Abstract

A narrow linewidth diode laser system at 689 nm is realized by phase-locking an extended cavity diode laser to one tooth of a narrow linewidth optical frequency comb. The optical frequency comb is phase-locked to a narrow linewidth laser at 1064 nm, which is frequency stabilized to a high-finesse optical cavity. We demonstrate the magneto-optical trapping of Sr using an intercombination transition with the developed laser system.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and Feng-Lei Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optical fibre comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control57(3), 606–612 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  30. T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express2, 072501 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  31. N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2012

A. Yamaguchi, N. Shiga, S. Nagano, Y. Li, H. Ishijima, H. Hachisu, M. Kumagai, and T. Ido, “Stability transfer between two clock lasers operating at different wavelengths for absolute frequency measurement of clock transition in 87Sr,” Appl. Phys. Express5(2), 022701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

D. Akamatsu, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “A compact light source at 461 nm using a periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide for strontium magneto-optical trapping,” Opt. Express19(3), 2046–2051 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, T. Takano, and H. Katori, “Frequency comparison of optical lattice clocks beyond the Dick limit,” Nat. Photonics5(5), 288–292 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 86Sr,” Phys. Rev. A82(4), 041602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. J. DeSalvo, M. Yan, P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, and T. C. Killian, “Degenerate Fermi gas of 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(3), 030402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, M. Yan, B. J. DeSalvo, and T. C. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 88Sr through sympathetic cooling with 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. A81(5), 051601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Fiber-comb-stabilized light source at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(7), 1388–1393 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, T. Katsuyama, and F.-L. Hong, “A multi-branch, fiber-based frequency comb with millihertz-level relative linewidths using an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express18(2), 1667–1676 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and Feng-Lei Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optical fibre comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kraft, F. Vogt, O. Appel, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “Bose-Einstein condensation of alkaline earth atoms: 40Ca,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(13), 130401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, B. Huang, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of strontium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. de Escobar, P. Mickelson, M. Yan, B. DeSalvo, S. Nagel, and T. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 84Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

A. J. Daley, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, and P. Zoller, “Quantum computing with alkaline-Earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 170504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency synthesis and measurement using fibre-based femtosecond lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D48(1), 27–33 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Berglund, J. L. Hanssen, and J. J. McClelland, “Narrow-line magneto-optical cooling and trapping of strongly magnetic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(11), 113002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

R. Ciuryło, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Optical tuning of the scattering length of cold alkaline-earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. A71(3), 030701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system,” Opt. Lett.29(21), 2467–2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Eichler, and H. Katori, “Narrow-line diode laser system for laser cooling of strontium atoms on the intercombination transition,” Appl. Phys. B78(3-4), 315–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Loftus, T. Ido, M. M. Boyd, A. D. Ludlow, and J. Ye, “Narrow line cooling and momentum-space crystals,” Phys. Rev. A70(6), 063413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. Mukaiyama, H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Li, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Recoil-limited laser cooling of 87Sr atoms near the Fermi temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(11), 113002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

E. A. Curtis, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Quenched narrow line laser cooling of 40Ca to near the photon recoil limit,” Phys. Rev. A64(3), 031403 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, J. Helmcke, T. E. Mehlstäubler, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Doppler cooling and trapping on forbidden transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(12), 123002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Isoya, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Magneto-optical trapping and cooling of strontium atoms down to the photon recoil temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(6), 1116–1119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

1989

Akamatsu, D.

Appel, O.

S. Kraft, F. Vogt, O. Appel, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “Bose-Einstein condensation of alkaline earth atoms: 40Ca,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(13), 130401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baillard, X.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barber, Z. W.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berglund, A. J.

A. J. Berglund, J. L. Hanssen, and J. J. McClelland, “Narrow-line magneto-optical cooling and trapping of strongly magnetic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(11), 113002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Binnewies, T.

T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, J. Helmcke, T. E. Mehlstäubler, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Doppler cooling and trapping on forbidden transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(12), 123002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blatt, S.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, M. M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Daley, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, and P. Zoller, “Quantum computing with alkaline-Earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 170504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Loftus, T. Ido, M. M. Boyd, A. D. Ludlow, and J. Ye, “Narrow line cooling and momentum-space crystals,” Phys. Rev. A70(6), 063413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brusch, A.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, G. K.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castin, Y.

Ciurylo, R.

R. Ciuryło, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Optical tuning of the scattering length of cold alkaline-earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. A71(3), 030701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coddington, I.

Curtis, E. A.

E. A. Curtis, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Quenched narrow line laser cooling of 40Ca to near the photon recoil limit,” Phys. Rev. A64(3), 031403 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Daimon, Y.

Daley, A. J.

A. J. Daley, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, and P. Zoller, “Quantum computing with alkaline-Earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 170504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dalibard, J.

de Escobar, Y.

Y. de Escobar, P. Mickelson, M. Yan, B. DeSalvo, S. Nagel, and T. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 84Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degenhardt, C.

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

DeSalvo, B.

Y. de Escobar, P. Mickelson, M. Yan, B. DeSalvo, S. Nagel, and T. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 84Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeSalvo, B. J.

B. J. DeSalvo, M. Yan, P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, and T. C. Killian, “Degenerate Fermi gas of 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(3), 030402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, M. Yan, B. J. DeSalvo, and T. C. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 88Sr through sympathetic cooling with 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. A81(5), 051601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eichler, T.

Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Eichler, and H. Katori, “Narrow-line diode laser system for laser cooling of strontium atoms on the intercombination transition,” Appl. Phys. B78(3-4), 315–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ertmer, W.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, J. Helmcke, T. E. Mehlstäubler, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Doppler cooling and trapping on forbidden transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(12), 123002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feder, K. S.

Fejer, M. M.

Feng-Lei Hong,

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and Feng-Lei Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optical fibre comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Flambaum, V. V.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortier, T. M.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fouché, M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
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M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

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J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
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Grimm, R.

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 86Sr,” Phys. Rev. A82(4), 041602 (2010).
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S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, B. Huang, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of strontium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200401 (2009).
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J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency synthesis and measurement using fibre-based femtosecond lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D48(1), 27–33 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hachisu, H.

A. Yamaguchi, N. Shiga, S. Nagano, Y. Li, H. Ishijima, H. Hachisu, M. Kumagai, and T. Ido, “Stability transfer between two clock lasers operating at different wavelengths for absolute frequency measurement of clock transition in 87Sr,” Appl. Phys. Express5(2), 022701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

Hanssen, J. L.

A. J. Berglund, J. L. Hanssen, and J. J. McClelland, “Narrow-line magneto-optical cooling and trapping of strongly magnetic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(11), 113002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartl, I.

Heavner, T. P.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Helmcke, J.

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, J. Helmcke, T. E. Mehlstäubler, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Doppler cooling and trapping on forbidden transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(12), 123002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Higashi, R.

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirano, M.

Hollberg, L.

E. A. Curtis, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Quenched narrow line laser cooling of 40Ca to near the photon recoil limit,” Phys. Rev. A64(3), 031403 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hong, F.-L.

D. Akamatsu, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “A compact light source at 461 nm using a periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide for strontium magneto-optical trapping,” Opt. Express19(3), 2046–2051 (2011).
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Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, T. Katsuyama, and F.-L. Hong, “A multi-branch, fiber-based frequency comb with millihertz-level relative linewidths using an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express18(2), 1667–1676 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Fiber-comb-stabilized light source at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(7), 1388–1393 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Inaba, Y. Daimon, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, H. Matsumoto, M. Hirano, T. Okuno, M. Onishi, and M. Nakazawa, “Long-term measurement of optical frequencies using a simple, robust and low-noise fiber based frequency comb,” Opt. Express14(12), 5223–5231 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system,” Opt. Lett.29(21), 2467–2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosaka, K.

M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Fiber-comb-stabilized light source at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(7), 1388–1393 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, T. Katsuyama, and F.-L. Hong, “A multi-branch, fiber-based frequency comb with millihertz-level relative linewidths using an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express18(2), 1667–1676 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and Feng-Lei Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optical fibre comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, B.

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, B. Huang, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of strontium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ido, T.

A. Yamaguchi, N. Shiga, S. Nagano, Y. Li, H. Ishijima, H. Hachisu, M. Kumagai, and T. Ido, “Stability transfer between two clock lasers operating at different wavelengths for absolute frequency measurement of clock transition in 87Sr,” Appl. Phys. Express5(2), 022701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Loftus, T. Ido, M. M. Boyd, A. D. Ludlow, and J. Ye, “Narrow line cooling and momentum-space crystals,” Phys. Rev. A70(6), 063413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Eichler, and H. Katori, “Narrow-line diode laser system for laser cooling of strontium atoms on the intercombination transition,” Appl. Phys. B78(3-4), 315–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Mukaiyama, H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Li, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Recoil-limited laser cooling of 87Sr atoms near the Fermi temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(11), 113002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Isoya, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Magneto-optical trapping and cooling of strontium atoms down to the photon recoil temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(6), 1116–1119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Fiber-comb-stabilized light source at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(7), 1388–1393 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, T. Katsuyama, and F.-L. Hong, “A multi-branch, fiber-based frequency comb with millihertz-level relative linewidths using an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express18(2), 1667–1676 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and Feng-Lei Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optical fibre comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Inaba, Y. Daimon, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, H. Matsumoto, M. Hirano, T. Okuno, M. Onishi, and M. Nakazawa, “Long-term measurement of optical frequencies using a simple, robust and low-noise fiber based frequency comb,” Opt. Express14(12), 5223–5231 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system,” Opt. Lett.29(21), 2467–2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishijima, H.

A. Yamaguchi, N. Shiga, S. Nagano, Y. Li, H. Ishijima, H. Hachisu, M. Kumagai, and T. Ido, “Stability transfer between two clock lasers operating at different wavelengths for absolute frequency measurement of clock transition in 87Sr,” Appl. Phys. Express5(2), 022701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Isoya, Y.

H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Isoya, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Magneto-optical trapping and cooling of strontium atoms down to the photon recoil temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(6), 1116–1119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jefferts, S. R.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Julienne, P. S.

R. Ciuryło, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Optical tuning of the scattering length of cold alkaline-earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. A71(3), 030701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Katori, H.

M. Takamoto, T. Takano, and H. Katori, “Frequency comparison of optical lattice clocks beyond the Dick limit,” Nat. Photonics5(5), 288–292 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Eichler, and H. Katori, “Narrow-line diode laser system for laser cooling of strontium atoms on the intercombination transition,” Appl. Phys. B78(3-4), 315–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Mukaiyama, H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Li, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Recoil-limited laser cooling of 87Sr atoms near the Fermi temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(11), 113002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Isoya, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Magneto-optical trapping and cooling of strontium atoms down to the photon recoil temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(6), 1116–1119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Katsuyama, T.

Kawato, S.

Kelkar, H.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Killian, T.

Y. de Escobar, P. Mickelson, M. Yan, B. DeSalvo, S. Nagel, and T. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 84Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Killian, T. C.

B. J. DeSalvo, M. Yan, P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, and T. C. Killian, “Degenerate Fermi gas of 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(3), 030402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, M. Yan, B. J. DeSalvo, and T. C. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 88Sr through sympathetic cooling with 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. A81(5), 051601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Kohno, T.

Kraft, S.

S. Kraft, F. Vogt, O. Appel, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “Bose-Einstein condensation of alkaline earth atoms: 40Ca,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(13), 130401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumagai, M.

A. Yamaguchi, N. Shiga, S. Nagano, Y. Li, H. Ishijima, H. Hachisu, M. Kumagai, and T. Ido, “Stability transfer between two clock lasers operating at different wavelengths for absolute frequency measurement of clock transition in 87Sr,” Appl. Phys. Express5(2), 022701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

T. Mukaiyama, H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Li, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Recoil-limited laser cooling of 87Sr atoms near the Fermi temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(11), 113002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Isoya, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Magneto-optical trapping and cooling of strontium atoms down to the photon recoil temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(6), 1116–1119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Le Targat, R.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemke, N. D.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemonde, P.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

A. Yamaguchi, N. Shiga, S. Nagano, Y. Li, H. Ishijima, H. Hachisu, M. Kumagai, and T. Ido, “Stability transfer between two clock lasers operating at different wavelengths for absolute frequency measurement of clock transition in 87Sr,” Appl. Phys. Express5(2), 022701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Eichler, and H. Katori, “Narrow-line diode laser system for laser cooling of strontium atoms on the intercombination transition,” Appl. Phys. B78(3-4), 315–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Mukaiyama, H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Li, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Recoil-limited laser cooling of 87Sr atoms near the Fermi temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(11), 113002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lipphardt, B.

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency synthesis and measurement using fibre-based femtosecond lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D48(1), 27–33 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lisdat, C.

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Loftus, T. H.

T. H. Loftus, T. Ido, M. M. Boyd, A. D. Ludlow, and J. Ye, “Narrow line cooling and momentum-space crystals,” Phys. Rev. A70(6), 063413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ludlow, A. D.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Loftus, T. Ido, M. M. Boyd, A. D. Ludlow, and J. Ye, “Narrow line cooling and momentum-space crystals,” Phys. Rev. A70(6), 063413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martinez de Escobar, Y. N.

B. J. DeSalvo, M. Yan, P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, and T. C. Killian, “Degenerate Fermi gas of 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(3), 030402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, M. Yan, B. J. DeSalvo, and T. C. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 88Sr through sympathetic cooling with 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. A81(5), 051601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, H.

McClelland, J. J.

A. J. Berglund, J. L. Hanssen, and J. J. McClelland, “Narrow-line magneto-optical cooling and trapping of strongly magnetic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(11), 113002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McFerran, J. J.

Mehlstäubler, T. E.

T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, J. Helmcke, T. E. Mehlstäubler, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Doppler cooling and trapping on forbidden transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(12), 123002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mickelson, P.

Y. de Escobar, P. Mickelson, M. Yan, B. DeSalvo, S. Nagel, and T. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 84Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mickelson, P. G.

P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, M. Yan, B. J. DeSalvo, and T. C. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 88Sr through sympathetic cooling with 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. A81(5), 051601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. J. DeSalvo, M. Yan, P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, and T. C. Killian, “Degenerate Fermi gas of 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(3), 030402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minoshima, K.

Mukaiyama, T.

T. Mukaiyama, H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Li, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Recoil-limited laser cooling of 87Sr atoms near the Fermi temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(11), 113002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagano, S.

A. Yamaguchi, N. Shiga, S. Nagano, Y. Li, H. Ishijima, H. Hachisu, M. Kumagai, and T. Ido, “Stability transfer between two clock lasers operating at different wavelengths for absolute frequency measurement of clock transition in 87Sr,” Appl. Phys. Express5(2), 022701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, S.

Y. de Escobar, P. Mickelson, M. Yan, B. DeSalvo, S. Nagel, and T. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 84Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakajima, Y.

M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Fiber-comb-stabilized light source at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(7), 1388–1393 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and Feng-Lei Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optical fibre comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, T. Katsuyama, and F.-L. Hong, “A multi-branch, fiber-based frequency comb with millihertz-level relative linewidths using an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express18(2), 1667–1676 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

Nazarova, T.

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Oates, C. W.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Curtis, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Quenched narrow line laser cooling of 40Ca to near the photon recoil limit,” Phys. Rev. A64(3), 031403 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Okuno, T.

Onae, A.

D. Akamatsu, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “A compact light source at 461 nm using a periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide for strontium magneto-optical trapping,” Opt. Express19(3), 2046–2051 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and Feng-Lei Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optical fibre comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, K. Hosaka, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Fiber-comb-stabilized light source at 556 nm for magneto-optical trapping of ytterbium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(7), 1388–1393 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nakajima, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, T. Katsuyama, and F.-L. Hong, “A multi-branch, fiber-based frequency comb with millihertz-level relative linewidths using an intra-cavity electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Express18(2), 1667–1676 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Inaba, Y. Daimon, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, H. Matsumoto, M. Hirano, T. Okuno, M. Onishi, and M. Nakazawa, “Long-term measurement of optical frequencies using a simple, robust and low-noise fiber based frequency comb,” Opt. Express14(12), 5223–5231 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system,” Opt. Lett.29(21), 2467–2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Onishi, M.

Pape, A.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Parker, T. E.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pottie, P.

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prevedelli, M.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

Rasel, E. M.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, J. Helmcke, T. E. Mehlstäubler, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Doppler cooling and trapping on forbidden transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(12), 123002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riedmann, M.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Riehle, F.

S. Kraft, F. Vogt, O. Appel, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “Bose-Einstein condensation of alkaline earth atoms: 40Ca,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(13), 130401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, J. Helmcke, T. E. Mehlstäubler, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Doppler cooling and trapping on forbidden transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(12), 123002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schibli, T. R.

Schnatz, H.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency synthesis and measurement using fibre-based femtosecond lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D48(1), 27–33 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schreck, F.

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 86Sr,” Phys. Rev. A82(4), 041602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, B. Huang, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of strontium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shiga, N.

A. Yamaguchi, N. Shiga, S. Nagano, Y. Li, H. Ishijima, H. Hachisu, M. Kumagai, and T. Ido, “Stability transfer between two clock lasers operating at different wavelengths for absolute frequency measurement of clock transition in 87Sr,” Appl. Phys. Express5(2), 022701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stellmer, S.

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 86Sr,” Phys. Rev. A82(4), 041602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, B. Huang, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of strontium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sterr, U.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Kraft, F. Vogt, O. Appel, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “Bose-Einstein condensation of alkaline earth atoms: 40Ca,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(13), 130401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, J. Helmcke, T. E. Mehlstäubler, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Doppler cooling and trapping on forbidden transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(12), 123002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stoehr, H.

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Swann, W. C.

Takamoto, M.

M. Takamoto, T. Takano, and H. Katori, “Frequency comparison of optical lattice clocks beyond the Dick limit,” Nat. Photonics5(5), 288–292 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takano, T.

M. Takamoto, T. Takano, and H. Katori, “Frequency comparison of optical lattice clocks beyond the Dick limit,” Nat. Photonics5(5), 288–292 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Terra, O.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tey, M. K.

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 86Sr,” Phys. Rev. A82(4), 041602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, B. Huang, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of strontium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomsen, J. W.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tiesinga, E.

R. Ciuryło, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Optical tuning of the scattering length of cold alkaline-earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. A71(3), 030701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, F.

S. Kraft, F. Vogt, O. Appel, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “Bose-Einstein condensation of alkaline earth atoms: 40Ca,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(13), 130401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wallis, H.

Westbrook, P. S.

Weyers, S.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wilpers, G.

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, J. Helmcke, T. E. Mehlstäubler, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Doppler cooling and trapping on forbidden transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(12), 123002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wübbena, T.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, A.

A. Yamaguchi, N. Shiga, S. Nagano, Y. Li, H. Ishijima, H. Hachisu, M. Kumagai, and T. Ido, “Stability transfer between two clock lasers operating at different wavelengths for absolute frequency measurement of clock transition in 87Sr,” Appl. Phys. Express5(2), 022701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

B. J. DeSalvo, M. Yan, P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, and T. C. Killian, “Degenerate Fermi gas of 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(3), 030402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, M. Yan, B. J. DeSalvo, and T. C. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 88Sr through sympathetic cooling with 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. A81(5), 051601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. de Escobar, P. Mickelson, M. Yan, B. DeSalvo, S. Nagel, and T. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 84Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yasuda, M.

Ye, J.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Daley, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, and P. Zoller, “Quantum computing with alkaline-Earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 170504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Loftus, T. Ido, M. M. Boyd, A. D. Ludlow, and J. Ye, “Narrow line cooling and momentum-space crystals,” Phys. Rev. A70(6), 063413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zelevinsky, T.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

A. J. Daley, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, and P. Zoller, “Quantum computing with alkaline-Earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 170504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

Y. Li, T. Ido, T. Eichler, and H. Katori, “Narrow-line diode laser system for laser cooling of strontium atoms on the intercombination transition,” Appl. Phys. B78(3-4), 315–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Express

A. Yamaguchi, N. Shiga, S. Nagano, Y. Li, H. Ishijima, H. Hachisu, M. Kumagai, and T. Ido, “Stability transfer between two clock lasers operating at different wavelengths for absolute frequency measurement of clock transition in 87Sr,” Appl. Phys. Express5(2), 022701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express2, 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D

G. Grosche, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency synthesis and measurement using fibre-based femtosecond lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D48(1), 27–33 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and Feng-Lei Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optical fibre comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Photonics

M. Takamoto, T. Takano, and H. Katori, “Frequency comparison of optical lattice clocks beyond the Dick limit,” Nat. Photonics5(5), 288–292 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

J. Friebe, M. Riedmann, T. Wübbena, A. Pape, H. Kelkar, W. Ertmer, O. Terra, U. Sterr, S. Weyers, G. Grosche, H. Schnatz, and E. M. Rasel, “Remote frequency measurement of the 1S0 →3P1 transition in laser-cooled 24Mg,” New J. Phys.13(12), 125010 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, M. Yan, B. J. DeSalvo, and T. C. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 88Sr through sympathetic cooling with 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. A81(5), 051601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Ciuryło, E. Tiesinga, and P. S. Julienne, “Optical tuning of the scattering length of cold alkaline-earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. A71(3), 030701 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Curtis, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Quenched narrow line laser cooling of 40Ca to near the photon recoil limit,” Phys. Rev. A64(3), 031403 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Degenhardt, H. Stoehr, C. Lisdat, G. Wilpers, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, T. Nazarova, P. Pottie, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, and F. Riehle, “Calcium optical frequency standard with ultracold atoms: Approaching 10−15 relative uncertainty,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 062111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 86Sr,” Phys. Rev. A82(4), 041602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Loftus, T. Ido, M. M. Boyd, A. D. Ludlow, and J. Ye, “Narrow line cooling and momentum-space crystals,” Phys. Rev. A70(6), 063413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. J. Berglund, J. L. Hanssen, and J. J. McClelland, “Narrow-line magneto-optical cooling and trapping of strongly magnetic atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(11), 113002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. DeSalvo, M. Yan, P. G. Mickelson, Y. N. Martinez de Escobar, and T. C. Killian, “Degenerate Fermi gas of 87Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(3), 030402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kraft, F. Vogt, O. Appel, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, “Bose-Einstein condensation of alkaline earth atoms: 40Ca,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(13), 130401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stellmer, M. K. Tey, B. Huang, R. Grimm, and F. Schreck, “Bose-Einstein condensation of strontium,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. de Escobar, P. Mickelson, M. Yan, B. DeSalvo, S. Nagel, and T. Killian, “Bose-Einstein condensation of 84Sr,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(20), 200402 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Daley, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, and P. Zoller, “Quantum computing with alkaline-Earth-metal atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 170504 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Binnewies, G. Wilpers, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, J. Helmcke, T. E. Mehlstäubler, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, “Doppler cooling and trapping on forbidden transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(12), 123002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Isoya, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Magneto-optical trapping and cooling of strontium atoms down to the photon recoil temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(6), 1116–1119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Mukaiyama, H. Katori, T. Ido, Y. Li, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Recoil-limited laser cooling of 87Sr atoms near the Fermi temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett.90(11), 113002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of experimental setup. ECLD, extended cavity laser diode; PPLN, periodically poled lithium niobate; S.A., spectrum analyzer; ULE cavity, ultra-low-expansion cavity; PDH lock, Pound-Drever-Hall lock; MOT, magneto-optical trap; EOM, electro-optic module. Local oscillators (LO) are microwave sources.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The beat spectra between the ECDL and the frequency-doubled fiber comb mode at 689 nm. The resolution bandwidths, and video bandwidths were (a) 30 and 1 kHz and (b) 10 and 10 Hz, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Variation of the measured beat frequency between the ECDL and the frequency doubled fiber comb mode. The data are the frequency deviation from the average value. (b) The Allan deviation calculated from the measured beat frequency.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

CCD images of freely expanded atomic cloud after (a) 7 ms, (b) 20 ms, and (c) 30 ms. (d) Measured atom temperature as a function of the cooling laser intensity. The detuning was −100 kHz at the single frequency cooling stage. The solid and dashed lines show the traditional Doppler limit temperature and half of the recoil limit temperature, respectively.

Equations (1)

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ν n = f CEO + n m ( ν YAG f comb-YAG f CEO ),

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