Abstract

The electron dynamics in strong field nonsequential double ionization (NSDI) of nitrogen molecules by mid-infrared (MIR) laser pulses is investigated with the three-dimensional classical ensemble model. The numerical results show that in the MIR regime, the correlated behavior of the two electrons from NSDI is independent on the molecular alignment, contrary to the case in the near-infrared (NIR) regime where the electron correlations exhibit a strong alignment dependence. In consistent with the experimental results, our numerical results show that the longitudinal momentum spectrum of the doubly charged ion evolves from a wide single-hump structure at NIR regime into a double-hump structure when wavelength enters the MIR regime. This double-hump structure becomes more pronounced as the wavelength further increases. The responsible microscopic electron dynamics of NSDI at the MIR regime is explored by back analysis of the classical trajectories.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.69, 2642–2645 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionizaiton of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73, 1227–1230 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Mechanism for high-energy electrons in nonsequential double ionization below the recollision-excitation threshold,” Phys. Rev. A80, 023412 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys.14, 013001 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 253001 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Control the revisit time of the electron wave packet” Opt. Lett.36, 2758–2760 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Routes to nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 3781–3784 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Becker, R. Dörner, and R. Moshammer, “Multiple fragmentation of atoms in femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B38, S753–S772 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, “Intense-field double ionization of helium: identifying the mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 4707–4710 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053402 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 103008 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Q. Liao, P. X. Lu, Q. B. Zhang, W. Y. Hong, and Z. Y. Yang, “Phase-dependent nonsequential double ionization by few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B41, 125601 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. H. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express19, 2301–2308 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett.70, 1599–1602 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “Atoms in high intensity mid-infrared pulses,” Contemp. Phys.49, 179–197 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and F. Dimauro, “Srong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. phys.5, 335–338 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 093002 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J-C. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field nonsequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B41, 031001 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  26. O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 033002 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 203003 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. C. Huang, Y. Zhou, A. H. Tong, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “The effect of molecular alignment on correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express19, 5627–5634 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 053004 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  31. K. Sacha and B. Eckhardt, “Pathways to double ionization of atoms in strong fields,” Phys. Rev. A63, 043414 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  32. Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Complex sub-laser-cycle electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential triple ionizaion,” Opt. Express18, 16025–16034 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B42, 134009 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  34. Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization via two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Express18, 632–638 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 113001 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, T. Shaaran, X. Liu, and W. Yang, “Quantum interference in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization in diatomic molecules: Role of alignment and orbital symmetry,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043407 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  37. T. Shaaran, B. B. Augstein, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Excitation two-center interference and the orbital geometry in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A84, 013429 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  38. X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Suppression effect in the nonsequential double ionization of molecules by an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 063407 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  39. X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Alignment-dependent nonsequential double ionization of N2 in intense laser fields: The role of different valence orbitals” Phys. Rev. A80, 053405 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  40. E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B39, L305–L311 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys.14, 013001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 033002 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

2010 (3)

2009 (6)

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B42, 134009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and F. Dimauro, “Srong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. phys.5, 335–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Mechanism for high-energy electrons in nonsequential double ionization below the recollision-excitation threshold,” Phys. Rev. A80, 023412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Alignment-dependent nonsequential double ionization of N2 in intense laser fields: The role of different valence orbitals” Phys. Rev. A80, 053405 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (8)

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liao, P. X. Lu, Q. B. Zhang, W. Y. Hong, and Z. Y. Yang, “Phase-dependent nonsequential double ionization by few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B41, 125601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “Atoms in high intensity mid-infrared pulses,” Contemp. Phys.49, 179–197 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J-C. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field nonsequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B41, 031001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 113001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, T. Shaaran, X. Liu, and W. Yang, “Quantum interference in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization in diatomic molecules: Role of alignment and orbital symmetry,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Suppression effect in the nonsequential double ionization of molecules by an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 063407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B39, L305–L311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. Becker, R. Dörner, and R. Moshammer, “Multiple fragmentation of atoms in femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B38, S753–S772 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 253001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sacha and B. Eckhardt, “Pathways to double ionization of atoms in strong fields,” Phys. Rev. A63, 043414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, “Intense-field double ionization of helium: identifying the mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 4707–4710 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Routes to nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 3781–3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionizaiton of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett.70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Achtelik, A.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 033002 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and F. Dimauro, “Srong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. phys.5, 335–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “Atoms in high intensity mid-infrared pulses,” Contemp. Phys.49, 179–197 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionizaiton of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alnaser, A. S.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J-C. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field nonsequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B41, 031001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Augstein, B. B.

T. Shaaran, B. B. Augstein, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Excitation two-center interference and the orbital geometry in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A84, 013429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bardon, A. B.

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, R. Dörner, and R. Moshammer, “Multiple fragmentation of atoms in femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B38, S753–S772 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Becker, W.

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B39, L305–L311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Routes to nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 3781–3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhardwaj, V. R.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blaga, C. I.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 033002 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and F. Dimauro, “Srong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. phys.5, 335–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bolton, P. R.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breen, L.

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Catoire, F.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and F. Dimauro, “Srong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. phys.5, 335–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, B.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Alignment-dependent nonsequential double ionization of N2 in intense laser fields: The role of different valence orbitals” Phys. Rev. A80, 053405 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Suppression effect in the nonsequential double ionization of molecules by an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 063407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. G.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chirla, R.

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Colosimo, P.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and F. Dimauro, “Srong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. phys.5, 335–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Comtois, D.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J-C. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field nonsequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B41, 031001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B39, L305–L311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, J. R.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Jesus, V. L. B.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 253001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Deipenwisch, J.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DiChiara, A. D.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 033002 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dimauro, F.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and F. Dimauro, “Srong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. phys.5, 335–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DiMauro, L. F.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 033002 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “Atoms in high intensity mid-infrared pulses,” Contemp. Phys.49, 179–197 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionizaiton of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett.70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorn, A.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dörner, R.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, R. Dörner, and R. Moshammer, “Multiple fragmentation of atoms in femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B38, S753–S772 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Doumy, G.

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dreischuh, A.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckhardt, B.

K. Sacha and B. Eckhardt, “Pathways to double ionization of atoms in strong fields,” Phys. Rev. A63, 043414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Engel, V.

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, “Intense-field double ionization of helium: identifying the mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 4707–4710 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eremina, E.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ergler, Th.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J.

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Suppression effect in the nonsequential double ionization of molecules by an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 063407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Feuerstein, B.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 253001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.

T. Shaaran, B. B. Augstein, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Excitation two-center interference and the orbital geometry in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A84, 013429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, T. Shaaran, X. Liu, and W. Yang, “Quantum interference in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization in diatomic molecules: Role of alignment and orbital symmetry,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B39, L305–L311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, D.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gademann, G.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gross, E. K. U.

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, “Intense-field double ionization of helium: identifying the mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 4707–4710 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, L.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haan, S. L.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B42, 134009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 113001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasan, A. T.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J-C. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field nonsequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B41, 031001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

He, X. T.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrwerth, O.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Höhr, C.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, W.

Hong, W. Y.

Q. Liao, P. X. Lu, Q. B. Zhang, W. Y. Hong, and Z. Y. Yang, “Phase-dependent nonsequential double ionization by few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B41, 125601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

Jagutzki, O.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jia, X. Y.

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Alignment-dependent nonsequential double ionization of N2 in intense laser fields: The role of different valence orbitals” Phys. Rev. A80, 053405 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Suppression effect in the nonsequential double ionization of molecules by an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 063407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kammer, S.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karim, A.

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J-C.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J-C. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field nonsequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B41, 031001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kopold, R.

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Routes to nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 3781–3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kremer, M.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kulander, K. C.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionizaiton of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett.70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lein, M.

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, “Intense-field double ionization of helium: identifying the mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 4707–4710 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, W. D.

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Alignment-dependent nonsequential double ionization of N2 in intense laser fields: The role of different valence orbitals” Phys. Rev. A80, 053405 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Suppression effect in the nonsequential double ionization of molecules by an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 063407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Q.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys.14, 013001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Control the revisit time of the electron wave packet” Opt. Lett.36, 2758–2760 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. H. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express19, 2301–2308 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, A. H. Tong, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “The effect of molecular alignment on correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express19, 5627–5634 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization via two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Express18, 632–638 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Complex sub-laser-cycle electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential triple ionizaion,” Opt. Express18, 16025–16034 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Mechanism for high-energy electrons in nonsequential double ionization below the recollision-excitation threshold,” Phys. Rev. A80, 023412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liao, P. X. Lu, Q. B. Zhang, W. Y. Hong, and Z. Y. Yang, “Phase-dependent nonsequential double ionization by few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B41, 125601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Litvinyuk, I. V.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J-C. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field nonsequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B41, 031001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Alignment-dependent nonsequential double ionization of N2 in intense laser fields: The role of different valence orbitals” Phys. Rev. A80, 053405 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Suppression effect in the nonsequential double ionization of molecules by an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 063407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, T. Shaaran, X. Liu, and W. Yang, “Quantum interference in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization in diatomic molecules: Role of alignment and orbital symmetry,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B39, L305–L311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, P.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys.14, 013001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. H. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express19, 2301–2308 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Control the revisit time of the electron wave packet” Opt. Lett.36, 2758–2760 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, A. H. Tong, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “The effect of molecular alignment on correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express19, 5627–5634 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Complex sub-laser-cycle electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential triple ionizaion,” Opt. Express18, 16025–16034 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization via two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Express18, 632–638 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Mechanism for high-energy electrons in nonsequential double ionization below the recollision-excitation threshold,” Phys. Rev. A80, 023412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P. X.

Q. Liao, P. X. Lu, Q. B. Zhang, W. Y. Hong, and Z. Y. Yang, “Phase-dependent nonsequential double ionization by few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B41, 125601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

March, A. M.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meckel, M.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mergel, V.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moshammer, R.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, R. Dörner, and R. Moshammer, “Multiple fragmentation of atoms in femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B38, S753–S772 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 253001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and F. Dimauro, “Srong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. phys.5, 335–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Neumayer, P.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and F. Dimauro, “Srong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. phys.5, 335–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plantinga, P. W.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B42, 134009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Quan, W.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rayner, D. M.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roedig, C.

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rottke, H.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Routes to nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 3781–3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudenko, A.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 253001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ruiz, C.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sacha, K.

K. Sacha and B. Eckhardt, “Pathways to double ionization of atoms in strong fields,” Phys. Rev. A63, 043414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sandner, W.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Routes to nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 3781–3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionizaiton of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett.70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schätzel, M. G.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schöffler, M.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schössler, S.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schröter, C. D.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 253001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shaaran, T.

T. Shaaran, B. B. Augstein, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Excitation two-center interference and the orbital geometry in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A84, 013429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, T. Shaaran, X. Liu, and W. Yang, “Quantum interference in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization in diatomic molecules: Role of alignment and orbital symmetry,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sheehy, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionizaiton of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shomsky, K. N.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B42, 134009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simeonidis, K.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sistrunk, E.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 033002 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, Z. S.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B42, 134009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 113001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smolarski, M.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielberger, L.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Staudte, A.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Szafruga, U. B.

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 033002 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tate, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tong, A. H.

Trump, C.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 253001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Urbasch, G.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van Dyke, J. S.

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 113001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J-C. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field nonsequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B41, 031001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vollmer, M.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Walker, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionizaiton of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, Th.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weckenbrock, M.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wheeler, J.

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, M.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, M.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiong, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Z. Z.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, B.

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett.70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, W.

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, T. Shaaran, X. Liu, and W. Yang, “Quantum interference in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization in diatomic molecules: Role of alignment and orbital symmetry,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z. Y.

Q. Liao, P. X. Lu, Q. B. Zhang, W. Y. Hong, and Z. Y. Yang, “Phase-dependent nonsequential double ionization by few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B41, 125601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zeidler, D.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Q. B.

Q. Liao, P. X. Lu, Q. B. Zhang, W. Y. Hong, and Z. Y. Yang, “Phase-dependent nonsequential double ionization by few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B41, 125601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys.14, 013001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, A. H. Tong, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “The effect of molecular alignment on correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express19, 5627–5634 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, A. H. Tong, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Correlated electron dynamics in nonsequential double ionization by orthogonal two-color laser pulses,” Opt. Express19, 2301–2308 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Control the revisit time of the electron wave packet” Opt. Lett.36, 2758–2760 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, Q. Zhang, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Controlling nonsequential double ionization via two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Express18, 632–638 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Complex sub-laser-cycle electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential triple ionizaion,” Opt. Express18, 16025–16034 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Mechanism for high-energy electrons in nonsequential double ionization below the recollision-excitation threshold,” Phys. Rev. A80, 023412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zrost, K.

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 253001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Contemp. Phys. (1)

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, “Atoms in high intensity mid-infrared pulses,” Contemp. Phys.49, 179–197 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (5)

A. S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A. T. Hasan, D. M. Villeneuve, J-C. Kieffer, and I. V. Litvinyuk, “Strong-field nonsequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon,” J. Phys. B41, 031001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Electron drift directions in strong-field double ionization of atoms,” J. Phys. B42, 134009 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, R. Dörner, and R. Moshammer, “Multiple fragmentation of atoms in femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Phys. B38, S753–S772 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liao, P. X. Lu, Q. B. Zhang, W. Y. Hong, and Z. Y. Yang, “Phase-dependent nonsequential double ionization by few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. B41, 125601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, W. Becker, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond electron thermalization by laser-driven electron recollision in atoms,” J. Phys. B39, L305–L311 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and F. Dimauro, “Srong-field photoionization revisited,” Nat. phys.5, 335–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emmision in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London)405, 658–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (2)

Q. Liao, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, and P. Lu, “Multiphoton Rabi oscillations of correlated electrons in strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys.14, 013001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Herrwerth, A. Rudenko, M. Kremer, V. L. B. de Jesus, B. Fischer, G. Gademann, K. Simeonidis, A. Achtelik, Th. Ergler, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Wavelength dependence of sub-lasercycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization,” New J. Phys.10, 025007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (7)

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Mechanism for high-energy electrons in nonsequential double ionization below the recollision-excitation threshold,” Phys. Rev. A80, 023412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Sacha and B. Eckhardt, “Pathways to double ionization of atoms in strong fields,” Phys. Rev. A63, 043414 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Asymmetric electron energy sharing in strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, T. Shaaran, X. Liu, and W. Yang, “Quantum interference in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization in diatomic molecules: Role of alignment and orbital symmetry,” Phys. Rev. A78, 043407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Shaaran, B. B. Augstein, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Excitation two-center interference and the orbital geometry in laser-induced nonsequential double ionization of diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A84, 013429 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Fan, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Suppression effect in the nonsequential double ionization of molecules by an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 063407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Jia, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Alignment-dependent nonsequential double ionization of N2 in intense laser fields: The role of different valence orbitals” Phys. Rev. A80, 053405 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (18)

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schätzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 173001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Variable time lag and backward ejection in full-dimensional analysis of strong-field double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 103008 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 093001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, C. I. Blaga, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Inelastic scattering of broadband electron wave packets driven by an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 033002 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A. B. Bardon, D. M. Villeneuve, R. Dörner, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 113001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 053004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kopold, W. Becker, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Routes to nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 3781–3784 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lein, E. K. U. Gross, and V. Engel, “Intense-field double ionization of helium: identifying the mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 4707–4710 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett.70, 1599–1602 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 213002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated multielectron dynamics in ultrafast laser pulse interactions with atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93, 253001 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 263002 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schröter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionizaion of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87, 043003 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. Dimauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionizaiton of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73, 1227–1230 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The correlated electron momentum distributions in the direction parallel to the laser polarization for NSDI of nitrogen molecules at I = 1.0×1014W/cm2. The wavelengths are (the first row) λ = 800nm, (the second row) λ = 1200nm and (the third row) λ = 1600nm. In (a), (c) and (e), the molecules are aligned parallel to the laser polarization (ensemble sizes are 1 million). In (b), (d) and (f) the molecules are aligned perpendicular to the laser polarization (the ensemble sizes are 2 millions).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser phase at double ionization time tDI versus the phase at recollision time tr (in laser cycle). (a) The molecules are aligned parallel to the laser polarization. (b) The molecules are aligned perpendicular to the laser polarization.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The longitudinal momentum distributions of N22+ for different wavelengths, as indicated in each plot. The laser intensities are chosen to be (a) 2.25 × 1014W/cm2, (b) 1.0 × 1014W/cm2 and (c) 0.563 × 1014W/cm2, respectively, so that the ponderomotive energy for the 800-nm, 1200-nm and the 1600-nm pulses is the same (Up=0.49 a.u.). The distributions are plotted in units of U p. The ensemble sizes are (a) and (b) 1 million and (c) 2 millions. Molecules are aligned parallel to the laser polarization.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Accumulated fraction of double ionization events versus time delay between closest recollision and double ionization. The delay time are plotted in units of (a) optical cycle and (b) femtosecond (fs).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The longitudinal momentum distributions of N 2 2 + ion with the wavelength λ = 1600nm at the intensity (a) I = 0.8 × 1014W/cm2 and (b) I = 1 × 1014W/cm2. The distributions of panel (b) are classified based on whether the electron pairs emit into the same hemisphere (blue solid curve) or the opposite hemispheres (red solid curve). The ensemble size is 1 million. The molecules are aligned parallel to the laser polarization.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Counts of the trajectories versus laser phase at (a) recollision and (b) final ionization of the second electrons. The black curves include all double ionization trajectories. The blue curves represent trajectories where the two electrons emit into the same hemisphere. The red curves denote trajectories where the two electrons emit into the opposite hemispheres. Molecules are aligned parallel to the laser polarization. The laser field is also shown (the green dashed curves). The laser parameters are λ = 1600nm, I = 1 × 1014W/cm2.

Metrics