Abstract

We report a simple fiber nano-tip as non-plasmonic optical tweezer, which can manipulate submicron particles in a non-contact manner. The efficiency of an optical tweezer can be enhanced by using non-diffracting type optical beams such as Bessel beam or self-imaged Bessel beam (3D bottle beam). The present work, for the first time, realizes a non-plasmonic optical tweezer based on a miniaturized axicon like single-mode optical fiber nano-tip. The tip generates non-diffracting type 3D bottle beam by virtue of its changing wedge angle. The nano-tip is prepared from a photosensitive single-mode optical fiber by employing a novel chemical etching technique. We experimentally demonstrate trapping of ~60 nm silver particle and ~160 nm silica particle using this nano-tip optical tweezer. The nano-tweezer also succeeds to pick up the particles from aqueous solution. The proposed nano-tweezer working at smaller laser powers opens new avenues for nanomanipulation and analysis of sub-microscale specimens in the biological and physical sciences.

© 2012 OSA

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2011 (3)

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, A. Schülzgen, H. Wei, K. Kieu, and N. Peyghambarian, “White light Bessel-like beams generated by miniature all-fiber device,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11365–11374 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, F. Shi, and P. Kapur, “Ultrafine fiber tip etched in hydrophobic polymer coated tube for near-field scanning plasmonic probe,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1382–1384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

Z. Liu, C. Guo, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Tapered fiber optical tweezers for microscopic particle trapping: fabrication and application,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12510–12516 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Numata, A. Takayanagi, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Manipulation of metal nanoparticles using fiber-optic laser tweezers with a microspherical focusing lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1A), 359–363 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Čižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, “Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams,” New J. Phys. 8(43), 1–4 (2006).

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, W. C. Cheong, L. S. Zhang, and H. Wang, “Micromanipulation of high and low indices microparticles using a microfabricated double axicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(11), 113104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

D. Yelin, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Generating an adjustable three-dimensional dark focus,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 661–663 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, and S. H. Tao, “Generation of self-imaged optical bottle beams,” Opt. Commun. 238(1-3), 177–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

D. McGloin, G. C. Spalding, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Three-dimensional arrays of optical bottle beam,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 215–222 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419(6903), 145–147 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

S. Kulin, S. Aubin, S. Christe, B. Peker, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “A single hollow-beam optical trap for cold atoms,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt.  3(6), 353-–357 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Ahluwalia, B. P. S.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, W. C. Cheong, L. S. Zhang, and H. Wang, “Micromanipulation of high and low indices microparticles using a microfabricated double axicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(11), 113104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, and S. H. Tao, “Generation of self-imaged optical bottle beams,” Opt. Commun. 238(1-3), 177–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

Aubin, S.

S. Kulin, S. Aubin, S. Christe, B. Peker, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “A single hollow-beam optical trap for cold atoms,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt.  3(6), 353-–357 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bian, R. X.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Bouchal, Z.

T. Čižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, “Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams,” New J. Phys. 8(43), 1–4 (2006).

Bouma, B. E.

Bragheri, F.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brzobohatý, O.

Chávez-Cerda, S.

Cheong, W. C.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, W. C. Cheong, L. S. Zhang, and H. Wang, “Micromanipulation of high and low indices microparticles using a microfabricated double axicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(11), 113104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Christe, S.

S. Kulin, S. Aubin, S. Christe, B. Peker, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “A single hollow-beam optical trap for cold atoms,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt.  3(6), 353-–357 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

Cizmár, T.

Cižmár, T.

T. Čižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, “Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams,” New J. Phys. 8(43), 1–4 (2006).

Cristiani, I.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

De Angelis, F.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, K.

D. McGloin, G. C. Spalding, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Three-dimensional arrays of optical bottle beam,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 215–222 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419(6903), 145–147 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Fabrizio, E.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dickinson, M. R.

A. N. Grigorenko, N. W. Roberts, M. R. Dickinson, and Y. Zhang, “Nanometric optical tweezers based on nanostructured substrates,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 365–370 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

Garcés-Chávez, V.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419(6903), 145–147 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grigorenko, A. N.

A. N. Grigorenko, N. W. Roberts, M. R. Dickinson, and Y. Zhang, “Nanometric optical tweezers based on nanostructured substrates,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 365–370 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guan, C.

Guo, C.

Hickmann, J. M.

Hirano, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Juan, M. L.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kapur, P.

S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, F. Shi, and P. Kapur, “Ultrafine fiber tip etched in hydrophobic polymer coated tube for near-field scanning plasmonic probe,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1382–1384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, S. N. Sarkar, and P. Kapur, “Optical fiber nanoprobe preparation for near-field optical microscopy by chemical etching under surface tension and capillary action,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19470–19475 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kieu, K.

Kollárová, V.

T. Čižmár, V. Kollárová, Z. Bouchal, and P. Zemánek, “Sub-micron particle organization by self-imaging of non-diffracting beams,” New J. Phys. 8(43), 1–4 (2006).

Kuga, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kulin, S.

S. Kulin, S. Aubin, S. Christe, B. Peker, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “A single hollow-beam optical trap for cold atoms,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt.  3(6), 353-–357 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liberale, C.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

McGloin, D.

D. McGloin, G. C. Spalding, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Three-dimensional arrays of optical bottle beam,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 215–222 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419(6903), 145–147 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Melville, H.

D. McGloin, G. C. Spalding, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Three-dimensional arrays of optical bottle beam,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 215–222 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419(6903), 145–147 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meneses-Nava, M. A.

Minzioni, P.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics 1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mitra, A.

S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, F. Shi, and P. Kapur, “Ultrafine fiber tip etched in hydrophobic polymer coated tube for near-field scanning plasmonic probe,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1382–1384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, S. N. Sarkar, and P. Kapur, “Optical fiber nanoprobe preparation for near-field optical microscopy by chemical etching under surface tension and capillary action,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19470–19475 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mondal, S. K.

S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, F. Shi, and P. Kapur, “Ultrafine fiber tip etched in hydrophobic polymer coated tube for near-field scanning plasmonic probe,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1382–1384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, S. N. Sarkar, and P. Kapur, “Optical fiber nanoprobe preparation for near-field optical microscopy by chemical etching under surface tension and capillary action,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19470–19475 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Numata, T.

T. Numata, A. Takayanagi, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Manipulation of metal nanoparticles using fiber-optic laser tweezers with a microspherical focusing lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1A), 359–363 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Orozco, L. A.

S. Kulin, S. Aubin, S. Christe, B. Peker, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “A single hollow-beam optical trap for cold atoms,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt.  3(6), 353-–357 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Otani, Y.

T. Numata, A. Takayanagi, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Manipulation of metal nanoparticles using fiber-optic laser tweezers with a microspherical focusing lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1A), 359–363 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peker, B.

S. Kulin, S. Aubin, S. Christe, B. Peker, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “A single hollow-beam optical trap for cold atoms,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt.  3(6), 353-–357 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

Quidant, R.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Righini, M.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, “Plasmon nano-optical tweezers,” Nat. Photonics 5(6), 349–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, N. W.

A. N. Grigorenko, N. W. Roberts, M. R. Dickinson, and Y. Zhang, “Nanometric optical tweezers based on nanostructured substrates,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 365–370 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rolston, S. L.

S. Kulin, S. Aubin, S. Christe, B. Peker, S. L. Rolston, and L. A. Orozco, “A single hollow-beam optical trap for cold atoms,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt.  3(6), 353-–357 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sarkar, S. N.

Sasada, H.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schülzgen, A.

Shi, F.

S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, F. Shi, and P. Kapur, “Ultrafine fiber tip etched in hydrophobic polymer coated tube for near-field scanning plasmonic probe,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1382–1384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shiokawa, N.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

D. McGloin, G. C. Spalding, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Three-dimensional arrays of optical bottle beam,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 215–222 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419(6903), 145–147 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singh, N.

S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, F. Shi, and P. Kapur, “Ultrafine fiber tip etched in hydrophobic polymer coated tube for near-field scanning plasmonic probe,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1382–1384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, S. N. Sarkar, and P. Kapur, “Optical fiber nanoprobe preparation for near-field optical microscopy by chemical etching under surface tension and capillary action,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19470–19475 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spalding, G. C.

D. McGloin, G. C. Spalding, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Three-dimensional arrays of optical bottle beam,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 215–222 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takayanagi, A.

T. Numata, A. Takayanagi, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Manipulation of metal nanoparticles using fiber-optic laser tweezers with a microspherical focusing lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1A), 359–363 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tao, S. H.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, W. C. Cheong, L. S. Zhang, and H. Wang, “Micromanipulation of high and low indices microparticles using a microfabricated double axicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(11), 113104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, and S. H. Tao, “Generation of self-imaged optical bottle beams,” Opt. Commun. 238(1-3), 177–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tearney, G. J.

Torii, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Umeda, N.

T. Numata, A. Takayanagi, Y. Otani, and N. Umeda, “Manipulation of metal nanoparticles using fiber-optic laser tweezers with a microspherical focusing lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1A), 359–363 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, W. C. Cheong, L. S. Zhang, and H. Wang, “Micromanipulation of high and low indices microparticles using a microfabricated double axicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(11), 113104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, H.

Xie, X. S.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(4), 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

Yelin, D.

Yuan, L.

Yuan, X.-C.

B. P. S. Ahluwalia, X.-C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, W. C. Cheong, L. S. Zhang, and H. Wang, “Micromanipulation of high and low indices microparticles using a microfabricated double axicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(11), 113104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (20636 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Axicon like optical fiber tip with variable wedge angle. The wedge angle γ ideally starts with very small value and changes smoothly at the pit of the probe with sudden jump to ~60°.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

3D bottle beam, the first row showing central dark point surrounded by bright rings and the second row shows annular rings with bright central spot, the two set of figures correspond to destructive and constructive interference of Bessel beams generated from axicon like fiber tip with variable wedge angle. The attached line profile (not in scale) shows variation in corresponding transverse optical field distribution along an arbitrary line passing through the centre.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental set up for transverse trapping of nano-particles, (b)-(d) Arrays of silver (Ag) nanoparticles around the rings of Bessel beam in transverse plane taken with different probes and different concentrations of Ag particles, (e) 3D presentation of beam profile in an arbitrarily selected transverse plane, (f) Beam propagation images on the X–Z plane in a highly concentrated silica nano particle solution (g) Chain of silica Particles trapped in the beam path through a low concentration silica particle solution (the zoomed image and Media 1 is captured by Camera from the computer screen), tip is feed with HeNe laser at 633 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEM image of the fiber tip showing attached (a) ~160 nm silica nano-sphere (b) ~60 nm Ag nano-particle as obtained experimentally using fiber tip based optical tweezers.

Equations (2)

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E l (r,z)=Aexp(i k z z) J l ( k r r)
I(r,z)cos[ ( k z1 k z2 )z ]

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