Abstract

We demonstrate a two-channel, upconversion detector for counting 1300-nm-wavelength photons. By using two pumps near 1550 nm, photons near 1300 nm are converted to two spectrally distinct channels near 710 nm using sum-frequency generation (SFG) in a periodically poled LiNbO3 (PPLN) waveguide. We used spectral-conversion engineering to design the phase-modulated PPLN waveguide for simultaneous quasi-phasematching of two SFG processes. The two channels exhibit 31% and 25% full-system photon detection efficiency, and very low dark count rates (650 and 550 counts per second at a peak external conversion efficiency of 70%) through filtering using a volume Bragg grating. We investigate applications of the dual-channel upconversion detector as a frequency-shifting beamsplitter, and as a time-to-frequency converter to enable higher-data-rate quantum communications.

© 2012 OSA

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2011 (6)

M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, A. Migdall, and S. V. Polyakov, “Invited Review Article: Single-photon sources and detectors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(7), 071101 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, M. Davanço, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Simultaneous Wavelength Translation and Amplitude Modulation of Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(8), 083602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Bienfang, A. Restelli, and A. Migdall, “SPAD electronics for high-speed quantum communications,” Proc. SPIE7945, 79452N, 79452N-5 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ma, J. C. Bienfang, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Up-conversion single-photon detector using multi-wavelength sampling techniques,” Opt. Express19(6), 5470–5479 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ma, M. T. Rakher, M. J. Stevens, O. Slattery, K. Srinivasan, and X. Tang, “Temporal correlation of photons following frequency up-conversion,” Opt. Express19(11), 10501–10510 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Long-wavelength-pumped upconversion single-photon detector at 1550 nm: performance and noise analysis,” Opt. Express19(22), 21445–21456 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (4)

A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, and S. W. Nam, “Counting near-infrared single-photons with 95% efficiency,” Opt. Express16(5), 3032–3040 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kuzucu, F. N. C. Wong, S. Kurimura, and S. Tovstonog, “Time-resolved single-photon detection by femtosecond upconversion,” Opt. Lett.33(19), 2257–2259 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, “Erasing distinguishability using quantum frequency up-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 173901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Niclass, C. Favi, T. Kluter, M. Gersbach, and E. Charbon, “A 128 × 128 Single-Photon Image Sensor with Column-Level 10-Bit Time-to-Digital Converter Array,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits43(12), 2977–2989 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Andrekson and M. Westlund, “Nonlinear optical fiber based high resolution all-optical waveform sampling,” Laser Photon. Rev.1(3), 231–248 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, “Quantum transduction via frequency upconversion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(2), 295–299 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Xu, L. Ma, A. Mink, B. Hershman, and X. Tang, “1310-nm quantum key distribution system with up-conversion pump wavelength at 1550 nm,” Opt. Express15(12), 7247–7260 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Huang, C. Langrock, X. P. Xie, and M. M. Fejer, “Monolithic 160 Gbit/s optical time-division multiplexer,” Opt. Lett.32(16), 2420–2422 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

2000 (1)

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, “Principles of Parametric Temporal Imaging —Part I: System Configurations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.36(4), 430–437 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1994 (1)

B. H. Kolner, “Space-time duality and the theory of temporal imaging,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(8), 1951–1963 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

Albota, M. A.

Alibart, O.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andrekson, P. A.

P. A. Andrekson and M. Westlund, “Nonlinear optical fiber based high resolution all-optical waveform sampling,” Laser Photon. Rev.1(3), 231–248 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bennett, C. V.

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, “Principles of Parametric Temporal Imaging —Part I: System Configurations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.36(4), 430–437 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bienfang, J. C.

J. C. Bienfang, A. Restelli, and A. Migdall, “SPAD electronics for high-speed quantum communications,” Proc. SPIE7945, 79452N, 79452N-5 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Ma, J. C. Bienfang, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Up-conversion single-photon detector using multi-wavelength sampling techniques,” Opt. Express19(6), 5470–5479 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brener, I.

Buller, G. S.

Charbon, E.

C. Niclass, C. Favi, T. Kluter, M. Gersbach, and E. Charbon, “A 128 × 128 Single-Photon Image Sensor with Column-Level 10-Bit Time-to-Digital Converter Array,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits43(12), 2977–2989 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chou, M. H.

Cova, S. D.

Davanço, M.

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, M. Davanço, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Simultaneous Wavelength Translation and Amplitude Modulation of Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(8), 083602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diamanti, E.

Dong, B. Z.

Eisaman, M. D.

M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, A. Migdall, and S. V. Polyakov, “Invited Review Article: Single-photon sources and detectors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(7), 071101 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, F. C.

Fan, J.

M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, A. Migdall, and S. V. Polyakov, “Invited Review Article: Single-photon sources and detectors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(7), 071101 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Favi, C.

C. Niclass, C. Favi, T. Kluter, M. Gersbach, and E. Charbon, “A 128 × 128 Single-Photon Image Sensor with Column-Level 10-Bit Time-to-Digital Converter Array,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits43(12), 2977–2989 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fernandez, V.

Fujimura, M.

Gersbach, M.

C. Niclass, C. Favi, T. Kluter, M. Gersbach, and E. Charbon, “A 128 × 128 Single-Photon Image Sensor with Column-Level 10-Bit Time-to-Digital Converter Array,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits43(12), 2977–2989 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon, K. J.

Gu, B. Y.

Hadfield, R. H.

R. H. Hadfield, “Single-photon detectors for optical quantum information applications,” Nat. Photonics3(12), 696–705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Halder, M.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hershman, B.

Honjo, T.

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

Huang, Y. C.

Kluter, T.

C. Niclass, C. Favi, T. Kluter, M. Gersbach, and E. Charbon, “A 128 × 128 Single-Photon Image Sensor with Column-Level 10-Bit Time-to-Digital Converter Array,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits43(12), 2977–2989 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, “Principles of Parametric Temporal Imaging —Part I: System Configurations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.36(4), 430–437 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner, “Space-time duality and the theory of temporal imaging,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(8), 1951–1963 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner and M. Nazarathy, “Temporal imaging with a time lens,” Opt. Lett.14(12), 630–632 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

Kurimura, S.

Kurz, J. R.

Kuzucu, O.

Kwiat, P. G.

A. P. VanDevender and P. G. Kwiat, “Quantum transduction via frequency upconversion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(2), 295–299 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt.51(9–10), 1433–1445 (2004).

Langrock, C.

Lee, Y. W.

Lita, A. E.

Ma, L.

J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Long-wavelength-pumped upconversion single-photon detector at 1550 nm: performance and noise analysis,” Opt. Express19(22), 21445–21456 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ma, M. T. Rakher, M. J. Stevens, O. Slattery, K. Srinivasan, and X. Tang, “Temporal correlation of photons following frequency up-conversion,” Opt. Express19(11), 10501–10510 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ma, J. C. Bienfang, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Up-conversion single-photon detector using multi-wavelength sampling techniques,” Opt. Express19(6), 5470–5479 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, M. Davanço, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Simultaneous Wavelength Translation and Amplitude Modulation of Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(8), 083602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Experimental study of high sensitivity infrared spectrometer with waveguide-based up-conversion detector(1),” Opt. Express17(16), 14395–14404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Xu, L. Ma, A. Mink, B. Hershman, and X. Tang, “1310-nm quantum key distribution system with up-conversion pump wavelength at 1550 nm,” Opt. Express15(12), 7247–7260 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Migdall, A.

M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, A. Migdall, and S. V. Polyakov, “Invited Review Article: Single-photon sources and detectors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(7), 071101 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Bienfang, A. Restelli, and A. Migdall, “SPAD electronics for high-speed quantum communications,” Proc. SPIE7945, 79452N, 79452N-5 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A. J.

Mink, A.

Miyazawa, H.

Nam, S. W.

A. E. Lita, A. J. Miller, and S. W. Nam, “Counting near-infrared single-photons with 95% efficiency,” Opt. Express16(5), 3032–3040 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nazarathy, M.

Niclass, C.

C. Niclass, C. Favi, T. Kluter, M. Gersbach, and E. Charbon, “A 128 × 128 Single-Photon Image Sensor with Column-Level 10-Bit Time-to-Digital Converter Array,” IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits43(12), 2977–2989 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Parameswaran, K. R.

Pelc, J. S.

Phillips, C. R.

Polyakov, S. V.

M. D. Eisaman, J. Fan, A. Migdall, and S. V. Polyakov, “Invited Review Article: Single-photon sources and detectors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(7), 071101 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rakher, M. T.

L. Ma, M. T. Rakher, M. J. Stevens, O. Slattery, K. Srinivasan, and X. Tang, “Temporal correlation of photons following frequency up-conversion,” Opt. Express19(11), 10501–10510 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, M. Davanço, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Simultaneous Wavelength Translation and Amplitude Modulation of Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(8), 083602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rech, I.

Restelli, A.

J. C. Bienfang, A. Restelli, and A. Migdall, “SPAD electronics for high-speed quantum communications,” Proc. SPIE7945, 79452N, 79452N-5 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

Route, R. K.

Saida, T.

Slattery, O.

Srinivasan, K.

L. Ma, M. T. Rakher, M. J. Stevens, O. Slattery, K. Srinivasan, and X. Tang, “Temporal correlation of photons following frequency up-conversion,” Opt. Express19(11), 10501–10510 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, M. Davanço, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Simultaneous Wavelength Translation and Amplitude Modulation of Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(8), 083602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stevens, M. J.

Suzuki, H.

Tadanaga, O.

Takesue, H.

H. Takesue, “Erasing distinguishability using quantum frequency up-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 173901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, “Highly efficient single-photon detection at communication wavelengths by use of upconversion in reverse-proton-exchanged periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett.30(13), 1725–1727 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tamaki, K.

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, X.

J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Long-wavelength-pumped upconversion single-photon detector at 1550 nm: performance and noise analysis,” Opt. Express19(22), 21445–21456 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, M. Davanço, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Simultaneous Wavelength Translation and Amplitude Modulation of Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(8), 083602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ma, M. T. Rakher, M. J. Stevens, O. Slattery, K. Srinivasan, and X. Tang, “Temporal correlation of photons following frequency up-conversion,” Opt. Express19(11), 10501–10510 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ma, J. C. Bienfang, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Up-conversion single-photon detector using multi-wavelength sampling techniques,” Opt. Express19(6), 5470–5479 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Experimental study of high sensitivity infrared spectrometer with waveguide-based up-conversion detector(1),” Opt. Express17(16), 14395–14404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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