Abstract

We have demonstrated and compared high-energy, in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers operating at 1562.5 nm under both a core pumping scheme (CRS) and a cladding pumping scheme (CLS). The CRS/CLS sources generated smooth, single-peak pulses with maximum pulse energies of ~1.53/1.50 mJ, and corresponding pulse widths of ~176/182 ns respectively, with an M2 of ~1.6 in both cases. However, the conversion efficiency for the CLS was >1.5 times higher than the equivalent CRS variant operating at the same pulse energy due to the lower pump intensity in the CLS that mitigates the detrimental effects of ion concentration quenching. With a longer fiber length in a CLS implementation a pulse energy of ~2.6 mJ is demonstrated with a corresponding M2 of ~4.2. Using numerical simulations we explain that the saturation of pulse energy observed in our experiments is due to saturation of the pump absorption.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Lallier and D. Papillon-Ruggeri, “High energy pulsed eye-safe fiber amplifier,” CLEO EUROPE (2011).
  2. S. Desmoulins and F. Di Teodoro, “High-gain Er-doped fiber amplifier generating eye-safe MW peak-power, mJ-energy pulses,” Opt. Express16(4), 2431–2437 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Wang and C.-Q. Xu, “Actively Q-switched fiber lasers: Switching dynamics and nonlinear processes,” Prog. Quantum Electron.31(3-5), 131–216 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Zhang, V. Fromzel, and M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly cladding-pumped Yb-free Er-doped LMA fiber laser with record high power and efficiency,” Opt. Express19(6), 5574–5578 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. L. Lim, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Highly efficient, high power, inband-pumped Erbium/Ytterbium-codoped fiber laser,” CLEO (2011).
  7. E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Optimizing the pumping configuration for the power scaling of in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express20(13), 13886–13895 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. A. Brilliant, R. J. Beach, A. D. Drobshoff, and S. A. Payne, “Narrow-line ytterbium fiber master-oscillator power amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(5), 981–991 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penty, “158-µJ pulses from a single-transverse-mode, large-mode-area erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.22(6), 378–380 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. Kuhn, D. Kracht, J. Neumann, and P. Wessels, “Er-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier with 70 W of output power,” Opt. Lett.36(16), 3030–3032 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: fundamentals and technology (Academic Press, 1999).
  14. E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “The multipeak phenomena and nonlinear effects in Q-Switched fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1763–1765 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. N. Zervas, A. Marshall, and J. Kim, “Effective absorption in cladding-pumped fibers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79141T (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. E. Siegman, Laser (University Science Books, 1986).
  17. Y. Wang and H. Po, “Dynamic characteristics of double-clad fiber amplifiers for high-power pulse amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(10), 2262–2270 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. Canat, J. C. Mollier, J. P. Bouzinac, G. M. Williams, B. Cole, L. Goldberg, Y. Jaouen, and G. Kulcsar, “Dynamics of high-power erbium-ytterbium fiber amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B22(11), 2308 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Nilsson and B. Jaskorzynska, “Modeling and optimization of low-repetition-rate high-energy pulse amplification in cw-pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.18(24), 2099–2101 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, “Effects of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(1), 112–120 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, and A. T. Friberg, “Influence of the short-range coordination order of erbium ions on excitation migration and upconversion in multicomponent glasses,” Opt. Lett.30(11), 1258–1260 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, D. Khoptyar, A. T. Friberg, and D. Flavin, “Statistical model of migration-assisted upconversion in a high-concentration erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B23(8), 1540–1543 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Hardy and R. Oron, “Signal amplification in strongly pumped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(3), 307–313 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (4)

J. Zhang, V. Fromzel, and M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly cladding-pumped Yb-free Er-doped LMA fiber laser with record high power and efficiency,” Opt. Express19(6), 5574–5578 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Kuhn, D. Kracht, J. Neumann, and P. Wessels, “Er-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier with 70 W of output power,” Opt. Lett.36(16), 3030–3032 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “The multipeak phenomena and nonlinear effects in Q-Switched fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1763–1765 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Zervas, A. Marshall, and J. Kim, “Effective absorption in cladding-pumped fibers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79141T (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang and C.-Q. Xu, “Actively Q-switched fiber lasers: Switching dynamics and nonlinear processes,” Prog. Quantum Electron.31(3-5), 131–216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penty, “158-µJ pulses from a single-transverse-mode, large-mode-area erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.22(6), 378–380 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, “Effects of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(1), 112–120 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Hardy and R. Oron, “Signal amplification in strongly pumped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(3), 307–313 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

J. Nilsson and B. Jaskorzynska, “Modeling and optimization of low-repetition-rate high-energy pulse amplification in cw-pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.18(24), 2099–2101 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Alam, S. U.

E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Optimizing the pumping configuration for the power scaling of in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express20(13), 13886–13895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “The multipeak phenomena and nonlinear effects in Q-Switched fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1763–1765 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Andrejco, M. J.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J. F.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

Bouzinac, J. P.

Brilliant, N. A.

Canat, G.

Caplen, J. E.

Chrostowski, J.

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, “Effects of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(1), 112–120 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Codemard, C. A.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cole, B.

Delevaque, E.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

DeSantolo, A.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Desmoulins, S.

Di Teodoro, F.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DiMarcello, F. V.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

Drobshoff, A. D.

Dubinskii, M.

Fini, J. M.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Flavin, D.

Friberg, A. T.

Fromzel, V.

Georges, T.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

Grudinin, A. B.

C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, A.

A. Hardy and R. Oron, “Signal amplification in strongly pumped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(3), 307–313 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Harker, A.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Headley, C.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hickey, L.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Horley, R.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jang, J.-N.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jaouen, Y.

Jasapara, J. C.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jaskorzynska, B.

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Khoptyar, D.

Kim, J.

M. N. Zervas, A. Marshall, and J. Kim, “Effective absorption in cladding-pumped fibers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79141T (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

Kuhn, V.

Kulcsar, G.

Lamouler, P.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lim, E. L.

E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Optimizing the pumping configuration for the power scaling of in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express20(13), 13886–13895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “The multipeak phenomena and nonlinear effects in Q-Switched fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1763–1765 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lovelady, M.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, A.

M. N. Zervas, A. Marshall, and J. Kim, “Effective absorption in cladding-pumped fibers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79141T (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mollier, J. C.

Monberg, E.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Myslinski, P.

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, “Effects of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(1), 112–120 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, J.

Nguyen, D.

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, “Effects of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(1), 112–120 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson and B. Jaskorzynska, “Modeling and optimization of low-repetition-rate high-energy pulse amplification in cw-pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.18(24), 2099–2101 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Offerhaus, H. L.

C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oron, R.

A. Hardy and R. Oron, “Signal amplification in strongly pumped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(3), 307–313 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

Pearson, G. N.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

Philippov, V. N.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piper, A.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Po, H.

Popov, S.

Ranaud, C. C.

C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Optimizing the pumping configuration for the power scaling of in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express20(13), 13886–13895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “The multipeak phenomena and nonlinear effects in Q-Switched fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1763–1765 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penty, “158-µJ pulses from a single-transverse-mode, large-mode-area erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.22(6), 378–380 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sergeyev, S.

Taverner, D.

Turner, P. W.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Varallyay, Z.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang and C.-Q. Xu, “Actively Q-switched fiber lasers: Switching dynamics and nonlinear processes,” Prog. Quantum Electron.31(3-5), 131–216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang and H. Po, “Dynamic characteristics of double-clad fiber amplifiers for high-power pulse amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(10), 2262–2270 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wessels, P.

Williams, G. M.

Williams, K.

Xu, C.-Q.

Y. Wang and C.-Q. Xu, “Actively Q-switched fiber lasers: Switching dynamics and nonlinear processes,” Prog. Quantum Electron.31(3-5), 131–216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yablon, A. D.

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S.

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

M. N. Zervas, A. Marshall, and J. Kim, “Effective absorption in cladding-pumped fibers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79141T (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. C. Ranaud, H. L. Offerhaus, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, J. Nilsson, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, D. J. Richardson, and A. B. Grudinin, “Characteristics of Q-switched cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber lasers with different high-energy fiber designs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(2), 199–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Hardy and R. Oron, “Signal amplification in strongly pumped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(3), 307–313 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. DeSantolo, A. D. Yablon, Z. Varallyay, J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. Headley, E. Monberg, and F. V. DiMarcello, “Diffraction-limited fundamental mode operation of core-pumped very-large-mode-area Er fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 3–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, S. Yoo, C. A. Codemard, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, P. W. Turner, L. Hickey, A. Harker, M. Lovelady, and A. Piper, “Erbium: Ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser with 297-W continuous-wave output power,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 573–579 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “The multipeak phenomena and nonlinear effects in Q-Switched fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1763–1765 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, “Effects of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(1), 112–120 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang and H. Po, “Dynamic characteristics of double-clad fiber amplifiers for high-power pulse amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(10), 2262–2270 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. N. Zervas, A. Marshall, and J. Kim, “Effective absorption in cladding-pumped fibers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79141T (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Wang and C.-Q. Xu, “Actively Q-switched fiber lasers: Switching dynamics and nonlinear processes,” Prog. Quantum Electron.31(3-5), 131–216 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

E. L. Lim, S. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Highly efficient, high power, inband-pumped Erbium/Ytterbium-codoped fiber laser,” CLEO (2011).

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: fundamentals and technology (Academic Press, 1999).

A. E. Siegman, Laser (University Science Books, 1986).

E. Lallier and D. Papillon-Ruggeri, “High energy pulsed eye-safe fiber amplifier,” CLEO EUROPE (2011).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The net cross-section at five normalized inversion levels. The dashed black lines show the pump (1535 nm) and signal (1562.5 nm) wavelength used in our experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic view of the all-fiberized master oscillator power amplifier systems with an in-band pumped erbium-doped final amplifier stage. The upper setup shows the setup for the core pumping scheme (CRS). Since the CRS and cladding pumping scheme (CLS) have the same seed laser and preamplifier, only the final amplifier of the CLS is shown in the lower setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The seed pulse shape (with the peak power determined by fitting the area under the measured pulse shape to the measured pulse energy). (b) The normalized output spectrum of the Q-switched seed laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The normalized output spectrum before WDM (green line), after WDM (blue line) and the transmission response of the WDM (red line). (b) The pre-amplifier pulse shape.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The pulse energy at different input pump powers at 0.3 kHz in the CRS (blue) and CLS (red) MOPAs. (b) The residual pump power at different pulse energies. Note that the residual pump in the CRS has been scaled up by a factor of 10 so that the residual pump for both pumping schemes can be displayed on the same graph.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) The pulse energy at different levels of absorbed pump at 0.3 kHz in the CRS (blue) and CLS (red) MOPAs. (b) The conversion efficiency versus pulse energy.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) The pulse energy versus repetition rate for the CLS at a pump power of ~16.1 W. The inset shows the inter-pulse temporal response measured at the fiber output. (b) The output energy (left axis) and residual pump power (right axis) versus repetition rate for 4 different input pump powers for the CRS (cyan: 5.92 W, red: 8.33 W, green: 11.86 W and blue: 14.92 W).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) The normalized CRS output spectra at 3 different repetition rates at maximum input pump power. (b) The CRS pulse shapes at 4 different input pump powers at a repetition rate of 0.3 kHz.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) The pulse energy against input pump power at a repetition rate of 0.3 kHz with a 19.5 m length of fiber. (b) The residual pump power at different pulse energies. The inset shows the conversion efficiency against pulse energy.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Experimental (circles) and fitted (lines) output signal powers versus input pump power at 5 different input signal powers in continuous wave operation.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(a) The normalized inversion at an input pump power of 3W (dashed line), 4W (dotted line) and 16 W (solid line) for the CRS (blue) and CLS (red) respectively in the presence of PIQ (i.e. k = 4.1%). (b) The spatial evolution of the pulse energy at input pump power of 3 W (dashed line), 4 W (dotted line) and 16 W (solid line) for the CRS (blue) and CLS (red) respectively in the presence of PIQ (i.e. k = 4.1%).

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(a) The pulse energy at different input pump power levels in the presence (k = 4.1%) and absence (k = 0.0%) of paired ions. (b) The residual pump power at different output pulse energies. Note that the residual pump power for the CRS with PIQ has been scaled up by a factor of 10 so that the residual pump power can be displayed on the same plot for all cases.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ net ( λ )= σ e ( λ ) n 2 σ a ( λ ) n 1 ,
n transparency = σ a ( λ ) σ a ( λ )+ σ e ( λ ) .
N 2 = R 12 N t (12k) A + R 12 + R 21 + R 12 2k N t A+2 R 12 + R 21 ,

Metrics