Abstract

We demonstrate an improved overlapped-subcarrier multiplexed (O-SCM) WDM PON architecture transmitting over a single feeder using cost sensitive intensity modulation/direct detection transceivers, data re-modulation and simple electronics. Incorporating electronic equalization and Reed-Solomon forward-error correction codes helps to overcome the bandwidth limitation of a remotely seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA)-based ONU transmitter. The O-SCM architecture yields greater spectral efficiency and higher bit rates than many other SCM techniques while maintaining resilience to upstream impairments. We demonstrate full-duplex 5 Gb/s transmission over 20 km and analyze BER performance as a function of transmitted and received power. The architecture provides flexibility to network operators by relaxing common design constraints and enabling full-duplex operation at BER ∼ 10−10 over a wide range of OLT launch powers from 3.5 to 8 dBm.

© 2012 OSA

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  13. Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.
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    [CrossRef]
  27. Z. A. El-Sahn, J. M. Buset, and D. V. Plant, “Bidirectional WDM PON enabled by reflective ONUs and a novel overlapped-subcarrier multiplexing technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMP7.
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2012 (1)

Z. A. El-Sahn, J. M. Buset, and D. V. Plant, “Overlapped-subcarrier multiplexing for WDM passive optical networks: Experimental verification and mathematical analysis,” J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 754–763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

M.-K. Hong, N. Tran, Y. Shi, J. M. Joo, E. Tangdiongga, S. K. Han, and A. M. J. Koonen, “10-Gb/s transmission over 20-km single fiber link using 1-GHz RSOA by discrete multitone with multiple access,” Opt. Express 19, B486–B495 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “25.78-Gb/s operation of RSOA for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 495–497 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Guo and A. Tran, “Reduction of backscattering noise in 2.5 and 10 Gbit/s RSOA-based WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1333–1335 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

H. Kim, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1379–1381 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-i. Kani, “Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1290–1297 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Wei, A. Hamie, R. P. Gidding, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Adaptively modulated optical OFDM modems utilizing RSOAs as intensity modulators in IMDD SMF transmission systems,” Opt. Express 18, 8556–8573 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Cho, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Performance of forward-error correction code in 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 57–59 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

M. Fujiwara, J.-i. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740–746 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Talli, D. Cotter, and P. Townsend, “Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source,” Electron. Lett. 42, 877–878 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Kang and S.-K. Han, “A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502–504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Agata, A.

K. Y. Cho, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Performance of forward-error correction code in 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 57–59 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. J. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Al-Qazwini, Z.

Z. Al-Qazwini and H. Kim, “10-Gbps single-feeder, full-duplex WDM-PON using directly modulated laser and RSOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OTh1F.5.

Arellano, C.

C. Arellano, K. Langer, and J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 12–18 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Arellano, C. Bock, J. Prat, and K.-D. Langer, “RSOA-based optical network units for WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuC1.
[CrossRef]

Besnard, P.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Birbas, A.

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. Lázaro, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Prat, “Design optimization for 10Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2009), paper 7.5.5.

Birbas, A. N.

Bock, C.

C. Arellano, C. Bock, J. Prat, and K.-D. Langer, “RSOA-based optical network units for WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuC1.
[CrossRef]

Bramerie, L.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Brenot, R.

G. de Valicourt and R. Brenot, “10 Gbit/s modulation of reflective SOA without any electronic processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThT2.

Breuer, D.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

Buset, J. M.

Z. A. El-Sahn, J. M. Buset, and D. V. Plant, “Overlapped-subcarrier multiplexing for WDM passive optical networks: Experimental verification and mathematical analysis,” J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 754–763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. A. El-Sahn, J. M. Buset, and D. V. Plant, “Bidirectional WDM PON enabled by reflective ONUs and a novel overlapped-subcarrier multiplexing technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMP7.

Cavaliere, F.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

Chanclou, P.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Chang, G.-K.

Chien, H.-C.

Chiuchiarelli, A.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “25.78-Gb/s operation of RSOA for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 495–497 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Performance of forward-error correction code in 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 57–59 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. J. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Choi, B. S.

K. Y. Cho, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “25.78-Gb/s operation of RSOA for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 495–497 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Choudhury, P.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, A.

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “25.78-Gb/s operation of RSOA for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 495–497 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Performance of forward-error correction code in 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 57–59 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. J. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Ciaramella, E.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cotter, D.

G. Talli, D. Cotter, and P. Townsend, “Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source,” Electron. Lett. 42, 877–878 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dahlfort, S.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

de Valicourt, G.

G. de Valicourt and R. Brenot, “10 Gbit/s modulation of reflective SOA without any electronic processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThT2.

Duan, G. H.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Eiselt, M.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

Elbers, J.-P.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

Ellinas, G.

El-Sahn, Z. A.

Z. A. El-Sahn, J. M. Buset, and D. V. Plant, “Overlapped-subcarrier multiplexing for WDM passive optical networks: Experimental verification and mathematical analysis,” J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 754–763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. A. El-Sahn, J. M. Buset, and D. V. Plant, “Bidirectional WDM PON enabled by reflective ONUs and a novel overlapped-subcarrier multiplexing technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMP7.

Fabrega, J. M.

J. M. Fabrega, A. E. Mardini, V. Polo, J. A. Lázaro, E. T. Lopez, R. Soila, and J. Prat, “Deployment analysis of TDM/WDM single fiber PON with colourless ONU operating at 2.5 Gbps subcarrier multiplexed downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper NWB5.

J. M. Fabrega, E. T. Lopez, J. A. Lázaro, M. Zuhdi, and J. Prat, “Demonstration of a full duplex PON featuring 2.5 Gbps sub carrier multiplexing downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream with colourless ONU and simple optics,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2008), paper We.1.F.6.
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, M.

M. Fujiwara, J.-i. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740–746 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Garreau, A.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Gidding, R. P.

Giorgi, L.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grobe, K.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

Guo, Q.

Q. Guo and A. Tran, “Reduction of backscattering noise in 2.5 and 10 Gbit/s RSOA-based WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1333–1335 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hamie, A.

Han, S. K.

Han, S.-K.

J.-M. Kang and S.-K. Han, “A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502–504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hong, M.-K.

Hood, D.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

Huang, M.-F.

Hugues-Salas, E.

Iwatsuki, K.

M. Fujiwara, J.-i. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740–746 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Joo, J. M.

Kang, J.-M.

J.-M. Kang and S.-K. Han, “A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502–504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kani, J.-i.

J.-i. Kani, “Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1290–1297 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J.-i. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740–746 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kazmierski, C.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Kikidis, J.

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, B. Schrenk, D. Klonidis, J. A. Lázaro, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, J. Prat, and I. Tomkos, “10 Gb/s full-duplex bidirectional transmission with RSOA-based ONU using detuned optical filtering and decision feedback equalization,” Opt. Express 17, 5008–5013 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. Lázaro, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Prat, “Design optimization for 10Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2009), paper 7.5.5.

Kim, H.

H. Kim, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1379–1381 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Al-Qazwini and H. Kim, “10-Gbps single-feeder, full-duplex WDM-PON using directly modulated laser and RSOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OTh1F.5.

Klonidis, D.

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, B. Schrenk, D. Klonidis, J. A. Lázaro, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, J. Prat, and I. Tomkos, “10 Gb/s full-duplex bidirectional transmission with RSOA-based ONU using detuned optical filtering and decision feedback equalization,” Opt. Express 17, 5008–5013 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. Lázaro, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Prat, “Design optimization for 10Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2009), paper 7.5.5.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Lange, C.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

Langer, K.

C. Arellano, K. Langer, and J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 12–18 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Langer, K.-D.

C. Arellano, C. Bock, J. Prat, and K.-D. Langer, “RSOA-based optical network units for WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuC1.
[CrossRef]

Lázaro, J.

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. Lázaro, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Prat, “Design optimization for 10Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2009), paper 7.5.5.

Lázaro, J. A.

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, B. Schrenk, D. Klonidis, J. A. Lázaro, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, J. Prat, and I. Tomkos, “10 Gb/s full-duplex bidirectional transmission with RSOA-based ONU using detuned optical filtering and decision feedback equalization,” Opt. Express 17, 5008–5013 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Fabrega, E. T. Lopez, J. A. Lázaro, M. Zuhdi, and J. Prat, “Demonstration of a full duplex PON featuring 2.5 Gbps sub carrier multiplexing downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream with colourless ONU and simple optics,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2008), paper We.1.F.6.
[CrossRef]

J. M. Fabrega, A. E. Mardini, V. Polo, J. A. Lázaro, E. T. Lopez, R. Soila, and J. Prat, “Deployment analysis of TDM/WDM single fiber PON with colourless ONU operating at 2.5 Gbps subcarrier multiplexed downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper NWB5.

Lee, Y. J.

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. J. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Lopez, E. T.

J. M. Fabrega, A. E. Mardini, V. Polo, J. A. Lázaro, E. T. Lopez, R. Soila, and J. Prat, “Deployment analysis of TDM/WDM single fiber PON with colourless ONU operating at 2.5 Gbps subcarrier multiplexed downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper NWB5.

J. M. Fabrega, E. T. Lopez, J. A. Lázaro, M. Zuhdi, and J. Prat, “Demonstration of a full duplex PON featuring 2.5 Gbps sub carrier multiplexing downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream with colourless ONU and simple optics,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2008), paper We.1.F.6.
[CrossRef]

Mansoor, S.

Mardini, A. E.

J. M. Fabrega, A. E. Mardini, V. Polo, J. A. Lázaro, E. T. Lopez, R. Soila, and J. Prat, “Deployment analysis of TDM/WDM single fiber PON with colourless ONU operating at 2.5 Gbps subcarrier multiplexed downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper NWB5.

Murakami, A.

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. J. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Nguyen, Q. T.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Omella, M.

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, B. Schrenk, D. Klonidis, J. A. Lázaro, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, J. Prat, and I. Tomkos, “10 Gb/s full-duplex bidirectional transmission with RSOA-based ONU using detuned optical filtering and decision feedback equalization,” Opt. Express 17, 5008–5013 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. Lázaro, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Prat, “Design optimization for 10Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2009), paper 7.5.5.

Papagiannakis, I.

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, B. Schrenk, D. Klonidis, J. A. Lázaro, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, J. Prat, and I. Tomkos, “10 Gb/s full-duplex bidirectional transmission with RSOA-based ONU using detuned optical filtering and decision feedback equalization,” Opt. Express 17, 5008–5013 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. Lázaro, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Prat, “Design optimization for 10Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2009), paper 7.5.5.

Plant, D. V.

Z. A. El-Sahn, J. M. Buset, and D. V. Plant, “Overlapped-subcarrier multiplexing for WDM passive optical networks: Experimental verification and mathematical analysis,” J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 754–763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. A. El-Sahn, J. M. Buset, and D. V. Plant, “Bidirectional WDM PON enabled by reflective ONUs and a novel overlapped-subcarrier multiplexing technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMP7.

Polo, V.

J. M. Fabrega, A. E. Mardini, V. Polo, J. A. Lázaro, E. T. Lopez, R. Soila, and J. Prat, “Deployment analysis of TDM/WDM single fiber PON with colourless ONU operating at 2.5 Gbps subcarrier multiplexed downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper NWB5.

Prat, J.

C. Arellano, K. Langer, and J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 12–18 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, B. Schrenk, D. Klonidis, J. A. Lázaro, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, J. Prat, and I. Tomkos, “10 Gb/s full-duplex bidirectional transmission with RSOA-based ONU using detuned optical filtering and decision feedback equalization,” Opt. Express 17, 5008–5013 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Fabrega, A. E. Mardini, V. Polo, J. A. Lázaro, E. T. Lopez, R. Soila, and J. Prat, “Deployment analysis of TDM/WDM single fiber PON with colourless ONU operating at 2.5 Gbps subcarrier multiplexed downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper NWB5.

J. M. Fabrega, E. T. Lopez, J. A. Lázaro, M. Zuhdi, and J. Prat, “Demonstration of a full duplex PON featuring 2.5 Gbps sub carrier multiplexing downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream with colourless ONU and simple optics,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2008), paper We.1.F.6.
[CrossRef]

J. Prat, “Rayleigh back-scattering reduction by means of quantized feedback equalization in WDM-PONs,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2010), paper Th.10.B.3.
[CrossRef]

C. Arellano, C. Bock, J. Prat, and K.-D. Langer, “RSOA-based optical network units for WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuC1.
[CrossRef]

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. Lázaro, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Prat, “Design optimization for 10Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2009), paper 7.5.5.

Presi, M.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proakis, J. G.

J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, New York, 2008), chap. 9, 5th ed.

Proietti, R.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roppelt, M.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

Salehi, M.

J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, New York, 2008), chap. 9, 5th ed.

Schrenk, B.

Shen, A.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Shi, Y.

Simon, J. C.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Sklar, B.

B. Sklar, Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications (Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2001), 2nd ed.

Soila, R.

J. M. Fabrega, A. E. Mardini, V. Polo, J. A. Lázaro, E. T. Lopez, R. Soila, and J. Prat, “Deployment analysis of TDM/WDM single fiber PON with colourless ONU operating at 2.5 Gbps subcarrier multiplexed downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper NWB5.

Suzuki, H.

M. Fujiwara, J.-i. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740–746 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “25.78-Gb/s operation of RSOA for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 495–497 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Performance of forward-error correction code in 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 57–59 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. J. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Talli, G.

G. Talli, D. Cotter, and P. Townsend, “Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source,” Electron. Lett. 42, 877–878 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, J. M.

Tangdiongga, E.

Tomkos, I.

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, B. Schrenk, D. Klonidis, J. A. Lázaro, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, J. Prat, and I. Tomkos, “10 Gb/s full-duplex bidirectional transmission with RSOA-based ONU using detuned optical filtering and decision feedback equalization,” Opt. Express 17, 5008–5013 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. Lázaro, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Prat, “Design optimization for 10Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2009), paper 7.5.5.

Townsend, P.

G. Talli, D. Cotter, and P. Townsend, “Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source,” Electron. Lett. 42, 877–878 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tran, A.

Q. Guo and A. Tran, “Reduction of backscattering noise in 2.5 and 10 Gbit/s RSOA-based WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1333–1335 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tran, N.

Vaudel, G.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Vaudel, O.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

Wei, J. L.

Weis, E.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

Yu, J.

Zheng, X.

Zuhdi, M.

J. M. Fabrega, E. T. Lopez, J. A. Lázaro, M. Zuhdi, and J. Prat, “Demonstration of a full duplex PON featuring 2.5 Gbps sub carrier multiplexing downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream with colourless ONU and simple optics,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2008), paper We.1.F.6.
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

G. Talli, D. Cotter, and P. Townsend, “Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source,” Electron. Lett. 42, 877–878 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Guo and A. Tran, “Reduction of backscattering noise in 2.5 and 10 Gbit/s RSOA-based WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett. 47, 1333–1335 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J.-i. Kani, “Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 1290–1297 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

K. Y. Cho, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Performance of forward-error correction code in 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 57–59 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Kang and S.-K. Han, “A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 502–504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1379–1381 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “25.78-Gb/s operation of RSOA for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 495–497 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

M. Fujiwara, J.-i. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740–746 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Arellano, K. Langer, and J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 12–18 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. A. El-Sahn, J. M. Buset, and D. V. Plant, “Overlapped-subcarrier multiplexing for WDM passive optical networks: Experimental verification and mathematical analysis,” J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 754–763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Other (15)

“Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2010–2015,” Tech. rep., Cisco Inc. (2011).

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, and D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks, (IEEE, 2011), paper 12.

J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, New York, 2008), chap. 9, 5th ed.

B. Sklar, Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications (Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2001), 2nd ed.

C. Arellano, C. Bock, J. Prat, and K.-D. Langer, “RSOA-based optical network units for WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OTuC1.
[CrossRef]

Z. A. El-Sahn, J. M. Buset, and D. V. Plant, “Bidirectional WDM PON enabled by reflective ONUs and a novel overlapped-subcarrier multiplexing technique,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMP7.

“G.984.3: Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (G-PON): Transmission convergence layer specification,” Recommendation, ITU-T (2008).

J. Prat, “Rayleigh back-scattering reduction by means of quantized feedback equalization in WDM-PONs,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2010), paper Th.10.B.3.
[CrossRef]

J. M. Fabrega, A. E. Mardini, V. Polo, J. A. Lázaro, E. T. Lopez, R. Soila, and J. Prat, “Deployment analysis of TDM/WDM single fiber PON with colourless ONU operating at 2.5 Gbps subcarrier multiplexed downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper NWB5.

J. M. Fabrega, E. T. Lopez, J. A. Lázaro, M. Zuhdi, and J. Prat, “Demonstration of a full duplex PON featuring 2.5 Gbps sub carrier multiplexing downstream and 1.25 Gbps upstream with colourless ONU and simple optics,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2008), paper We.1.F.6.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. J. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Z. Al-Qazwini and H. Kim, “10-Gbps single-feeder, full-duplex WDM-PON using directly modulated laser and RSOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OTh1F.5.

Q. T. Nguyen, G. Vaudel, O. Vaudel, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Multi-functional R-EAM-SOA for 10-Gb/s WDM access,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThG7.

M. Omella, I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, J. Lázaro, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Prat, “Design optimization for 10Gb/s full-duplex transmission using RSOA-based ONU with electrical and optical filtering and equalization,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, (IEEE, 2009), paper 7.5.5.

G. de Valicourt and R. Brenot, “10 Gbit/s modulation of reflective SOA without any electronic processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThT2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup of the proposed O-SCM WDM PON. Measurements and illustrations of the received (b) up-converted downstream and (c) baseband upstream signal spectra, where the dashed vertical lines indicate that the measurement bandwidth was limited to 9 GHz and 4 GHz respectively. Δϕ: electrical phase delay, AMP: RF amplifier, AWG: arrayed waveguide grating (100 GHz), EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, EML: electro-absorption modulated laser (CyOptics E4560), fSC: subcarrier frequency, Mixers: Marki Microwave (M1-0412MP), OBPF: 0.25nm optical band-pass filter, OLT: optical line terminal, ONU: optical network unit, PD: p-i-n photoreceiver (10 GHz bandwidth), PTx: OLT transmitted power, PSD: power spectral density, RSOA: reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (CIP SOA-RL-OEC-1550), T: RF bias-tee, VOA: variable optical attenuator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illustration of the data structure transmitted at 5 Gb/s. The sequence begins with a 104 bit training sequence (TS) followed by a series of N data frames. Each frame is composed of a 760 bit preamble (PA) and a 624240 bit RS(255,239) FEC encoded payload.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER performance as a function of OLT transmitted power in (a) downlink and (b) uplink directions for 5 Gb/s symmetric transmission over 20 km. The inset eye diagrams are of the raw data captured at PTx = 5dBm. (c) The corresponding received uplink and downlink power versus transmitted power for the optimum 60/40 coupler.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Illustration of the downlink noise tolerance for (a) this O-SCM WDM PON and (b) a conventional asymmetric SCM PON. The dashed vertical line represents the cutoff frequency for the receiver’s electrical low pass filter.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P S _ F E C 1 2 m 1 j = t + 1 2 m 1 j ( 2 m 1 j ) P S j ( 1 P S ) 2 m 1 j ,
P B = 1 ( 1 P S ) 1 m .

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