Abstract

A GeO2 doped triangular-core photonic-crystal fiber (PCF) is designed and fabricated to allow the generation of a hollow beam through a nonlinear-optical transformation by femtosecond pulses at 1040 nm from a high power Yb-doped PCF laser oscillator. The hollow beam supercontinuum is obtained at far field by adjusting incident light polarization to excite the high order supermode, behaving as a mode convertor. The supercontinuum ranging from 540 to 1540 nm is achieved with an average power of 1.04 W.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (1)

C. Xie, M. L. Hu, D. P. Zhang, C. L. Gu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, “Generation of 25-fs High Energy Pulses by SPM-Induced Spectral Broadening in a Photonic Crystal Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 551–553 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (6)

2010 (3)

2009 (3)

L. G. Wang, L. Q. Wang, S. Y. Zhu, “Formation of optical vortices using coherent laser beam arrays,” Opt. Commun. 282(6), 1088–1094 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Wang, W. W. Zheng, “The effect of atmospheric turbulence on the propagation properties of optical vortices formed by using coherent laser beam arrays,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(6), 065703 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, O. Vanvincq, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Mussot, “White-light cw-pumped supercontinuum generation in highly GeO2-doped-core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3631–3633 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46(8), 084002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Shi, P. Li, Z. W. Liu, “Broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy in supercontinuum optical trap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

I. Manek, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, “Coherent atomic waveguides from hollow optical fibers: Quantized atomic motion,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

Atkin, D. M.

Bang, O.

Banzer, P.

Bian, H. J.

C. C. Yan, D. H. Zhang, D. D. Li, H. J. Bian, Z. J. Xu, Y. K. Wang, “Metal nanorod-based metamaterials for beam splitting and a subdiffraction-limited dark hollow light cone,” J. Opt. 13(8), 085102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

Birks, T. A.

Bokor, N.

Bouwmans, G.

Brenn, A.

Cai, Y. J.

Chai, L.

C. Xie, M. L. Hu, D. P. Zhang, C. L. Gu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, “Generation of 25-fs High Energy Pulses by SPM-Induced Spectral Broadening in a Photonic Crystal Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 551–553 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, Y. J. Song, Y. F. Li, L. Chai, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, “A hollow beam from a holey fiber,” Opt. Express 14(9), 4128–4134 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chai, Y. F. L.

Chen, W.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, N.

Digonnet, M.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Elser, D.

Euser, T. G.

Fang, X. H.

Förtsch, M.

Frosz, M. H.

Gabriel, C.

Genty, G.

Gorbach, A. V.

Goto, T.

Grimm, R.

I. Manek, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gu, C. L.

C. Xie, M. L. Hu, D. P. Zhang, C. L. Gu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, “Generation of 25-fs High Energy Pulses by SPM-Induced Spectral Broadening in a Photonic Crystal Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 551–553 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hu, M. L.

Jhe, W.

H. R. Noh, W. Jhe, “Atom optics with hollow optical systems,” Phys. Rep. 372(3), 269–317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. I. Shin, K. Kim, J. A. Kim, H. R. Noh, W. Jhe, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, “Diffraction-limited dark laser spot produced by a hollow optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26(3), 119–121 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Joly, N. Y.

Kim, J. A.

Kim, K.

Kim, K. H.

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Konorov, S.

Kudlinski, A.

Le Rouge, A.

Lee, K. I.

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lehtonen, M.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Leuchs, G.

Li, D. D.

C. C. Yan, D. H. Zhang, D. D. Li, H. J. Bian, Z. J. Xu, Y. K. Wang, “Metal nanorod-based metamaterials for beam splitting and a subdiffraction-limited dark hollow light cone,” J. Opt. 13(8), 085102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, H. R.

Li, J.

Li, P.

K. B. Shi, P. Li, Z. W. Liu, “Broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy in supercontinuum optical trap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Li, K. B. Shi, Z. W. Liu, “Manipulation and spectroscopy of a single particle by use of white-light optical tweezers,” Opt. Lett. 30(2), 156–158 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Li, Y. F.

Liu, Z. J.

P. Zhou, X. L. Wang, Y. X. Ma, H. T. Ma, X. J. Xu, Z. J. Liu, “Generation of a hollow beam by active phasing of a laser array using a stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. W.

K. B. Shi, P. Li, Z. W. Liu, “Broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy in supercontinuum optical trap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Li, K. B. Shi, Z. W. Liu, “Manipulation and spectroscopy of a single particle by use of white-light optical tweezers,” Opt. Lett. 30(2), 156–158 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, X. H.

Lu, Y.

Ludvigsen, H.

Ma, H. T.

P. Zhou, X. L. Wang, Y. X. Ma, H. T. Ma, X. J. Xu, Z. J. Liu, “Generation of a hollow beam by active phasing of a laser array using a stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y. X.

P. Zhou, X. L. Wang, Y. X. Ma, H. T. Ma, X. J. Xu, Z. J. Liu, “Generation of a hollow beam by active phasing of a laser array using a stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Manek, I.

I. Manek, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marksteiner, S.

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, “Coherent atomic waveguides from hollow optical fibers: Quantized atomic motion,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marquardt, C.

Mehendale, S. C.

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46(8), 084002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mélin, G.

Mishra, S. R.

S. K. Tiwari, S. R. Mishra, S. P. Ram, “Generation of a variable-diameter collimated hollow laser beam using metal axicon mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 50(1), 014001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46(8), 084002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moselund, P. M.

Mussot, A.

Nett, R.

Nishizawa, N.

Noh, H. R.

H. R. Noh, W. Jhe, “Atom optics with hollow optical systems,” Phys. Rep. 372(3), 269–317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. I. Shin, K. Kim, J. A. Kim, H. R. Noh, W. Jhe, K. Oh, U. C. Paek, “Diffraction-limited dark laser spot produced by a hollow optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26(3), 119–121 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

Ovchinnikov, Y. B.

I. Manek, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Özel, B.

Paek, U. C.

Peng, J.

Peng, X. Z.

Pham, A.

Quiquempois, Y.

Ram, S. P.

S. K. Tiwari, S. R. Mishra, S. P. Ram, “Generation of a variable-diameter collimated hollow laser beam using metal axicon mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 50(1), 014001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46(8), 084002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rasmussen, P. D.

Rolston, S. L.

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, “Coherent atomic waveguides from hollow optical fibers: Quantized atomic motion,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. S. J.

Savage, C. M.

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, “Coherent atomic waveguides from hollow optical fibers: Quantized atomic motion,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scharrer, M.

Schmidt, M. A.

Schweiger, G.

Serebryannikov, E.

Serebryannikov, E. E.

Shaw, H. J.

Shen, F.

Shi, K. B.

K. B. Shi, P. Li, Z. W. Liu, “Broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy in supercontinuum optical trap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Li, K. B. Shi, Z. W. Liu, “Manipulation and spectroscopy of a single particle by use of white-light optical tweezers,” Opt. Lett. 30(2), 156–158 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shin, Y. I.

Skryabin, D. V.

Song, Y. J.

C. Xie, M. L. Hu, D. P. Zhang, C. L. Gu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, “Generation of 25-fs High Energy Pulses by SPM-Induced Spectral Broadening in a Photonic Crystal Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 551–553 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, Y. J. Song, Y. F. Li, L. Chai, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, “A hollow beam from a holey fiber,” Opt. Express 14(9), 4128–4134 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stone, J. M.

Tarasevitch, A.

Thomsen, C. L.

Tiwari, S. K.

S. K. Tiwari, S. R. Mishra, S. P. Ram, “Generation of a variable-diameter collimated hollow laser beam using metal axicon mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 50(1), 014001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46(8), 084002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vanvincq, O.

von der Linde, D.

Wang, C. Y.

Wang, F.

Wang, L. G.

L. G. Wang, L. Q. Wang, S. Y. Zhu, “Formation of optical vortices using coherent laser beam arrays,” Opt. Commun. 282(6), 1088–1094 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Wang, W. W. Zheng, “The effect of atmospheric turbulence on the propagation properties of optical vortices formed by using coherent laser beam arrays,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(6), 065703 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. Q.

L. G. Wang, L. Q. Wang, S. Y. Zhu, “Formation of optical vortices using coherent laser beam arrays,” Opt. Commun. 282(6), 1088–1094 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Wang, X. L.

P. Zhou, X. L. Wang, Y. X. Ma, H. T. Ma, X. J. Xu, Z. J. Liu, “Generation of a hollow beam by active phasing of a laser array using a stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. K.

C. C. Yan, D. H. Zhang, D. D. Li, H. J. Bian, Z. J. Xu, Y. K. Wang, “Metal nanorod-based metamaterials for beam splitting and a subdiffraction-limited dark hollow light cone,” J. Opt. 13(8), 085102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. Z.

C. L. Zhao, Y. J. Cai, F. Wang, X. H. Lu, Y. Z. Wang, “Generation of a high-quality partially coherent dark hollow beam with a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1389–1391 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weigel, T.

Witkowska, A.

Xie, C.

C. Xie, M. L. Hu, D. P. Zhang, C. L. Gu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, “Generation of 25-fs High Energy Pulses by SPM-Induced Spectral Broadening in a Photonic Crystal Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 551–553 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xie, S. H.

Xu, X. J.

P. Zhou, X. L. Wang, Y. X. Ma, H. T. Ma, X. J. Xu, Z. J. Liu, “Generation of a hollow beam by active phasing of a laser array using a stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. J.

C. C. Yan, D. H. Zhang, D. D. Li, H. J. Bian, Z. J. Xu, Y. K. Wang, “Metal nanorod-based metamaterials for beam splitting and a subdiffraction-limited dark hollow light cone,” J. Opt. 13(8), 085102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yan, C. C.

C. C. Yan, D. H. Zhang, D. D. Li, H. J. Bian, Z. J. Xu, Y. K. Wang, “Metal nanorod-based metamaterials for beam splitting and a subdiffraction-limited dark hollow light cone,” J. Opt. 13(8), 085102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. G.

Yin, J. P.

H. R. Li, J. P. Yin, “Generation of a vectorial elliptic hollow beam by an elliptic hollow fiber,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 457–459 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zang, L. Y.

Zhang, D. H.

C. C. Yan, D. H. Zhang, D. D. Li, H. J. Bian, Z. J. Xu, Y. K. Wang, “Metal nanorod-based metamaterials for beam splitting and a subdiffraction-limited dark hollow light cone,” J. Opt. 13(8), 085102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. P.

C. Xie, M. L. Hu, D. P. Zhang, C. L. Gu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, “Generation of 25-fs High Energy Pulses by SPM-Induced Spectral Broadening in a Photonic Crystal Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 551–553 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. J.

Zhao, C. L.

Zheltikov, A.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Zheng, W. W.

L. G. Wang, W. W. Zheng, “The effect of atmospheric turbulence on the propagation properties of optical vortices formed by using coherent laser beam arrays,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(6), 065703 (2009).
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Zheng, Y.

Zhou, G. Q.

Zhou, P.

P. Zhou, X. L. Wang, Y. X. Ma, H. T. Ma, X. J. Xu, Z. J. Liu, “Generation of a hollow beam by active phasing of a laser array using a stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Zhu, S. Y.

L. G. Wang, L. Q. Wang, S. Y. Zhu, “Formation of optical vortices using coherent laser beam arrays,” Opt. Commun. 282(6), 1088–1094 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, “Coherent atomic waveguides from hollow optical fibers: Quantized atomic motion,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. B. Shi, P. Li, Z. W. Liu, “Broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy in supercontinuum optical trap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Xie, M. L. Hu, D. P. Zhang, C. L. Gu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, “Generation of 25-fs High Energy Pulses by SPM-Induced Spectral Broadening in a Photonic Crystal Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 551–553 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. (2)

P. Zhou, X. L. Wang, Y. X. Ma, H. T. Ma, X. J. Xu, Z. J. Liu, “Generation of a hollow beam by active phasing of a laser array using a stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Yan, D. H. Zhang, D. D. Li, H. J. Bian, Z. J. Xu, Y. K. Wang, “Metal nanorod-based metamaterials for beam splitting and a subdiffraction-limited dark hollow light cone,” J. Opt. 13(8), 085102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

L. G. Wang, W. W. Zheng, “The effect of atmospheric turbulence on the propagation properties of optical vortices formed by using coherent laser beam arrays,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(6), 065703 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

L. G. Wang, L. Q. Wang, S. Y. Zhu, “Formation of optical vortices using coherent laser beam arrays,” Opt. Commun. 282(6), 1088–1094 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46(8), 084002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Tiwari, S. R. Mishra, S. P. Ram, “Generation of a variable-diameter collimated hollow laser beam using metal axicon mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 50(1), 014001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

G. Q. Zhou, “Propagation of a radial phased-locked Lorentz beam array in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24699–24711 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Frosz, P. M. Moselund, P. D. Rasmussen, C. L. Thomsen, O. Bang, “Increasing the blue-shift of a supercontinuum by modifying the fiber glass composition,” Opt. Express 16(25), 21076–21086 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Schweiger, R. Nett, B. Özel, T. Weigel, “Generation of hollow beams by spiral rays in multimode light guides,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4510–4517 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zheng, X. Wang, F. Shen, X. Li, “Generation of dark hollow beam via coherent combination based on adaptive optics,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26946–26958 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Konorov, E. Serebryannikov, A. Zheltikov, P. Zhou, A. Tarasevitch, D. von der Linde, “Mode-controlled colors from microstructure fibers,” Opt. Express 12(5), 730–735 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4614–4624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Yang, Y. J. Zhang, X. Z. Peng, Y. Lu, S. H. Xie, J. Li, W. Chen, Z. Jiang, J. Peng, H. Li, “Theoretical study and experimental fabrication of high negative dispersion photonic crystal fiber with large area mode field,” Opt. Express 14(7), 3015–3023 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, Y. J. Song, Y. F. Li, L. Chai, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, “A hollow beam from a holey fiber,” Opt. Express 14(9), 4128–4134 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9854–9863 (2006).
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Opt. Lett. (9)

A. Witkowska, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Pham, T. A. Birks, “All-fiber LP11 mode convertors,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 306–308 (2008).
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P. Li, K. B. Shi, Z. W. Liu, “Manipulation and spectroscopy of a single particle by use of white-light optical tweezers,” Opt. Lett. 30(2), 156–158 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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H. R. Li, J. P. Yin, “Generation of a vectorial elliptic hollow beam by an elliptic hollow fiber,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 457–459 (2011).
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Phys. Rep. (1)

H. R. Noh, W. Jhe, “Atom optics with hollow optical systems,” Phys. Rep. 372(3), 269–317 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, “Coherent atomic waveguides from hollow optical fibers: Quantized atomic motion,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scanning electron micrograph of PCF end face, and white circles depict GeO2 regions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

GVDs and group index, that is speed of light divided by the group velocity (a), and wavelength dependences of effective mode area (b) of the in-phase supermode (blue solid line) and the out-phase supermode (green dashed line). The red dotted lines in (a) indicate the group-velocity matched wavelengths of the out-phase experiment. Insets in (b) depict the near field distributions of 0.5 μm (1) and pumping wavelength (2) in the in-phase supermode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated near (top) and far field (bottom) distribution of the in-phase ((a), (d)) and out-phase ((b), (c), (e), (f)) mode, where (e) is the far field of out-phase supermode (b) and (f) is superposition of out-phase supermode (b) and (c) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Results of experiment for first order mode. (a) the near field profile of the PCF output, (b) the far field profile of the PCF output and (c) the spectral intensity of the PCF output as a function of the wavelength and the average power of the input field.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experiment results of the out-phase supermode superposition. (a) the far field profile of the PCF when one mode’s output is visible, (b) the far field profile of the superposed mode and (c) the spectral intensity of the PCF output with a input power of 1.04 W.

Equations (2)

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E ˜ ( x , y , z ) = m A m ( z ) E m ( x , y ) , m = 1 , 2 , 3. ,
C ˜ E ˜ ( x , y , z ) = d E ˜ ( x , y , z ) d z ,

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