Abstract

We demonstrate a 10-GHz RF-amplifier-free slab-coupled optical waveguide coupled optoelectronic oscillator (SCOW-COEO) system operating with low phase-noise (<-115 dBc/Hz at 1 kHz offset) and large sidemode suppression (>70 dB measurement-limited). The optical pulses generated by the SCOW-COEO exhibit 26.8-ps pulse width (post compression) with a corresponding spectral bandwidth of 0.25 nm (1.8X transform-limited). We also investigate the mechanisms that limit the performance of the COEO. Our measurements indicate that degradation in the quality factor (Q) of the optical cavity significantly impacts COEO phase-noise through increases in the optical amplifier relative intensity noise (RIN).

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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  21. F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. J. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(10), 103001 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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  24. F. R. Ahmad, Y. W. Tseng, M. A. Kats, and F. Rana, “Energy limits imposed by two-photon absorption for pulse amplification in high-power semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.33(10), 1041–1043 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Klamkin, S. M. Madison, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, F. J. O’Donnell, M. Sheehan, L. J. Missaggia, J. M. Caissie, J. J. Plant, and P. W. Juodawlkis, “Uni-traveling-carrier variable confinement waveguide photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10199–10205 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

A. B. Matsko, D. Eliyahu, P. Koonath, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Theory of coupled optoelectronic microwave oscillator I: expectation values,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(5), 1023–1031 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. J. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(10), 103001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

F. R. Ahmad, Y. W. Tseng, M. A. Kats, and F. Rana, “Energy limits imposed by two-photon absorption for pulse amplification in high-power semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.33(10), 1041–1043 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Eliyahu, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “RF amplitude and phase-noise reduction of an optical link and an opto-electronic oscillator,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(2), 449–456 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

E. Salik, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “An ultralow phase noise coupled optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(6), 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power 1.5-μm InGaAsP-InP slab-coupled optical waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 279–281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Yu, E. Salik, and L. Maleki, “Ultralow-noise mode-locked laser with coupled optoelectronic oscillator configuration,” Opt. Lett.30(10), 1231–1233 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

T. Yamatoya and F. Koyama, “Noise suppression of spectrum-sliced light using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Commun. Jpn.286(2), 28–35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(6), 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

X. S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, “Coupled optoelectronic oscillators for generating both RF signal and optical pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol.18(1), 73–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Wu and N. K. Dutta, “High-repetition-rate optical pulse generation using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.36(2), 145–150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett.30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. R. Hjelme and A. R. Mickelson, “Theory of timing jitter in actively mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(6), 1594–1606 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. R. Huggett, “Mode-locking of CW lasers by regenerative RF feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett.13(5), 186–187 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, F. R.

Caissie, J. M.

Dagenais, M.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(6), 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Davis, L.

Delfyett, P. J.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. J. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(10), 103001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Donnelly, J. P.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power 1.5-μm InGaAsP-InP slab-coupled optical waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 279–281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Duan, L.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(6), 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N. K.

C. Wu and N. K. Dutta, “High-repetition-rate optical pulse generation using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.36(2), 145–150 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eliyahu, D.

A. B. Matsko, D. Eliyahu, P. Koonath, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Theory of coupled optoelectronic microwave oscillator I: expectation values,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(5), 1023–1031 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Eliyahu, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “RF amplitude and phase-noise reduction of an optical link and an opto-electronic oscillator,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(2), 449–456 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gee, S.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. J. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(10), 103001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Goldhar, J.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(6), 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gopinath, J. T.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hjelme, D. R.

D. R. Hjelme and A. R. Mickelson, “Theory of timing jitter in actively mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(6), 1594–1606 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(6), 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, R. K.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power 1.5-μm InGaAsP-InP slab-coupled optical waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 279–281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huggett, G. R.

G. R. Huggett, “Mode-locking of CW lasers by regenerative RF feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett.13(5), 186–187 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Juodawlkis, P. W.

J. Klamkin, S. M. Madison, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, F. J. O’Donnell, M. Sheehan, L. J. Missaggia, J. M. Caissie, J. J. Plant, and P. W. Juodawlkis, “Uni-traveling-carrier variable confinement waveguide photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10199–10205 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power 1.5-μm InGaAsP-InP slab-coupled optical waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 279–281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kats, M. A.

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett.30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Klamkin, J.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Klamkin, S. M. Madison, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, F. J. O’Donnell, M. Sheehan, L. J. Missaggia, J. M. Caissie, J. J. Plant, and P. W. Juodawlkis, “Uni-traveling-carrier variable confinement waveguide photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10199–10205 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koonath, P.

Koyama, F.

T. Yamatoya and F. Koyama, “Noise suppression of spectrum-sliced light using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Commun. Jpn.286(2), 28–35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Madison, S. M.

Maleki, L.

Matsko, A. B.

Mickelson, A. R.

D. R. Hjelme and A. R. Mickelson, “Theory of timing jitter in actively mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(6), 1594–1606 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Missaggia, L. J.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Klamkin, S. M. Madison, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, F. J. O’Donnell, M. Sheehan, L. J. Missaggia, J. M. Caissie, J. J. Plant, and P. W. Juodawlkis, “Uni-traveling-carrier variable confinement waveguide photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10199–10205 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power 1.5-μm InGaAsP-InP slab-coupled optical waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 279–281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett.30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Napoleone, A.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Klamkin, S. M. Madison, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, F. J. O’Donnell, M. Sheehan, L. J. Missaggia, J. M. Caissie, J. J. Plant, and P. W. Juodawlkis, “Uni-traveling-carrier variable confinement waveguide photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10199–10205 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Donnell, F. J.

Oakley, D. C.

J. Klamkin, S. M. Madison, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, F. J. O’Donnell, M. Sheehan, L. J. Missaggia, J. M. Caissie, J. J. Plant, and P. W. Juodawlkis, “Uni-traveling-carrier variable confinement waveguide photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10199–10205 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O'Donnell, F. J.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ozharar, S.

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. J. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(10), 103001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Plant, J. J.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Klamkin, S. M. Madison, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, F. J. O’Donnell, M. Sheehan, L. J. Missaggia, J. M. Caissie, J. J. Plant, and P. W. Juodawlkis, “Uni-traveling-carrier variable confinement waveguide photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10199–10205 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power 1.5-μm InGaAsP-InP slab-coupled optical waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 279–281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, F.

F. Quinlan, S. Ozharar, S. Gee, and P. J. Delfyett, “Harmonically mode-locked semiconductor-based lasers as high repetition rate ultralow noise pulse train and optical frequency comb sources,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(10), 103001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rana, F.

Richardson, C. J. K.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(6), 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Plant, W. Loh, L. J. Missaggia, F. J. O'Donnell, D. C. Oakley, A. Napoleone, J. Klamkin, J. T. Gopinath, D. J. Ripin, S. Gee, P. J. Delfyett, and J. P. Donnelly, “High-power, low-noise 1.5μm slab-coupled optical waveguide (SCOW) emitters: physics, devices, and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(6), 1698–1714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Salik, E.

E. Salik, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “An ultralow phase noise coupled optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(6), 444–446 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of SCOW-COEO system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured phase-noise of a VC-SCOWPD SCOW-COEO system (blue dashed-line) and of a DSC50S + RF amplifier SCOW-COEO system (red line). The phase-noise floor (black dashed line) is also provided.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured phase-noise of a DSC50S + RF amplifier SCOW-COEO system (red line) using a 90:10 coupler (a) without cross-correlation averaging and (b) with 1000 cross-correlation averaging. The measured phase-noise of the VC-SCOWPD system is also shown for comparison (blue dashed-line).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured phase-noise of a 90:10 output coupler DSC50S + RF amplifier SCOW-COEO system with varying intracavity optical power. The intracavity power was varied across two measurement trials (Trial 1: 7-11 dBm and Trial 2: 16-20 dBm), and the corresponding (a) phase-noise spectra and (b) phase-noise at 2 kHz offset frequency are provided.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic of system for measuring the SCOW-COEO optical cavity response.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured (a) phase-noise and (b) amplitude-noise of a 90:10 output coupler DSC50S + RF amplifier modelocked laser system with varying intracavity optical power. The noise of the reference RF source (black line) and noise-floor for the amplitude measurements (gray dashed line) are also provided.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured (a) RF spectrum and (b) optical pulse train of a VC-SCOWPD (blue line) and a DSC50S + RF amplifier (red line) SCOW-COEO system.

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