Abstract

Fast responses (20 ms rising time) both in symmetrical two-wave and degenerate-four-wave mixing experiments were observed and investigated in C60 doped 4,4’-n-pentylcyanobiphenyl liquid crystal cells sandwiched between bare ZnSe substrates with an electric field applied parallel to the cell surfaces. The ZnSe material seems responsible for the fast response due to its excellent charge carrier transportation capability. Strong fanning effect and transient features were seen and studied, hinting super strong photorefractive effect in the material system. This low voltage operated liquid crystal based photorefractive approach is promising in real time applications over visible to terahertz regime.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

L. Sznitko, A. Anczykowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartkiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

I. C. Khoo, “Nonlinear optics of liquid crystalline materials,” Phys. Rep. 471(5-6), 221–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

L. M. Lee, H. J. Kwon, R. G. Nuzzo, and K. S. Schweizer, “Effects of temperature on the alignment and electrooptical responses of a nematic nanoscale liquid crystalline film,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(32), 15782–15790 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613, 593613-6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, “The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2616–2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Ostroverkhova and W. E. Moerner, “Organic photorefractives: mechanisms, materials, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 104(7), 3267–3314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, B. Sahraoui, and F. Kajzar, “Dynamic charge-carrier-mobility-mediated holography in thin layers of photoconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(20), 3705–3707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 414–416 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Noble-Luginbuhl, R. M. Blanchard, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Surface effects on the dynamics of liquid crystalline thin films confined in nanoscale cavities,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122(16), 3917–3926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Zhang and K. D. Singer, “Homogeneous photorefractive polymer/nematogen composite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(23), 2948–2950 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in new organic polymeric materials,” Proc. SPIE 2526, 82–93 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Wiederrecht, B. A. Yoon, and M. R. Wasielewski, “High photorefractive gain in nematic liquid crystals doped with electron donor and acceptor molecules,” Science 270(5243), 1794–1797 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

1990 (1)

I. C. Khoo, “The infrared optical nonlinearities of nematic liquid crystals and novel two-wave mixing processes,” J. Mod. Opt. 37(11), 1801–1813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

F. Poisson, “Nematic liquid crystal used as an instantaneous holographic medium,” Opt. Commun. 6(1), 43–44 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Anczykowska, A.

L. Sznitko, A. Anczykowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartkiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bablumian, A.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartkiewicz, S.

L. Sznitko, A. Anczykowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartkiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, B. Sahraoui, and F. Kajzar, “Dynamic charge-carrier-mobility-mediated holography in thin layers of photoconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(20), 3705–3707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

Blanchard, R. M.

A. R. Noble-Luginbuhl, R. M. Blanchard, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Surface effects on the dynamics of liquid crystalline thin films confined in nanoscale cavities,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122(16), 3917–3926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Blanche, P.-A.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boichuk, V.

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burland, D. M.

C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in new organic polymeric materials,” Proc. SPIE 2526, 82–93 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K.

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613, 593613-6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Christenson, C.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dyadyusha, A.

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, “The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2616–2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Flores, D.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, T.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hache, F.

Hanemann, T.

C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in new organic polymeric materials,” Proc. SPIE 2526, 82–93 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hou, C.

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, W.-Y.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jia, Y.

C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in new organic polymeric materials,” Proc. SPIE 2526, 82–93 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, M.

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, “The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2616–2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kajzar, F.

S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, B. Sahraoui, and F. Kajzar, “Dynamic charge-carrier-mobility-mediated holography in thin layers of photoconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(20), 3705–3707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kathaperumal, M.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khoo, I. C.

I. C. Khoo, “Nonlinear optics of liquid crystalline materials,” Phys. Rep. 471(5-6), 221–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613, 593613-6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, “The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2616–2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, H. Li, and Y. Liang, “Observation of orientational photorefractive effects in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19(21), 1723–1725 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. C. Khoo, “The infrared optical nonlinearities of nematic liquid crystals and novel two-wave mixing processes,” J. Mod. Opt. 37(11), 1801–1813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kucheev, S.

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, H. J.

L. M. Lee, H. J. Kwon, R. G. Nuzzo, and K. S. Schweizer, “Effects of temperature on the alignment and electrooptical responses of a nematic nanoscale liquid crystalline film,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(32), 15782–15790 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, L. M.

L. M. Lee, H. J. Kwon, R. G. Nuzzo, and K. S. Schweizer, “Effects of temperature on the alignment and electrooptical responses of a nematic nanoscale liquid crystalline film,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(32), 15782–15790 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewis, B.

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613, 593613-6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, H.

Lian, C.

Liang, Y.

Lin, W.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mallouk, T. E.

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613, 593613-6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miniewicz, A.

S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, B. Sahraoui, and F. Kajzar, “Dynamic charge-carrier-mobility-mediated holography in thin layers of photoconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(20), 3705–3707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moerner, W. E.

O. Ostroverkhova and W. E. Moerner, “Organic photorefractives: mechanisms, materials, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 104(7), 3267–3314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in new organic polymeric materials,” Proc. SPIE 2526, 82–93 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Moerner, S. M. Silence, F. Hache, and G. C. Bjorklund, “Orientationally enhanced photorefractive effect in polymers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11(2), 320–330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moylan, C. R.

C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in new organic polymeric materials,” Proc. SPIE 2526, 82–93 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mysliwiec, J.

L. Sznitko, A. Anczykowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartkiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Noble-Luginbuhl, A. R.

A. R. Noble-Luginbuhl, R. M. Blanchard, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Surface effects on the dynamics of liquid crystalline thin films confined in nanoscale cavities,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122(16), 3917–3926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Norwood, R. A.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nuzzo, R. G.

L. M. Lee, H. J. Kwon, R. G. Nuzzo, and K. S. Schweizer, “Effects of temperature on the alignment and electrooptical responses of a nematic nanoscale liquid crystalline film,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(32), 15782–15790 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Noble-Luginbuhl, R. M. Blanchard, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Surface effects on the dynamics of liquid crystalline thin films confined in nanoscale cavities,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122(16), 3917–3926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ostroverkhov, V.

Ostroverkhova, O.

O. Ostroverkhova and W. E. Moerner, “Organic photorefractives: mechanisms, materials, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 104(7), 3267–3314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, J. H.

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613, 593613-6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Parka, J.

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pei, Y.

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poga, C.

C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in new organic polymeric materials,” Proc. SPIE 2526, 82–93 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Poisson, F.

F. Poisson, “Nematic liquid crystal used as an instantaneous holographic medium,” Opt. Commun. 6(1), 43–44 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Rachwal, B.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reshetnyak, V.

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 414–416 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reznikov, Y.

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 414–416 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rokutanda, S.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sahraoui, B.

S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, B. Sahraoui, and F. Kajzar, “Dynamic charge-carrier-mobility-mediated holography in thin layers of photoconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(20), 3705–3707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, K. S.

L. M. Lee, H. J. Kwon, R. G. Nuzzo, and K. S. Schweizer, “Effects of temperature on the alignment and electrooptical responses of a nematic nanoscale liquid crystalline film,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(32), 15782–15790 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shiyanovskaya, I.

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, O.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silence, S. M.

Singer, K. D.

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 414–416 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang and K. D. Singer, “Homogeneous photorefractive polymer/nematogen composite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(23), 2948–2950 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Slussarenko, S.

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, “The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2616–2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

St Hilaire, P.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stankus, J. J.

C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in new organic polymeric materials,” Proc. SPIE 2526, 82–93 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

H. Zhao, C. Lian, X. Sun, and J. W. Zhang, “Nanoscale interlayer that raises response rate in photorefractive liquid crystal polymer composites,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12496–12502 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sznitko, L.

L. Sznitko, A. Anczykowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartkiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tay, S.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, J.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tunç, A. V.

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Twieg, R. J.

C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in new organic polymeric materials,” Proc. SPIE 2526, 82–93 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Voorakaranam, R.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wasielewski, M. R.

G. P. Wiederrecht, B. A. Yoon, and M. R. Wasielewski, “High photorefractive gain in nematic liquid crystals doped with electron donor and acceptor molecules,” Science 270(5243), 1794–1797 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

G. P. Wiederrecht, B. A. Yoon, and M. R. Wasielewski, “High photorefractive gain in nematic liquid crystals doped with electron donor and acceptor molecules,” Science 270(5243), 1794–1797 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Williams, Y.

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613, 593613-6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, M.

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yao, F.

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, B. A.

G. P. Wiederrecht, B. A. Yoon, and M. R. Wasielewski, “High photorefractive gain in nematic liquid crystals doped with electron donor and acceptor molecules,” Science 270(5243), 1794–1797 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Y. Reznikov, “Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 414–416 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang and K. D. Singer, “Homogeneous photorefractive polymer/nematogen composite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(23), 2948–2950 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. W.

Zhao, H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

X. Sun, Y. Pei, F. Yao, J. Zhang, and C. Hou, “Optical amplification in multilayer photorefractive liquid crystal films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(20), 201115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, B. Sahraoui, and F. Kajzar, “Dynamic charge-carrier-mobility-mediated holography in thin layers of photoconducting polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(20), 3705–3707 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Sznitko, A. Anczykowska, J. Mysliwiec, and S. Bartkiewicz, “Influence of grating period on kinetic of self-diffraction in nematic liquid crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang and K. D. Singer, “Homogeneous photorefractive polymer/nematogen composite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(23), 2948–2950 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (1)

O. Ostroverkhova and W. E. Moerner, “Organic photorefractives: mechanisms, materials, and applications,” Chem. Rev. 104(7), 3267–3314 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

A. R. Noble-Luginbuhl, R. M. Blanchard, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Surface effects on the dynamics of liquid crystalline thin films confined in nanoscale cavities,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122(16), 3917–3926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

V. Boichuk, S. Kucheev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Y. Reznikov, I. Shiyanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, “Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(12), 5963–5967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, “The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 2616–2623 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, F. Yao, Y. Pei, and J. Zhang, “Light controlled diffraction gratings in C60-doped nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

I. C. Khoo, “The infrared optical nonlinearities of nematic liquid crystals and novel two-wave mixing processes,” J. Mod. Opt. 37(11), 1801–1813 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

L. M. Lee, H. J. Kwon, R. G. Nuzzo, and K. S. Schweizer, “Effects of temperature on the alignment and electrooptical responses of a nematic nanoscale liquid crystalline film,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(32), 15782–15790 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (2)

S. Tay, P.-A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature 451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Poisson, “Nematic liquid crystal used as an instantaneous holographic medium,” Opt. Commun. 6(1), 43–44 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rep. (1)

I. C. Khoo, “Nonlinear optics of liquid crystalline materials,” Phys. Rep. 471(5-6), 221–267 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in new organic polymeric materials,” Proc. SPIE 2526, 82–93 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Williams, K. Chan, J. H. Park, I. C. Khoo, B. Lewis, and T. E. Mallouk, “Electro-optical and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor nanorod doped liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5936, 593613, 593613-6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

G. P. Wiederrecht, B. A. Yoon, and M. R. Wasielewski, “High photorefractive gain in nematic liquid crystals doped with electron donor and acceptor molecules,” Science 270(5243), 1794–1797 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Photorefractive Materialsand Their Applications 2 Materials, P. Günter and J-P. Huignard, eds., (Springer, 2007) pp 1–640.

F. Simoni and L. Lucchetti, “Photorefractive effects in liquid crystals,” in Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications 2, P. Günter and J-P. Huignard, eds. (Springer, 2007), pp. 571–605.

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