Abstract

We propose and demonstrate an extended-reach radio-over-fiber (ROF) access network. The double-sideband carrier-suppressed (DSCS) optical signal carries the downstream ROF signal. A continuous wave (CW) optical carrier is embedded into the DSCS optical signal and transmitted to the colorless optical networking unit (ONU)/remote antenna unit (RAU) for the upstream signal generation. At the ONU/RAU, the upstream data is orthogonally wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) onto this CW carrier; hence mitigating the cross-talk generated by the downstream signal. Analyses about the optimum power difference between the downstream and the CW signals; as well as the split-ratio are also preformed.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, and C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G.-K. Chang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and J. Yu, “Novel optical-wireless access network architecture for simultaneously providing broadband wireless and wired services,” Proc. OFC, Anaheim, USA, 2006, Paper OFM1D.
  3. W.-Y. Lin, C.-H. Chang, P.-C. Peng, H.-H. Lu, and C.-H. Huang, “Direct CATV modulation and phase remodulated radio-over-fiber transport system,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10301–10307 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express 19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM Signal for Broadband Optical Access Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, and G.-K. Chang, “A novel lightwave centralized bidirectional hybrid access network: seamless integration of RoF with WDM-OFDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1085–1087 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, “Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3244–3256 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express 19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, and G.-K. Chang, “A novel lightwave centralized bidirectional hybrid access network: seamless integration of RoF with WDM-OFDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1085–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, and C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-Y. Lin, C.-H. Chang, P.-C. Peng, H.-H. Lu, and C.-H. Huang, “Direct CATV modulation and phase remodulated radio-over-fiber transport system,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10301–10307 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM Signal for Broadband Optical Access Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, “Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3244–3256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arlunno, V.

Bakaul, M.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Borkowski, R.

Caballero, A.

Chang, C.-H.

Chang, G.-K.

Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, and G.-K. Chang, “A novel lightwave centralized bidirectional hybrid access network: seamless integration of RoF with WDM-OFDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1085–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chi, S.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM Signal for Broadband Optical Access Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, and C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM Signal for Broadband Optical Access Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davey, R. P.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Deng, L.

Dogadaev, A.

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.-H.

Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, and G.-K. Chang, “A novel lightwave centralized bidirectional hybrid access network: seamless integration of RoF with WDM-OFDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1085–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Goldfarb, G.

G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gunning, F. C. G.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hsueh, Y.-T.

Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, and G.-K. Chang, “A novel lightwave centralized bidirectional hybrid access network: seamless integration of RoF with WDM-OFDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1085–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-H.

Huang, M.-F.

Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, and G.-K. Chang, “A novel lightwave centralized bidirectional hybrid access network: seamless integration of RoF with WDM-OFDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1085–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Karinou, F.

Kuo, F. M.

Li, G.

G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. T.

Lim, C.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM Signal for Broadband Optical Access Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W.-Y.

Lu, H.-H.

Ma, J.

Monroy, I. T.

Nirmalathas, A.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C. L.

Pang, X.

Payne, D. B.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, J. S.

Peng, P.-C.

Roubeau, F.

Shi, J. W.

Shih, F. Y.

Taylor, M. G.

G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. H.

Waterhouse, R.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. L.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM Signal for Broadband Optical Access Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. F.

Xin, X.

Xu, L.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM Signal for Broadband Optical Access Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, and C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, C.

Yu, J.

Yu, X.

Zeng, J.

Zibar, D.

BT Technol. J. (1)

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM Signal for Broadband Optical Access Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, and G.-K. Chang, “A novel lightwave centralized bidirectional hybrid access network: seamless integration of RoF with WDM-OFDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1085–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Other (1)

G.-K. Chang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and J. Yu, “Novel optical-wireless access network architecture for simultaneously providing broadband wireless and wired services,” Proc. OFC, Anaheim, USA, 2006, Paper OFM1D.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the extended-reach access network. Insets: optical (red figures) and RF (blue figures) spectra at different points of the network.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Principle of orthogonal WDM for the upstream and ROF signals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Stimulated Q-values of power differences between the distributed CW and the ROF signals.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER measurements of the (a) baseband-detected and (b) RF down-converted ROF signals. Insets: corresponding simulated and experimental eye-diagrams.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) BER measurements of the upstream NRZ signal and (b) optical spectra of the ROF with the un-modulated CW signals and (b) optical spectra of the ROF with the upstream NRZ signals.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Power penalties of the ROF and upstream NRZ signals at different split-ratios of the network.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Stimulated eye-diagrams of the upstream NRZ signals (a) 30 Gb/s, (b) 15 Gb/s and (c) 7.5 Gb/s; and the corresponding simulated optical spectra.

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