Abstract

By using the film mode matching method, a novel design for asymmetrical multi-section 1.55/1.31 μm wavelength splitter based on multimode interference has been proposed and simulated, which can be effectively applied to wavelength multiplexer, self-biased photodiode, and other optical devices. Compared with the conventional wavelength splitter design, the length of the novel structure has been reduced to at least 1/5, showing better performance. The presented structure is also adequate for splitting other wavelengths and more tolerable fabrications.

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  1. Y. Shi, S. Anand, and S. He, “A polarization-insensitive 1310/1550-nm demultiplexer based on sandwiched multimode interference waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(22), 1789–1791 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W.-Y. Chiu, J.-W. Shi, Y.-S. Wu, F.-H. Huang, W. Lin, and Y. –J. Chan, “The Monolithic Integration of a wavelength-demultiplexer with evanescently coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(11), 1246–1248 (2006).
  3. H.-G. Bach, R. Kunkel, G. G. Mekonnen, D. Pech, T. Rosin, D. Schmidt, T. Gaertner, and R. Zhang, “Integration potential of waveguide-integrated photodiodes: self-powered photodetectors and sub-THz pin-Antennas,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC, 2008), OMK1.
  4. H.-G. Bach, “Monolithically integrated optoelectronic subassembly,” US Patent 2009/0202197 A1.
  5. N. Goto and G. L. Yip, “Y-branch wavelength multi-demultiplexer for λ=1.30 μm and 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett.26(2), 102–103 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Tervonen, P. Poyhonen, S. Honkanen, and M. Tahkokorpi, “A guided-wave Mach-Zehnder interferometer structure for wavelength multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(6), 516–518 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Xiao, X. Liu, and X. Sun, “Design of an ultracompact MMI wavelength demultiplexer in slot waveguide structures,” Opt. Express15(13), 8300–8308 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(4), 615–627 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R.-Y. Zhang, K. Janiak, H.-G. Bach, R. Kunkel, A. Seeger, S. Schubert, and M. Schell, “Performance of InP-based 90 °-hybrids QPSK receivers within C-Band,” in International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IPRM, 2011).
  10. A. Beling, J. C. Campbell, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, and D. Schmidt, “Parallel-fed traveling wave photodetector for >100-GHz Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(1), 16–20 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(1), 15–21 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Zhang, D. Schmidt, and M. Schell, “Athermal InP-based 90°-hybrid Rx OEICs with pin-PDs >60 GHz for coherent DP-QPSK photoreceivers,” in International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IPRM, 2010).

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(1), 15–21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Xiao, X. Liu, and X. Sun, “Design of an ultracompact MMI wavelength demultiplexer in slot waveguide structures,” Opt. Express15(13), 8300–8308 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shi, S. Anand, and S. He, “A polarization-insensitive 1310/1550-nm demultiplexer based on sandwiched multimode interference waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(22), 1789–1791 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

W.-Y. Chiu, J.-W. Shi, Y.-S. Wu, F.-H. Huang, W. Lin, and Y. –J. Chan, “The Monolithic Integration of a wavelength-demultiplexer with evanescently coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(11), 1246–1248 (2006).

1995 (1)

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. Tervonen, P. Poyhonen, S. Honkanen, and M. Tahkokorpi, “A guided-wave Mach-Zehnder interferometer structure for wavelength multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(6), 516–518 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

N. Goto and G. L. Yip, “Y-branch wavelength multi-demultiplexer for λ=1.30 μm and 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett.26(2), 102–103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Anand, S.

Y. Shi, S. Anand, and S. He, “A polarization-insensitive 1310/1550-nm demultiplexer based on sandwiched multimode interference waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(22), 1789–1791 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bach, H.-G.

A. Beling, J. C. Campbell, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, and D. Schmidt, “Parallel-fed traveling wave photodetector for >100-GHz Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(1), 16–20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(1), 15–21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beling, A.

A. Beling, J. C. Campbell, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, and D. Schmidt, “Parallel-fed traveling wave photodetector for >100-GHz Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(1), 16–20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(1), 15–21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, J. C.

Chan, Y. –J.

W.-Y. Chiu, J.-W. Shi, Y.-S. Wu, F.-H. Huang, W. Lin, and Y. –J. Chan, “The Monolithic Integration of a wavelength-demultiplexer with evanescently coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(11), 1246–1248 (2006).

Chiu, W.-Y.

W.-Y. Chiu, J.-W. Shi, Y.-S. Wu, F.-H. Huang, W. Lin, and Y. –J. Chan, “The Monolithic Integration of a wavelength-demultiplexer with evanescently coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(11), 1246–1248 (2006).

Goto, N.

N. Goto and G. L. Yip, “Y-branch wavelength multi-demultiplexer for λ=1.30 μm and 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett.26(2), 102–103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Y. Shi, S. Anand, and S. He, “A polarization-insensitive 1310/1550-nm demultiplexer based on sandwiched multimode interference waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(22), 1789–1791 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Honkanen, S.

A. Tervonen, P. Poyhonen, S. Honkanen, and M. Tahkokorpi, “A guided-wave Mach-Zehnder interferometer structure for wavelength multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(6), 516–518 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huang, F.-H.

W.-Y. Chiu, J.-W. Shi, Y.-S. Wu, F.-H. Huang, W. Lin, and Y. –J. Chan, “The Monolithic Integration of a wavelength-demultiplexer with evanescently coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(11), 1246–1248 (2006).

Kunkel, R.

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(1), 15–21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W.

W.-Y. Chiu, J.-W. Shi, Y.-S. Wu, F.-H. Huang, W. Lin, and Y. –J. Chan, “The Monolithic Integration of a wavelength-demultiplexer with evanescently coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(11), 1246–1248 (2006).

Liu, X.

Mekonnen, G. G.

A. Beling, J. C. Campbell, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, and D. Schmidt, “Parallel-fed traveling wave photodetector for >100-GHz Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(1), 16–20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(1), 15–21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pennings, E. C. M.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Poyhonen, P.

A. Tervonen, P. Poyhonen, S. Honkanen, and M. Tahkokorpi, “A guided-wave Mach-Zehnder interferometer structure for wavelength multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(6), 516–518 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, D.

A. Beling, J. C. Campbell, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, and D. Schmidt, “Parallel-fed traveling wave photodetector for >100-GHz Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(1), 16–20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(1), 15–21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.-W.

W.-Y. Chiu, J.-W. Shi, Y.-S. Wu, F.-H. Huang, W. Lin, and Y. –J. Chan, “The Monolithic Integration of a wavelength-demultiplexer with evanescently coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(11), 1246–1248 (2006).

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, S. Anand, and S. He, “A polarization-insensitive 1310/1550-nm demultiplexer based on sandwiched multimode interference waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(22), 1789–1791 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

Tahkokorpi, M.

A. Tervonen, P. Poyhonen, S. Honkanen, and M. Tahkokorpi, “A guided-wave Mach-Zehnder interferometer structure for wavelength multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(6), 516–518 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tervonen, A.

A. Tervonen, P. Poyhonen, S. Honkanen, and M. Tahkokorpi, “A guided-wave Mach-Zehnder interferometer structure for wavelength multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(6), 516–518 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.-S.

W.-Y. Chiu, J.-W. Shi, Y.-S. Wu, F.-H. Huang, W. Lin, and Y. –J. Chan, “The Monolithic Integration of a wavelength-demultiplexer with evanescently coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(11), 1246–1248 (2006).

Xiao, J.

Yip, G. L.

N. Goto and G. L. Yip, “Y-branch wavelength multi-demultiplexer for λ=1.30 μm and 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett.26(2), 102–103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. Goto and G. L. Yip, “Y-branch wavelength multi-demultiplexer for λ=1.30 μm and 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett.26(2), 102–103 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, and D. Schmidt, “High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(1), 15–21 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

A. Tervonen, P. Poyhonen, S. Honkanen, and M. Tahkokorpi, “A guided-wave Mach-Zehnder interferometer structure for wavelength multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(6), 516–518 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, S. Anand, and S. He, “A polarization-insensitive 1310/1550-nm demultiplexer based on sandwiched multimode interference waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(22), 1789–1791 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W.-Y. Chiu, J.-W. Shi, Y.-S. Wu, F.-H. Huang, W. Lin, and Y. –J. Chan, “The Monolithic Integration of a wavelength-demultiplexer with evanescently coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(11), 1246–1248 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Beling, J. C. Campbell, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, and D. Schmidt, “Parallel-fed traveling wave photodetector for >100-GHz Applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(1), 16–20 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (4)

R. Kunkel, H.-G. Bach, D. Hoffmann, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Zhang, D. Schmidt, and M. Schell, “Athermal InP-based 90°-hybrid Rx OEICs with pin-PDs >60 GHz for coherent DP-QPSK photoreceivers,” in International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IPRM, 2010).

R.-Y. Zhang, K. Janiak, H.-G. Bach, R. Kunkel, A. Seeger, S. Schubert, and M. Schell, “Performance of InP-based 90 °-hybrids QPSK receivers within C-Band,” in International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IPRM, 2011).

H.-G. Bach, R. Kunkel, G. G. Mekonnen, D. Pech, T. Rosin, D. Schmidt, T. Gaertner, and R. Zhang, “Integration potential of waveguide-integrated photodiodes: self-powered photodetectors and sub-THz pin-Antennas,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC, 2008), OMK1.

H.-G. Bach, “Monolithically integrated optoelectronic subassembly,” US Patent 2009/0202197 A1.

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