Abstract

We demonstrate a multiband plasmonic absorber based on transverse phase resonances. We show that the modification of conventional metallic surfaces of T-shape grooves can cause mode splitting of the plasmonic waveguide cavity modes due to lattice scattering and all the new resonant modes exhibit large absorbtivity greater than 90%. Some of the generated absorption peaks have wide-angle characteristics. Furthermore, we find that the proposed structure is fairly insensitive to the alignment error between different layers.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (5)

2011 (3)

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. Hung Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, L. Liu, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “An extremely broad band metamaterial absorber based on destructive interference,” Opt. Express19(22), 21155–21162 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(3), 498–504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Chang, J. W. Ha, L. S. Slaughter, and S. Link, “Plasmonic nanorod absorbers as orientation sensors,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(7), 2781–2786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater.9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

E. Popov, S. Enoch, and N. Bonod, “Absorption of light by extremely shallow metallic gratings: metamaterial behavior,” Opt. Express17(8), 6770–6781 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, P. A. Hobson, and C. R. Lawrence, “Thin resonant structures for angle and polarization independent microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(4), 041913 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, X. Hu, X. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Broadband absorption enhancement in anisotropic metamaterials by mirror reflections,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 125103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Søndergaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface-plasmon polariton resonances in triangular-groove metal gratings,” Phys. Rev. B80(19), 195407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Navarro-Cía, D. C. Skigin, M. Beruete, and M. Sorolla, “Experimental demonstration of phase resonances in metallic compound gratings with subwavelength slits in the millimeter wave regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Bonod, G. Tayeb, D. Maystre, S. Enoch, and E. Popov, “Total absorption of light by lamellar metallic gratings,” Opt. Express16(20), 15431–15438 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Channel plasmon-polaritons: modal shape, dispersion, and losses,” Opt. Lett.31(23), 3447–3449 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

1998 (1)

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sanchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, “Surface shape resonances in lamellar metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81(3), 665–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1901 (1)

R. W. Wood, “On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum,” Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond.18(1), 269–275 (1901).
[CrossRef]

Abbas, M. N.

Abdelsalam, M.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater.9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Averitt, R.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bartlett, P. N.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baumberg, J. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beruete, M.

M. Navarro-Cía, D. C. Skigin, M. Beruete, and M. Sorolla, “Experimental demonstration of phase resonances in metallic compound gratings with subwavelength slits in the millimeter wave regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bingham, C.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bonod, N.

Borisov, A. G.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S.

T. Søndergaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface-plasmon polariton resonances in triangular-groove metal gratings,” Phys. Rev. B80(19), 195407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

Buchwald, W.

Chang, W. S.

W. S. Chang, J. W. Ha, L. S. Slaughter, and S. Link, “Plasmonic nanorod absorbers as orientation sensors,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(7), 2781–2786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Y.-C.

Cheng, C. W.

Chiu, C. W.

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. Hung Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.

Enoch, S.

Fan, K.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fang, N. X.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. Hung Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fung, K. H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia de Abajo, F. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

E. Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Channel plasmon-polaritons: modal shape, dispersion, and losses,” Opt. Lett.31(23), 3447–3449 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sanchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, “Surface shape resonances in lamellar metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81(3), 665–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, J.

Ha, J. W.

W. S. Chang, J. W. Ha, L. S. Slaughter, and S. Link, “Plasmonic nanorod absorbers as orientation sensors,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(7), 2781–2786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. Hung Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(3), 498–504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickson, J.

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hibbins, A. P.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, P. A. Hobson, and C. R. Lawrence, “Thin resonant structures for angle and polarization independent microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(4), 041913 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hobson, P. A.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, P. A. Hobson, and C. R. Lawrence, “Thin resonant structures for angle and polarization independent microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(4), 041913 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hooper, I. R.

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, X.

J. Yang, X. Hu, X. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Broadband absorption enhancement in anisotropic metamaterials by mirror reflections,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 125103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hung Fung, K.

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. Hung Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

J. Yang, X. Hu, X. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Broadband absorption enhancement in anisotropic metamaterials by mirror reflections,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 125103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z. H.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, Y.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. Hung Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Omnidirectional, polarization-insensitive and broadband thin absorber in the terahertz regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(3), 498–504 (2010).
[CrossRef]

John, J.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt.14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. Hung Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lai, K. T.

Landy, N.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lawrence, C. R.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, P. A. Hobson, and C. R. Lawrence, “Thin resonant structures for angle and polarization independent microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(4), 041913 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

J. Yang, X. Hu, X. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Broadband absorption enhancement in anisotropic metamaterials by mirror reflections,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 125103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Z.

J. Yang, X. Hu, X. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Broadband absorption enhancement in anisotropic metamaterials by mirror reflections,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 125103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Link, S.

W. S. Chang, J. W. Ha, L. S. Slaughter, and S. Link, “Plasmonic nanorod absorbers as orientation sensors,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(7), 2781–2786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

J. Yang, X. Hu, X. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Broadband absorption enhancement in anisotropic metamaterials by mirror reflections,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 125103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lockyear, M. J.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, P. A. Hobson, and C. R. Lawrence, “Thin resonant structures for angle and polarization independent microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(4), 041913 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

López-Rios, T.

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sanchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, “Surface shape resonances in lamellar metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81(3), 665–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mansuripur, M.

Martin-Moreno, L.

Mayer, T. S.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maystre, D.

Mendoza, D.

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sanchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, “Surface shape resonances in lamellar metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81(3), 665–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milder, A.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt.14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moharam, M. G.

Moloney, J.

Moreno, E.

Navarro-Cía, M.

M. Navarro-Cía, D. C. Skigin, M. Beruete, and M. Sorolla, “Experimental demonstration of phase resonances in metallic compound gratings with subwavelength slits in the millimeter wave regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Neuner, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt.14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W. J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pannetier, B.

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sanchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, “Surface shape resonances in lamellar metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81(3), 665–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pilon, D.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater.9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popov, E.

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, S. G.

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sambles, J. R.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, P. A. Hobson, and C. R. Lawrence, “Thin resonant structures for angle and polarization independent microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(4), 041913 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanchez-Dehesa, J.

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sanchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, “Surface shape resonances in lamellar metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81(3), 665–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Savoy, S.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt.14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shih, M. H.

Shrekenhamer, D.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shvets, G.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt.14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Wu and G. Shvets, “Design of metamaterial surfaces with broadband absorbance,” Opt. Lett.37(3), 308–310 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skigin, D. C.

M. Navarro-Cía, D. C. Skigin, M. Beruete, and M. Sorolla, “Experimental demonstration of phase resonances in metallic compound gratings with subwavelength slits in the millimeter wave regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Slaughter, L. S.

W. S. Chang, J. W. Ha, L. S. Slaughter, and S. Link, “Plasmonic nanorod absorbers as orientation sensors,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(7), 2781–2786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Søndergaard, T.

T. Søndergaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface-plasmon polariton resonances in triangular-groove metal gratings,” Phys. Rev. B80(19), 195407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R.

Sorolla, M.

M. Navarro-Cía, D. C. Skigin, M. Beruete, and M. Sorolla, “Experimental demonstration of phase resonances in metallic compound gratings with subwavelength slits in the millimeter wave regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Strikwerda, A.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, Y.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Tao, H.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tayeb, G.

Teperik, T. V.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Toor, F.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Werner, D. H.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, “On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum,” Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond.18(1), 269–275 (1901).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt.14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Wu and G. Shvets, “Design of metamaterial surfaces with broadband absorbance,” Opt. Lett.37(3), 308–310 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, Y.

Xu, J.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. Hung Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, X. Hu, X. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Broadband absorption enhancement in anisotropic metamaterials by mirror reflections,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 125103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Y. Q.

Yun, S.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zakharian, A.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, X.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zi, J.

J. Yang, X. Hu, X. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Broadband absorption enhancement in anisotropic metamaterials by mirror reflections,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 125103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zollars, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt.14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano (1)

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. Hung Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, P. A. Hobson, and C. R. Lawrence, “Thin resonant structures for angle and polarization independent microwave absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(4), 041913 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Navarro-Cía, D. C. Skigin, M. Beruete, and M. Sorolla, “Experimental demonstration of phase resonances in metallic compound gratings with subwavelength slits in the millimeter wave regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt.14(2), 024005 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (2)

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett.10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater.9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, “Highly flexible wide angle of incidence terahertz metamaterial absorber: Design, fabrication, and characterization,” Phys. Rev. B78(24), 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Søndergaard and S. Bozhevolnyi, “Surface-plasmon polariton resonances in triangular-groove metal gratings,” Phys. Rev. B80(19), 195407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, X. Hu, X. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Liang, X. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Broadband absorption enhancement in anisotropic metamaterials by mirror reflections,” Phys. Rev. B80(12), 125103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(20), 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. López-Rios, D. Mendoza, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. Sanchez-Dehesa, and B. Pannetier, “Surface shape resonances in lamellar metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81(3), 665–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

W. S. Chang, J. W. Ha, L. S. Slaughter, and S. Link, “Plasmonic nanorod absorbers as orientation sensors,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107(7), 2781–2786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. (1)

R. W. Wood, “On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum,” Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond.18(1), 269–275 (1901).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: fundamentals and applications (Springer, 2007).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1998).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketches of the original T-groove metallic surface (a) and the proposed light absorber (b). Insets are the cross sections in the x-z plane. Within a period, the grooves are labeled from #1 to #4 and the next period starts with label #1.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Absorption spectra as a function of photon energies for the original T-groove surface (dashed line) and our proposed structure (solid line). All of their absorption peaks are labeled. The absorption spectra for the metallic surface with only the bottom narrow grooves is also displayed by the cross line. (b) The band diagram for the original T-groove surface (left panel) and our proposed structure (right panel) with the thick white solid line representing the folded light line. Thin red solid lines indicate the light line for θ = 15° and 89°. The dashed line in the right panel of (b) indicates the trend of the band of ω4.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a-f) Distributions of magnetic field |Hy| and phase Φ(Hy) for the absorption peaks of ω01, ω1, ω2, ω02, ω3, and ω4, as labeled in Fig. 2(a). Insets of Φ(Hy) in (b-c) and (e-f) show the phase states of each resonance near the opening of the bottom narrow grooves. Signs ‘ + ’ and ‘-’ represent a phase close to π and 0, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorption spectra at normal incidence when the relative position of different layers along x direction (Sx) is tuned (a) and when the width of top wide air gap (W1) is tuned (b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorption spectra at normal incidence when the number of narrow grooves (N) in each period varies. 2-D configurations for the cases of N = 1 to 3 are shown in the insets.

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