Abstract

Recently perfect metamaterial absorbers triggered some fascination since they permit the observation of an extreme interaction of light with a nanostructured thin film. For the first time we evaluate here the functionality of such perfect absorbers if they are applied on curved surfaces. We probe their optical response and discuss potential novel applications. Examples are the complete suppression of back-scattered light from the covered objects, rendering it cloaked in reflection, and their action as optical black holes.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

H. O. Moser and C. Rockstuhl, “3D THz metamaterials from micro/nanomanufacturing,” Laser & Photon. Rev.6219–244 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wu and G. Shvets, “Design of Metamaterial Surfaces with Broad-band Absorbance,” Opt. Lett.37, 308–310 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12, 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (8)

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Wang and L. W. Chen, “A cylindrical optical black hole using graded index photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.109, 103104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Mühlig, A. Cunningham, S. Scheeler, C. Pacholski, T. Bürgi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Self-assembled plasmonic core-shell clusters with an isotropic magnetic dipole response in the visible range,” ACS Nano5, 6586–6592 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible plasmonics: flexible plasmonics on unconventional and nonplanar substrates,” Adv. Mater.23, 4422–4430 (2011).

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B83, 165107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun.2, 517–528 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, W. X. Jiang, and B. G. Cai, “An omnidirectional electromagnetic absorber made of metamaterials,” New J. Phys.12, 063006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

E. E. Narimanov and A. V. Kildishev, “Optical balck hole: broadband omnidirectional light absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 041106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Schwaiger, M. Bröll, A. Krohn, A. Stemmann, C. Heyn, Y. Stark, D. Stickler, D. Heitmann, and S. Mendach, “Rolled-Up Three-Dimensional Metamaterials with a Tunable Plasma Frequency in the Visible Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 163903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Y. Wen, Y. S. Xie, H. W. Zhang, Q. H. Yang, Y. X. Li, and Y. L. Liu, “Transmission line model and fields analysis of metamaterial absorber in the terahertz band,” Opt. Express17, 20256–20265 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia, De Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2, 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

K. Busch, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, S. Mingaleev, L. Tkeshelashvili, and M. Wegener, “Periodic nanostructures for photonics,” Phys. Rep.444, 101–202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science312, 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

Abajo, De

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia, De Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2, 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Abdelsalam, M.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia, De Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2, 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Aksu, S.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible plasmonics: flexible plasmonics on unconventional and nonplanar substrates,” Adv. Mater.23, 4422–4430 (2011).

Alexander, R. W.

Altug, H.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible plasmonics: flexible plasmonics on unconventional and nonplanar substrates,” Adv. Mater.23, 4422–4430 (2011).

Arrington, C. L.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Artar, A.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible plasmonics: flexible plasmonics on unconventional and nonplanar substrates,” Adv. Mater.23, 4422–4430 (2011).

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun.2, 517–528 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Avitzour, Y.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun.2, 517–528 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bahou, M.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Banas, A.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Banas, K.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bartlett, P. N.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia, De Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2, 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baumberg, J. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia, De Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2, 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bell, R. J.

Bell, R. R.

Bell, S. E.

Bingham, C. M.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Borisov, A. G.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia, De Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2, 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brener, I.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun.2, 517–528 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bröll, M.

S. Schwaiger, M. Bröll, A. Krohn, A. Stemmann, C. Heyn, Y. Stark, D. Stickler, D. Heitmann, and S. Mendach, “Rolled-Up Three-Dimensional Metamaterials with a Tunable Plasma Frequency in the Visible Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 163903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bürgi, T.

S. Mühlig, A. Cunningham, S. Scheeler, C. Pacholski, T. Bürgi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Self-assembled plasmonic core-shell clusters with an isotropic magnetic dipole response in the visible range,” ACS Nano5, 6586–6592 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Busch, K.

K. Busch, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, S. Mingaleev, L. Tkeshelashvili, and M. Wegener, “Periodic nanostructures for photonics,” Phys. Rep.444, 101–202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cai, B. G.

Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, W. X. Jiang, and B. G. Cai, “An omnidirectional electromagnetic absorber made of metamaterials,” New J. Phys.12, 063006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. S.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. W.

H. W. Wang and L. W. Chen, “A cylindrical optical black hole using graded index photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.109, 103104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Q.

Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, W. X. Jiang, and B. G. Cai, “An omnidirectional electromagnetic absorber made of metamaterials,” New J. Phys.12, 063006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X. X.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T. J.

Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, W. X. Jiang, and B. G. Cai, “An omnidirectional electromagnetic absorber made of metamaterials,” New J. Phys.12, 063006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12, 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, A.

S. Mühlig, A. Cunningham, S. Scheeler, C. Pacholski, T. Bürgi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Self-assembled plasmonic core-shell clusters with an isotropic magnetic dipole response in the visible range,” ACS Nano5, 6586–6592 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dokmeci, M. R.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible plasmonics: flexible plasmonics on unconventional and nonplanar substrates,” Adv. Mater.23, 4422–4430 (2011).

Fan, K.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fang, N. X.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12, 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ferry, V. E.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun.2, 517–528 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fung, K. H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12, 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, F. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia, De Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2, 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B83, 165107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12, 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Heitmann, D.

S. Schwaiger, M. Bröll, A. Krohn, A. Stemmann, C. Heyn, Y. Stark, D. Stickler, D. Heitmann, and S. Mendach, “Rolled-Up Three-Dimensional Metamaterials with a Tunable Plasma Frequency in the Visible Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 163903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heussler, S. P.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Heyn, C.

S. Schwaiger, M. Bröll, A. Krohn, A. Stemmann, C. Heyn, Y. Stark, D. Stickler, D. Heitmann, and S. Mendach, “Rolled-Up Three-Dimensional Metamaterials with a Tunable Plasma Frequency in the Visible Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 163903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hua, W.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible plasmonics: flexible plasmonics on unconventional and nonplanar substrates,” Adv. Mater.23, 4422–4430 (2011).

Jian, L. K.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W. X.

Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, W. X. Jiang, and B. G. Cai, “An omnidirectional electromagnetic absorber made of metamaterials,” New J. Phys.12, 063006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12, 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

John, J.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jokerst, N. M.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalaiselvi, S. M. P.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kildishev, A. V.

E. E. Narimanov and A. V. Kildishev, “Optical balck hole: broadband omnidirectional light absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 041106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krohn, A.

S. Schwaiger, M. Bröll, A. Krohn, A. Stemmann, C. Heyn, Y. Stark, D. Stickler, D. Heitmann, and S. Mendach, “Rolled-Up Three-Dimensional Metamaterials with a Tunable Plasma Frequency in the Visible Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 163903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, A.

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

S. Mühlig, A. Cunningham, S. Scheeler, C. Pacholski, T. Bürgi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Self-assembled plasmonic core-shell clusters with an isotropic magnetic dipole response in the visible range,” ACS Nano5, 6586–6592 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science312, 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y. X.

Linden, S.

K. Busch, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, S. Mingaleev, L. Tkeshelashvili, and M. Wegener, “Periodic nanostructures for photonics,” Phys. Rep.444, 101–202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y. L.

Long, L. L.

Ma, H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12, 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maniam, S. M.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mendach, S.

S. Schwaiger, M. Bröll, A. Krohn, A. Stemmann, C. Heyn, Y. Stark, D. Stickler, D. Heitmann, and S. Mendach, “Rolled-Up Three-Dimensional Metamaterials with a Tunable Plasma Frequency in the Visible Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 163903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milder, A.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mingaleev, S.

K. Busch, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, S. Mingaleev, L. Tkeshelashvili, and M. Wegener, “Periodic nanostructures for photonics,” Phys. Rep.444, 101–202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moser, H. O.

H. O. Moser and C. Rockstuhl, “3D THz metamaterials from micro/nanomanufacturing,” Laser & Photon. Rev.6219–244 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mühlig, S.

S. Mühlig, A. Cunningham, S. Scheeler, C. Pacholski, T. Bürgi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Self-assembled plasmonic core-shell clusters with an isotropic magnetic dipole response in the visible range,” ACS Nano5, 6586–6592 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narimanov, E. E.

E. E. Narimanov and A. V. Kildishev, “Optical balck hole: broadband omnidirectional light absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 041106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Neuner, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

OHara, J. F.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ordal, M. A.

Pacholski, C.

S. Mühlig, A. Cunningham, S. Scheeler, C. Pacholski, T. Bürgi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Self-assembled plasmonic core-shell clusters with an isotropic magnetic dipole response in the visible range,” ACS Nano5, 6586–6592 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peralta, X. G.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pilon, D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B83, 165107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rockstuhl, C.

H. O. Moser and C. Rockstuhl, “3D THz metamaterials from micro/nanomanufacturing,” Laser & Photon. Rev.6219–244 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mühlig, A. Cunningham, S. Scheeler, C. Pacholski, T. Bürgi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Self-assembled plasmonic core-shell clusters with an isotropic magnetic dipole response in the visible range,” ACS Nano5, 6586–6592 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savoy, S.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Scheeler, S.

S. Mühlig, A. Cunningham, S. Scheeler, C. Pacholski, T. Bürgi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Self-assembled plasmonic core-shell clusters with an isotropic magnetic dipole response in the visible range,” ACS Nano5, 6586–6592 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwaiger, S.

S. Schwaiger, M. Bröll, A. Krohn, A. Stemmann, C. Heyn, Y. Stark, D. Stickler, D. Heitmann, and S. Mendach, “Rolled-Up Three-Dimensional Metamaterials with a Tunable Plasma Frequency in the Visible Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 163903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Selvarasah, S.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible plasmonics: flexible plasmonics on unconventional and nonplanar substrates,” Adv. Mater.23, 4422–4430 (2011).

Shrekenhamer, D.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shvets, G.

C. Wu and G. Shvets, “Design of Metamaterial Surfaces with Broad-band Absorbance,” Opt. Lett.37, 308–310 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smirnova, E.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stark, Y.

S. Schwaiger, M. Bröll, A. Krohn, A. Stemmann, C. Heyn, Y. Stark, D. Stickler, D. Heitmann, and S. Mendach, “Rolled-Up Three-Dimensional Metamaterials with a Tunable Plasma Frequency in the Visible Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 163903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stemmann, A.

S. Schwaiger, M. Bröll, A. Krohn, A. Stemmann, C. Heyn, Y. Stark, D. Stickler, D. Heitmann, and S. Mendach, “Rolled-Up Three-Dimensional Metamaterials with a Tunable Plasma Frequency in the Visible Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 163903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stickler, D.

S. Schwaiger, M. Bröll, A. Krohn, A. Stemmann, C. Heyn, Y. Stark, D. Stickler, D. Heitmann, and S. Mendach, “Rolled-Up Three-Dimensional Metamaterials with a Tunable Plasma Frequency in the Visible Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 163903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strikwerda, A.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Strikwerda, A. C.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, Y.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia, De Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2, 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tao, H.

H. Tao, C. M. Bingham, A. C. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. I. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. J. Padilla, and R. D. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Teperik, T. V.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia, De Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2, 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tkeshelashvili, L.

K. Busch, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, S. Mingaleev, L. Tkeshelashvili, and M. Wegener, “Periodic nanostructures for photonics,” Phys. Rep.444, 101–202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Urzhumov, Y. A.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Virasawmy, S.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

von Freymann, G.

K. Busch, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, S. Mingaleev, L. Tkeshelashvili, and M. Wegener, “Periodic nanostructures for photonics,” Phys. Rep.444, 101–202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. W.

H. W. Wang and L. W. Chen, “A cylindrical optical black hole using graded index photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.109, 103104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wanke, M. C.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ward, C. A.

Wegener, M.

K. Busch, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, S. Mingaleev, L. Tkeshelashvili, and M. Wegener, “Periodic nanostructures for photonics,” Phys. Rep.444, 101–202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, Q. Y.

Williams, J. D.

X. G. Peralta, M. C. Wanke, C. L. Arrington, J. D. Williams, I. Brener, A. Strikwerda, R. D. Averitt, W. J. Padilla, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, and J. F. OHara, “Large-area metamaterials on thin membranes for multilayer and curved applications at terahertz and higher frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94, 161113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.-I.

H. O. Moser, L. K. Jian, H. S. Chen, M. Bahou, S. M. P. Kalaiselvi, S. Virasawmy, X. X. Cheng, A. Banas, K. Banas, S. P. Heussler, B.-I. Wu, S. M. Maniam, and W. Hua, “THz meta-foil a platform for practical applications of metamaterials,” J. Mod. Opt.57, 1936–1943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

C. Wu and G. Shvets, “Design of Metamaterial Surfaces with Broad-band Absorbance,” Opt. Lett.37, 308–310 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y. S.

Xu, J.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12, 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. H.

Yanik, A. A.

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Zhang, H. W.

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[CrossRef]

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J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B83, 165107 (2011).
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C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B84, 075102 (2011).
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S. Mühlig, A. Cunningham, S. Scheeler, C. Pacholski, T. Bürgi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Self-assembled plasmonic core-shell clusters with an isotropic magnetic dipole response in the visible range,” ACS Nano5, 6586–6592 (2011).
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Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible plasmonics: flexible plasmonics on unconventional and nonplanar substrates,” Adv. Mater.23, 4422–4430 (2011).

Appl. Opt. (1)

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N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10, 2342–2348 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

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Other (1)

COMSOL Multiphysics; www.comsol.com .

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Geometry and illumination under consideration (a) Schematic of a planar perfect metamaterial absorber. (b) Schematic of the perfect metamaterial absorber on a curved surface. Geometrical parameters are chosen according to dfilm = 200nm, tgap = 10nm, twire = 10nm, L = 125nm, P = 200nm, Rdie = 8.2 μm. The structure illuminated by TM polarized plane wave and the magnetic filed is always along the infinite nanowires i.e. z-direction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical response of the perfect metamaterial absorber on planar and curved surface. (a) Hz- component and Jy- component (inset) at resonance frequency f = 232THz for a unit cell of the planar absorber [see Fig. 1(a)]. (b) Absorption of the planar absorber as a function of frequency and the angle of incidence. (c) Hz- component at resonance for a plane wave incident at an absorber on curved surface. (d) Cross sections per unit length of the absorber on curved surface (solid lines) and a referential dielectric cylinder with permittivity of εcyl = 5 (dashed lines). The figure shows the total and the backward scattering cross section as well as the absorption cross section (all per unit length).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a), (b), and (c) show the Hz component of a Gaussian beam hitting the optical black hole for an off-set of y0 = 0, 3, 6 μm, respectively. (d) Respective absorption efficiencies.

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