Abstract

We propose a method to generate phase-locked pulses in the picosecond regime by using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS). The phase-locked comb is generated using only long length of fiber and a single frequency CW pump laser. We show that there is a phase relationship between multiple Stokes peaks in a cavity, which directly leads to pulsing without the need to add a mode-locking component. This generates highly coherent pulses in the order of ~10 ps. The repetition frequency, which is very stable is in the order of tens of GHz, is based on the SBS frequency shift and has a linear dependence with temperature (1 MHz/°C). Such a laser could therefore be used in high-speed optical clocks and optical communication system. This system allows the pulses to be generated at any wavelength by simply changing the pump wavelength.

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  1. V. Lugovoi and A. Prokhorov, “Possibility of Generating Ultrashort Light Pulses in Lasers with Small Luminescence Line Width of the Medium,” JETP Lett.15, 49–51 (1972).
  2. F. Korolev, O. Vokhnik, and V. Odintsov, “Mode locking and ultrashort light pulses in SMBS in an optical resonator,” JETP Lett.18, 32–33 (1973).
  3. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics 4th ed. (Elsevier, 2007), Chap. 9.
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    [CrossRef]
  5. E. M. Dianov, S. Isaev, L. Kornienko, V. Firsov, and Y. P. Yatsenko, “Locking of stimulated Brillouin scattering components in a laser with a waveguide resonator,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.19(1), 1–2 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. J. Damzen, R. A. Lamb, and G. K. N. Wong, “Ultrashort pulse generation by phase locking of multiple stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun.82(3-4), 337–341 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, K. Hill, and Y. Fujii, “Bandwidth-limited operation of a mode-locked Brillouin parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(7), 429–431 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Bar-Joseph, A. Friesem, E. Lichtman, and R. Waarts, “Steady and relaxation oscillations of stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B2(10), 1606–1611 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Montes, A. Mamhoud, and E. Picholle, “Bifurcation in a cw-pumped Brillouin fiber-ring laser: Coherent soliton morphogenesis,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1344–1349 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Montes, D. Bahloul, I. Bongrand, J. Botineau, G. Cheval, A. Mamhoud, E. Picholle, and A. Picozzi, “Self-pulsing and dynamic bistability in cw-pumped Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(6), 932–951 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Li and K. Ogusu, “Instability of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in a Fiber Ring Resonator,” Opt. Rev.7(4), 303–308 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Botineau, G. Cheval, and C. Montes, “CW-pumped polarization-maintaining Brillouin fiber ring laser: I. Self-structuration of Brillouin solitons,” Opt. Commun.257(2), 319–333 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Botineau, G. Cheval, and C. Montes, “CW-pumped polarization-maintaining Brillouin fiber ring laser: II. Active mode-locking by phase modulation,” Opt. Commun.257(2), 311–318 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “CW generation of multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin-shifted frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.29(3), 185–187 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Yamashita and G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L.10(6), 796–798 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, J. H. Ji, Y. Su, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Self-seeded multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.30(5), 486–488 (2005).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Broadly tunable multi‐wavelength Brillouin‐erbium fiber laser in a Fabry‐Perot cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.5(11), 812–816 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Shahi, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser using Brillouin-Rayleigh scatterings in distributed Raman amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(10), 737–739 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. N. Ahmad Hambali, M. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22-GHz spacing,” Laser Phys.21(9), 1656–1660 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. A. M. Hambali, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. F. Abas, and M. I. Saripan, “Investigation on the effect of EDFA location in ring cavity Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express17(14), 11768–11775 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S. Randoux, V. Lecoeuche, B. Ségard, and J. Zemmouri, “Dynamical analysis of Brillouin fiber lasers: An experimental approach,” Phys. Rev. A51(6), R4345–R4348 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. V. Lambin Iezzi, S. Loranger, A. Harhira, R. Kashyap, M. Saad, A. S. L. Gomes, and S. Rehman, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in multi-mode fiber for sensing applications,” in Workshop on Fibre and Optical Passive Components (WFOPC), (20117th Workshop on, 2011), 1–4.

2011 (1)

N. Ahmad Hambali, M. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22-GHz spacing,” Laser Phys.21(9), 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

S. Shahi, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser using Brillouin-Rayleigh scatterings in distributed Raman amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(10), 737–739 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. A. M. Hambali, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. F. Abas, and M. I. Saripan, “Investigation on the effect of EDFA location in ring cavity Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express17(14), 11768–11775 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Broadly tunable multi‐wavelength Brillouin‐erbium fiber laser in a Fabry‐Perot cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.5(11), 812–816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

J. Botineau, G. Cheval, and C. Montes, “CW-pumped polarization-maintaining Brillouin fiber ring laser: I. Self-structuration of Brillouin solitons,” Opt. Commun.257(2), 319–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Botineau, G. Cheval, and C. Montes, “CW-pumped polarization-maintaining Brillouin fiber ring laser: II. Active mode-locking by phase modulation,” Opt. Commun.257(2), 311–318 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Liu, X. Dong, P. Shum, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, “Stable room-temperature multi-wavelength lasing realization in ordinary erbium-doped fiber loop lasers,” Opt. Express14(20), 9293–9298 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2000 (1)

H. Li and K. Ogusu, “Instability of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in a Fiber Ring Resonator,” Opt. Rev.7(4), 303–308 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

S. Yamashita and G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L.10(6), 796–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

S. Randoux, V. Lecoeuche, B. Ségard, and J. Zemmouri, “Dynamical analysis of Brillouin fiber lasers: An experimental approach,” Phys. Rev. A51(6), R4345–R4348 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

C. Montes, A. Mamhoud, and E. Picholle, “Bifurcation in a cw-pumped Brillouin fiber-ring laser: Coherent soliton morphogenesis,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1344–1349 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

M. J. Damzen, R. A. Lamb, and G. K. N. Wong, “Ultrashort pulse generation by phase locking of multiple stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun.82(3-4), 337–341 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

E. M. Dianov, S. Isaev, L. Kornienko, V. Firsov, and Y. P. Yatsenko, “Locking of stimulated Brillouin scattering components in a laser with a waveguide resonator,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.19(1), 1–2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

V. Lugovoi, “Theory of mode locking at coherent brillouin interaction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 764–769 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, K. Hill, and Y. Fujii, “Bandwidth-limited operation of a mode-locked Brillouin parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(7), 429–431 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “CW generation of multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin-shifted frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.29(3), 185–187 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

F. Korolev, O. Vokhnik, and V. Odintsov, “Mode locking and ultrashort light pulses in SMBS in an optical resonator,” JETP Lett.18, 32–33 (1973).

1972 (1)

V. Lugovoi and A. Prokhorov, “Possibility of Generating Ultrashort Light Pulses in Lasers with Small Luminescence Line Width of the Medium,” JETP Lett.15, 49–51 (1972).

Abas, A. F.

Abdul Rashid, H. A.

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Broadly tunable multi‐wavelength Brillouin‐erbium fiber laser in a Fabry‐Perot cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.5(11), 812–816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, H.

S. Shahi, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser using Brillouin-Rayleigh scatterings in distributed Raman amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(10), 737–739 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad Hambali, N.

N. Ahmad Hambali, M. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22-GHz spacing,” Laser Phys.21(9), 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ajiya, M.

N. Ahmad Hambali, M. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22-GHz spacing,” Laser Phys.21(9), 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M.

N. Ahmad Hambali, M. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22-GHz spacing,” Laser Phys.21(9), 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

N. A. M. Hambali, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. F. Abas, and M. I. Saripan, “Investigation on the effect of EDFA location in ring cavity Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express17(14), 11768–11775 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Broadly tunable multi‐wavelength Brillouin‐erbium fiber laser in a Fabry‐Perot cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.5(11), 812–816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bahloul, D.

Bakar, A.

N. Ahmad Hambali, M. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22-GHz spacing,” Laser Phys.21(9), 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bar-Joseph, I.

Bongrand, I.

Botineau, J.

J. Botineau, G. Cheval, and C. Montes, “CW-pumped polarization-maintaining Brillouin fiber ring laser: II. Active mode-locking by phase modulation,” Opt. Commun.257(2), 311–318 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Botineau, G. Cheval, and C. Montes, “CW-pumped polarization-maintaining Brillouin fiber ring laser: I. Self-structuration of Brillouin solitons,” Opt. Commun.257(2), 319–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Montes, D. Bahloul, I. Bongrand, J. Botineau, G. Cheval, A. Mamhoud, E. Picholle, and A. Picozzi, “Self-pulsing and dynamic bistability in cw-pumped Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(6), 932–951 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheval, G.

J. Botineau, G. Cheval, and C. Montes, “CW-pumped polarization-maintaining Brillouin fiber ring laser: II. Active mode-locking by phase modulation,” Opt. Commun.257(2), 311–318 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Botineau, G. Cheval, and C. Montes, “CW-pumped polarization-maintaining Brillouin fiber ring laser: I. Self-structuration of Brillouin solitons,” Opt. Commun.257(2), 319–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Montes, D. Bahloul, I. Bongrand, J. Botineau, G. Cheval, A. Mamhoud, E. Picholle, and A. Picozzi, “Self-pulsing and dynamic bistability in cw-pumped Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(6), 932–951 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Choudhury, P. K.

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Broadly tunable multi‐wavelength Brillouin‐erbium fiber laser in a Fabry‐Perot cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.5(11), 812–816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cowle, G. J.

S. Yamashita and G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L.10(6), 796–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Damzen, M. J.

M. J. Damzen, R. A. Lamb, and G. K. N. Wong, “Ultrashort pulse generation by phase locking of multiple stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun.82(3-4), 337–341 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, S. Isaev, L. Kornienko, V. Firsov, and Y. P. Yatsenko, “Locking of stimulated Brillouin scattering components in a laser with a waveguide resonator,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.19(1), 1–2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

Firsov, V.

E. M. Dianov, S. Isaev, L. Kornienko, V. Firsov, and Y. P. Yatsenko, “Locking of stimulated Brillouin scattering components in a laser with a waveguide resonator,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.19(1), 1–2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Friesem, A.

Fujii, Y.

B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, K. Hill, and Y. Fujii, “Bandwidth-limited operation of a mode-locked Brillouin parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(7), 429–431 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hambali, N. A. M.

Harun, S. W.

S. Shahi, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser using Brillouin-Rayleigh scatterings in distributed Raman amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(10), 737–739 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K.

B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, K. Hill, and Y. Fujii, “Bandwidth-limited operation of a mode-locked Brillouin parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(7), 429–431 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “CW generation of multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin-shifted frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.29(3), 185–187 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hitam, S.

N. Ahmad Hambali, M. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22-GHz spacing,” Laser Phys.21(9), 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Isaev, S.

E. M. Dianov, S. Isaev, L. Kornienko, V. Firsov, and Y. P. Yatsenko, “Locking of stimulated Brillouin scattering components in a laser with a waveguide resonator,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.19(1), 1–2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ji, J. H.

Johnson, D. C.

B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, K. Hill, and Y. Fujii, “Bandwidth-limited operation of a mode-locked Brillouin parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(7), 429–431 (1978).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “CW generation of multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin-shifted frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.29(3), 185–187 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kai, G.

Kawasaki, B. S.

B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, K. Hill, and Y. Fujii, “Bandwidth-limited operation of a mode-locked Brillouin parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(7), 429–431 (1978).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “CW generation of multiple Stokes and anti-Stokes Brillouin-shifted frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.29(3), 185–187 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kornienko, L.

E. M. Dianov, S. Isaev, L. Kornienko, V. Firsov, and Y. P. Yatsenko, “Locking of stimulated Brillouin scattering components in a laser with a waveguide resonator,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.19(1), 1–2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Korolev, F.

F. Korolev, O. Vokhnik, and V. Odintsov, “Mode locking and ultrashort light pulses in SMBS in an optical resonator,” JETP Lett.18, 32–33 (1973).

Lamb, R. A.

M. J. Damzen, R. A. Lamb, and G. K. N. Wong, “Ultrashort pulse generation by phase locking of multiple stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun.82(3-4), 337–341 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lecoeuche, V.

S. Randoux, V. Lecoeuche, B. Ségard, and J. Zemmouri, “Dynamical analysis of Brillouin fiber lasers: An experimental approach,” Phys. Rev. A51(6), R4345–R4348 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, H.

H. Li and K. Ogusu, “Instability of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in a Fiber Ring Resonator,” Opt. Rev.7(4), 303–308 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lichtman, E.

Liu, Y. G.

Lugovoi, V.

V. Lugovoi, “Theory of mode locking at coherent brillouin interaction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 764–769 (1983).
[CrossRef]

V. Lugovoi and A. Prokhorov, “Possibility of Generating Ultrashort Light Pulses in Lasers with Small Luminescence Line Width of the Medium,” JETP Lett.15, 49–51 (1972).

Mahdi, M.

N. Ahmad Hambali, M. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, A. Bakar, S. Hitam, and M. Mahdi, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman ring-cavity fiber laser with 22-GHz spacing,” Laser Phys.21(9), 1656–1660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

Mamhoud, A.

C. Montes, D. Bahloul, I. Bongrand, J. Botineau, G. Cheval, A. Mamhoud, E. Picholle, and A. Picozzi, “Self-pulsing and dynamic bistability in cw-pumped Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(6), 932–951 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Montes, A. Mamhoud, and E. Picholle, “Bifurcation in a cw-pumped Brillouin fiber-ring laser: Coherent soliton morphogenesis,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1344–1349 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mohd Nasir, M. N.

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Broadly tunable multi‐wavelength Brillouin‐erbium fiber laser in a Fabry‐Perot cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.5(11), 812–816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Montes, C.

J. Botineau, G. Cheval, and C. Montes, “CW-pumped polarization-maintaining Brillouin fiber ring laser: I. Self-structuration of Brillouin solitons,” Opt. Commun.257(2), 319–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Botineau, G. Cheval, and C. Montes, “CW-pumped polarization-maintaining Brillouin fiber ring laser: II. Active mode-locking by phase modulation,” Opt. Commun.257(2), 311–318 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Montes, D. Bahloul, I. Bongrand, J. Botineau, G. Cheval, A. Mamhoud, E. Picholle, and A. Picozzi, “Self-pulsing and dynamic bistability in cw-pumped Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(6), 932–951 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Montes, A. Mamhoud, and E. Picholle, “Bifurcation in a cw-pumped Brillouin fiber-ring laser: Coherent soliton morphogenesis,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1344–1349 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Odintsov, V.

F. Korolev, O. Vokhnik, and V. Odintsov, “Mode locking and ultrashort light pulses in SMBS in an optical resonator,” JETP Lett.18, 32–33 (1973).

Ogusu, K.

H. Li and K. Ogusu, “Instability of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in a Fiber Ring Resonator,” Opt. Rev.7(4), 303–308 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Picholle, E.

C. Montes, D. Bahloul, I. Bongrand, J. Botineau, G. Cheval, A. Mamhoud, E. Picholle, and A. Picozzi, “Self-pulsing and dynamic bistability in cw-pumped Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(6), 932–951 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Montes, A. Mamhoud, and E. Picholle, “Bifurcation in a cw-pumped Brillouin fiber-ring laser: Coherent soliton morphogenesis,” Phys. Rev. A49(2), 1344–1349 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Picozzi, A.

Prokhorov, A.

V. Lugovoi and A. Prokhorov, “Possibility of Generating Ultrashort Light Pulses in Lasers with Small Luminescence Line Width of the Medium,” JETP Lett.15, 49–51 (1972).

Randoux, S.

S. Randoux, V. Lecoeuche, B. Ségard, and J. Zemmouri, “Dynamical analysis of Brillouin fiber lasers: An experimental approach,” Phys. Rev. A51(6), R4345–R4348 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saripan, M. I.

Ségard, B.

S. Randoux, V. Lecoeuche, B. Ségard, and J. Zemmouri, “Dynamical analysis of Brillouin fiber lasers: An experimental approach,” Phys. Rev. A51(6), R4345–R4348 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shahi, S.

S. Shahi, S. W. Harun, and H. Ahmad, “Multi-wavelength Brillouin fiber laser using Brillouin-Rayleigh scatterings in distributed Raman amplifier,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(10), 737–739 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Song, Y. J.

Su, Y.

Vokhnik, O.

F. Korolev, O. Vokhnik, and V. Odintsov, “Mode locking and ultrashort light pulses in SMBS in an optical resonator,” JETP Lett.18, 32–33 (1973).

Waarts, R.

Wong, G. K. N.

M. J. Damzen, R. A. Lamb, and G. K. N. Wong, “Ultrashort pulse generation by phase locking of multiple stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun.82(3-4), 337–341 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. X.

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and G. J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photonic Tech. L.10(6), 796–798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yatsenko, Y. P.

E. M. Dianov, S. Isaev, L. Kornienko, V. Firsov, and Y. P. Yatsenko, “Locking of stimulated Brillouin scattering components in a laser with a waveguide resonator,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron.19(1), 1–2 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q. H.

Yuan, S.

Yusoff, Z.

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Broadly tunable multi‐wavelength Brillouin‐erbium fiber laser in a Fabry‐Perot cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett.5(11), 812–816 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zemmouri, J.

S. Randoux, V. Lecoeuche, B. Ségard, and J. Zemmouri, “Dynamical analysis of Brillouin fiber lasers: An experimental approach,” Phys. Rev. A51(6), R4345–R4348 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhan, L.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, K. Hill, and Y. Fujii, “Bandwidth-limited operation of a mode-locked Brillouin parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(7), 429–431 (1978).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The experimental setup for pulse generation using SBS Stokes emission. (a) Single cavity system combining all Stokes and generating 10-30 ps pulses repeating at 11 GHz. (b) Two cavity system separating even and odd Stokes and generating 10-30 ps pulses repeating at 22 GHz.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measurements on the single cavity system for a 10 km SMF-28 fiber. (a) Optical spectrum at the output of the system and (b) autocorrelation measurement at this same output port.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measurements of the two counter-propagating cavity system for a 10 km SMF-28 fiber. (a) Optical spectrum at the output of the system at one cavity (even Stokes) and (b) autocorrelation measurement at this same output port

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity pulse width (FWHM) for different number of generated spectral peaks in the 2 cavity system (22 GHz spacing). (a) Experimental measurement for different conditions giving a different number of peaks, which are within −20 dBs of the maximum. (b) Theoretical calculation for a number of perfectly equalized spectral peaks, which corresponds to the ideal situation.

Equations (8)

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Ω B = ω p ω s k a = k p k s
Ω B = v a | k p |=2 v a | k p |sin(θ/2)
v B = Ω B 2π = 2 n p v A λ p
φ j = φ 0 +Δ φ Bj +Δ φ t +Δ φ d = φ 0 +jΔ φ B +j Ω B ΔL c + ω 0 n ω j Ω B L c
Ω Bj = Ω B +(j1)δ Ω B
Δ ν B = 1 2π T B
P th 21 A eff g B L eff
L eff = 1 e αL α

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