Abstract

Adaptive optics provide real-time compensation for atmospheric turbulence. The correction quality relies on a key element: the wavefront sensor. We have designed an adaptive optics system in the mid-infrared range providing high spatial resolution for ground-to-air applications, integrating a Shack-Hartmann infrared wavefront sensor operating on an extended source. This paper describes and justifies the design of the infrared wavefront sensor, while defining and characterizing the Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor camera. Performance and illustration of field tests are also reported.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. C. Robert, J.-M. Conan, V. Michau, T. Fusco, and N. Védrenne, “Scintillation and phase anisoplanatism in Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A23, 613–624 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Védrenne, V. Michau, C. Robert, and J.-M. Conan, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront estimation with extended sources: Anisoplanatism influence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A24, 2980–2993 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Michau, G. Rousset, and J.-C. Fontanella, “Wavefront sensing from extended sources,” in Real Time and Post Facto Solar Image Correction, R. R. Radick, eds., 13 of NSO/SP Summer Workshop Series, 124–128 (1992).
  4. L. Poyneer, “Scene-based Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensing: analysis and simulation,” Appl. Opt.42, 5807–5815 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Sidick, J. Green, R. M. Morgan, C. M. Ohara, and D. C. Redding, “Adaptive cross-correlation algorithm for extended scene Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing,” Opt. Lett.33, 213–215 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Rha, D. G. Voelz, and M. K. Giles, “Reconfigurable Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Opt. Eng.43, 251–256 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. J. Tiziani and J. H. Chen, “Shack-Hartmann sensor for fast infrared wave-front testing,” J. Mod. Opt.44, 535–541 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.
  9. E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).
  10. M. Vuillermet and P. Chorier, “Latest SOFRADIR technology developments usable for space applications,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites X, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, and H. Shimoda, eds., Proc. SPIE6361, 63611C (2006).
  11. S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–333 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Robert, J.-M. Conan, D. Gratadour, L. Schreiber, and T. Fusco, “Tomographic wavefront error using multi-LGS constellation sensed with Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27, A201–A215 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Gratadour, L. M. Mugnier, and D. Rouan, “Sub-pixel image registration with a maximum likelihood estimator,” Astron. Astrophys.443, 357–365 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Védrenne, V. Michau, C. Robert, and J.-M. Conan, “Cn2 profile measurement from Shack-Hartmann data,” Opt. Lett.32, 2659–2661 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. N. Védrenne, A. Bonnefois Montmerle, C. Robert, V. Michau, J. Montri, and B. Fleury, “Cn2 profile measurement from Shack-Hartmann data: experimental validation and exploitation,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XIII, Proc. SPIE7828, 78280B (2010).
  16. C. Robert, B. Fleury, V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, L. Veyssire, S. Magli, and V. Vial, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor on mid-IR extended source,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems, K. Stein, A. Kohnle, and J. D. Gonglewski, eds., Proc. SPIE6747, 67470H (2007).
  17. P. Feautrier, “A decadal survey of AO wavefront sensing detector developments in Europe,” in Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes (AO4ELT) 2011.

2010

2008

2007

2006

C. Robert, J.-M. Conan, V. Michau, T. Fusco, and N. Védrenne, “Scintillation and phase anisoplanatism in Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A23, 613–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

D. Gratadour, L. M. Mugnier, and D. Rouan, “Sub-pixel image registration with a maximum likelihood estimator,” Astron. Astrophys.443, 357–365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. Rha, D. G. Voelz, and M. K. Giles, “Reconfigurable Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Opt. Eng.43, 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

1997

H. J. Tiziani and J. H. Chen, “Shack-Hartmann sensor for fast infrared wave-front testing,” J. Mod. Opt.44, 535–541 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bonnefois Montmerle, A.

N. Védrenne, A. Bonnefois Montmerle, C. Robert, V. Michau, J. Montri, and B. Fleury, “Cn2 profile measurement from Shack-Hartmann data: experimental validation and exploitation,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XIII, Proc. SPIE7828, 78280B (2010).

Charton, J.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Chen, J. H.

H. J. Tiziani and J. H. Chen, “Shack-Hartmann sensor for fast infrared wave-front testing,” J. Mod. Opt.44, 535–541 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chorier, P.

M. Vuillermet and P. Chorier, “Latest SOFRADIR technology developments usable for space applications,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites X, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, and H. Shimoda, eds., Proc. SPIE6361, 63611C (2006).

Clark, S.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Collin, C.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Conan, J.-M.

Feautrier, P.

P. Feautrier, “A decadal survey of AO wavefront sensing detector developments in Europe,” in Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes (AO4ELT) 2011.

Fleury, B.

N. Védrenne, A. Bonnefois Montmerle, C. Robert, V. Michau, J. Montri, and B. Fleury, “Cn2 profile measurement from Shack-Hartmann data: experimental validation and exploitation,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XIII, Proc. SPIE7828, 78280B (2010).

C. Robert, B. Fleury, V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, L. Veyssire, S. Magli, and V. Vial, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor on mid-IR extended source,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems, K. Stein, A. Kohnle, and J. D. Gonglewski, eds., Proc. SPIE6747, 67470H (2007).

Fontanella, J.-C.

V. Michau, G. Rousset, and J.-C. Fontanella, “Wavefront sensing from extended sources,” in Real Time and Post Facto Solar Image Correction, R. R. Radick, eds., 13 of NSO/SP Summer Workshop Series, 124–128 (1992).

Fusco, T.

Gappinger, R.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Gendron, E.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Giles, M. K.

J. Rha, D. G. Voelz, and M. K. Giles, “Reconfigurable Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Opt. Eng.43, 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gratadour, D.

Green, J.

Greivenkamp, J. E.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Gupta, A.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Hubin, N.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Lacombe, F.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Lee, J.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Lefort, B.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Lerner, S. A.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Lizon, J.-L.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Magli, S.

C. Robert, B. Fleury, V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, L. Veyssire, S. Magli, and V. Vial, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor on mid-IR extended source,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems, K. Stein, A. Kohnle, and J. D. Gonglewski, eds., Proc. SPIE6747, 67470H (2007).

Marlot, C.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Marushin, P.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Michau, V.

N. Védrenne, V. Michau, C. Robert, and J.-M. Conan, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront estimation with extended sources: Anisoplanatism influence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A24, 2980–2993 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Védrenne, V. Michau, C. Robert, and J.-M. Conan, “Cn2 profile measurement from Shack-Hartmann data,” Opt. Lett.32, 2659–2661 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Robert, J.-M. Conan, V. Michau, T. Fusco, and N. Védrenne, “Scintillation and phase anisoplanatism in Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A23, 613–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Védrenne, A. Bonnefois Montmerle, C. Robert, V. Michau, J. Montri, and B. Fleury, “Cn2 profile measurement from Shack-Hartmann data: experimental validation and exploitation,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XIII, Proc. SPIE7828, 78280B (2010).

V. Michau, G. Rousset, and J.-C. Fontanella, “Wavefront sensing from extended sources,” in Real Time and Post Facto Solar Image Correction, R. R. Radick, eds., 13 of NSO/SP Summer Workshop Series, 124–128 (1992).

C. Robert, B. Fleury, V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, L. Veyssire, S. Magli, and V. Vial, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor on mid-IR extended source,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems, K. Stein, A. Kohnle, and J. D. Gonglewski, eds., Proc. SPIE6747, 67470H (2007).

Michet, G.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Montri, J.

N. Védrenne, A. Bonnefois Montmerle, C. Robert, V. Michau, J. Montri, and B. Fleury, “Cn2 profile measurement from Shack-Hartmann data: experimental validation and exploitation,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XIII, Proc. SPIE7828, 78280B (2010).

Morgan, R. M.

Mugnier, L. M.

D. Gratadour, L. M. Mugnier, and D. Rouan, “Sub-pixel image registration with a maximum likelihood estimator,” Astron. Astrophys.443, 357–365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nicol, G.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Nicolle, M.

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, C. M.

Pau, S.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Phan, V. D.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Poyneer, L.

Redding, D. C.

Rha, J.

J. Rha, D. G. Voelz, and M. K. Giles, “Reconfigurable Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Opt. Eng.43, 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Robert, C.

C. Robert, J.-M. Conan, D. Gratadour, L. Schreiber, and T. Fusco, “Tomographic wavefront error using multi-LGS constellation sensed with Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27, A201–A215 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Védrenne, V. Michau, C. Robert, and J.-M. Conan, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront estimation with extended sources: Anisoplanatism influence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A24, 2980–2993 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Védrenne, V. Michau, C. Robert, and J.-M. Conan, “Cn2 profile measurement from Shack-Hartmann data,” Opt. Lett.32, 2659–2661 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Robert, J.-M. Conan, V. Michau, T. Fusco, and N. Védrenne, “Scintillation and phase anisoplanatism in Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A23, 613–624 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Robert, B. Fleury, V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, L. Veyssire, S. Magli, and V. Vial, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor on mid-IR extended source,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems, K. Stein, A. Kohnle, and J. D. Gonglewski, eds., Proc. SPIE6747, 67470H (2007).

N. Védrenne, A. Bonnefois Montmerle, C. Robert, V. Michau, J. Montri, and B. Fleury, “Cn2 profile measurement from Shack-Hartmann data: experimental validation and exploitation,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XIII, Proc. SPIE7828, 78280B (2010).

Rouan, D.

D. Gratadour, L. M. Mugnier, and D. Rouan, “Sub-pixel image registration with a maximum likelihood estimator,” Astron. Astrophys.443, 357–365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Rousset, G.

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Michau, G. Rousset, and J.-C. Fontanella, “Wavefront sensing from extended sources,” in Real Time and Post Facto Solar Image Correction, R. R. Radick, eds., 13 of NSO/SP Summer Workshop Series, 124–128 (1992).

Sasian, J.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Schreiber, L.

Sidick, E.

Smith, D.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Talureau, B.

E. Gendron, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, J. Charton, C. Collin, B. Lefort, C. Marlot, G. Michet, G. Nicol, S. Pau, V. D. Phan, B. Talureau, J.-L. Lizon, and N. Hubin, “NAOS infrared wavefront sensor design and performance,” in Adaptive Optical System Technologies II, P. Wizinowich and D. Bonaccini, eds., Proc. SPIE4839, 195–205 (2003).

Thomas, S.

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tiziani, H. J.

H. J. Tiziani and J. H. Chen, “Shack-Hartmann sensor for fast infrared wave-front testing,” J. Mod. Opt.44, 535–541 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tokovinin, A.

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Védrenne, N.

Veyssire, L.

C. Robert, B. Fleury, V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, L. Veyssire, S. Magli, and V. Vial, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor on mid-IR extended source,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems, K. Stein, A. Kohnle, and J. D. Gonglewski, eds., Proc. SPIE6747, 67470H (2007).

Vial, V.

C. Robert, B. Fleury, V. Michau, J.-M. Conan, L. Veyssire, S. Magli, and V. Vial, “Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor on mid-IR extended source,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems, K. Stein, A. Kohnle, and J. D. Gonglewski, eds., Proc. SPIE6747, 67470H (2007).

Voelz, D. G.

J. Rha, D. G. Voelz, and M. K. Giles, “Reconfigurable Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Opt. Eng.43, 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vuillermet, M.

M. Vuillermet and P. Chorier, “Latest SOFRADIR technology developments usable for space applications,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites X, R. Meynart, S. P. Neeck, and H. Shimoda, eds., Proc. SPIE6361, 63611C (2006).

Williby, G.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, “Infrared Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for conformal dome metrology,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Appl. Opt.

Astron. Astrophys.

D. Gratadour, L. M. Mugnier, and D. Rouan, “Sub-pixel image registration with a maximum likelihood estimator,” Astron. Astrophys.443, 357–365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

H. J. Tiziani and J. H. Chen, “Shack-Hartmann sensor for fast infrared wave-front testing,” J. Mod. Opt.44, 535–541 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.

S. Thomas, T. Fusco, A. Tokovinin, M. Nicolle, V. Michau, and G. Rousset, “Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.371, 323–333 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

J. Rha, D. G. Voelz, and M. K. Giles, “Reconfigurable Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Opt. Eng.43, 251–256 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

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