Abstract

We report a tunable, high-energy, single-pass optical parametric generator (OPG) based on the nonlinear material, cadmium silicon phosphide, CdSiP2. The OPG is pumped by a cavity-dumped, passively mode-locked, diode-pumped Nd:YAG oscillator, providing 25 µJ pulses in 20 ps at 5 Hz. The pump energy is further boosted by a flashlamp-pumped Nd:YAG amplifier to 2.5 mJ. The OPG is temperature tunable over 1263–1286 nm (23 nm) in the signal and 6153–6731 nm (578 nm) in the idler. Using the single-pass OPG configuration, we have generated signal pulse energy as high as 636 µJ at 1283 nm, together with idler pulse energy of 33 µJ at 6234 nm, for 2.1 mJ of input pump pulse energy. The generated signal pulses have durations of 24 ps with a FWHM spectral bandwidth of 10.4 nm at central wavelength of 1276 nm. The corresponding idler spectrum has a FWHM bandwidth of 140 nm centered at 6404 nm.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Hildenbrand, J. Herbst, J. Wöllenstein, and A. Lambrecht, “Explosive detection using infrared laser spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 7222, 72220B (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, and Y. R. Shen, Optical Parametric Generation and Amplification (Harwood Academic Publishers, 1995).
  4. M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications (Springer, 2007).
  5. J. Biegert, P. K. Bates, and O. Chalus, “New mid-IR light sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.-Ultrafast Sci. Technol 18(1), 531–540 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Interferometric output coupling of ring optical oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1068–1070 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. C. Kumar and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “High-power, fiber-laser-pumped, picosecond optical parametric oscillator based on MgO:sPPLT,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26660–26665 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. N. Nikogosyan, Nonlinear Optical Crystals: A Complete Survey (Springer 2005).
  9. K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, T. C. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. K. Hopkins, “Growth and characterization of large CdSiP2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(8), 1127–1132 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M, 71970M-8 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Petrov, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, and T. M. Pollak, “Noncritical singly resonant optical parametric oscillator operation near 6.2 microm based on a CdSiP2 crystal pumped at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2399–2401 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. V. Petrov, G. Marchev, P. G. Schunemann, A. Tyazhev, K. T. Zawilski, and T. M. Pollak, “Subnanosecond, 1 kHz, temperature-tuned, noncritical mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator based on CdSiP2 crystal pumped at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(8), 1230–1232 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Peremans, D. Lis, F. Cecchet, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, and V. Petrov, “Noncritical singly resonant synchronously pumped OPO for generation of picosecond pulses in the mid-infrared near 6.4 microm,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3053–3055 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Agnesi, P. Dallocchio, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Compact, 1.5 mJ, 450 MHz, CdSiP2 picosecond optical parametric oscillator near 6.3 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3236–3238 (2011).
    [PubMed]
  15. O. Chalus, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, J. Biegert, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Optical parametric generation in CdSiP2.,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4142–4144 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Jelínek and V. Kubeček, “15 ps quasi-continuously pumped passively mode-locked highly doped Nd:YAG laser in bounce geometry,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 657–660 (2011).
  17. K. Kato, N. Umemura, and V. Petrov, “Sellmeier and thermo-optic dispersion formulas for CdSiP2,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 116104 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Agnesi, E. Piccinini, G. C. Reali, and C. Solcia, “All-solid-state picosecond tunable source of near-infrared radiation,” Opt. Lett. 22(18), 1415–1417 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, 1975), pp. 587–702.

2012 (1)

J. Biegert, P. K. Bates, and O. Chalus, “New mid-IR light sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.-Ultrafast Sci. Technol 18(1), 531–540 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

2010 (3)

2009 (4)

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agnesi, A.

Bates, P. K.

J. Biegert, P. K. Bates, and O. Chalus, “New mid-IR light sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.-Ultrafast Sci. Technol 18(1), 531–540 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

J. Biegert, P. K. Bates, and O. Chalus, “New mid-IR light sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.-Ultrafast Sci. Technol 18(1), 531–540 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Chalus, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, J. Biegert, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Optical parametric generation in CdSiP2.,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4142–4144 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cecchet, F.

Chaitanya Kumar, S.

Chalus, O.

J. Biegert, P. K. Bates, and O. Chalus, “New mid-IR light sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.-Ultrafast Sci. Technol 18(1), 531–540 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Chalus, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, J. Biegert, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Optical parametric generation in CdSiP2.,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4142–4144 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Copeland, M.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dallocchio, P.

Davidson, J.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Edwards, G.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esteban-Martin, A.

Fernelius, N. C.

K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, T. C. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. K. Hopkins, “Growth and characterization of large CdSiP2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(8), 1127–1132 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Herbst, J.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Herbst, J. Wöllenstein, and A. Lambrecht, “Explosive detection using infrared laser spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 7222, 72220B (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hildenbrand, J.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Herbst, J. Wöllenstein, and A. Lambrecht, “Explosive detection using infrared laser spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 7222, 72220B (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, F. K.

K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, T. C. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. K. Hopkins, “Growth and characterization of large CdSiP2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(8), 1127–1132 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jelínek, M.

M. Jelínek and V. Kubeček, “15 ps quasi-continuously pumped passively mode-locked highly doped Nd:YAG laser in bounce geometry,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 657–660 (2011).

Johnson, B.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kato, K.

K. Kato, N. Umemura, and V. Petrov, “Sellmeier and thermo-optic dispersion formulas for CdSiP2,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 116104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kubecek, V.

M. Jelínek and V. Kubeček, “15 ps quasi-continuously pumped passively mode-locked highly doped Nd:YAG laser in bounce geometry,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 657–660 (2011).

Kumar, S. C.

Lambrecht, A.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Herbst, J. Wöllenstein, and A. Lambrecht, “Explosive detection using infrared laser spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 7222, 72220B (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lis, D.

Logan, R.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maciunas, R.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marchev, G.

Mendenhall, M.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noack, F.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M, 71970M-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O'day, D.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ossoff, R.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peremans, A.

Petrov, V.

Piccinini, E.

Pirzio, F.

Pollak, T. C.

K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, T. C. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. K. Hopkins, “Growth and characterization of large CdSiP2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(8), 1127–1132 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pollak, T. M.

Reali, G.

Reali, G. C.

Reinisch, L.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schunemann, P.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M, 71970M-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

Solcia, C.

Tribble, J.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tunchev, I.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M, 71970M-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tyazhev, A.

Umemura, N.

K. Kato, N. Umemura, and V. Petrov, “Sellmeier and thermo-optic dispersion formulas for CdSiP2,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 116104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Werkhaven, J.

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wöllenstein, J.

J. Hildenbrand, J. Herbst, J. Wöllenstein, and A. Lambrecht, “Explosive detection using infrared laser spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 7222, 72220B (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zawilski, K.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M, 71970M-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zawilski, K. T.

Zelmon, D. E.

K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, T. C. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. K. Hopkins, “Growth and characterization of large CdSiP2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(8), 1127–1132 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.-Ultrafast Sci. Technol (1)

J. Biegert, P. K. Bates, and O. Chalus, “New mid-IR light sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.-Ultrafast Sci. Technol 18(1), 531–540 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Kato, N. Umemura, and V. Petrov, “Sellmeier and thermo-optic dispersion formulas for CdSiP2,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 116104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, T. C. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. K. Hopkins, “Growth and characterization of large CdSiP2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(8), 1127–1132 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Jelínek and V. Kubeček, “15 ps quasi-continuously pumped passively mode-locked highly doped Nd:YAG laser in bounce geometry,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 657–660 (2011).

Nature (1)

G. Edwards, R. Logan, M. Copeland, L. Reinisch, J. Davidson, B. Johnson, R. Maciunas, M. Mendenhall, R. Ossoff, J. Tribble, J. Werkhaven, and D. O'day, “Tissue ablation by a free-electron laser tuned to the amide II band,” Nature 371(6496), 416–419 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

A. Agnesi, E. Piccinini, G. C. Reali, and C. Solcia, “All-solid-state picosecond tunable source of near-infrared radiation,” Opt. Lett. 22(18), 1415–1417 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, and T. M. Pollak, “Noncritical singly resonant optical parametric oscillator operation near 6.2 microm based on a CdSiP2 crystal pumped at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2399–2401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Peremans, D. Lis, F. Cecchet, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, and V. Petrov, “Noncritical singly resonant synchronously pumped OPO for generation of picosecond pulses in the mid-infrared near 6.4 microm,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3053–3055 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, G. Marchev, P. G. Schunemann, A. Tyazhev, K. T. Zawilski, and T. M. Pollak, “Subnanosecond, 1 kHz, temperature-tuned, noncritical mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator based on CdSiP2 crystal pumped at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(8), 1230–1232 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Chalus, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, J. Biegert, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Optical parametric generation in CdSiP2.,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4142–4144 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Interferometric output coupling of ring optical oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1068–1070 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Agnesi, P. Dallocchio, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Compact, 1.5 mJ, 450 MHz, CdSiP2 picosecond optical parametric oscillator near 6.3 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3236–3238 (2011).
[PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. Hildenbrand, J. Herbst, J. Wöllenstein, and A. Lambrecht, “Explosive detection using infrared laser spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 7222, 72220B (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M, 71970M-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

D. N. Nikogosyan, Nonlinear Optical Crystals: A Complete Survey (Springer 2005).

J. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, and Y. R. Shen, Optical Parametric Generation and Amplification (Harwood Academic Publishers, 1995).

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications (Springer, 2007).

R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, 1975), pp. 587–702.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup for CSP OPG. SAM: Saturable absorber mirror, LD: Laser diode, PC: Pockels cell, GP: Glan polarizer, HWP: Half-wave-plate, PBS: Polarizing beam splitter, M: Mirrors, L: Lens, F: Filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Temperature tuning curves, (b) extracted signal and idler energy across the tuning range of the CSP OPG.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of the signal (1276 nm) and idler (6404 nm) energy extracted from CSP OPG as a function of the pump energy.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Typical autocorrelation and (b) spectrum of the CSP OPG signal pulses at 1276 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectrum of the idler pulses generated from the CSP OPG centered at 6404 nm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Properties of Major Mid-IR Nonlinear Materials [8].

Equations (1)

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I th 5 ε 0 c n 3 λ s λ i d eff 2 L 2

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