Abstract

We present on a systematic study of the contribution of surface plasmon (SP) coupling and light extraction toward emission enhancement of Platinum (Pt) nano-patterns capped MgZnO films. Time resolved Photoluminescence (PL) results indicate that the Pt coating can greatly reduces the non-radiative recombination rate by passivation of surface states, making the decay slow down. Temperature dependence of the integrated photoluminescence intensity reveals that the Pt nano-patterns can offer a large amount of light transfer and scattering, which enormously increase the light extraction efficiency up to 3.8-fold. These results indicate that the increased light extraction efficiency caused by surface modification via Pt coating rather than SP coupling plays a dominant role in increasing bandgap emission of MgZnO film.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon characteristics of tunable photoluminescence in single gold nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267405 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. A. Toropov, T. V. Shubina, V. N. Jmerik, S. V. Ivanov, Y. Ogawa, and F. Minami, “Optically enhanced emission of localized excitons in InxGa1-xN films by coupling to plasmons in a gold nanoparticle,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 037403 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Y. Lei and H. C. Ong, “Enhanced forward emission from ZnO via surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(21), 211107 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  10. W. F. Yang, R. Chen, B. Liu, G. G. Gurzadyan, L. M. Wong, S. J. Wang, and H. D. Sun, “Surface-plasmon enhancement of bandgap emission from ZnCdO thin films by gold particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061104 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, “Surface plasmon enhanced bandedge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071107 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Dev, J. P. Richters, J. Sartor, H. Kalt, J. Gutowski, and T. Voss, “Enhancement of the near-band-edge photoluminescence of ZnO nanowires: Important role of hydrogen incorporation versus plasmon resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131111 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. C. Tam, H. Su, K. S. Wong, X. Zhu, and H. S. Kwok, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from metal-capped Alq3 thin Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051503 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Tian, X. Y. Ma, D. S. Li, and D. R. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from heterostructures formed by bilayered MgZnO films on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061111 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Trunk, V. Venkatachalapathy, A. Galeckas, and A. Yu. Kuznetsov, “Deep level related photoluminescence in ZnMgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 211901 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. I. Zhmakin, “Enhancement of light extraction from light emitting diodes,” Phys. Rep. 498(4-5), 189–241 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

Y. J. Fang, J. Sha, Z. L. Wang, Y. T. Wan, W. W. Xia, and Y. W. Wang, “Behind the change of the photoluminescence property of metal-coated ZnO nanowire arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(3), 033103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Dev, J. P. Richters, J. Sartor, H. Kalt, J. Gutowski, and T. Voss, “Enhancement of the near-band-edge photoluminescence of ZnO nanowires: Important role of hydrogen incorporation versus plasmon resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zhmakin, “Enhancement of light extraction from light emitting diodes,” Phys. Rep. 498(4-5), 189–241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (7)

Y. Tian, X. Y. Ma, D. S. Li, and D. R. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from heterostructures formed by bilayered MgZnO films on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Trunk, V. Venkatachalapathy, A. Galeckas, and A. Yu. Kuznetsov, “Deep level related photoluminescence in ZnMgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 211901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Song, X. An, J. Zhou, Y. Liu, W. Wang, X. Li, W. Lan, and E. Xie, “Investigation of enhanced ultraviolet emission from different Ti-capped ZnO structures via surface passivation and surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 122103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Yang, R. Chen, B. Liu, G. G. Gurzadyan, L. M. Wong, S. J. Wang, and H. D. Sun, “Surface-plasmon enhancement of bandgap emission from ZnCdO thin films by gold particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, “Surface plasmon enhanced bandedge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Toropov, T. V. Shubina, V. N. Jmerik, S. V. Ivanov, Y. Ogawa, and F. Minami, “Optically enhanced emission of localized excitons in InxGa1-xN films by coupling to plasmons in a gold nanoparticle,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 037403 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. W. Hwang, S. H. Choi, S. Ji, and J. Y. Koo, “Enhanced ultraviolet emission from hybrid structures of single-walled carbon nanotubes/ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 213113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Tam, H. Su, K. S. Wong, X. Zhu, and H. S. Kwok, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from metal-capped Alq3 thin Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. Y. Lei and H. C. Ong, “Enhanced forward emission from ZnO via surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(21), 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon characteristics of tunable photoluminescence in single gold nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, K. J.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

An, J.

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

An, X.

J. Song, X. An, J. Zhou, Y. Liu, W. Wang, X. Li, W. Lan, and E. Xie, “Investigation of enhanced ultraviolet emission from different Ti-capped ZnO structures via surface passivation and surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 122103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bachelot, R.

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon characteristics of tunable photoluminescence in single gold nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, S. Y.

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bouhelier, A.

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon characteristics of tunable photoluminescence in single gold nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C. L.

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R.

W. F. Yang, R. Chen, B. Liu, G. G. Gurzadyan, L. M. Wong, S. J. Wang, and H. D. Sun, “Surface-plasmon enhancement of bandgap emission from ZnCdO thin films by gold particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, C. W.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, “Surface plasmon enhanced bandedge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. H.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. W. Hwang, S. H. Choi, S. Ji, and J. Y. Koo, “Enhanced ultraviolet emission from hybrid structures of single-walled carbon nanotubes/ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 213113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cong, C. X.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dev, A.

A. Dev, J. P. Richters, J. Sartor, H. Kalt, J. Gutowski, and T. Voss, “Enhancement of the near-band-edge photoluminescence of ZnO nanowires: Important role of hydrogen incorporation versus plasmon resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fan, H. J.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, “Surface plasmon enhanced bandedge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X. W.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Y. J.

Y. J. Fang, J. Sha, Z. L. Wang, Y. T. Wan, W. W. Xia, and Y. W. Wang, “Behind the change of the photoluminescence property of metal-coated ZnO nanowire arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(3), 033103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Galeckas, A.

M. Trunk, V. Venkatachalapathy, A. Galeckas, and A. Yu. Kuznetsov, “Deep level related photoluminescence in ZnMgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 211901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gurzadyan, G. G.

W. F. Yang, R. Chen, B. Liu, G. G. Gurzadyan, L. M. Wong, S. J. Wang, and H. D. Sun, “Surface-plasmon enhancement of bandgap emission from ZnCdO thin films by gold particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gutowski, J.

A. Dev, J. P. Richters, J. Sartor, H. Kalt, J. Gutowski, and T. Voss, “Enhancement of the near-band-edge photoluminescence of ZnO nanowires: Important role of hydrogen incorporation versus plasmon resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

He, H. P.

Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

He, J.

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ho, H. P.

J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hong, B. H.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, S. H.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, L.

Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huan, A. C. H.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huan, C. H. A.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, “Surface plasmon enhanced bandedge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. Y.

Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S. W.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. W. Hwang, S. H. Choi, S. Ji, and J. Y. Koo, “Enhanced ultraviolet emission from hybrid structures of single-walled carbon nanotubes/ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 213113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Iu, H.

J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, S. V.

A. A. Toropov, T. V. Shubina, V. N. Jmerik, S. V. Ivanov, Y. Ogawa, and F. Minami, “Optically enhanced emission of localized excitons in InxGa1-xN films by coupling to plasmons in a gold nanoparticle,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 037403 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, S.

S. Kim, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. W. Hwang, S. H. Choi, S. Ji, and J. Y. Koo, “Enhanced ultraviolet emission from hybrid structures of single-walled carbon nanotubes/ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 213113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, F. Y.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J. C.

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jmerik, V. N.

A. A. Toropov, T. V. Shubina, V. N. Jmerik, S. V. Ivanov, Y. Ogawa, and F. Minami, “Optically enhanced emission of localized excitons in InxGa1-xN films by coupling to plasmons in a gold nanoparticle,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 037403 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalt, H.

A. Dev, J. P. Richters, J. Sartor, H. Kalt, J. Gutowski, and T. Voss, “Enhancement of the near-band-edge photoluminescence of ZnO nanowires: Important role of hydrogen incorporation versus plasmon resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. O.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. W. Hwang, S. H. Choi, S. Ji, and J. Y. Koo, “Enhanced ultraviolet emission from hybrid structures of single-walled carbon nanotubes/ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 213113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, M. C.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. W. Hwang, S. H. Choi, S. Ji, and J. Y. Koo, “Enhanced ultraviolet emission from hybrid structures of single-walled carbon nanotubes/ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 213113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koo, J. Y.

S. Kim, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. W. Hwang, S. H. Choi, S. Ji, and J. Y. Koo, “Enhanced ultraviolet emission from hybrid structures of single-walled carbon nanotubes/ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 213113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kostcheev, S.

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon characteristics of tunable photoluminescence in single gold nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuznetsov, A. Yu.

M. Trunk, V. Venkatachalapathy, A. Galeckas, and A. Yu. Kuznetsov, “Deep level related photoluminescence in ZnMgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 211901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, H. S.

M. C. Tam, H. Su, K. S. Wong, X. Zhu, and H. S. Kwok, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from metal-capped Alq3 thin Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lai, C. W.

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lan, W.

J. Song, X. An, J. Zhou, Y. Liu, W. Wang, X. Li, W. Lan, and E. Xie, “Investigation of enhanced ultraviolet emission from different Ti-capped ZnO structures via surface passivation and surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 122103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lei, D. Y.

J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Lei and H. C. Ong, “Enhanced forward emission from ZnO via surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(21), 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lerondel, G.

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon characteristics of tunable photoluminescence in single gold nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, B. H.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, D. S.

Y. Tian, X. Y. Ma, D. S. Li, and D. R. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from heterostructures formed by bilayered MgZnO films on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

J. Song, X. An, J. Zhou, Y. Liu, W. Wang, X. Li, W. Lan, and E. Xie, “Investigation of enhanced ultraviolet emission from different Ti-capped ZnO structures via surface passivation and surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 122103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lim, K. Y.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

W. F. Yang, R. Chen, B. Liu, G. G. Gurzadyan, L. M. Wong, S. J. Wang, and H. D. Sun, “Surface-plasmon enhancement of bandgap emission from ZnCdO thin films by gold particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, “Surface plasmon enhanced bandedge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K. W.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

J. Song, X. An, J. Zhou, Y. Liu, W. Wang, X. Li, W. Lan, and E. Xie, “Investigation of enhanced ultraviolet emission from different Ti-capped ZnO structures via surface passivation and surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 122103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. M.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ma, C. Y.

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X. Y.

Y. Tian, X. Y. Ma, D. S. Li, and D. R. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from heterostructures formed by bilayered MgZnO films on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meletis, E. I.

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Minami, F.

A. A. Toropov, T. V. Shubina, V. N. Jmerik, S. V. Ivanov, Y. Ogawa, and F. Minami, “Optically enhanced emission of localized excitons in InxGa1-xN films by coupling to plasmons in a gold nanoparticle,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 037403 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mukai, T.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narukawa, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niki, I.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogawa, Y.

A. A. Toropov, T. V. Shubina, V. N. Jmerik, S. V. Ivanov, Y. Ogawa, and F. Minami, “Optically enhanced emission of localized excitons in InxGa1-xN films by coupling to plasmons in a gold nanoparticle,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 037403 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ong, H. C.

J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Lei and H. C. Ong, “Enhanced forward emission from ZnO via surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(21), 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qu, S. W.

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Richters, J. P.

A. Dev, J. P. Richters, J. Sartor, H. Kalt, J. Gutowski, and T. Voss, “Enhancement of the near-band-edge photoluminescence of ZnO nanowires: Important role of hydrogen incorporation versus plasmon resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Royer, P.

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon characteristics of tunable photoluminescence in single gold nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sartor, J.

A. Dev, J. P. Richters, J. Sartor, H. Kalt, J. Gutowski, and T. Voss, “Enhancement of the near-band-edge photoluminescence of ZnO nanowires: Important role of hydrogen incorporation versus plasmon resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sha, J.

Y. J. Fang, J. Sha, Z. L. Wang, Y. T. Wan, W. W. Xia, and Y. W. Wang, “Behind the change of the photoluminescence property of metal-coated ZnO nanowire arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(3), 033103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Z.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Z. X.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D. H.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. W. Hwang, S. H. Choi, S. Ji, and J. Y. Koo, “Enhanced ultraviolet emission from hybrid structures of single-walled carbon nanotubes/ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 213113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shubina, T. V.

A. A. Toropov, T. V. Shubina, V. N. Jmerik, S. V. Ivanov, Y. Ogawa, and F. Minami, “Optically enhanced emission of localized excitons in InxGa1-xN films by coupling to plasmons in a gold nanoparticle,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 037403 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sie, E. J.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, “Surface plasmon enhanced bandedge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sim, S. H.

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, J.

J. Song, X. An, J. Zhou, Y. Liu, W. Wang, X. Li, W. Lan, and E. Xie, “Investigation of enhanced ultraviolet emission from different Ti-capped ZnO structures via surface passivation and surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 122103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Su, H.

M. C. Tam, H. Su, K. S. Wong, X. Zhu, and H. S. Kwok, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from metal-capped Alq3 thin Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sum, T. C.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, “Surface plasmon enhanced bandedge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. D.

W. F. Yang, R. Chen, B. Liu, G. G. Gurzadyan, L. M. Wong, S. J. Wang, and H. D. Sun, “Surface-plasmon enhancement of bandgap emission from ZnCdO thin films by gold particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, “Surface plasmon enhanced bandedge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L. W.

Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. W.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tam, M. C.

M. C. Tam, H. Su, K. S. Wong, X. Zhu, and H. S. Kwok, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from metal-capped Alq3 thin Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y. D.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Z. K.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y.

Y. Tian, X. Y. Ma, D. S. Li, and D. R. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from heterostructures formed by bilayered MgZnO films on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Toropov, A. A.

A. A. Toropov, T. V. Shubina, V. N. Jmerik, S. V. Ivanov, Y. Ogawa, and F. Minami, “Optically enhanced emission of localized excitons in InxGa1-xN films by coupling to plasmons in a gold nanoparticle,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 037403 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trunk, M.

M. Trunk, V. Venkatachalapathy, A. Galeckas, and A. Yu. Kuznetsov, “Deep level related photoluminescence in ZnMgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 211901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Venkatachalapathy, V.

M. Trunk, V. Venkatachalapathy, A. Galeckas, and A. Yu. Kuznetsov, “Deep level related photoluminescence in ZnMgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 211901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Voss, T.

A. Dev, J. P. Richters, J. Sartor, H. Kalt, J. Gutowski, and T. Voss, “Enhancement of the near-band-edge photoluminescence of ZnO nanowires: Important role of hydrogen incorporation versus plasmon resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wan, J. T. K.

J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wan, Y. T.

Y. J. Fang, J. Sha, Z. L. Wang, Y. T. Wan, W. W. Xia, and Y. W. Wang, “Behind the change of the photoluminescence property of metal-coated ZnO nanowire arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(3), 033103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. J.

W. F. Yang, R. Chen, B. Liu, G. G. Gurzadyan, L. M. Wong, S. J. Wang, and H. D. Sun, “Surface-plasmon enhancement of bandgap emission from ZnCdO thin films by gold particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

J. Song, X. An, J. Zhou, Y. Liu, W. Wang, X. Li, W. Lan, and E. Xie, “Investigation of enhanced ultraviolet emission from different Ti-capped ZnO structures via surface passivation and surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 122103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. H.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. J.

Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. W.

Y. J. Fang, J. Sha, Z. L. Wang, Y. T. Wan, W. W. Xia, and Y. W. Wang, “Behind the change of the photoluminescence property of metal-coated ZnO nanowire arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(3), 033103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. L.

Y. J. Fang, J. Sha, Z. L. Wang, Y. T. Wan, W. W. Xia, and Y. W. Wang, “Behind the change of the photoluminescence property of metal-coated ZnO nanowire arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(3), 033103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Waye, M. Y.

J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z. P.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon characteristics of tunable photoluminescence in single gold nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. S.

M. C. Tam, H. Su, K. S. Wong, X. Zhu, and H. S. Kwok, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from metal-capped Alq3 thin Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wong, L. M.

W. F. Yang, R. Chen, B. Liu, G. G. Gurzadyan, L. M. Wong, S. J. Wang, and H. D. Sun, “Surface-plasmon enhancement of bandgap emission from ZnCdO thin films by gold particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K. W.

Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xia, W. W.

Y. J. Fang, J. Sha, Z. L. Wang, Y. T. Wan, W. W. Xia, and Y. W. Wang, “Behind the change of the photoluminescence property of metal-coated ZnO nanowire arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(3), 033103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xie, E.

J. Song, X. An, J. Zhou, Y. Liu, W. Wang, X. Li, W. Lan, and E. Xie, “Investigation of enhanced ultraviolet emission from different Ti-capped ZnO structures via surface passivation and surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 122103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. B.

J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D. R.

Y. Tian, X. Y. Ma, D. S. Li, and D. R. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from heterostructures formed by bilayered MgZnO films on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W. F.

W. F. Yang, R. Chen, B. Liu, G. G. Gurzadyan, L. M. Wong, S. J. Wang, and H. D. Sun, “Surface-plasmon enhancement of bandgap emission from ZnCdO thin films by gold particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yao, B.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Z. Z.

Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, W. W.

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Y.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. Y.

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. L.

Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. Z.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, D. X.

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhmakin, A. I.

A. I. Zhmakin, “Enhancement of light extraction from light emitting diodes,” Phys. Rep. 498(4-5), 189–241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

J. Song, X. An, J. Zhou, Y. Liu, W. Wang, X. Li, W. Lan, and E. Xie, “Investigation of enhanced ultraviolet emission from different Ti-capped ZnO structures via surface passivation and surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 122103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

M. C. Tam, H. Su, K. S. Wong, X. Zhu, and H. S. Kwok, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from metal-capped Alq3 thin Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (16)

Y. J. Wang, H. P. He, Y. L. Zhang, L. W. Sun, L. Hu, K. W. Wu, J. Y. Huang, and Z. Z. Ye, “Metal enhanced photoluminescence from Al-capped ZnMgO films: The roles of plasmonic coupling and non-radiative recombination,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 112103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Lei and H. C. Ong, “Enhanced forward emission from ZnO via surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(21), 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Liu, S. W. Qu, W. W. Yu, S. Y. Bao, C. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, J. He, J. C. Jiang, E. I. Meletis, and C. L. Chen, “Photoluminescence and extinction enhancement from ZnO films embedded with Ag nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Yang, R. Chen, B. Liu, G. G. Gurzadyan, L. M. Wong, S. J. Wang, and H. D. Sun, “Surface-plasmon enhancement of bandgap emission from ZnCdO thin films by gold particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, “Surface plasmon enhanced bandedge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. W. Hwang, S. H. Choi, S. Ji, and J. Y. Koo, “Enhanced ultraviolet emission from hybrid structures of single-walled carbon nanotubes/ZnO films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(21), 213113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Fang, J. Sha, Z. L. Wang, Y. T. Wan, W. W. Xia, and Y. W. Wang, “Behind the change of the photoluminescence property of metal-coated ZnO nanowire arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(3), 033103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Song, X. An, J. Zhou, Y. Liu, W. Wang, X. Li, W. Lan, and E. Xie, “Investigation of enhanced ultraviolet emission from different Ti-capped ZnO structures via surface passivation and surface plasmon coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 122103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Dev, J. P. Richters, J. Sartor, H. Kalt, J. Gutowski, and T. Voss, “Enhancement of the near-band-edge photoluminescence of ZnO nanowires: Important role of hydrogen incorporation versus plasmon resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(13), 131111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Tam, H. Su, K. S. Wong, X. Zhu, and H. S. Kwok, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence from metal-capped Alq3 thin Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wei, B. Yao, Z. Z. Zhang, Y. M. Lu, D. Z. Shen, B. H. Li, X. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhang, D. X. Zhao, X. W. Fan, and Z. K. Tang, “Formation of p-type MgZnO by nitrogen doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 102104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, X. Y. Ma, D. S. Li, and D. R. Yang, “Electrically pumped ultraviolet random lasing from heterostructures formed by bilayered MgZnO films on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(6), 061111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Trunk, V. Venkatachalapathy, A. Galeckas, and A. Yu. Kuznetsov, “Deep level related photoluminescence in ZnMgO,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 211901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Iu, D. Y. Lei, J. T. K. Wan, J. B. Xu, H. P. Ho, M. Y. Waye, and H. C. Ong, “Dependence of surface plasmom lifetimes on the hole size in two-dimensional metallic arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(18), 183112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. I. Zhmakin, “Enhancement of light extraction from light emitting diodes,” Phys. Rep. 498(4-5), 189–241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. W. Hwang, D. H. Shin, C. O. Kim, S. H. Hong, M. C. Kim, J. Kim, K. Y. Lim, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, K. J. Ahn, G. Kim, S. H. Sim, and B. H. Hong, “Plasmon-enhanced ultraviolet photoluminescence from hybrid structures of Graphene/ZnO films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(12), 127403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon characteristics of tunable photoluminescence in single gold nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(26), 267405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Toropov, T. V. Shubina, V. N. Jmerik, S. V. Ivanov, Y. Ogawa, and F. Minami, “Optically enhanced emission of localized excitons in InxGa1-xN films by coupling to plasmons in a gold nanoparticle,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 037403 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Room temperature PL spectra for MgZnO with Pt NPs, Pt film, and bare MgZnO. The inset (b) is AFM image (3D display) of MgZnO with Pt NPs and the inset (c) is a schematic configuration for the PL measurement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The TRPL decays of MgZnO, Pt film/MgZnO, and Pt NPs/MgZnO at 3.4 eV. The solid lines denote the fitting of each decay curve.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature dependence of the integrated PL intensity for the three samples. PL integrated intensities at 10 K were normalized to 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic showing the enhancement mechanism of the bandgap emission for: (a) MgZnO, (b) Pt film/MgZnO, and (c) Pt NPs/MgZnO. Krad: radiative recombination; knon: non-radiative recombination.

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