Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate an all-optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) on chip using coupled high-Q silica microtoroid cavities with Q-factors above 106. The transmission spectrum of the all-optical analog to EIT is precisely controlled by tuning the distance between the two microtoroids, as well as the detunings of the resonance frequencies of the two cavities.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A51(1), 576–584 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoğlu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature413(6853), 273–276 (2001).
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  5. L. Maleki, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, “Tunable delay line with interacting whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Opt. Lett.29(6), 626–628 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping Light in a Waveguide with an All-Optical Analog of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(23), 233903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  15. S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid Nanofluid6(3), 425–429 (2009).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(8), 083901 (2010).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2011 (1)

K. Di, C. D. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency with a squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(15), 153602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(8), 083901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Coupled resonances in multiple silicon photonic crystal cavities in all-optical solid-state analogy to electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 288–294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid Nanofluid6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y.-F. Xiao, L. He, J. Zhu, and L. Yang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-like effect in a single polydimethylsiloxane coated silica microtoroid,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(23), 231115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “All-optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(17), 173902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Rivière, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys.5(12), 909–914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(12), 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “Photonics: transparency on an optical chip,” Nature441(7094), 701–702 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

L. Maleki, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, “Tunable delay line with interacting whispering-gallery-mode resonators,” Opt. Lett.29(6), 626–628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping Light in a Waveguide with an All-Optical Analog of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(23), 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(4), 043902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoğlu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature413(6853), 273–276 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85(1), 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today50(7), 36–42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anetsberger, G.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Rivière, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys.5(12), 909–914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arcizet, O.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Rivière, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys.5(12), 909–914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Armani, D. K.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “Photonics: transparency on an optical chip,” Nature441(7094), 701–702 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cai, M.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85(1), 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, H.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Di, K.

K. Di, C. D. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency with a squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(15), 153602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, P.

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(12), 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping Light in a Waveguide with an All-Optical Analog of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(23), 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, X.

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid Nanofluid6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Farca, G.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fuller, K. A.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gaddam, V.

Gauthier, D. J.

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “Photonics: transparency on an optical chip,” Nature441(7094), 701–702 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gea-Banacloche, J.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grudinin, I. S.

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(8), 083901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today50(7), 36–42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

He, L.

Y.-F. Xiao, L. He, J. Zhu, and L. Yang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-like effect in a single polydimethylsiloxane coated silica microtoroid,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(23), 231115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoğlu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature413(6853), 273–276 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, S.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kippenberg, T. J.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Rivière, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys.5(12), 909–914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Kippenberg and K. J. Vahala, “Cavity Optomechanics: Back-Action at the Mesoscale,” Science321(5893), 1172–1176 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(4), 043902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, N.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kotthaus, J. P.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Rivière, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys.5(12), 909–914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kwong, D. L.

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Coupled resonances in multiple silicon photonic crystal cavities in all-optical solid-state analogy to electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 288–294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “All-optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(17), 173902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H.

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(8), 083901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(12), 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoğlu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature413(6853), 273–276 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maleki, L.

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsko, A. B.

Naweed, A.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(8), 083901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85(1), 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O. J.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(4), 043902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Povinelli, M. L.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(12), 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rivière, R.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Rivière, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys.5(12), 909–914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberger, A. T.

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid Nanofluid6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sandhu, S.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(12), 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savchenkov, A. A.

Schliesser, A.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Rivière, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys.5(12), 909–914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shakya, J.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(12), 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shopova, S. I.

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid Nanofluid6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. D.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spillane, S. M.

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(4), 043902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suh, W.

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping Light in a Waveguide with an All-Optical Analog of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(23), 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid Nanofluid6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, M.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Totsuka, K.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Unterreithmeier, Q. P.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Rivière, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys.5(12), 909–914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(8), 083901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Kippenberg and K. J. Vahala, “Cavity Optomechanics: Back-Action at the Mesoscale,” Science321(5893), 1172–1176 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(4), 043902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85(1), 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping Light in a Waveguide with an All-Optical Analog of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(23), 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weig, E. M.

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Rivière, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys.5(12), 909–914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C. W.

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Coupled resonances in multiple silicon photonic crystal cavities in all-optical solid-state analogy to electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 288–294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “All-optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(17), 173902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, M.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, Y.-F.

Y.-F. Xiao, L. He, J. Zhu, and L. Yang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-like effect in a single polydimethylsiloxane coated silica microtoroid,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(23), 231115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y.-F. Xiao, V. Gaddam, and L. Yang, “Coupled optical microcavities: an enhanced refractometric sensing configuration,” Opt. Express16(17), 12538–12543 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, C. D.

K. Di, C. D. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency with a squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(15), 153602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(12), 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, L.

Y.-F. Xiao, L. He, J. Zhu, and L. Yang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-like effect in a single polydimethylsiloxane coated silica microtoroid,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(23), 231115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y.-F. Xiao, V. Gaddam, and L. Yang, “Coupled optical microcavities: an enhanced refractometric sensing configuration,” Opt. Express16(17), 12538–12543 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Coupled resonances in multiple silicon photonic crystal cavities in all-optical solid-state analogy to electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 288–294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “All-optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(17), 173902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanik, M. F.

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping Light in a Waveguide with an All-Optical Analog of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(23), 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, M.

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Coupled resonances in multiple silicon photonic crystal cavities in all-optical solid-state analogy to electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 288–294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “All-optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(17), 173902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

K. Di, C. D. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency with a squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(15), 153602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

Y.-F. Xiao, L. He, J. Zhu, and L. Yang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-like effect in a single polydimethylsiloxane coated silica microtoroid,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(23), 231115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y.-F. Xiao, L. He, J. Zhu, and L. Yang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-like effect in a single polydimethylsiloxane coated silica microtoroid,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(23), 231115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “Coupled resonances in multiple silicon photonic crystal cavities in all-optical solid-state analogy to electromagnetically induced transparency,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 288–294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Microfluid Nanofluid (1)

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid Nanofluid6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (2)

G. Anetsberger, O. Arcizet, Q. P. Unterreithmeier, R. Rivière, A. Schliesser, E. M. Weig, J. P. Kotthaus, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Near-field cavity optomechanics with nanomechanical oscillators,” Nat. Phys.5(12), 909–914 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “Photonics: transparency on an optical chip,” Nature441(7094), 701–702 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoğlu, “Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency,” Nature413(6853), 273–276 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Li, S. Jin, and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A51(1), 576–584 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, “Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(12), 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, “Stopping Light in a Waveguide with an All-Optical Analog of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(23), 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85(1), 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, O. J. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Ideality in a fiber-taper-coupled microresonator system for application to cavity quantum electrodynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(4), 043902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. S. Grudinin, H. Lee, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Phonon laser action in a tunable two-level system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(8), 083901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Yang, M. Yu, D. L. Kwong, and C. W. Wong, “All-optical analog to electromagnetically induced transparency in multiple coupled photonic crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(17), 173902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Di, C. D. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency with a squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(15), 153602 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today50(7), 36–42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: Optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys.77(2), 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

T. J. Kippenberg and K. J. Vahala, “Cavity Optomechanics: Back-Action at the Mesoscale,” Science321(5893), 1172–1176 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

A. Majumdar, A. Rundquist, M. Bajcsy, and J. Vuckovic, “Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics with a Single Quantum Dot Coupled to a Photonic Molecule,” arXiv:1201.6244v1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for measuring the transmission spectrum of the coupled microtoroid cavities. (b) Top-view optical microscope image of the two coupled microtoroid cavities coupled to a tapered fiber. The diameters of the two microtoroids are 60.4 µm and 67.5 µm, respectively. VOA: variable optical attenuator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic diagram of the coupled microcavity system. (b) Thermal tuning of the second microtoroid cavity. (c) Typically measured and theoretically calculated all-optical analog to EIT spectrum of the coupled microtoroid cavities.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured and theoretically calculated transmission spectra of the coupled microtoroid system for various coupling rates of the two coupled WGMs when the first toroid is undercoupled (a) and overcoupled (b). The top curves are the transmission spectra of the first microtoroid coupled to a tapered fiber waveguide in the absence of the second microtoroid. The loaded Q factor of the first microtoroid is 0.94 × 106 for (a) and 0.33 × 106 for (b). The temperature of the second toroid is 64.11 °C for (a) and 65.17 °C for (b), respectively. The coupling between the two coupled WGMs is controlled by changing the distance between the two cavities.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured and theoretically calculated transmission spectra of the coupled microtoroid system for various frequency detunings of the coupled WGMs. The top curve is the transmission spectrum of the first microtoroid coupled to the tapered fiber waveguide in the absence of the second microtoroid. The tuning is controlled by change the temperature of the second microtoroid.

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