Abstract

In this paper we report that nanoacoustic pulses can modulate the extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) in nanogratings with a high frequency bandwidth. This study was performed on gold nanogratings on top of a GaN crystal by combining a near-field scanning optical microscope with a femtosecond nanoultrasonic system. Experimental results indicate that the propagating longitudinal nanoacoustic pulses changed the refractive index of a GaN crystal and therefore modulated the near-field cavity mode behavior. Our finding suggests that the temporal modulation with a >11GHz bandwidth can be achieved, with a high potential for future temporal and high speed control on the EOT behavior in nanostructures.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (1)

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Switchable liquid crystal grating with sub millisecond response,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

Y.-C. Wen, G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, J.-J. Yeh, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond optical excitation of coherent acoustic phonons in a piezoelectric p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

H.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Wen, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Tsai, K.-L. Lee, P.-K. Wei, J.-K. Sheu, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-ultrasonic investigation of plasmonic fields on the metal/gallium nitride interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 201102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

R. Gordon, D. Sinton, K. L. Kavanagh, and A. G. Brolo, “A new generation of sensors based on extraordinary optical transmission,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(8), 1049–1057 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, G. A. Wurtz, A. V. Zayats, P. F. A. Alkemade, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Coherent control of surface plasmon polariton mediated optical transmission,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(19), 195102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

S. Wu, P. Geiser, J. Jun, J. Karpinski, and R. Sobolewski, “Femtosecond optical generation and detection of coherent acoustic phonons in GaN single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085210 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Gérard, V. Laude, B. Sadani, A. Khelif, D. Van Labeke, and B. Guizal, “Modulation of the extraordinary optical transmission by surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76(23), 235427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Lin, C.-M. Lai, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, J.-W. Shi, S.-Z. Sun, C.-F. Chang, and C.-K. Sun, “Spatial manipulation of nanoacoustic waves with nanoscale spot sizes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(11), 704–708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Transmission of light through quantum heterostructures modulated by coherent acoustic phonons,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1114–1121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-L. Hsieh, K.-H. Lin, S.-B. Wu, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Reflection property of nano-acoustic wave at the air/GaN interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(20), 4735–4737 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y.-K. Huang, G.-W. Chern, C.-K. Sun, Y. Smorchkova, S. Keller, U. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Generation of coherent acoustic phonons in strained GaN thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(20), 3361–3363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, and X.-Y. Yu, “Coherent acoustic phonon oscillations in semiconductor multiple quantum wells with piezoelectric fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(1), 179–182 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, C. J. Stanton, A. Abare, L. Coldren, and S. P. DenBaars, “Large coherent acoustic-phonon oscillation observed in InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1249–1251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, H. Kurz, and K. Köhler, “Coherent zone-folded longitudinal acoustic phonons in semiconductor superlattices: excitation and detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(5), 1044–1047 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Perrin, C. Rossignol, B. Bonello, and J. C. Jeannet, “Interferometric detection in picosecond ultrasonics,” Physica B 263–264, 571–573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

O. B. Wright and V. E. Gusev, “Acoustic generation in crystalline silicon with femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(10), 1190–1192 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H.-N. Lin, R. J. Stoner, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Phonon attenuation and velocity measurements in transparent materials by picosecond acoustic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(7), 3816–3822 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Surface generation and detection of phonons by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(6), 4129–4138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

R. G. Stearns and G. S. Kino, “Effect of electronic strain on photoacoustic generation in silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47(10), 1048–1050 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

C. Thomsen, J. Strait, Z. Vardeny, H. J. Maris, J. Tauc, and J. J. Hauser, “Coherent phonon generation and detection by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(10), 989–992 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving maxwell's equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Abare, A.

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, C. J. Stanton, A. Abare, L. Coldren, and S. P. DenBaars, “Large coherent acoustic-phonon oscillation observed in InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1249–1251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Alkemade, P. F. A.

L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, G. A. Wurtz, A. V. Zayats, P. F. A. Alkemade, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Coherent control of surface plasmon polariton mediated optical transmission,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(19), 195102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A.

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, H. Kurz, and K. Köhler, “Coherent zone-folded longitudinal acoustic phonons in semiconductor superlattices: excitation and detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(5), 1044–1047 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bonello, B.

B. Perrin, C. Rossignol, B. Bonello, and J. C. Jeannet, “Interferometric detection in picosecond ultrasonics,” Physica B 263–264, 571–573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brolo, A. G.

R. Gordon, D. Sinton, K. L. Kavanagh, and A. G. Brolo, “A new generation of sensors based on extraordinary optical transmission,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(8), 1049–1057 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, C.-F.

K.-H. Lin, C.-M. Lai, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, J.-W. Shi, S.-Z. Sun, C.-F. Chang, and C.-K. Sun, “Spatial manipulation of nanoacoustic waves with nanoscale spot sizes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(11), 704–708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, G.-T.

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H.-P.

H.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Wen, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Tsai, K.-L. Lee, P.-K. Wei, J.-K. Sheu, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-ultrasonic investigation of plasmonic fields on the metal/gallium nitride interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 201102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-H.

H.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Wen, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Tsai, K.-L. Lee, P.-K. Wei, J.-K. Sheu, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-ultrasonic investigation of plasmonic fields on the metal/gallium nitride interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 201102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chern, G.-W.

Y.-C. Wen, G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, J.-J. Yeh, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond optical excitation of coherent acoustic phonons in a piezoelectric p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Transmission of light through quantum heterostructures modulated by coherent acoustic phonons,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1114–1121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.-K. Huang, G.-W. Chern, C.-K. Sun, Y. Smorchkova, S. Keller, U. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Generation of coherent acoustic phonons in strained GaN thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(20), 3361–3363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chigrinov, V. G.

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Switchable liquid crystal grating with sub millisecond response,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Chyi, J.-I.

K.-H. Lin, C.-M. Lai, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, J.-W. Shi, S.-Z. Sun, C.-F. Chang, and C.-K. Sun, “Spatial manipulation of nanoacoustic waves with nanoscale spot sizes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(11), 704–708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-L. Hsieh, K.-H. Lin, S.-B. Wu, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Reflection property of nano-acoustic wave at the air/GaN interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(20), 4735–4737 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L.

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, C. J. Stanton, A. Abare, L. Coldren, and S. P. DenBaars, “Large coherent acoustic-phonon oscillation observed in InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1249–1251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

Dekorsy, T.

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, H. Kurz, and K. Köhler, “Coherent zone-folded longitudinal acoustic phonons in semiconductor superlattices: excitation and detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(5), 1044–1047 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DenBaars, S. P.

Y.-K. Huang, G.-W. Chern, C.-K. Sun, Y. Smorchkova, S. Keller, U. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Generation of coherent acoustic phonons in strained GaN thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(20), 3361–3363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, C. J. Stanton, A. Abare, L. Coldren, and S. P. DenBaars, “Large coherent acoustic-phonon oscillation observed in InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1249–1251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dickson, W.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evans, P. R.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, F.

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Switchable liquid crystal grating with sub millisecond response,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Geiser, P.

S. Wu, P. Geiser, J. Jun, J. Karpinski, and R. Sobolewski, “Femtosecond optical generation and detection of coherent acoustic phonons in GaN single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085210 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gérard, D.

D. Gérard, V. Laude, B. Sadani, A. Khelif, D. Van Labeke, and B. Guizal, “Modulation of the extraordinary optical transmission by surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76(23), 235427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon, D. Sinton, K. L. Kavanagh, and A. G. Brolo, “A new generation of sensors based on extraordinary optical transmission,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(8), 1049–1057 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grahn, H. T.

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Surface generation and detection of phonons by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(6), 4129–4138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guizal, B.

D. Gérard, V. Laude, B. Sadani, A. Khelif, D. Van Labeke, and B. Guizal, “Modulation of the extraordinary optical transmission by surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76(23), 235427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gusev, V. E.

O. B. Wright and V. E. Gusev, “Acoustic generation in crystalline silicon with femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(10), 1190–1192 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hauser, J. J.

C. Thomsen, J. Strait, Z. Vardeny, H. J. Maris, J. Tauc, and J. J. Hauser, “Coherent phonon generation and detection by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(10), 989–992 (1984).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Hsieh, C.-L.

C.-L. Hsieh, K.-H. Lin, S.-B. Wu, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Reflection property of nano-acoustic wave at the air/GaN interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(20), 4735–4737 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.-W.

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.-K.

Y.-K. Huang, G.-W. Chern, C.-K. Sun, Y. Smorchkova, S. Keller, U. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Generation of coherent acoustic phonons in strained GaN thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(20), 3361–3363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jeannet, J. C.

B. Perrin, C. Rossignol, B. Bonello, and J. C. Jeannet, “Interferometric detection in picosecond ultrasonics,” Physica B 263–264, 571–573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jun, J.

S. Wu, P. Geiser, J. Jun, J. Karpinski, and R. Sobolewski, “Femtosecond optical generation and detection of coherent acoustic phonons in GaN single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085210 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Karpinski, J.

S. Wu, P. Geiser, J. Jun, J. Karpinski, and R. Sobolewski, “Femtosecond optical generation and detection of coherent acoustic phonons in GaN single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085210 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kavanagh, K. L.

R. Gordon, D. Sinton, K. L. Kavanagh, and A. G. Brolo, “A new generation of sensors based on extraordinary optical transmission,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(8), 1049–1057 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, S.

Y.-K. Huang, G.-W. Chern, C.-K. Sun, Y. Smorchkova, S. Keller, U. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Generation of coherent acoustic phonons in strained GaN thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(20), 3361–3363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Khelif, A.

D. Gérard, V. Laude, B. Sadani, A. Khelif, D. Van Labeke, and B. Guizal, “Modulation of the extraordinary optical transmission by surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76(23), 235427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kino, G. S.

R. G. Stearns and G. S. Kino, “Effect of electronic strain on photoacoustic generation in silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47(10), 1048–1050 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kirilyuk, A.

L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, G. A. Wurtz, A. V. Zayats, P. F. A. Alkemade, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Coherent control of surface plasmon polariton mediated optical transmission,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(19), 195102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Köhler, K.

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, H. Kurz, and K. Köhler, “Coherent zone-folded longitudinal acoustic phonons in semiconductor superlattices: excitation and detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(5), 1044–1047 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

A. Bartels, T. Dekorsy, H. Kurz, and K. Köhler, “Coherent zone-folded longitudinal acoustic phonons in semiconductor superlattices: excitation and detection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(5), 1044–1047 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, H. S.

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Switchable liquid crystal grating with sub millisecond response,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lai, C.-M.

K.-H. Lin, C.-M. Lai, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, J.-W. Shi, S.-Z. Sun, C.-F. Chang, and C.-K. Sun, “Spatial manipulation of nanoacoustic waves with nanoscale spot sizes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(11), 704–708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laude, V.

D. Gérard, V. Laude, B. Sadani, A. Khelif, D. Van Labeke, and B. Guizal, “Modulation of the extraordinary optical transmission by surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76(23), 235427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Guyader, L.

L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, G. A. Wurtz, A. V. Zayats, P. F. A. Alkemade, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Coherent control of surface plasmon polariton mediated optical transmission,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(19), 195102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leathem, B.

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K.-L.

H.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Wen, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Tsai, K.-L. Lee, P.-K. Wei, J.-K. Sheu, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-ultrasonic investigation of plasmonic fields on the metal/gallium nitride interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 201102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Lee, S.-H. Wu, and P.-K. Wei, “Intensity sensitivity of gold nanostructures and its application for high-throughput biosensing,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23104–23113 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, P.-C.

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, J.-C.

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, and X.-Y. Yu, “Coherent acoustic phonon oscillations in semiconductor multiple quantum wells with piezoelectric fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(1), 179–182 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, C. J. Stanton, A. Abare, L. Coldren, and S. P. DenBaars, “Large coherent acoustic-phonon oscillation observed in InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1249–1251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.-N.

H.-N. Lin, R. J. Stoner, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Phonon attenuation and velocity measurements in transparent materials by picosecond acoustic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(7), 3816–3822 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lin, K.-H.

Y.-C. Wen, G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, J.-J. Yeh, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond optical excitation of coherent acoustic phonons in a piezoelectric p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Lin, C.-M. Lai, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, J.-W. Shi, S.-Z. Sun, C.-F. Chang, and C.-K. Sun, “Spatial manipulation of nanoacoustic waves with nanoscale spot sizes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(11), 704–708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-L. Hsieh, K.-H. Lin, S.-B. Wu, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Reflection property of nano-acoustic wave at the air/GaN interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(20), 4735–4737 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Transmission of light through quantum heterostructures modulated by coherent acoustic phonons,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1114–1121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T.-M.

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maris, H. J.

H.-N. Lin, R. J. Stoner, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Phonon attenuation and velocity measurements in transparent materials by picosecond acoustic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(7), 3816–3822 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Surface generation and detection of phonons by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(6), 4129–4138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thomsen, J. Strait, Z. Vardeny, H. J. Maris, J. Tauc, and J. J. Hauser, “Coherent phonon generation and detection by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(10), 989–992 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, U.

Y.-K. Huang, G.-W. Chern, C.-K. Sun, Y. Smorchkova, S. Keller, U. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Generation of coherent acoustic phonons in strained GaN thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(20), 3361–3363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C.-C.

K.-H. Lin, C.-M. Lai, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, J.-W. Shi, S.-Z. Sun, C.-F. Chang, and C.-K. Sun, “Spatial manipulation of nanoacoustic waves with nanoscale spot sizes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(11), 704–708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-L. Hsieh, K.-H. Lin, S.-B. Wu, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Reflection property of nano-acoustic wave at the air/GaN interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(20), 4735–4737 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, B.

B. Perrin, C. Rossignol, B. Bonello, and J. C. Jeannet, “Interferometric detection in picosecond ultrasonics,” Physica B 263–264, 571–573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pollard, R. J.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rasing, T.

L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, G. A. Wurtz, A. V. Zayats, P. F. A. Alkemade, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Coherent control of surface plasmon polariton mediated optical transmission,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(19), 195102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rossignol, C.

B. Perrin, C. Rossignol, B. Bonello, and J. C. Jeannet, “Interferometric detection in picosecond ultrasonics,” Physica B 263–264, 571–573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sadani, B.

D. Gérard, V. Laude, B. Sadani, A. Khelif, D. Van Labeke, and B. Guizal, “Modulation of the extraordinary optical transmission by surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76(23), 235427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sheu, J.-K.

H.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Wen, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Tsai, K.-L. Lee, P.-K. Wei, J.-K. Sheu, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-ultrasonic investigation of plasmonic fields on the metal/gallium nitride interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 201102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.-W.

K.-H. Lin, C.-M. Lai, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, J.-W. Shi, S.-Z. Sun, C.-F. Chang, and C.-K. Sun, “Spatial manipulation of nanoacoustic waves with nanoscale spot sizes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(11), 704–708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sinton, D.

R. Gordon, D. Sinton, K. L. Kavanagh, and A. G. Brolo, “A new generation of sensors based on extraordinary optical transmission,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(8), 1049–1057 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, G. A. Wurtz, A. V. Zayats, P. F. A. Alkemade, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Coherent control of surface plasmon polariton mediated optical transmission,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(19), 195102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smorchkova, Y.

Y.-K. Huang, G.-W. Chern, C.-K. Sun, Y. Smorchkova, S. Keller, U. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Generation of coherent acoustic phonons in strained GaN thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(20), 3361–3363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sobolewski, R.

S. Wu, P. Geiser, J. Jun, J. Karpinski, and R. Sobolewski, “Femtosecond optical generation and detection of coherent acoustic phonons in GaN single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085210 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, A. K.

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Switchable liquid crystal grating with sub millisecond response,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stanton, C. J.

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, C. J. Stanton, A. Abare, L. Coldren, and S. P. DenBaars, “Large coherent acoustic-phonon oscillation observed in InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1249–1251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stearns, R. G.

R. G. Stearns and G. S. Kino, “Effect of electronic strain on photoacoustic generation in silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47(10), 1048–1050 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stoner, R. J.

H.-N. Lin, R. J. Stoner, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Phonon attenuation and velocity measurements in transparent materials by picosecond acoustic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(7), 3816–3822 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Strait, J.

C. Thomsen, J. Strait, Z. Vardeny, H. J. Maris, J. Tauc, and J. J. Hauser, “Coherent phonon generation and detection by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(10), 989–992 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.-K.

Y.-C. Wen, G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, J.-J. Yeh, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond optical excitation of coherent acoustic phonons in a piezoelectric p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Wen, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Tsai, K.-L. Lee, P.-K. Wei, J.-K. Sheu, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-ultrasonic investigation of plasmonic fields on the metal/gallium nitride interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 201102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Lin, C.-M. Lai, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, J.-W. Shi, S.-Z. Sun, C.-F. Chang, and C.-K. Sun, “Spatial manipulation of nanoacoustic waves with nanoscale spot sizes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(11), 704–708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-L. Hsieh, K.-H. Lin, S.-B. Wu, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Reflection property of nano-acoustic wave at the air/GaN interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(20), 4735–4737 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Transmission of light through quantum heterostructures modulated by coherent acoustic phonons,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1114–1121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.-K. Huang, G.-W. Chern, C.-K. Sun, Y. Smorchkova, S. Keller, U. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Generation of coherent acoustic phonons in strained GaN thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(20), 3361–3363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, and X.-Y. Yu, “Coherent acoustic phonon oscillations in semiconductor multiple quantum wells with piezoelectric fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(1), 179–182 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, C. J. Stanton, A. Abare, L. Coldren, and S. P. DenBaars, “Large coherent acoustic-phonon oscillation observed in InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1249–1251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, S.-Z.

K.-H. Lin, C.-M. Lai, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, J.-W. Shi, S.-Z. Sun, C.-F. Chang, and C.-K. Sun, “Spatial manipulation of nanoacoustic waves with nanoscale spot sizes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(11), 704–708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tauc, J.

H.-N. Lin, R. J. Stoner, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Phonon attenuation and velocity measurements in transparent materials by picosecond acoustic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(7), 3816–3822 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Surface generation and detection of phonons by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(6), 4129–4138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thomsen, J. Strait, Z. Vardeny, H. J. Maris, J. Tauc, and J. J. Hauser, “Coherent phonon generation and detection by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(10), 989–992 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, C.

C. Thomsen, H. T. Grahn, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Surface generation and detection of phonons by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(6), 4129–4138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thomsen, J. Strait, Z. Vardeny, H. J. Maris, J. Tauc, and J. J. Hauser, “Coherent phonon generation and detection by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(10), 989–992 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C.-H.

H.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Wen, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Tsai, K.-L. Lee, P.-K. Wei, J.-K. Sheu, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-ultrasonic investigation of plasmonic fields on the metal/gallium nitride interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 201102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Van Labeke, D.

D. Gérard, V. Laude, B. Sadani, A. Khelif, D. Van Labeke, and B. Guizal, “Modulation of the extraordinary optical transmission by surface acoustic waves,” Phys. Rev. B 76(23), 235427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z.

C. Thomsen, J. Strait, Z. Vardeny, H. J. Maris, J. Tauc, and J. J. Hauser, “Coherent phonon generation and detection by picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53(10), 989–992 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Wei, P.-K.

H.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Wen, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Tsai, K.-L. Lee, P.-K. Wei, J.-K. Sheu, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-ultrasonic investigation of plasmonic fields on the metal/gallium nitride interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 201102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Lee, S.-H. Wu, and P.-K. Wei, “Intensity sensitivity of gold nanostructures and its application for high-throughput biosensing,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23104–23113 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Wen, G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, J.-J. Yeh, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond optical excitation of coherent acoustic phonons in a piezoelectric p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Wen, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Tsai, K.-L. Lee, P.-K. Wei, J.-K. Sheu, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-ultrasonic investigation of plasmonic fields on the metal/gallium nitride interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 201102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wright, O. B.

O. B. Wright and V. E. Gusev, “Acoustic generation in crystalline silicon with femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(10), 1190–1192 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

S. Wu, P. Geiser, J. Jun, J. Karpinski, and R. Sobolewski, “Femtosecond optical generation and detection of coherent acoustic phonons in GaN single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085210 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-B.

C.-L. Hsieh, K.-H. Lin, S.-B. Wu, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Reflection property of nano-acoustic wave at the air/GaN interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(20), 4735–4737 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-H.

Wurtz, G. A.

L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, G. A. Wurtz, A. V. Zayats, P. F. A. Alkemade, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Coherent control of surface plasmon polariton mediated optical transmission,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(19), 195102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yee, K.

K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving maxwell's equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, J.-J.

Y.-C. Wen, G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, J.-J. Yeh, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond optical excitation of coherent acoustic phonons in a piezoelectric p-n junction,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.-T.

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, X.-Y.

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, and X.-Y. Yu, “Coherent acoustic phonon oscillations in semiconductor multiple quantum wells with piezoelectric fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(1), 179–182 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zayats, A. V.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, G. A. Wurtz, A. V. Zayats, P. F. A. Alkemade, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Coherent control of surface plasmon polariton mediated optical transmission,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(19), 195102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

R. Gordon, D. Sinton, K. L. Kavanagh, and A. G. Brolo, “A new generation of sensors based on extraordinary optical transmission,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41(8), 1049–1057 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

R. G. Stearns and G. S. Kino, “Effect of electronic strain on photoacoustic generation in silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47(10), 1048–1050 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Hsieh, K.-H. Lin, S.-B. Wu, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Reflection property of nano-acoustic wave at the air/GaN interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(20), 4735–4737 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Fan, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, “Switchable liquid crystal grating with sub millisecond response,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 111105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H.-P. Chen, Y.-C. Wen, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Tsai, K.-L. Lee, P.-K. Wei, J.-K. Sheu, and C.-K. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-ultrasonic investigation of plasmonic fields on the metal/gallium nitride interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 201102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y.-K. Huang, G.-W. Chern, C.-K. Sun, Y. Smorchkova, S. Keller, U. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, “Generation of coherent acoustic phonons in strained GaN thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(20), 3361–3363 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. B. Wright and V. E. Gusev, “Acoustic generation in crystalline silicon with femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66(10), 1190–1192 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C.-K. Sun, J.-C. Liang, C. J. Stanton, A. Abare, L. Coldren, and S. P. DenBaars, “Large coherent acoustic-phonon oscillation observed in InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(9), 1249–1251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving maxwell's equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (1)

K.-H. Lin, G.-W. Chern, C.-T. Yu, T.-M. Liu, C.-C. Pan, G.-T. Chen, J.-I. Chyi, S.-W. Huang, P.-C. Li, and C.-K. Sun, “Optical piezoelectric transducer for nano-ultrasonics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52(8), 1404–1414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

G.-W. Chern, K.-H. Lin, and C.-K. Sun, “Transmission of light through quantum heterostructures modulated by coherent acoustic phonons,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1114–1121 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H.-N. Lin, R. J. Stoner, H. J. Maris, and J. Tauc, “Phonon attenuation and velocity measurements in transparent materials by picosecond acoustic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(7), 3816–3822 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, G. A. Wurtz, A. V. Zayats, P. F. A. Alkemade, and I. I. Smolyaninov, “Coherent control of surface plasmon polariton mediated optical transmission,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(19), 195102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20(12), 4813–4815 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (1)

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

K.-H. Lin, C.-M. Lai, C.-C. Pan, J.-I. Chyi, J.-W. Shi, S.-Z. Sun, C.-F. Chang, and C.-K. Sun, “Spatial manipulation of nanoacoustic waves with nanoscale spot sizes,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(11), 704–708 (2007).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) SEM image of the studied sample which shows the gold nanogratings sample with a 590nm periodicity. (b) Experimental transmission spectrum and the absolute value of its derivative of the studied sample. (c) Simulated results showing the polarization dependent energy field distribution at 720nm and 670nm wavelength respectively. (d) Simulated position-dependent near-field transmitted power density difference induced by a nanoacoustic pulse at 720nm wavelength while also considering the limited lateral resolution of NSOM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A combination of femtosecond laser excitation system and NSOM, which has high temporal (<200fs), lateral (<200nm), and longitudinal (<150nm) resolutions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Far-field measured transient transmission in TM and TE polarized incident light. (b) Background removed far-field measured transient transmission change between 300ps to 600ps. (c) Schematic showing the locations of nanoacoustic pulse at different time delays.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Normalized near-field transmitted power density change images taken at different time delays between 400 and 500 ps. (b) Normalized near-field transmitted power density change at different time delays and shear-force AFM data measured by the same NSOM, both are integrated and averaged along y-axis. (c) Tapping mode AFM topography measured by a 5-nm tip. (d) Near-field measured transient transmitted power density changes between 350ps to 600ps by positioning the NSOM probe on different nanoslits. Carrier dynamics background was removed. (e) Fourier transform of the near-field measured transient signal in Fig. 4(d), which suggests that a temporal modulation with a >11GHz bandwidth can be achieved by nanoacoustic pulses.

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