Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate and analyze two different techniques for apodizing the nonlinear coupling in aperiodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 (APPLN) used in an ultrabroadband optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier (OPCPA). With an adiabatic increase of the nonlinear coupling, a smooth gain spectrum and spectral phase is preserved during amplification in such media. The two approaches we explore are poling period apodization (PPA) and duty cycle apodization (DCA). For the first implementation of the apodized APPLN amplifier we use a constant chirp-rate in the grating k-vector. The nonlinear coupling is apodized over 10% of the total length at each side of the APPLN chip. This allows us to achieve high-intensity output pulses with clean temporal structure.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12(1), 013001 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Charbonneau-Lefort, B. Afeyan, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical parametric amplifiers using chirped quasi-phase-matching gratings I: practical design formulas,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(4), 463–480 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Charbonneau-Lefort, M. M. Fejer, and B. Afeyan, “Tandem chirped quasi-phase-matching grating optical parametric amplifier design for simultaneous group delay and gain control,” Opt. Lett.30(6), 634–636 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. R. Phillips and M. M. Fejer, “Efficiency and phase of optical parametric amplification in chirped quasi-phase-matched gratings,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3093–3095 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Heese, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, C. R. Phillips, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband, highly flexible amplifier for ultrashort midinfrared laser pulses based on aperiodically poled Mg:LiNbO3.,” Opt. Lett.35(14), 2340–2342 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  8. T. Umeki, M. Asobe, T. Yanagawa, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, K. Magari, and H. Suzuki, “Broadband wavelength conversion based on apodized χ(2) grating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(12), 2315–2322 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Amplitude modulation and apodization of quasiphase-matched interactions,” Opt. Lett.31(5), 604–606 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. I. A. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.72(1), 1–29 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Erny, C. Heese, M. Haag, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-repetition-rate optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier producing 1-µJ, sub-100-fs pulses in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Express17(3), 1340–1345 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. Heese, A. E. Oehler, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-energy picosecond Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier for OPCPA pumping,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 5–8 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “400 W Yb:YAG Innoslab fs-Amplifier,” Opt. Express17(15), 12230–12245 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Erny, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier in the mid-infrared,” Appl. Phys. B96(2-3), 257–269 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. O. Chalus, P. K. Bates, M. Smolarski, and J. Biegert, “Mid-IR short-pulse OPCPA with micro-Joule energy at 100kHz,” Opt. Express17(5), 3587–3594 (2009).
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2011 (1)

C. Heese, A. E. Oehler, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-energy picosecond Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier for OPCPA pumping,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 5–8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (5)

2008 (2)

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Charbonneau-Lefort, B. Afeyan, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical parametric amplifiers using chirped quasi-phase-matching gratings I: practical design formulas,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(4), 463–480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2001 (1)

I. A. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.72(1), 1–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Afeyan, B.

Agostini, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

Bates, P. K.

Biegert, J.

Blaga, C. I.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12(1), 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brida, D.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12(1), 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Catoire, F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12(1), 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chalus, O.

Charbonneau-Lefort, M.

Chirla, R.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cirmi, G.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12(1), 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Colosimo, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12(1), 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

DiMauro, L. F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

I. A. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.72(1), 1–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Doumy, G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Erny, C.

C. Erny, C. Heese, M. Haag, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-repetition-rate optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier producing 1-µJ, sub-100-fs pulses in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Express17(3), 1340–1345 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Erny, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier in the mid-infrared,” Appl. Phys. B96(2-3), 257–269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Gallmann, L.

C. Heese, A. E. Oehler, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-energy picosecond Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier for OPCPA pumping,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 5–8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Heese, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, C. R. Phillips, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband, highly flexible amplifier for ultrashort midinfrared laser pulses based on aperiodically poled Mg:LiNbO3.,” Opt. Lett.35(14), 2340–2342 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Erny, C. Heese, M. Haag, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-repetition-rate optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier producing 1-µJ, sub-100-fs pulses in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Express17(3), 1340–1345 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Erny, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier in the mid-infrared,” Appl. Phys. B96(2-3), 257–269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haag, M.

Hauri, C.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heese, C.

Hoffmann, H. D.

Huang, J.

Hum, D. S.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

Keller, U.

C. Heese, A. E. Oehler, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-energy picosecond Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier for OPCPA pumping,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 5–8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Heese, L. Gallmann, U. Keller, C. R. Phillips, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband, highly flexible amplifier for ultrashort midinfrared laser pulses based on aperiodically poled Mg:LiNbO3.,” Opt. Lett.35(14), 2340–2342 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Erny, C. Heese, M. Haag, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-repetition-rate optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier producing 1-µJ, sub-100-fs pulses in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Express17(3), 1340–1345 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Erny, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier in the mid-infrared,” Appl. Phys. B96(2-3), 257–269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langrock, C.

Magari, K.

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mans, T.

Manzoni, C.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12(1), 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marangoni, M.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12(1), 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

March, A. M.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Oehler, A. E.

C. Heese, A. E. Oehler, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-energy picosecond Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier for OPCPA pumping,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 5–8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, G. G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, C. R.

Poprawe, R.

Rotarius, G.

Roussev, R. V.

Russbueldt, P.

Smolarski, M.

Steinmeyer, G.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutter, D. H.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, H.

Tadanaga, O.

Tate, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Umeki, T.

Villoresi, P.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12(1), 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

I. A. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.72(1), 1–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Waxer, L.

I. A. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.72(1), 1–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weitenberg, J.

Wheeler, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. P.

Yanagawa, T.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

C. Heese, A. E. Oehler, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-energy picosecond Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier for OPCPA pumping,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 5–8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Erny, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier in the mid-infrared,” Appl. Phys. B96(2-3), 257–269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12(1), 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

I. A. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.72(1), 1–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured temporal pulse intensities (solid blue line) and phase (dashed red line) after amplification in an unapodized linear (a), a poling period apodized (b), and a duty cycle apodized (c) APPLN amplifier using a SHG-FROG [7].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

QPM structures used in the amplifier: (a) linear grating (no apodization), (b) apodization by poling-period change (PPA) and (c) duty cycle apodization (DCA). The blue solid line represents the poling period whereas the duty cycle is plotted as a red dashed line.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SHG-FROG traces of pulses after amplification in linearly chirped APPLN. (a) without apodization (b) with rapid-poling-period-change apodization and (c) with duty-cycle apodization. Breakup into multiple sub-pulses occurs without proper apodization of the nonlinear coupling.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

K g (z)={ 1 - K apod (z) } K g0 (z) + K apod { K gc - a(z) K a } K apod (z)= 1-tanh( z- l r w r )tanh( L-z- l r w r ) 1-tanh( - l r w r ) a(z)={ 1 forz<L/2 1 forzL/2
D( z )=0.5 D apod ( z ) D apod ( z )= 1 4 { 1 + tanh( z- l d w d ) [ 1 + tanh( L-z- l d w d ) ] }

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