Abstract

A widely tunable dual mode laser diode with a single cavity structure is demonstrated. This novel device consists of a distributed feedback (DFB) laser diode and distributed Bragg reflector (DBR). Micro-heaters are integrated on the top of each section for continuous and independent wavelength tuning of each mode. By using a single gain medium in the DFB section, an effective common optical cavity and common modes are realized. The laser diode shows a wide tunability of the optical beat frequency, from 0.48 THz to over 2.36 THz. Continuous wave THz radiation is also successfully generated with low-temperature grown InGaAs photomixers from 0.48 GHz to 1.5 THz.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Kim, J. Shin, E. Sim, C. W. Lee, D.-S. Yee, M. Y. Jeon, Y. Jang, and K. H. Park, “Monolithic dual-mode distributed feedback semiconductor laser for tunable continuous-wave terahertz generation,” Opt. Express17(16), 13851–13859 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. R. Demers, R. T. Logan, Jr., and E. R. Brown, “An optically integrated coherent frequency-domain THz spectrometer with signal-to-noise ratio up to 80 dB,” in Microwave Photonics Tech. Digest, Victoria, Canada (2007), pp. 92–95.
  6. B. Sartorius, M. Schlak, D. Stanze, H. Roehle, H. Künzel, D. Schmidt, H.-G. Bach, R. Kunkel, and M. Schell, “Continuous wave terahertz systems exploiting 1.5 microm telecom technologies,” Opt. Express17(17), 15001–15007 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. J. Moore, Z. J. Chaboyer, and G. Das, “Tunable dual-wavelength fiber laser,” Opt. Fiber Technol.15(4), 377–379 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Y. Jeon, N. Kim, S.-P. Han, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, D.-S. Yee, and K. H. Park, “Rapidly frequency-swept optical beat source for continuous wave terahertz generation,” Opt. Express19(19), 18364–18371 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. Kim, S.-P. Han, H. Ko, Y. A. Leem, H.-C. Ryu, C. W. Lee, D. Lee, M. Y. Jeon, S. K. Noh, and K. H. Park, “Tunable continuous-wave terahertz generation/detection with compact 1.55 μm detuned dual-mode laser diode and InGaAs based photomixer,” Opt. Express19(16), 15397–15403 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. H. Park, N. Kim, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, J.-W. Park, S.-P. Han, and M. Y. Jeon, “Portable terahertz spectrometer with InP related semiconductor photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE8261, 826103, 826103-10 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Tani, O. Morikawa, S. Matsuura, and M. Hangyo, “Generation of terahertz radiation by photomixing with dual- and multiple-mode lasers,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.20(7), S151–S163 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Karpowicz, H. Zhong, C. Zhang, K.-I. Lin, J.-S. Hwang, J. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Compact continuous-wave subterahertz system for inspection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(5), 054105 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Gershgorin, V. Yu. Kachorovskii, Y. V. Lvov, and M. S. Shur, “Field effect transistor as heterodyne terahertz detector,” Electron. Lett.44(17), 1036–1037 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Ogasawara and R. Ito, “Longitudinal mode competition and asymmetric gain saturation in semiconductor injection lasers. I. Experiment,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.27(Part 1, No. 4), 607–614 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Zoz and U. Barabas, “Linewidth enhancement in laser diodes caused by temperature fluctuations,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron.141(3), 191–194 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Kim, Y. A. Leem, M. Y. Jeon, C. W. Lee, S.-P. Han, D. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Widely tunable 1.55 μm detuned dual mode laser diode for compact continuous-wave THz emitter,” ETRI J.33(5), 810–813 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Öberg, S. Nilsson, T. Klinga, and P. Ojala, “A three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with 22 nm wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(4), 299–301 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5-μm distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(11), 1655–1661 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, J.-G. Provost, H. Debregeas-Sillard, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation between longitudinal modes in semiconductor self-pulsating DBR lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(4), 741–743 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, “Wave mixing in semiconductor laser amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(8), 1769–1781 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  21. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. Mouret, F. Hindle, A. Cuisset, C. Yang, R. Bocquet, M. Lours, and D. Rovera, “THz photomixing synthesizer based on a fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Express17(24), 22031–22040 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. S.-P. Han, H. Ko, N. Kim, H.-C. Ryu, C. W. Lee, Y. A. Leem, D. Lee, M. Y. Jeon, S. K. Noh, H. S. Chun, and K. H. Park, “Optical fiber-coupled InGaAs-based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy system,” Opt. Lett.36(16), 3094–3096 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

K. H. Park, N. Kim, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, J.-W. Park, S.-P. Han, and M. Y. Jeon, “Portable terahertz spectrometer with InP related semiconductor photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE8261, 826103, 826103-10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2009

2008

B. Gershgorin, V. Yu. Kachorovskii, Y. V. Lvov, and M. S. Shur, “Field effect transistor as heterodyne terahertz detector,” Electron. Lett.44(17), 1036–1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Tani, O. Morikawa, S. Matsuura, and M. Hangyo, “Generation of terahertz radiation by photomixing with dual- and multiple-mode lasers,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.20(7), S151–S163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, H. Zhong, C. Zhang, K.-I. Lin, J.-S. Hwang, J. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Compact continuous-wave subterahertz system for inspection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(5), 054105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, J.-G. Provost, H. Debregeas-Sillard, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation between longitudinal modes in semiconductor self-pulsating DBR lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(4), 741–743 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1994

A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, “Wave mixing in semiconductor laser amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(8), 1769–1781 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Zoz and U. Barabas, “Linewidth enhancement in laser diodes caused by temperature fluctuations,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron.141(3), 191–194 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991

M. Öberg, S. Nilsson, T. Klinga, and P. Ojala, “A three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with 22 nm wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(4), 299–301 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988

N. Ogasawara and R. Ito, “Longitudinal mode competition and asymmetric gain saturation in semiconductor injection lasers. I. Experiment,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.27(Part 1, No. 4), 607–614 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5-μm distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(11), 1655–1661 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1980

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Bach, H.-G.

Baker, C.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barabas, U.

J. Zoz and U. Barabas, “Linewidth enhancement in laser diodes caused by temperature fluctuations,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron.141(3), 191–194 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Baron, P.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bocquet, R.

Bradley, I. V.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chaboyer, Z. J.

P. J. Moore, Z. J. Chaboyer, and G. Das, “Tunable dual-wavelength fiber laser,” Opt. Fiber Technol.15(4), 377–379 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5-μm distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(11), 1655–1661 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chun, H. S.

Cuisset, A.

Das, G.

P. J. Moore, Z. J. Chaboyer, and G. Das, “Tunable dual-wavelength fiber laser,” Opt. Fiber Technol.15(4), 377–379 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Davies, A. G.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Debregeas-Sillard, H.

J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, J.-G. Provost, H. Debregeas-Sillard, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation between longitudinal modes in semiconductor self-pulsating DBR lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(4), 741–743 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G.-H.

J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, J.-G. Provost, H. Debregeas-Sillard, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation between longitudinal modes in semiconductor self-pulsating DBR lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(4), 741–743 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Evans, M. J.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fukunaga, K.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gallion, P.

J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, J.-G. Provost, H. Debregeas-Sillard, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation between longitudinal modes in semiconductor self-pulsating DBR lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(4), 741–743 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gershgorin, B.

B. Gershgorin, V. Yu. Kachorovskii, Y. V. Lvov, and M. S. Shur, “Field effect transistor as heterodyne terahertz detector,” Electron. Lett.44(17), 1036–1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gregory, I. S.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, S.-P.

Hangyo, M.

M. Tani, O. Morikawa, S. Matsuura, and M. Hangyo, “Generation of terahertz radiation by photomixing with dual- and multiple-mode lasers,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.20(7), S151–S163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hindle, F.

Hosako, I.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J.-S.

N. Karpowicz, H. Zhong, C. Zhang, K.-I. Lin, J.-S. Hwang, J. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Compact continuous-wave subterahertz system for inspection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(5), 054105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ito, R.

N. Ogasawara and R. Ito, “Longitudinal mode competition and asymmetric gain saturation in semiconductor injection lasers. I. Experiment,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.27(Part 1, No. 4), 607–614 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jang, Y.

Jeon, M. Y.

K. H. Park, N. Kim, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, J.-W. Park, S.-P. Han, and M. Y. Jeon, “Portable terahertz spectrometer with InP related semiconductor photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE8261, 826103, 826103-10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Kim, S.-P. Han, H. Ko, Y. A. Leem, H.-C. Ryu, C. W. Lee, D. Lee, M. Y. Jeon, S. K. Noh, and K. H. Park, “Tunable continuous-wave terahertz generation/detection with compact 1.55 μm detuned dual-mode laser diode and InGaAs based photomixer,” Opt. Express19(16), 15397–15403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Jeon, N. Kim, S.-P. Han, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, D.-S. Yee, and K. H. Park, “Rapidly frequency-swept optical beat source for continuous wave terahertz generation,” Opt. Express19(19), 18364–18371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kim, Y. A. Leem, M. Y. Jeon, C. W. Lee, S.-P. Han, D. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Widely tunable 1.55 μm detuned dual mode laser diode for compact continuous-wave THz emitter,” ETRI J.33(5), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-P. Han, H. Ko, N. Kim, H.-C. Ryu, C. W. Lee, Y. A. Leem, D. Lee, M. Y. Jeon, S. K. Noh, H. S. Chun, and K. H. Park, “Optical fiber-coupled InGaAs-based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy system,” Opt. Lett.36(16), 3094–3096 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kim, J. Shin, E. Sim, C. W. Lee, D.-S. Yee, M. Y. Jeon, Y. Jang, and K. H. Park, “Monolithic dual-mode distributed feedback semiconductor laser for tunable continuous-wave terahertz generation,” Opt. Express17(16), 13851–13859 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kachorovskii, V. Yu.

B. Gershgorin, V. Yu. Kachorovskii, Y. V. Lvov, and M. S. Shur, “Field effect transistor as heterodyne terahertz detector,” Electron. Lett.44(17), 1036–1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Karpowicz, N.

N. Karpowicz, H. Zhong, C. Zhang, K.-I. Lin, J.-S. Hwang, J. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Compact continuous-wave subterahertz system for inspection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(5), 054105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kasai, Y.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kim, N.

K. H. Park, N. Kim, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, J.-W. Park, S.-P. Han, and M. Y. Jeon, “Portable terahertz spectrometer with InP related semiconductor photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE8261, 826103, 826103-10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Kim, S.-P. Han, H. Ko, Y. A. Leem, H.-C. Ryu, C. W. Lee, D. Lee, M. Y. Jeon, S. K. Noh, and K. H. Park, “Tunable continuous-wave terahertz generation/detection with compact 1.55 μm detuned dual-mode laser diode and InGaAs based photomixer,” Opt. Express19(16), 15397–15403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Jeon, N. Kim, S.-P. Han, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, D.-S. Yee, and K. H. Park, “Rapidly frequency-swept optical beat source for continuous wave terahertz generation,” Opt. Express19(19), 18364–18371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kim, Y. A. Leem, M. Y. Jeon, C. W. Lee, S.-P. Han, D. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Widely tunable 1.55 μm detuned dual mode laser diode for compact continuous-wave THz emitter,” ETRI J.33(5), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-P. Han, H. Ko, N. Kim, H.-C. Ryu, C. W. Lee, Y. A. Leem, D. Lee, M. Y. Jeon, S. K. Noh, H. S. Chun, and K. H. Park, “Optical fiber-coupled InGaAs-based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy system,” Opt. Lett.36(16), 3094–3096 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kim, J. Shin, E. Sim, C. W. Lee, D.-S. Yee, M. Y. Jeon, Y. Jang, and K. H. Park, “Monolithic dual-mode distributed feedback semiconductor laser for tunable continuous-wave terahertz generation,” Opt. Express17(16), 13851–13859 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klinga, T.

M. Öberg, S. Nilsson, T. Klinga, and P. Ojala, “A three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with 22 nm wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(4), 299–301 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ko, H.

Kunkel, R.

Künzel, H.

Lee, C. W.

Lee, D.

Leem, Y. A.

Lin, K.-I.

N. Karpowicz, H. Zhong, C. Zhang, K.-I. Lin, J.-S. Hwang, J. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Compact continuous-wave subterahertz system for inspection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(5), 054105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Linfield, E. H.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lours, M.

Lvov, Y. V.

B. Gershgorin, V. Yu. Kachorovskii, Y. V. Lvov, and M. S. Shur, “Field effect transistor as heterodyne terahertz detector,” Electron. Lett.44(17), 1036–1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mark, J.

A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, “Wave mixing in semiconductor laser amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(8), 1769–1781 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, S.

M. Tani, O. Morikawa, S. Matsuura, and M. Hangyo, “Generation of terahertz radiation by photomixing with dual- and multiple-mode lasers,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.20(7), S151–S163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mendrok, J.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Missous, M.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moore, P. J.

P. J. Moore, Z. J. Chaboyer, and G. Das, “Tunable dual-wavelength fiber laser,” Opt. Fiber Technol.15(4), 377–379 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morikawa, O.

M. Tani, O. Morikawa, S. Matsuura, and M. Hangyo, “Generation of terahertz radiation by photomixing with dual- and multiple-mode lasers,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.20(7), S151–S163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mørk, J.

A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, “Wave mixing in semiconductor laser amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(8), 1769–1781 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mouret, G.

Nakayama, A.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, S.

M. Öberg, S. Nilsson, T. Klinga, and P. Ojala, “A three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with 22 nm wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(4), 299–301 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Noh, S. K.

Öberg, M.

M. Öberg, S. Nilsson, T. Klinga, and P. Ojala, “A three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with 22 nm wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(4), 299–301 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ochiai, S.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ogasawara, N.

N. Ogasawara and R. Ito, “Longitudinal mode competition and asymmetric gain saturation in semiconductor injection lasers. I. Experiment,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.27(Part 1, No. 4), 607–614 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ojala, P.

M. Öberg, S. Nilsson, T. Klinga, and P. Ojala, “A three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with 22 nm wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(4), 299–301 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-W.

K. H. Park, N. Kim, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, J.-W. Park, S.-P. Han, and M. Y. Jeon, “Portable terahertz spectrometer with InP related semiconductor photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE8261, 826103, 826103-10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Park, K. H.

K. H. Park, N. Kim, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, J.-W. Park, S.-P. Han, and M. Y. Jeon, “Portable terahertz spectrometer with InP related semiconductor photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE8261, 826103, 826103-10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Kim, S.-P. Han, H. Ko, Y. A. Leem, H.-C. Ryu, C. W. Lee, D. Lee, M. Y. Jeon, S. K. Noh, and K. H. Park, “Tunable continuous-wave terahertz generation/detection with compact 1.55 μm detuned dual-mode laser diode and InGaAs based photomixer,” Opt. Express19(16), 15397–15403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Jeon, N. Kim, S.-P. Han, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, D.-S. Yee, and K. H. Park, “Rapidly frequency-swept optical beat source for continuous wave terahertz generation,” Opt. Express19(19), 18364–18371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kim, Y. A. Leem, M. Y. Jeon, C. W. Lee, S.-P. Han, D. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Widely tunable 1.55 μm detuned dual mode laser diode for compact continuous-wave THz emitter,” ETRI J.33(5), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-P. Han, H. Ko, N. Kim, H.-C. Ryu, C. W. Lee, Y. A. Leem, D. Lee, M. Y. Jeon, S. K. Noh, H. S. Chun, and K. H. Park, “Optical fiber-coupled InGaAs-based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy system,” Opt. Lett.36(16), 3094–3096 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kim, J. Shin, E. Sim, C. W. Lee, D.-S. Yee, M. Y. Jeon, Y. Jang, and K. H. Park, “Monolithic dual-mode distributed feedback semiconductor laser for tunable continuous-wave terahertz generation,” Opt. Express17(16), 13851–13859 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patrashin, M.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Provost, J.-G.

J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, J.-G. Provost, H. Debregeas-Sillard, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation between longitudinal modes in semiconductor self-pulsating DBR lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(4), 741–743 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Renaudier, J.

J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, J.-G. Provost, H. Debregeas-Sillard, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation between longitudinal modes in semiconductor self-pulsating DBR lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(4), 741–743 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roehle, H.

Rovera, D.

Ryu, H.-C.

Saito, S.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sartorius, B.

Schell, M.

Schlak, M.

Schmidt, D.

Sekine, N.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seta, T.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J.

Shur, M. S.

B. Gershgorin, V. Yu. Kachorovskii, Y. V. Lvov, and M. S. Shur, “Field effect transistor as heterodyne terahertz detector,” Electron. Lett.44(17), 1036–1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sim, E.

Stanze, D.

Tani, M.

M. Tani, O. Morikawa, S. Matsuura, and M. Hangyo, “Generation of terahertz radiation by photomixing with dual- and multiple-mode lasers,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.20(7), S151–S163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5-μm distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(11), 1655–1661 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tribe, W. R.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Uskov, A.

A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, “Wave mixing in semiconductor laser amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(8), 1769–1781 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

N. Karpowicz, H. Zhong, C. Zhang, K.-I. Lin, J.-S. Hwang, J. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Compact continuous-wave subterahertz system for inspection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(5), 054105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

Yasuda, H.

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yee, D.-S.

Zhang, C.

N. Karpowicz, H. Zhong, C. Zhang, K.-I. Lin, J.-S. Hwang, J. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Compact continuous-wave subterahertz system for inspection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(5), 054105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

N. Karpowicz, H. Zhong, C. Zhang, K.-I. Lin, J.-S. Hwang, J. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Compact continuous-wave subterahertz system for inspection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(5), 054105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, H.

N. Karpowicz, H. Zhong, C. Zhang, K.-I. Lin, J.-S. Hwang, J. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Compact continuous-wave subterahertz system for inspection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(5), 054105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zoz, J.

J. Zoz and U. Barabas, “Linewidth enhancement in laser diodes caused by temperature fluctuations,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron.141(3), 191–194 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. Karpowicz, H. Zhong, C. Zhang, K.-I. Lin, J.-S. Hwang, J. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Compact continuous-wave subterahertz system for inspection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.86(5), 054105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

B. Gershgorin, V. Yu. Kachorovskii, Y. V. Lvov, and M. S. Shur, “Field effect transistor as heterodyne terahertz detector,” Electron. Lett.44(17), 1036–1037 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

ETRI J.

N. Kim, Y. A. Leem, M. Y. Jeon, C. W. Lee, S.-P. Han, D. Lee, and K. H. Park, “Widely tunable 1.55 μm detuned dual mode laser diode for compact continuous-wave THz emitter,” ETRI J.33(5), 810–813 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc., Optoelectron.

J. Zoz and U. Barabas, “Linewidth enhancement in laser diodes caused by temperature fluctuations,” IEE Proc., Optoelectron.141(3), 191–194 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, W. R. Tribe, I. V. Bradley, M. J. Evans, E. H. Linfield, A. G. Davies, and M. Missous, “Optimization of photomixers and antennas for continuous-wave terahertz emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 717–728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, “Wave mixing in semiconductor laser amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(8), 1769–1781 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, J.-G. Provost, H. Debregeas-Sillard, and P. Gallion, “Phase correlation between longitudinal modes in semiconductor self-pulsating DBR lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(4), 741–743 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Öberg, S. Nilsson, T. Klinga, and P. Ojala, “A three-electrode distributed Bragg reflector laser with 22 nm wavelength tuning range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.3(4), 299–301 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Regimes of feedback effects in 1.5-μm distributed feedback lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(11), 1655–1661 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

N. Ogasawara and R. Ito, “Longitudinal mode competition and asymmetric gain saturation in semiconductor injection lasers. I. Experiment,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.27(Part 1, No. 4), 607–614 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

P. J. Moore, Z. J. Chaboyer, and G. Das, “Tunable dual-wavelength fiber laser,” Opt. Fiber Technol.15(4), 377–379 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

I. Hosako, N. Sekine, M. Patrashin, S. Saito, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kasai, P. Baron, T. Seta, J. Mendrok, S. Ochiai, and H. Yasuda, “At the dawn of a new era in terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1611–1623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

K. H. Park, N. Kim, H. Ko, H.-C. Ryu, J.-W. Park, S.-P. Han, and M. Y. Jeon, “Portable terahertz spectrometer with InP related semiconductor photonic devices,” Proc. SPIE8261, 826103, 826103-10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Semicond. Sci. Technol.

M. Tani, O. Morikawa, S. Matsuura, and M. Hangyo, “Generation of terahertz radiation by photomixing with dual- and multiple-mode lasers,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.20(7), S151–S163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. R. Demers, R. T. Logan, Jr., and E. R. Brown, “An optically integrated coherent frequency-domain THz spectrometer with signal-to-noise ratio up to 80 dB,” in Microwave Photonics Tech. Digest, Victoria, Canada (2007), pp. 92–95.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structure of the DFB-DBR LD. (a) Schematic diagram of the device structure, and (b) lasing modes

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectrum of the initial operating state. Current is injected into the DFB section only. Side mode suppression ratio is 46 dB.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wavelength tuning spectra of the DFB-DBR LD. (a) Optical beat frequency can be tuned from 0.48 THz to over 2.36 THz, and (b) tuning spectra in fine tuning mode.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Autocorrelation traces for plasma effect tuning, initial state, and thermal tuning region, and (b) measured optical linewidth of each mode in wavelength tuning.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

CW THz spectrum measured with the DFB-DBR dual-mode laser and LTG InGaAs photomixers. Inset shows the CW THz waveform at a frequency of 488 GHz.

Metrics