Abstract

In this paper we apply a broadband fiber optic coupler interferometer to the measurement of few-cycle laser pulses. Sub-8-fs pulses delivered by an ultrafast oscillator were characterized spatiotemporally using STARFISH, which is based on spatially resolved spectral interferometry. The reference pulse was measured with the d-scan technique. The pulses were focused by an off-axis parabolic mirror and were characterized at different transverse planes along the focusing region. The evolution of the retrieved pulses is analyzed, exhibiting small variations in the temporal (and spectral) amplitude and phase during propagation. Finally, the peak irradiance evolution is estimated from the integration of the spatiotemporal intensity.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Corrections

Benjamín Alonso, Miguel Miranda, Íñigo J. Sola, and Helder Crespo, "Spatiotemporal characterization of few-cycle laser pulses: erratum," Opt. Express 21, 5582-5584 (2013)
https://www.osapublishing.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-21-5-5582

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. I. A. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1(2), 308–437 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, “Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses: frequency-resolved optical gating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A10(5), 1101–1111 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett.23(10), 792–794 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. V. Shack and B. C. Platt, “Production and use of a lenticular Hartmann screen,” in 1971 Spring Optical Meeting of the Optical Society of America, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 648–697 (Optical Society of America, 1971), p. 656, paper MG23.
  5. P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, and R. Trebino, “Directly measuring the spatiotemporal electric field of focusing ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Express15(16), 10219–10230 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Rubino, D. Faccio, L. Tartara, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, M. Clerici, F. Bonaretti, J. Biegert, and P. Di Trapani, “Spatiotemporal amplitude and phase retrieval of space-time coupled ultrashort pulses using the Shackled-FROG technique,” Opt. Lett.34(24), 3854–3856 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, J. Hernández-Toro, C. Méndez, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatiotemporal amplitude-and-phase reconstruction by Fourier-transform of interference spectra of high-complex-beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(5), 933–940 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 175–188 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, “Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett.33(8), 833–835 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Amani Eilanlou, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, H. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Direct amplification of terawatt sub-10-fs pulses in a CPA system of Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Express16(17), 13431–13438 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs,” Opt. Lett.22(8), 522–524 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79(6), 673–677 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament,” Opt. Lett.31(2), 274–276 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, G. Stibenz, and G. Steinmeyer, “Sub-10 fs pulse characterization using spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1914–1916 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. R. Birge, H. M. Crespo, and F. X. Kärtner, “Theory and design of two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry for few-cycle pulse measurement,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(6), 1165–1173 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Amplitude and phase characterization of 4.5-fs pulses by frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1474–1476 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Second-harmonic generation frequency-resolved optical gating in the single-cycle regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(4), 459–478 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Akturk, C. D'Amico, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Measuring ultrashort pulses in the single-cycle regime using frequency-resolved optical gating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(6), A63–A69 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Stibenz and G. Steinmeyer, “Interferometric frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Express13(7), 2617–2626 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. G. Stibenz, C. Ropers, Ch. Lienau, Ch. Warmuth, A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, and G. Steinmeyer, “Advanced methods for the characterization of few-cycle light pulses: a comparison,” Appl. Phys. B83(4), 511–519 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express20(1), 688–697 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express. submitted.
  24. B. Alonso, Í. J. Sola, J. S. Román, Ó. Varela, and L. Roso, “Spatiotemporal evolution of light during propagation in filamentation regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(8), 1807–1816 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. S. Wyatt, A. Grün, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, J. Biegert, and I. A. Walmsley, “Accuracy measurements and improvement for complete characterization of optical pulses from nonlinear processes via multiple spectral-shearing interferometry,” Opt. Express19(25), 25355–25366 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. L. Lepetit, G. Cheriaux, and M. Joffre, “Linear techniques of phase measurement by femtosecond spectral interferometry for applications in spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B12(12), 2467–2474 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  27. O. Mendoza-Yero, B. Alonso, O. Varela, G. Mínguez-Vega, Í. J. Sola, J. Lancis, V. Climent, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of ultrashort pulses diffracted by circularly symmetric hard-edge apertures: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express18(20), 20900–20911 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. B. Alonso, R. Borrego-Varillas, O. Mendoza-Yero, I. J. Sola, J. San Román, G. Mínguez-Vega, and L. Roso, “Frequency resolved wavefront retrieval and dynamics of diffractive focused ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. submitted.

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Second-harmonic generation frequency-resolved optical gating in the single-cycle regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(4), 459–478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs,” Opt. Lett.22(8), 522–524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

Akturk, S.

Alonso, B.

Amani Eilanlou, A.

Arnold, C.

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express20(1), 688–697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express. submitted.

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Second-harmonic generation frequency-resolved optical gating in the single-cycle regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(4), 459–478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Amplitude and phase characterization of 4.5-fs pulses by frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1474–1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bates, P. K.

Benedick, A.

Biegert, J.

Birge, J. R.

Bonaretti, F.

Borrego-Varillas, R.

B. Alonso, R. Borrego-Varillas, O. Mendoza-Yero, I. J. Sola, J. San Román, G. Mínguez-Vega, and L. Roso, “Frequency resolved wavefront retrieval and dynamics of diffractive focused ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. submitted.

Bowlan, P.

Chalus, O.

Cheriaux, G.

Clerici, M.

Climent, V.

Couairon, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Crespo, H.

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express20(1), 688–697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express. submitted.

Crespo, H. M.

D'Amico, C.

De Silvestri, S.

Di Trapani, P.

Dorrer, C.

Faccio, D.

Falcão-Filho, E. L.

Ferencz, K.

Fordell, T.

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express20(1), 688–697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express. submitted.

Gabolde, P.

Grün, A.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hauri, C. P.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F. W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hernández-Toro, J.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iaconis, C.

Ishikawa, K. L.

Joffre, M.

Kane, D. J.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kornelis, W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

L’Huillier, A.

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express20(1), 688–697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express. submitted.

Lancis, J.

Lepetit, L.

Lienau, Ch.

G. Stibenz, C. Ropers, Ch. Lienau, Ch. Warmuth, A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, and G. Steinmeyer, “Advanced methods for the characterization of few-cycle light pulses: a comparison,” Appl. Phys. B83(4), 511–519 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Méndez, C.

Mendoza-Yero, O.

O. Mendoza-Yero, B. Alonso, O. Varela, G. Mínguez-Vega, Í. J. Sola, J. Lancis, V. Climent, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of ultrashort pulses diffracted by circularly symmetric hard-edge apertures: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express18(20), 20900–20911 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Alonso, R. Borrego-Varillas, O. Mendoza-Yero, I. J. Sola, J. San Román, G. Mínguez-Vega, and L. Roso, “Frequency resolved wavefront retrieval and dynamics of diffractive focused ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. submitted.

Midorikawa, K.

Mínguez-Vega, G.

O. Mendoza-Yero, B. Alonso, O. Varela, G. Mínguez-Vega, Í. J. Sola, J. Lancis, V. Climent, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of ultrashort pulses diffracted by circularly symmetric hard-edge apertures: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express18(20), 20900–20911 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Alonso, R. Borrego-Varillas, O. Mendoza-Yero, I. J. Sola, J. San Román, G. Mínguez-Vega, and L. Roso, “Frequency resolved wavefront retrieval and dynamics of diffractive focused ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. submitted.

Miranda, M.

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express20(1), 688–697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express. submitted.

Mysyrowicz, A.

S. Akturk, C. D'Amico, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Measuring ultrashort pulses in the single-cycle regime using frequency-resolved optical gating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(6), A63–A69 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nabekawa, Y.

Nisoli, M.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Second-harmonic generation frequency-resolved optical gating in the single-cycle regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(4), 459–478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Amplitude and phase characterization of 4.5-fs pulses by frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1474–1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Román, J. S.

Ropers, C.

G. Stibenz, C. Ropers, Ch. Lienau, Ch. Warmuth, A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, and G. Steinmeyer, “Advanced methods for the characterization of few-cycle light pulses: a comparison,” Appl. Phys. B83(4), 511–519 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roso, L.

Rubino, E.

San Román, J.

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, J. Hernández-Toro, C. Méndez, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatiotemporal amplitude-and-phase reconstruction by Fourier-transform of interference spectra of high-complex-beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(5), 933–940 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Alonso, R. Borrego-Varillas, O. Mendoza-Yero, I. J. Sola, J. San Román, G. Mínguez-Vega, and L. Roso, “Frequency resolved wavefront retrieval and dynamics of diffractive focused ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. submitted.

Sander, M. Y.

Sartania, S.

Silva, F.

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express. submitted.

Sola, I. J.

B. Alonso, I. J. Sola, O. Varela, J. Hernández-Toro, C. Méndez, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, and L. Roso, “Spatiotemporal amplitude-and-phase reconstruction by Fourier-transform of interference spectra of high-complex-beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(5), 933–940 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Alonso, R. Borrego-Varillas, O. Mendoza-Yero, I. J. Sola, J. San Román, G. Mínguez-Vega, and L. Roso, “Frequency resolved wavefront retrieval and dynamics of diffractive focused ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. submitted.

Sola, Í. J.

Spielmann, Ch.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stibenz, G.

Svelto, O.

Szipöcs, R.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs,” Opt. Lett.22(8), 522–524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Tartara, L.

Trebino, R.

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Varela, O.

Varela, Ó.

Walmsley, I. A.

Warmuth, Ch.

G. Stibenz, C. Ropers, Ch. Lienau, Ch. Warmuth, A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, and G. Steinmeyer, “Advanced methods for the characterization of few-cycle light pulses: a comparison,” Appl. Phys. B83(4), 511–519 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weigand, R.

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express. submitted.

Wiersma, D. A.

A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Second-harmonic generation frequency-resolved optical gating in the single-cycle regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(4), 459–478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Amplitude and phase characterization of 4.5-fs pulses by frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1474–1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, A. S.

Zaïr, A.

Zhavoronkov, N.

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 175–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Stibenz, C. Ropers, Ch. Lienau, Ch. Warmuth, A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, and G. Steinmeyer, “Advanced methods for the characterization of few-cycle light pulses: a comparison,” Appl. Phys. B83(4), 511–519 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Second-harmonic generation frequency-resolved optical gating in the single-cycle regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.35(4), 459–478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (6)

Nature (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (7)

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express. submitted.

G. Stibenz and G. Steinmeyer, “Interferometric frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Express13(7), 2617–2626 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Bowlan, P. Gabolde, and R. Trebino, “Directly measuring the spatiotemporal electric field of focusing ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Express15(16), 10219–10230 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Wyatt, A. Grün, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, J. Biegert, and I. A. Walmsley, “Accuracy measurements and improvement for complete characterization of optical pulses from nonlinear processes via multiple spectral-shearing interferometry,” Opt. Express19(25), 25355–25366 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express20(1), 688–697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Mendoza-Yero, B. Alonso, O. Varela, G. Mínguez-Vega, Í. J. Sola, J. Lancis, V. Climent, and L. Roso, “Spatio-temporal characterization of ultrashort pulses diffracted by circularly symmetric hard-edge apertures: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express18(20), 20900–20911 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Amani Eilanlou, Y. Nabekawa, K. L. Ishikawa, H. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Direct amplification of terawatt sub-10-fs pulses in a CPA system of Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Express16(17), 13431–13438 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (7)

E. Rubino, D. Faccio, L. Tartara, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, M. Clerici, F. Bonaretti, J. Biegert, and P. Di Trapani, “Spatiotemporal amplitude and phase retrieval of space-time coupled ultrashort pulses using the Shackled-FROG technique,” Opt. Lett.34(24), 3854–3856 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, “Nonintrusive phase stabilization of sub-two-cycle pulses from a prismless octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett.33(8), 833–835 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament,” Opt. Lett.31(2), 274–276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Wyatt, I. A. Walmsley, G. Stibenz, and G. Steinmeyer, “Sub-10 fs pulse characterization using spatially encoded arrangement for spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1914–1916 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs,” Opt. Lett.22(8), 522–524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett.23(10), 792–794 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Amplitude and phase characterization of 4.5-fs pulses by frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett.23(18), 1474–1476 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

R. V. Shack and B. C. Platt, “Production and use of a lenticular Hartmann screen,” in 1971 Spring Optical Meeting of the Optical Society of America, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 648–697 (Optical Society of America, 1971), p. 656, paper MG23.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the spatiotemporal characterization of few-cycle pulses focused by an off-axis parabola (OAP) of 5-cm focal length. The pulses are simultaneously compressed and characterized using the dispersion scan (d-scan) technique, where a compressor based on a wedge pair and two pairs of double chirped mirrors (DCM) enables tracking the SHG signal generated in a nonlinear crystal (BBO) as a function of dispersion. The pulses are divided by a broadband beam splitter (BS) and coupled to the SI of STARFISH. The test and reference pulses are combined in a fiber optic coupler and sent to the spectrometer. The position of the test fiber performs the scan (in the spatial, x, and the longitudinal, z, coordinates).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calibration of the spectral transmission of the fiber coupler measured with a white-light source.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmission of the fiber as a function of the angle of incidence and the wavelength. (b) Transmission integrated in wavelength. (c) Angle of incidence for a decrease in efficiency of 50% with respect to the maximum. (d) Numerical aperture corresponding to the angle in (c).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Experimental and (b) retrieved d-scan trace of the reference pulse. (c) Spectrum (blue) and phase (red) of the retrieved pulse. (d) Intensity (blue) and phase (red) of the reference pulse. The gray curves in (c) and (d) represent the standard deviation of the retrievals.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Normalized spatiospectral intensity and (b) frequency-resolved wavefront at different propagation distances z around the focus of the OAP, the latter represented in different colored curves for each wavelength (see the colorbar). The black curves are the error obtained in the wavefronts from two independent measurements.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Normalized spatiotemporal intensity at different propagation distances z around the focus of the OAP. (b) Normalized on-axis intensity (x = 0) colored by the instantaneous wavelength of the pulse for the same propagation distances.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Mean of the spectral amplitudes (blue curve) and phases (red curve) retrieved on-axis for the five propagation distances, and corresponding standard deviation (gray curves). (b) Temporal width (FWHM) of the on-axis intensity reconstructions of the pulses for different propagation distances, and comparison with the FWHM of the Fourier-transform limit (FTL) of the corresponding spectra. (c) Mean of the temporal amplitudes (blue curve) and phases (red curve) retrieved on-axis for the five propagation distances, and standard deviation (gray curves). (d) Intensity colored by the instantaneous wavelength (see colorbar) of the mean of the on-axis measured pulses.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Experimental spatial width (FWHM) as a function of the propagation distance. (b) Peak irradiance as a function of the propagation distance calculated from the assumption of spatial and temporal Gaussian shape (black curve-squares) and from the measured spatiotemporal intensity using the right-hand-side (blue curve-circles) and the left-hand-side (red dashed curve-diamonds) of the x-axis.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E= κ rt [ 0 I E ( r,t )2πrdr ] dt
I G ( r,t )= κ G exp{ (4ln2) r 2 / FWH M x 2 }exp{ (4ln2) t 2 / FWH M t 2 }
E= [ 0 I G ( r,t )2πrdr ] dt=1.536 κ G ( π FWH M x 2 4 )FWH M t

Metrics