We examine trial-to-trial variability of color coordinates in automotive coatings containing effect pigments, which are considered a reference paradigm for engineering angle-dependent color effects. We report the existence of correlations that show 1/f - Fourier spectra at low frequencies in all color coordinates. The scaling exponent was lower at near-specular conditions for lightness variations, suggesting a contribution from the deposition of metal flakes in metallic colors. However, the exponent was lower near the specular for blue-yellow variations, suggesting a contribution from chemical pigments in solid colors. These results were independent of the illuminant spectra. The methods employed are useful in the evaluation of industrial color matching among assembly parts.
© 2012 OSAFull Article | PDF Article