A full-vectorial pseudospectral method is reported for solving the mode characteristics of nonlinear dielectric and plasmonic waveguides. The coupled equations are formulated in terms of transverse magnetic-field components, and self-consistent solutions are obtained through an iterative procedure. The proposed scheme applies in a saturable medium with biaxial anisotropy of practical interest. The accuracy and efficiency of this scheme are demonstrated by solving the mode bistability of a nonlinear dielectric optical waveguide, analyzed by the well-known finite-element-method-based imaginary-distance beam propagation method. Furthermore, the relationship between geometry and input power is studied by analyzing the power dispersion curve of the long-range surface plasmon polariton modes of a nonlinear plasmonic waveguide.
©2012 Optical Society of America
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