Abstract

Shifting of the surface plasmon resonance wavelength induced by the variation of the thickness of insulating spacer between single layer graphene and Au nanoparticles is studied. The system demonstrates a blue-shift of 29 nm as the thickness of the spacer layer increases from 0 to 15 nm. This is due to the electromagnetic coupling between the localized surface plasmons excited in the nanoparticles and the graphene film. The strength of the coupling decays exponentially with a decay length of d/R = 0.36, where d is the spacer layer thickness and R is the diameter of the Au nanoparticles. The result agrees qualitatively well with the plasmon ruler equation. Interestingly, a further increment of the spacer layer thickness induces a red-shift of 17 nm in the resonance wavelength and the shift saturates when the thickness of the spacer layer increases above 20 nm.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (2)

J. Niu, Y. Jun Shin, Y. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, and H. Yang, “Graphene induced tunability of the surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(6), 061116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Niu, V. G. Truong, H. Huang, S. Tripathy, C. Qiu, A. T. S. Wee, T. Yu, and H. Yang, “Study of electromagnetic enhancement for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of SiC graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(19), 191601 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

Y. J. Shin, R. Stromberg, R. Nay, H. Huang, A. T. S. Wee, H. Yang, and C. S. Bhatia, “Frictional characteristics of exfoliated and epitaxial graphene,” Carbon49(12), 4070–4073 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, Y.-M. Lin, A. A. Bol, K. A. Jenkins, F. Xia, D. B. Farmer, Y. Zhu, and P. Avouris, “High-frequency, scaled graphene transistors on diamond-like carbon,” Nature472(7341), 74–78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, R. Cheng, L. Liao, H. Zhou, J. Bai, G. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Huang, and X. Duan, “Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene,” Nat. Commun.2, 579 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (9)

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Du, Y. M. You, K. Johnson, H. L. Hu, X. J. Zhang, and Z. X. Shen, “Near-field coupling effect between individual Au nanospheres and their supporting SiO2/Si substrate,” Plasmonics5(2), 105–109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Avouris, “Graphene: electronic and photonic properties and devices,” Nano Lett.10(11), 4285–4294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. Ri Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S.-E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J.-H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett.10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hu, A. Ghoshal, M. Marquez, and P. G. Kik, “Single particle spectroscopy study of metal-film-induced tuning of silver nanoparticle plasmon resonances,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(16), 7509–7514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

A. H. Castro Neto, N. M. R. Peres, K. S. Novoselov, and A. K. Geim, “The electronic properties of graphene,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81(1), 109–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kim, D.-Y. Jeon, H.-J. Chung, Y. Woo, J. K. Shin, and S. Seo, “The structural and electrical evolution of graphene by oxygen plasma-induced disorder,” Nanotechnology20(37), 375703 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett.8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science320(5881) (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, L. Zhi, and K. Müllen, “Transparent, conductive graphene electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Nano Lett.8(1), 323–327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

P. K. Jain, W. Huang, and M. A. El-Sayed, “On the universal scaling behavior of the distance decay of plasmon coupling in metal nanoparticle pairs: a plasmon ruler equation,” Nano Lett.7(7), 2080–2088 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Ghosh and T. Pal, “Interparticle coupling effect on the surface plasmon resonance of gold nanoparticles: from theory to applications,” Chem. Rev.107(11), 4797–4862 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, and A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(18), 187401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

T. Okamoto and I. Yamaguchi, “Optical absorption study of the surface plasmon resonance in gold nanoparticles immobilized onto a gold substrate by self-assembly technique,” J. Phys. Chem. B107(38), 10321–10324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near Infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. N. Shipway, M. Lahav, R. Gabai, and I. Willner, “Investigations into the electrostatically induced aggregation of Au nanoparticles,” Langmuir16(23), 8789–8795 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Ferrari and J. Robertson, “Interpretation of Raman spectra of disordered and amorphous carbon,” Phys. Rev. B61(20), 14095–14107 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. R. Jensen, M. L. Duval, K. L. Kelly, A. A. Lazarides, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: effect of the external dielectric medium on the surface plasmon resonance spectrum of a periodic array of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(45), 9846–9853 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. Klar, M. Perner, S. Grosse, G. von Plessen, W. Spirkl, and J. Feldmann, “Surface-plasmon resonances in single metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.80(19), 4249–4252 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

L. Genzel and T. P. Martin, “Infrared absorption by surface phonons and surface plasmons in small crystals,” Surf. Sci.34(1), 33–49 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

F. Tuinstra and J. L. Koenig, “Raman spectrum of graphite,” J. Chem. Phys.53(3), 1126–1130 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.-H.

J. Niu, Y. Jun Shin, Y. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, and H. Yang, “Graphene induced tunability of the surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(6), 061116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S.-E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J.-H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett.10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. Ri Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahn, K. J.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avouris, P.

Y. Wu, Y.-M. Lin, A. A. Bol, K. A. Jenkins, F. Xia, D. B. Farmer, Y. Zhu, and P. Avouris, “High-frequency, scaled graphene transistors on diamond-like carbon,” Nature472(7341), 74–78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Avouris, “Graphene: electronic and photonic properties and devices,” Nano Lett.10(11), 4285–4294 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bae, S.

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S.-E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J.-H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett.10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. Ri Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bai, J.

Y. Liu, R. Cheng, L. Liao, H. Zhou, J. Bai, G. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Huang, and X. Duan, “Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene,” Nat. Commun.2, 579 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balakrishnan, J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. Ri Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balandin, A. A.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett.8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. Ni, C. H. Y. X. Lim, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bao, W.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett.8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergmair, I.

G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, C. S.

Y. J. Shin, R. Stromberg, R. Nay, H. Huang, A. T. S. Wee, H. Yang, and C. S. Bhatia, “Frictional characteristics of exfoliated and epitaxial graphene,” Carbon49(12), 4070–4073 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Blake, P.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science320(5881) (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bol, A. A.

Y. Wu, Y.-M. Lin, A. A. Bol, K. A. Jenkins, F. Xia, D. B. Farmer, Y. Zhu, and P. Avouris, “High-frequency, scaled graphene transistors on diamond-like carbon,” Nature472(7341), 74–78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Booth, T. J.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science320(5881) (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bridges, F.

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near Infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bruno, G.

G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Calizo, I.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett.8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, D.

T. J. Norman, C. D. Grant, D. Magana, J. Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. Van Buuren, “Near Infrared optical absorption of gold nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. B106(28), 7005–7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Casiraghi, C.

A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, and A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(18), 187401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. H. Castro Neto, N. M. R. Peres, K. S. Novoselov, and A. K. Geim, “The electronic properties of graphene,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81(1), 109–162 (2009).
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Y. Liu, R. Cheng, L. Liao, H. Zhou, J. Bai, G. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Huang, and X. Duan, “Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene,” Nat. Commun.2, 579 (2011).
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S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. C. Kim, D.-Y. Jeon, H.-J. Chung, Y. Woo, J. K. Shin, and S. Seo, “The structural and electrical evolution of graphene by oxygen plasma-induced disorder,” Nanotechnology20(37), 375703 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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C. L. Du, Y. M. You, K. Johnson, H. L. Hu, X. J. Zhang, and Z. X. Shen, “Near-field coupling effect between individual Au nanospheres and their supporting SiO2/Si substrate,” Plasmonics5(2), 105–109 (2010).
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Duan, X.

Y. Liu, R. Cheng, L. Liao, H. Zhou, J. Bai, G. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Huang, and X. Duan, “Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene,” Nat. Commun.2, 579 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
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T. R. Jensen, M. L. Duval, K. L. Kelly, A. A. Lazarides, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: effect of the external dielectric medium on the surface plasmon resonance spectrum of a periodic array of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(45), 9846–9853 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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P. K. Jain, W. Huang, and M. A. El-Sayed, “On the universal scaling behavior of the distance decay of plasmon coupling in metal nanoparticle pairs: a plasmon ruler equation,” Nano Lett.7(7), 2080–2088 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Wu, Y.-M. Lin, A. A. Bol, K. A. Jenkins, F. Xia, D. B. Farmer, Y. Zhu, and P. Avouris, “High-frequency, scaled graphene transistors on diamond-like carbon,” Nature472(7341), 74–78 (2011).
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T. Klar, M. Perner, S. Grosse, G. von Plessen, W. Spirkl, and J. Feldmann, “Surface-plasmon resonances in single metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.80(19), 4249–4252 (1998).
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F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 611–622 (2010).
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Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
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A. N. Shipway, M. Lahav, R. Gabai, and I. Willner, “Investigations into the electrostatically induced aggregation of Au nanoparticles,” Langmuir16(23), 8789–8795 (2000).
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G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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A. H. Castro Neto, N. M. R. Peres, K. S. Novoselov, and A. K. Geim, “The electronic properties of graphene,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81(1), 109–162 (2009).
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R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science320(5881) (2008).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
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A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett.8(3), 902–907 (2008).
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K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. Klar, M. Perner, S. Grosse, G. von Plessen, W. Spirkl, and J. Feldmann, “Surface-plasmon resonances in single metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.80(19), 4249–4252 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
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S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S.-E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J.-H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett.10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. Ri Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(8), 574–578 (2010).
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S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, H. L.

C. L. Du, Y. M. You, K. Johnson, H. L. Hu, X. J. Zhang, and Z. X. Shen, “Near-field coupling effect between individual Au nanospheres and their supporting SiO2/Si substrate,” Plasmonics5(2), 105–109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, M.

M. Hu, A. Ghoshal, M. Marquez, and P. G. Kik, “Single particle spectroscopy study of metal-film-induced tuning of silver nanoparticle plasmon resonances,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(16), 7509–7514 (2010).
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J. Niu, V. G. Truong, H. Huang, S. Tripathy, C. Qiu, A. T. S. Wee, T. Yu, and H. Yang, “Study of electromagnetic enhancement for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of SiC graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(19), 191601 (2012).
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Huang, W.

P. K. Jain, W. Huang, and M. A. El-Sayed, “On the universal scaling behavior of the distance decay of plasmon coupling in metal nanoparticle pairs: a plasmon ruler equation,” Nano Lett.7(7), 2080–2088 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Y. Liu, R. Cheng, L. Liao, H. Zhou, J. Bai, G. Liu, L. Liu, Y. Huang, and X. Duan, “Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene,” Nat. Commun.2, 579 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Humlicek, J.

G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S. W.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. Ri Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Isic, G.

G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jain, P. K.

P. K. Jain, W. Huang, and M. A. El-Sayed, “On the universal scaling behavior of the distance decay of plasmon coupling in metal nanoparticle pairs: a plasmon ruler equation,” Nano Lett.7(7), 2080–2088 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jakovljevic, M.

G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jang, H.

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S.-E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J.-H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett.10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, S.

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S.-E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J.-H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett.10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Y. Wu, Y.-M. Lin, A. A. Bol, K. A. Jenkins, F. Xia, D. B. Farmer, Y. Zhu, and P. Avouris, “High-frequency, scaled graphene transistors on diamond-like carbon,” Nature472(7341), 74–78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. R. Jensen, M. L. Duval, K. L. Kelly, A. A. Lazarides, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: effect of the external dielectric medium on the surface plasmon resonance spectrum of a periodic array of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(45), 9846–9853 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, D.-Y.

D. C. Kim, D.-Y. Jeon, H.-J. Chung, Y. Woo, J. K. Shin, and S. Seo, “The structural and electrical evolution of graphene by oxygen plasma-induced disorder,” Nanotechnology20(37), 375703 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, D.

A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, and A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(18), 187401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, K.

C. L. Du, Y. M. You, K. Johnson, H. L. Hu, X. J. Zhang, and Z. X. Shen, “Near-field coupling effect between individual Au nanospheres and their supporting SiO2/Si substrate,” Plasmonics5(2), 105–109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, D.

G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jun Shin, Y.

J. Niu, Y. Jun Shin, Y. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, and H. Yang, “Graphene induced tunability of the surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(6), 061116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

T. R. Jensen, M. L. Duval, K. L. Kelly, A. A. Lazarides, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: effect of the external dielectric medium on the surface plasmon resonance spectrum of a periodic array of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(45), 9846–9853 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kik, P. G.

M. Hu, A. Ghoshal, M. Marquez, and P. G. Kik, “Single particle spectroscopy study of metal-film-induced tuning of silver nanoparticle plasmon resonances,” J. Phys. Chem. C114(16), 7509–7514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. O.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, D. C.

D. C. Kim, D.-Y. Jeon, H.-J. Chung, Y. Woo, J. K. Shin, and S. Seo, “The structural and electrical evolution of graphene by oxygen plasma-induced disorder,” Nanotechnology20(37), 375703 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, G.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. Ri Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K. S.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. Ri Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, M. C.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S.-H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.-J.

S. Bae, H. Kim, Y. Lee, X. Xu, J.-S. Park, Y. Zheng, J. Balakrishnan, T. Lei, H. Ri Kim, Y. I. Song, Y.-J. Kim, K. S. Kim, B. Özyilmaz, J.-H. Ahn, B. H. Hong, and S. Iijima, “Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(8), 574–578 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klar, T.

T. Klar, M. Perner, S. Grosse, G. von Plessen, W. Spirkl, and J. Feldmann, “Surface-plasmon resonances in single metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.80(19), 4249–4252 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Koenig, J. L.

F. Tuinstra and J. L. Koenig, “Raman spectrum of graphite,” J. Chem. Phys.53(3), 1126–1130 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kostic, R.

G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lahav, M.

A. N. Shipway, M. Lahav, R. Gabai, and I. Willner, “Investigations into the electrostatically induced aggregation of Au nanoparticles,” Langmuir16(23), 8789–8795 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lau, C. N.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett.8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lazarides, A. A.

T. R. Jensen, M. L. Duval, K. L. Kelly, A. A. Lazarides, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: effect of the external dielectric medium on the surface plasmon resonance spectrum of a periodic array of silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(45), 9846–9853 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lazovic, S.

G. Isić, M. Jakovljevic, M. Filipovic, D. Jovanovic, B. Vasic, S. Lazovic, N. Puac, Z. L. Petrovic, R. Kostic, R. Gajic, J. Humlicek, M. Losurdo, G. Bruno, I. Bergmair, and K. Hingerl, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry of few-layer graphene,” J. Nanophoton.5(1), 051809 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lazzeri, M.

A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, and A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97(18), 187401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

J. Niu, Y. Jun Shin, Y. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, and H. Yang, “Graphene induced tunability of the surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(6), 061116 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lee, S. Bae, H. Jang, S. Jang, S.-E. Zhu, S. H. Sim, Y. I. Song, B. H. Hong, and J.-H. Ahn, “Wafer-scale synthesis and transfer of graphene films,” Nano Lett.10(2), 490–493 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Raman spectrum of single layer CVD graphene with a 488 nm laser. (b) Transmission data of a borosilicate glass substrate without and with graphene. (c) Illustration of the sample structure (inset: cross section view of the device structure). (d) SEM image of Au nanoparticles formed on top of an Al2O3 spacer layer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transmission spectra of glass substrates capped with different thicknesses of Al2O3. (b) Transmission spectra from a structure of glass/graphene/Al2O3. (c) Transmission spectra from a structure of glass/Al2O3/particles. (d) Transmission spectra from a structure of glass/graphene/Al2O3/particles with various thicknesses of Al2O3. Each inset shows a cross section view of each sample structure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Calculation results of the LSPR wavelength excited by parallel electric fields (inset: structure used for calculation). (b) Dependence of the resonance wavelength on the spacer layer thickness for samples without and with graphene. (c) Fitting of experimental data with the plasmon ruler equation. (d) Raman spectra of samples after deposition processes.

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