Abstract

We present a method of fabricating Ge-doped SiO2 fibers with corrugations around their full circumference for a desired length in the longitudinal direction. The procedure comprises three steps: hydrogenation of Ge-doped SiO2 fibers to increase photosensitivity, recording of Bragg gratings with ultraviolet light to achieve modulation of refractive index, and chemical etching. Finite-length, radially corrugated fibers may be used as couplers. Corrugated tapered fibers are used as high energy throughput probes in scanning near-field optical microscopy.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2011

A. Drezet, A. Cuche, and S. Huant, “Near-field microscopy with a single-photon ponit-like emitter: resolution versus the aperture tip,” Opt. Commun.284(5), 1444–1450 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, Ch. Hafner, and G.-L. Bona, “Fully Metal-Coated Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy Probes with Spiral Corrugations for Superfocusing under Arbitrarily Oriented Linearly Polarised Excitation,” Plasmonics6(2), 327–336 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Osuch and Z. Jaroszewicz, “Numerical analysis of apodized fiber Bragg gratings formation using phase mask with variable diffraction efficiency,” Opt. Commun.284(2), 567–572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-Field Localization in Plasmonic Superfocusing: A Nanoemitter on a Tip,” Nano Lett.10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mühlig, C. Rockstuhl, J. Pniewski, C. R. Simovski, S. A. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, “Three-dimensional metamaterial nanotips,” Phys. Rev. B81(7), 075317 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Gumenyuk, C. Thür, S. Kivistö, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion compensation in mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(5), 769–773 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Lázaro, A. Quintela, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Bragg Gratings Written in Tapered Solid-Core Photonic Crystal Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1048–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, “Optical fibre nanowires and microwires: a review,” J. Opt.12(4), 043001 (2010), http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/2040-8978/12/4/043001 .
[CrossRef]

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, and Ch. Hafner, “Effects of asymmetric surface corrugations on fully metal-coated scanning near field optical microscopy tips,” Opt. Express18(8), 8722–8734 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Antosiewicz, P. Wróbel, and T. Szoplik, “Magnetic field concentrator for probing optical magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express18(25), 25906–25911 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

T. J. Antosiewicz and T. Szoplik, “Corrugated SNOM probe with enhanced energy throughput,” Opto-Electron. Rev.16(4), 451–457 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, W. Srituravanich, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Nearfield Scanning Probe with High Transmission,” Nano Lett.8(9), 3041–3045 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.125(2), 688–703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Antosiewicz and T. Szoplik, “Corrugated metal-coated tapered tip for scanning near-field optical microscope,” Opt. Express15(17), 10920–10928 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2004

1999

V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, “Photochemical reaction of hydrogen with germanosilicate glass initiated by 3.4÷5.4eV ultraviolet light,” Opt. Lett.24(11), 729–731 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Stöckle, Ch. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, “High-quality near-field optical probes by tube etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(2), 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Muramatsu, K. Homma, N. Chiba, N. Yamamoto, and A. Egawa, “Dynamic etching method for fabricating a variety of tip shapes in the optical fibre probe of a scanning near-field optical microscope,” J. Microsc.194(2-3), 383–387 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

1993

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loadings as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.29(13), 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Albert, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, I. M. Templeton, and J. L. Brebner, “Maskless writing of submicrometer gratings in fused silica by focused ion beam implantation and differential wet etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(17), 2309–2311 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1978

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(10), 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

J. Albert, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, I. M. Templeton, and J. L. Brebner, “Maskless writing of submicrometer gratings in fused silica by focused ion beam implantation and differential wet etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(17), 2309–2311 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Allsop, T.

Antosiewicz, T. J.

Atkins, R. M.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loadings as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.29(13), 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Baida, F. I.

F. I. Baida and A. Belkhir, “Superfocusing and Light Confinement by Surface Plasmon Excitation Through Radially Polarized Beam,” Plasmonics4(1), 51–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Belkhir, A.

F. I. Baida and A. Belkhir, “Superfocusing and Light Confinement by Surface Plasmon Excitation Through Radially Polarized Beam,” Plasmonics4(1), 51–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Berweger, S.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-Field Localization in Plasmonic Superfocusing: A Nanoemitter on a Tip,” Nano Lett.10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bilodeau, F.

J. Albert, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, I. M. Templeton, and J. L. Brebner, “Maskless writing of submicrometer gratings in fused silica by focused ion beam implantation and differential wet etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(17), 2309–2311 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bona, G.-L.

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, Ch. Hafner, and G.-L. Bona, “Fully Metal-Coated Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy Probes with Spiral Corrugations for Superfocusing under Arbitrarily Oriented Linearly Polarised Excitation,” Plasmonics6(2), 327–336 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brambilla, G.

G. Brambilla, “Optical fibre nanowires and microwires: a review,” J. Opt.12(4), 043001 (2010), http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/2040-8978/12/4/043001 .
[CrossRef]

Brebner, J. L.

J. Albert, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, I. M. Templeton, and J. L. Brebner, “Maskless writing of submicrometer gratings in fused silica by focused ion beam implantation and differential wet etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(17), 2309–2311 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chiba, N.

H. Muramatsu, K. Homma, N. Chiba, N. Yamamoto, and A. Egawa, “Dynamic etching method for fabricating a variety of tip shapes in the optical fibre probe of a scanning near-field optical microscope,” J. Microsc.194(2-3), 383–387 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cuche, A.

A. Drezet, A. Cuche, and S. Huant, “Near-field microscopy with a single-photon ponit-like emitter: resolution versus the aperture tip,” Opt. Commun.284(5), 1444–1450 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Deckert, V.

R. Stöckle, Ch. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, “High-quality near-field optical probes by tube etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(2), 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E.

Drezet, A.

A. Drezet, A. Cuche, and S. Huant, “Near-field microscopy with a single-photon ponit-like emitter: resolution versus the aperture tip,” Opt. Commun.284(5), 1444–1450 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dürr, F.

Egawa, A.

H. Muramatsu, K. Homma, N. Chiba, N. Yamamoto, and A. Egawa, “Dynamic etching method for fabricating a variety of tip shapes in the optical fibre probe of a scanning near-field optical microscope,” J. Microsc.194(2-3), 383–387 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, D.

Feinberg, J.

Floreani, F.

Fokas, Ch.

R. Stöckle, Ch. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, “High-quality near-field optical probes by tube etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(2), 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fokine, M.

M. Fokine, “Manipulating glass for photonics,” Phys. Status Solidi A206(5), 880–884 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(10), 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

Gumenyuk, R.

R. Gumenyuk, C. Thür, S. Kivistö, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion compensation in mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(5), 769–773 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hafner, Ch.

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, Ch. Hafner, and G.-L. Bona, “Fully Metal-Coated Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy Probes with Spiral Corrugations for Superfocusing under Arbitrarily Oriented Linearly Polarised Excitation,” Plasmonics6(2), 327–336 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, and Ch. Hafner, “Effects of asymmetric surface corrugations on fully metal-coated scanning near field optical microscopy tips,” Opt. Express18(8), 8722–8734 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hecht, B.

R. Stöckle, Ch. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, “High-quality near-field optical probes by tube etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(2), 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

J. Albert, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, I. M. Templeton, and J. L. Brebner, “Maskless writing of submicrometer gratings in fused silica by focused ion beam implantation and differential wet etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(17), 2309–2311 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(10), 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Homma, K.

H. Muramatsu, K. Homma, N. Chiba, N. Yamamoto, and A. Egawa, “Dynamic etching method for fabricating a variety of tip shapes in the optical fibre probe of a scanning near-field optical microscope,” J. Microsc.194(2-3), 383–387 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huant, S.

A. Drezet, A. Cuche, and S. Huant, “Near-field microscopy with a single-photon ponit-like emitter: resolution versus the aperture tip,” Opt. Commun.284(5), 1444–1450 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huntington, S.

Jaroszewicz, Z.

T. Osuch and Z. Jaroszewicz, “Numerical analysis of apodized fiber Bragg gratings formation using phase mask with variable diffraction efficiency,” Opt. Commun.284(2), 567–572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jedrzejewski, K. P.

Johnson, D. C.

J. Albert, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, I. M. Templeton, and J. L. Brebner, “Maskless writing of submicrometer gratings in fused silica by focused ion beam implantation and differential wet etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(17), 2309–2311 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(10), 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

Kapur, P.

Kashyap, R.

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(10), 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kivistö, S.

R. Gumenyuk, C. Thür, S. Kivistö, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion compensation in mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(5), 769–773 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kulik, G.

Lázaro, J. M.

J. M. Lázaro, A. Quintela, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Bragg Gratings Written in Tapered Solid-Core Photonic Crystal Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1048–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

S. Mühlig, C. Rockstuhl, J. Pniewski, C. R. Simovski, S. A. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, “Three-dimensional metamaterial nanotips,” Phys. Rev. B81(7), 075317 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loadings as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.29(13), 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leung, A.

A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.125(2), 688–703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Limberger, H.

Lopez-Higuera, J. M.

J. M. Lázaro, A. Quintela, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Bragg Gratings Written in Tapered Solid-Core Photonic Crystal Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1048–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lotito, V.

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, Ch. Hafner, and G.-L. Bona, “Fully Metal-Coated Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy Probes with Spiral Corrugations for Superfocusing under Arbitrarily Oriented Linearly Polarised Excitation,” Plasmonics6(2), 327–336 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, and Ch. Hafner, “Effects of asymmetric surface corrugations on fully metal-coated scanning near field optical microscopy tips,” Opt. Express18(8), 8722–8734 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Love, J.

Lyytikäinen, K.

Malo, B.

J. Albert, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, I. M. Templeton, and J. L. Brebner, “Maskless writing of submicrometer gratings in fused silica by focused ion beam implantation and differential wet etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(17), 2309–2311 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Marques, P. V. S.

Mitra, A.

Mizrahi, V.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loadings as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.29(13), 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mondal, S. K.

Mühlig, S.

S. Mühlig, C. Rockstuhl, J. Pniewski, C. R. Simovski, S. A. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, “Three-dimensional metamaterial nanotips,” Phys. Rev. B81(7), 075317 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Muramatsu, H.

H. Muramatsu, K. Homma, N. Chiba, N. Yamamoto, and A. Egawa, “Dynamic etching method for fabricating a variety of tip shapes in the optical fibre probe of a scanning near-field optical microscope,” J. Microsc.194(2-3), 383–387 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mutharasan, R.

A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.125(2), 688–703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Neacsu, C. C.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-Field Localization in Plasmonic Superfocusing: A Nanoemitter on a Tip,” Nano Lett.10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nemova, G.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

R. Gumenyuk, C. Thür, S. Kivistö, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion compensation in mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(5), 769–773 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Olmon, R. L.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-Field Localization in Plasmonic Superfocusing: A Nanoemitter on a Tip,” Nano Lett.10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osuch, T.

T. Osuch and Z. Jaroszewicz, “Numerical analysis of apodized fiber Bragg gratings formation using phase mask with variable diffraction efficiency,” Opt. Commun.284(2), 567–572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pace, P.

Patra, K. C.

Pniewski, J.

S. Mühlig, C. Rockstuhl, J. Pniewski, C. R. Simovski, S. A. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, “Three-dimensional metamaterial nanotips,” Phys. Rev. B81(7), 075317 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Quintela, A.

J. M. Lázaro, A. Quintela, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Bragg Gratings Written in Tapered Solid-Core Photonic Crystal Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1048–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Raschke, M. B.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-Field Localization in Plasmonic Superfocusing: A Nanoemitter on a Tip,” Nano Lett.10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reed, W. A.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loadings as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.29(13), 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, A.

Rockstuhl, C.

S. Mühlig, C. Rockstuhl, J. Pniewski, C. R. Simovski, S. A. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, “Three-dimensional metamaterial nanotips,” Phys. Rev. B81(7), 075317 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Romero, R.

Ropers, C.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-Field Localization in Plasmonic Superfocusing: A Nanoemitter on a Tip,” Nano Lett.10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salathé, R.

Saraf, L. V.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-Field Localization in Plasmonic Superfocusing: A Nanoemitter on a Tip,” Nano Lett.10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarkar, S. N.

Semjonov, S.

Sennhauser, U.

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, Ch. Hafner, and G.-L. Bona, “Fully Metal-Coated Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy Probes with Spiral Corrugations for Superfocusing under Arbitrarily Oriented Linearly Polarised Excitation,” Plasmonics6(2), 327–336 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, and Ch. Hafner, “Effects of asymmetric surface corrugations on fully metal-coated scanning near field optical microscopy tips,” Opt. Express18(8), 8722–8734 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shankar, P. M.

A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.125(2), 688–703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, E. K.

Sick, B.

R. Stöckle, Ch. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, “High-quality near-field optical probes by tube etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(2), 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Simovski, C. R.

S. Mühlig, C. Rockstuhl, J. Pniewski, C. R. Simovski, S. A. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, “Three-dimensional metamaterial nanotips,” Phys. Rev. B81(7), 075317 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Singh, N.

Singh, R.

Srituravanich, W.

Y. Wang, W. Srituravanich, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Nearfield Scanning Probe with High Transmission,” Nano Lett.8(9), 3041–3045 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starodubov, D. S.

Stöckle, R.

R. Stöckle, Ch. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, “High-quality near-field optical probes by tube etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(2), 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

Y. Wang, W. Srituravanich, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Nearfield Scanning Probe with High Transmission,” Nano Lett.8(9), 3041–3045 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szoplik, T.

Templeton, I. M.

J. Albert, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, I. M. Templeton, and J. L. Brebner, “Maskless writing of submicrometer gratings in fused silica by focused ion beam implantation and differential wet etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(17), 2309–2311 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Thür, C.

R. Gumenyuk, C. Thür, S. Kivistö, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion compensation in mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(5), 769–773 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tretyakov, S. A.

S. Mühlig, C. Rockstuhl, J. Pniewski, C. R. Simovski, S. A. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, “Three-dimensional metamaterial nanotips,” Phys. Rev. B81(7), 075317 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Urbanczyk, W.

J. M. Lázaro, A. Quintela, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Bragg Gratings Written in Tapered Solid-Core Photonic Crystal Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1048–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, W. Srituravanich, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Nearfield Scanning Probe with High Transmission,” Nano Lett.8(9), 3041–3045 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Webb, D. J.

Wild, U. P.

R. Stöckle, Ch. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, “High-quality near-field optical probes by tube etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(2), 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wojcik, J.

J. M. Lázaro, A. Quintela, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Bragg Gratings Written in Tapered Solid-Core Photonic Crystal Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1048–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wróbel, P.

Yamamoto, N.

H. Muramatsu, K. Homma, N. Chiba, N. Yamamoto, and A. Egawa, “Dynamic etching method for fabricating a variety of tip shapes in the optical fibre probe of a scanning near-field optical microscope,” J. Microsc.194(2-3), 383–387 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yasumoto, K.

Zeng, X.

Zenobi, R.

R. Stöckle, Ch. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, “High-quality near-field optical probes by tube etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(2), 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Y. Wang, W. Srituravanich, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Nearfield Scanning Probe with High Transmission,” Nano Lett.8(9), 3041–3045 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ziolkowski, R. W.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.32(10), 647 (1978).
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R. Stöckle, Ch. Fokas, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, B. Sick, B. Hecht, and U. P. Wild, “High-quality near-field optical probes by tube etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.75(2), 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Albert, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, I. M. Templeton, and J. L. Brebner, “Maskless writing of submicrometer gratings in fused silica by focused ion beam implantation and differential wet etching,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(17), 2309–2311 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

P. J. Lemaire, R. M. Atkins, V. Mizrahi, and W. A. Reed, “High pressure H2 loadings as a technique for achieving ultrahigh UV photosensitivity and thermal sensitivity in GeO2 doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.29(13), 1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. Gumenyuk, C. Thür, S. Kivistö, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tapered fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion compensation in mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(5), 769–773 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. M. Lázaro, A. Quintela, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Bragg Gratings Written in Tapered Solid-Core Photonic Crystal Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1048–1050 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Microsc.

H. Muramatsu, K. Homma, N. Chiba, N. Yamamoto, and A. Egawa, “Dynamic etching method for fabricating a variety of tip shapes in the optical fibre probe of a scanning near-field optical microscope,” J. Microsc.194(2-3), 383–387 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt.

G. Brambilla, “Optical fibre nanowires and microwires: a review,” J. Opt.12(4), 043001 (2010), http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/2040-8978/12/4/043001 .
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nano Lett.

Y. Wang, W. Srituravanich, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Nearfield Scanning Probe with High Transmission,” Nano Lett.8(9), 3041–3045 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-Field Localization in Plasmonic Superfocusing: A Nanoemitter on a Tip,” Nano Lett.10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

T. Osuch and Z. Jaroszewicz, “Numerical analysis of apodized fiber Bragg gratings formation using phase mask with variable diffraction efficiency,” Opt. Commun.284(2), 567–572 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Drezet, A. Cuche, and S. Huant, “Near-field microscopy with a single-photon ponit-like emitter: resolution versus the aperture tip,” Opt. Commun.284(5), 1444–1450 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

P. Pace, S. Huntington, K. Lyytikäinen, A. Roberts, and J. Love, “Refractive index profiles of Ge-doped optical fibers with nanometer spatial resolution using atomic force microscopy,” Opt. Express12(7), 1452–1457 (2004).
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F. Dürr, G. Kulik, H. Limberger, R. Salathé, S. Semjonov, and E. Dianov, “Hydrogen loading and UV-irradiation induced etch rate changes in phosphorus-doped fibers,” Opt. Express12(23), 5770–5776 (2004).
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T. J. Antosiewicz and T. Szoplik, “Corrugated metal-coated tapered tip for scanning near-field optical microscope,” Opt. Express15(17), 10920–10928 (2007).
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S. K. Mondal, A. Mitra, N. Singh, S. N. Sarkar, and P. Kapur, “Optical fiber nanoprobe preparation for near-field optical microscopy by chemical etching under surface tension and capillary action,” Opt. Express17(22), 19470–19475 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, and Ch. Hafner, “Effects of asymmetric surface corrugations on fully metal-coated scanning near field optical microscopy tips,” Opt. Express18(8), 8722–8734 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Antosiewicz, P. Wróbel, and T. Szoplik, “Magnetic field concentrator for probing optical magnetic metamaterials,” Opt. Express18(25), 25906–25911 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Opto-Electron. Rev.

T. J. Antosiewicz and T. Szoplik, “Corrugated SNOM probe with enhanced energy throughput,” Opto-Electron. Rev.16(4), 451–457 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

S. Mühlig, C. Rockstuhl, J. Pniewski, C. R. Simovski, S. A. Tretyakov, and F. Lederer, “Three-dimensional metamaterial nanotips,” Phys. Rev. B81(7), 075317 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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M. Fokine, “Manipulating glass for photonics,” Phys. Status Solidi A206(5), 880–884 (2009).
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F. I. Baida and A. Belkhir, “Superfocusing and Light Confinement by Surface Plasmon Excitation Through Radially Polarized Beam,” Plasmonics4(1), 51–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Lotito, U. Sennhauser, Ch. Hafner, and G.-L. Bona, “Fully Metal-Coated Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy Probes with Spiral Corrugations for Superfocusing under Arbitrarily Oriented Linearly Polarised Excitation,” Plasmonics6(2), 327–336 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.125(2), 688–703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Recording scheme of a distributed Bragg reflector in a Ge-doped silica-core fibers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SEM pictures of corrugated silica waveguides fabricated from a Ge-doped UV-exposed fiber using a phase mask with periodicity of 709 nm etched at 23.7 °C for is 54.5 min, final diameter is 2.54 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SEM pictures of corrugated tapered fiber probes with (a) an average groove periodicity 1.03 μm equal approximately to the period of the phase mask 1.061 μm and groove depth about 120 nm and (b) an average groove periodicity 700 nm equal approximately to the period of the phase mask 709 nm and groove depth about 100 nm.

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