over 32 dB has been obtained at a wavelength of 1560 nm and the bandwidth measured at 20-dB gain was about 35 nm. Numerical modeling of cladding pumped multicore erbium-doped amplifier was also performed to study the properties of the amplifier. The results of experiment and simulation are found to be in good agreement.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  31. G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, “Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of double-cladding erbium–ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.33(6), 599–619 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (4)

2011 (7)

K. S. Abedin, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, B. Zhu, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, and P. W. Wisk, “Amplification and noise properties of an erbium-doped multicore fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express19(17), 16715–16721 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express19(17), 16665–16671 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Takenaga, Y. Arakawa, Y. Sasaki, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “A large effective area multi-core fiber with an optimized cladding thickness,” Opt. Express19(26), B543–B550 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Fini, “Large-mode-area multicore fibers in the single-moded regime,” Opt. Express19(5), 4042–4046 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Matsuo, K. Takenaga, Y. Arakawa, Y. Sasaki, S. Taniagwa, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Large-effective-area ten-core fiber with cladding diameter of about 200 μm,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4626–4628 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, V. Fromzel, and M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly cladding-pumped Yb-free Er-doped LMA fiber laser with record high power and efficiency,” Opt. Express19(6), 5574–5578 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Krummrich, “Optical amplification and optical filter based signal processing for cost and energy efficient spatial multiplexing,” Opt. Express19(17), 16636–16652 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

2007 (1)

D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “A novel approach of modeling cladding-pumped highly Er-Yb co-doped fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(11), 1018–1027 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, “Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of double-cladding erbium–ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.33(6), 599–619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, “Efficient cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm,” Electron. Lett.36(8), 711–712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Abedin, K. S.

Alam, S.-U.

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

Awaji, Y.

Boyland, A. J.

Burrows, E. C.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chavez-Pirson, A.

D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “A novel approach of modeling cladding-pumped highly Er-Yb co-doped fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(11), 1018–1027 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chi, J. W. D.

Chung, S.

Clarkson, W. A.

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, “Efficient cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm,” Electron. Lett.36(8), 711–712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Codemard, C.

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Dubinskii, M.

Fini, J. M.

S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, P. J. Winzer, Y. Pan, E. C. Burrows, T. F. Taunay, B. Zhu, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “WDM/SDM transmission of 10 x 128-Gb/s PDM-QPSK over 2688-km 7-core fiber with a per-fiber net aggregate spectral-efficiency distance product of 40,320 km⋅b/s/Hz,” Opt. Express20(2), 706–711 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, J. M. Fini, M. F. Yan, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “High-capacity space-division-multiplexed DWDM transmissions using multicore fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(4), 486–492 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. F. Yan, and K. S. Abedin, “Crosstalk in multicore fibers with randomness: gradual drift vs. short-length variations,” Opt. Express20(2), 949–959 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Fini, “Large-mode-area multicore fibers in the single-moded regime,” Opt. Express19(5), 4042–4046 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Abedin, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, B. Zhu, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, and P. W. Wisk, “Amplification and noise properties of an erbium-doped multicore fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express19(17), 16715–16721 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express19(17), 16665–16671 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fishteyn, M.

Fromzel, V.

Gnauck, A. H.

Godfrey, I.

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grosso, P.

Grudinin, A. B.

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, “Efficient cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm,” Electron. Lett.36(8), 711–712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, “Efficient cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm,” Electron. Lett.36(8), 711–712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, T.

Hayward, R. A.

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, “Efficient cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm,” Electron. Lett.36(8), 711–712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Jiang, S.

D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “A novel approach of modeling cladding-pumped highly Er-Yb co-doped fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(11), 1018–1027 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kanno, A.

Kawanishi, T.

Kobayashi, T.

Koshiba, M.

Krummrich, P. M.

Laporta, P.

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, “Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of double-cladding erbium–ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.33(6), 599–619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Le Bihan, J.

Liu, X.

Matsuo, S.

Monberg, E. M.

Nguyen, D. T.

D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “A novel approach of modeling cladding-pumped highly Er-Yb co-doped fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(11), 1018–1027 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea13(4), 416–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, “Efficient cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm,” Electron. Lett.36(8), 711–712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Y.

Payne, D. N.

Peyghambarian, N.

D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “A novel approach of modeling cladding-pumped highly Er-Yb co-doped fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(11), 1018–1027 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rosinski, B.

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, S. Chung, J. Nilsson, and D. N. Payne, “Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium doped large-core fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea13(4), 416–422 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

Sakaguchi, J.

Sasaki, Y.

Singleton, J.

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sorbello, G.

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, “Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of double-cladding erbium–ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.33(6), 599–619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, “Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of double-cladding erbium–ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.33(6), 599–619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Takenaga, K.

Taniagwa, S.

Tanigawa, S.

Taru, T.

Taunay, T. F.

Ter-Mikirtychev, V.

Turner, P. W.

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, “Efficient cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm,” Electron. Lett.36(8), 711–712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wada, N.

Watanabe, M.

Winzer, P. J.

Wisk, P. W.

Yan, M. F.

Yla-Jarkko, K. H.

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhu, B.

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, “Efficient cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm,” Electron. Lett.36(8), 711–712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “A novel approach of modeling cladding-pumped highly Er-Yb co-doped fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(11), 1018–1027 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. H. Yla-Jarkko, C. Codemard, J. Singleton, P. W. Turner, I. Godfrey, S.-U. Alam, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and A. B. Grudinin, “Low-noise intelligent cladding-pumped L-band EDFA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(7), 909–911 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Opt. Express (8)

J. M. Fini, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. F. Yan, and K. S. Abedin, “Crosstalk in multicore fibers with randomness: gradual drift vs. short-length variations,” Opt. Express20(2), 949–959 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Krummrich, “Optical amplification and optical filter based signal processing for cost and energy efficient spatial multiplexing,” Opt. Express19(17), 16636–16652 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, V. Fromzel, and M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly cladding-pumped Yb-free Er-doped LMA fiber laser with record high power and efficiency,” Opt. Express19(6), 5574–5578 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express19(17), 16665–16671 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, P. J. Winzer, Y. Pan, E. C. Burrows, T. F. Taunay, B. Zhu, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “WDM/SDM transmission of 10 x 128-Gb/s PDM-QPSK over 2688-km 7-core fiber with a per-fiber net aggregate spectral-efficiency distance product of 40,320 km⋅b/s/Hz,” Opt. Express20(2), 706–711 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, B. Zhu, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, and P. W. Wisk, “Amplification and noise properties of an erbium-doped multicore fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express19(17), 16715–16721 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Takenaga, Y. Arakawa, Y. Sasaki, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “A large effective area multi-core fiber with an optimized cladding thickness,” Opt. Express19(26), B543–B550 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Fini, “Large-mode-area multicore fibers in the single-moded regime,” Opt. Express19(5), 4042–4046 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Sorbello, S. Taccheo, and P. Laporta, “Numerical modeling and experimental investigation of double-cladding erbium–ytterbium-doped fibre amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron.33(6), 599–619 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (13)

S. Inao, T. Sato, S. Sentsui, T. Kuroha, and Y. Nishimura, “Multicore optical fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication, 1979 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1979), paper WB1.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic Press, 1999).

M. Söderlund, S. Tammela, and L. Tervonen, “Analysis of cladding-pumped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier performance,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WDD20.

T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Low-crosstalk and low-loss multi-core fiber utilizing fiber bend,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWJ3.

T. Morioka, “New generation optical infrastructure technologies: “EXAT initiative” towards 2020 and beyond,” OECC2009, paper FT4.

A. R. Chraplyvy, “The coming capacity crunch,” ECOC plenary talk, 2009.

R. Essiambre and A. Mecozzi, “Capacity limits in single mode fiber and scaling for spatial multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3D.1.

J. Fini, T. F. Taunay, B. Zhu, and M. F. Yan, “Low cross-talk design of multicore fibers,” in CLEO2010, OSA Technical Digest, paper CTuAA3.

K. Imamura, K. Mukasa, and T. Yagi, “Investigation on multi-core fibers with large Aeff and low micro bending loss,” OFC 2010 paper OWK6.

K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Reduction of crosstalk by quasi-homogeneous solid multi-core Fiber,” in OFC2010, paper OWK7.

Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, Y. Mimura, H. Matsuura, R. Miyabe, K. Aiso, and R. Sugizaki, “Amplification characteristics of a multi-core erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM3C.3.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B. C. McCollum, “Double-clad, offset core Nd fiber laser,” in Optical Fiber Sensors 2 of 1988 OSA Technical Digest Series (1988), postdeadline paper PD5.6.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19x100x172-Gb/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305Tb/s,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Gain and noise figure plotted as a function of wavelength for different lengths of doped multicore fiber. Pump power was 7.6 W and input signal power was held at −20 dBm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Gain plotted as a function of wavelength for different signal power level. The pump power was 7.6 W and the length of the fiber was 50 m.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Gain plotted as a function of input signal power level. The pump power is 7.6 W, and the length of gain fiber is 50 m.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of multicore fiber amplifier (a). Photograph of the cross section (with coating removed) of the multicore erbium-doped fiber (b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Net gain measured for different cores of the MC-EDFA. The input power was (a) −20 dBm (b) −10 dBm, (c) 0 dBm. Power of pump launched in to the MCF-EDF was ~7.6 W.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Measured gain at 1530 and 1560 nm (core #6) plotted as a function of input signal power. (b) Output power plotted as a function of input signal power. The launched pump power was 7.6 W.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The measured OSNR (a) and calculated NF (b) plotted a function of wavelength for different cores of the multicore EDF amplifier. The launched pump power was 7.6 W and the input signal power was 0 dBm.

Equations (5)

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N 2,i ( z )= τ σ s a h ν s I s,i + j τ σ ν j a h ν j I A,i ( ν j ) + τ σ p a h ν p I p ( z ) τ( σ s a + σ s e ) h ν s I s,i + j τ( σ ν j a + σ ν j e ) h ν ν j I A,i ( ν j ) + τ σ p a h ν p I p ( z )+1 N 0
N 1,i ( z )= N 0 N 2,i ( z ).
d P s,i dz =( N 2,i σ s e N 1,i σ s a ) Γ s P s,i
d P p dz = i N 1,i σ p a Γ p P p = i N 1,i σ p a P p ( A core / A cladding ).
N 2,i ( r,z )= τ σ p a h ν p I p ( z ) τ σ p a h ν p I p ( z )+1 N 0 = I p ( z )/ I po I p ( z )/ I po +1 N 0 .

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