Abstract

We report an electro-optic directed logic circuit which can implement the AND/NAND operations based on two parallel microring resonators. PIN diodes are embedded around microring resonators to achieve the carrier-injection modulation, two electrical pulse sequences regarded as the two operands of the operations are employed to modulate two microring resonators through the plasma dispersion effect. The operation results are obtained at the optical output ports in the form of light. Microheaters fabricated on the top of the microring resonators are employed to compensate two microring resonators resonance mismatch caused by the fabrication errors through the thermo-optic effect. The AND/NAND operations with the operation speed of 100Mbps are demonstrated simultaneously.

© 2012 OSA

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2012

2011

2010

2009

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

J. Hardy and J. Shamir, “Optics inspired logic architecture,” Opt. Express15(1), 150–165 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl.5(1), 14–20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. M. J. Green, M. J. Rooks, L. Sekaric, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-compact, low RF power, 10 Gb/s silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express15(25), 17106–17113 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express15(2), 660–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater.5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE88(6), 728–749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Artundo, I.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Baehr-Jones, T.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater.5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baets, R.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

J. Chan and K. Bergman, “Photonic interconnection network architectures using wavelength-selective spatial routing for chip-scale communications,” J. Opt. Networking4(3), 189–201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brooke, M. A.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Byun, H.

Caulfield, H. J.

H. J. Caulfield and S. Dolev, “Why future supercomputing requires optics,” Nat. Photonics4(5), 261–263 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl.5(1), 14–20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, J.

J. Chan and K. Bergman, “Photonic interconnection network architectures using wavelength-selective spatial routing for chip-scale communications,” J. Opt. Networking4(3), 189–201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater.5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

Chen, J.

Chen, P.

Chetrit, Y.

Cho, S. Y.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ciftcioglu, B.

Cohen, O.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cunningham, J. E.

Dahlem, M. S.

Dalton, L.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater.5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dambre, J.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Debaes, C.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Desmet, L.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DiLello, N. A.

Ding, J. F.

Dolev, S.

H. J. Caulfield and S. Dolev, “Why future supercomputing requires optics,” Nat. Photonics4(5), 261–263 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Emerson, N. G.

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Q.

Feng, D. Z.

Feng, N. N.

Fike, S.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

Gardes, F. Y.

Geis, M. W.

Green, W. M. J.

Grein, M. E.

Hardy, J.

Harvard, K.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater.5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heirman, W.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hochberg, M.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater.5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, C. W.

Hoyt, J. L.

Ippen, E. P.

Ishikawa, Y.

Izhaky, N.

Jen, A. K.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater.5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, R. Q.

Jia, L. X.

Jiang, Z. Y.

Jokerst, N. M.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joo, Y. J.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kärtner, F. Z.

Khilo, A.

Koos, C.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Lawson, R.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater.5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lennon, D. M.

Leuthold, J.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Liang, H.

Liao, L.

A. S. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express15(2), 660–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liao, S.

Lin, S.

Liow, T. Y.

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, A.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, A. S.

Liu, Y. L.

Lo, G. Q.

Lu, Y. Y.

Luo, J.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater.5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lyszczarz, T. M.

Mashanovich, G.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Michinobu, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE88(6), 728–749 (2000).
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M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater.5(9), 703–709 (2006).
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H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl.5(1), 14–20 (2007).
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N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(2), 350–360 (2003).
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Adv. Optoelectron.

R. Soref, “Reconfigurable integrated optoelectronics,” Adv. Optoelectron.2011, 627802 (2011).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(4), 828–837 (2006).
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N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.9(2), 350–360 (2003).
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Nat. Mater.

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Nat. Photonics

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3(4), 216–219 (2009).
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F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics1(1), 65–71 (2007).
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Nat. Phys.

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 406–410 (2007).
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Nature

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
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Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
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Opt. Express

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A. S. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express15(2), 660–668 (2007).
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N. N. Feng, S. Liao, D. Z. Feng, P. Dong, D. Zheng, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, G. Li, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “High speed carrier-depletion modulators with 1.4V-cm V(π)L integrated on 0.25microm silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Opt. Express18(8), 7994–7999 (2010).
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Q. F. Xu and R. A. Soref, “Reconfigurable optical directed-logic circuits using microresonator-based optical switches,” Opt. Express19(6), 5244–5259 (2011).
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F. Y. Gardes, D. J. Thomson, N. G. Emerson, and G. T. Reed, “40 Gb/s silicon photonics modulator for TE and TM polarisations,” Opt. Express19(12), 11804–11814 (2011).
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X. G. Tu, T. Y. Liow, J. F. Song, M. B. Yu, and G. Q. Lo, “Fabrication of low loss and high speed silicon optical modulator using doping compensation method,” Opt. Express19(19), 18029–18035 (2011).
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S. Lin, Y. Ishikawa, and K. Wada, “Demonstration of optical computing logics based on binary decision diagram,” Opt. Express20(2), 1378–1384 (2012).
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A. Khilo, S. J. Spector, M. E. Grein, A. H. Nejadmalayeri, C. W. Holzwarth, M. Y. Sander, M. S. Dahlem, M. Y. Peng, M. W. Geis, N. A. DiLello, J. U. Yoon, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, J. P. Wang, C. M. Sorace-Agaskar, M. A. Popović, J. Sun, G. R. Zhou, H. Byun, J. Chen, J. L. Hoyt, H. I. Smith, R. J. Ram, M. Perrott, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Photonic ADC: overcoming the bottleneck of electronic jitter,” Opt. Express20(4), 4454–4469 (2012).
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Opt. Lett.

Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl.

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl.5(1), 14–20 (2007).
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Proc. IEEE

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE88(6), 728–749 (2000).
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