Abstract

We report directional single mode emission in an InGaAsP semiconductor microcavity laser, which is composed of a circle and an isosceles trapezoid. When exciting a whole cavity, the laser generates a single mode without hopping in two directions over a wide range of continuous injection currents. In the emission spectrum, it is confirmed from the equidistant mode spacing that a scar mode becomes a single lasing mode above the lasing threshold. A numerical analysis of the boundary element method shows that the far-field pattern of the resonance agrees well with that of the experiment.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, New York, 1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415, 621–623 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. U. Nöckel and A. D. Stone, “Ray and wave chaos in asymmetric resonant optical cavities,” Nature 385, 45–47 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science 280, 1556–1564 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1710–1712 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

J. Lee, S. Rim, J. Cho, and C.-M. Kim, “Unidirectional resonance modes supported by secondary islands in a microcavity comprised of two half-ellipses,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033815 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Wen, O. Kuzucu, T. Hou, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical switching of a single resonance in silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1413–1415 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Yi, S. H. Lee, M.-W. Kim, J. Cho, J. Lee, S.-Y. Lee, J. Wiersig, and C.-M. Kim, “Light emission of a scarlike mode with assistance of quasiperiodicity,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Yi, M.-W. Kim, and C.-M. Kim, “Lasing characteristics of a limaçon-shaped microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Combining directional light output and ultralow loss in deformed microdisks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S.-B. Lee, J. Yang, S. Moon, J.-H. Lee, K. An, J.-B. Shim, H.-W. Lee, and S. W. Kim, “Universal output directionality of single modes in a deformed microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011802(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1, 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Unidirectional light emission from high-Q modes in optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 031802(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (2)

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415, 621–623 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science 280, 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

J. U. Nöckel and A. D. Stone, “Ray and wave chaos in asymmetric resonant optical cavities,” Nature 385, 45–47 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, V.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

An, K.

S.-B. Lee, J. Yang, S. Moon, J.-H. Lee, K. An, J.-B. Shim, H.-W. Lee, and S. W. Kim, “Universal output directionality of single modes in a deformed microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011802(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Armani, D. K.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Audet, R.

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Belkin, M. A.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Binsma, H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bour, D.

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Campillo, A. J.

R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, New York, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science 280, 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, R. K.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, New York, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Chern, G. D.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chipman, C.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A. Y.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science 280, 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, J.

J. Lee, S. Rim, J. Cho, and C.-M. Kim, “Unidirectional resonance modes supported by secondary islands in a microcavity comprised of two half-ellipses,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033815 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Yi, S. H. Lee, M.-W. Kim, J. Cho, J. Lee, S.-Y. Lee, J. Wiersig, and C.-M. Kim, “Light emission of a scarlike mode with assistance of quasiperiodicity,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Corzine, S.

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cui, J.-M.

C. L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, X.-W. Wu, J.-M. Cui, Y. Yang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Mechanism of unidirectional emission of ultrahigh Q whispering gallery mode in microcavities,” arXiv:0908.3531v1 (2008).

De Vries, T.

M. T. Hill, H. J. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Den Besten, J. H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diehl, L.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C.-H.

C. L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, X.-W. Wu, J.-M. Cui, Y. Yang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Mechanism of unidirectional emission of ultrahigh Q whispering gallery mode in microcavities,” arXiv:0908.3531v1 (2008).

Dorren, H. J.

M. T. Hill, H. J. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edamura, T.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Emanuel, M.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Epp, P.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Faist, J.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science 280, 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, J. A.

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Faraji, B.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gmachl, C.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science 280, 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, G.-C.

C. L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, X.-W. Wu, J.-M. Cui, Y. Yang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Mechanism of unidirectional emission of ultrahigh Q whispering gallery mode in microcavities,” arXiv:0908.3531v1 (2008).

Han, Z.-F.

C. L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, X.-W. Wu, J.-M. Cui, Y. Yang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Mechanism of unidirectional emission of ultrahigh Q whispering gallery mode in microcavities,” arXiv:0908.3531v1 (2008).

Heanue, J.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Combining directional light output and ultralow loss in deformed microdisks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Unidirectional light emission from high-Q modes in optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 031802(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hill, M. T.

M. T. Hill, H. J. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Höfler, G.

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hong, X.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hou, T.

Johnson, N. M.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kan, H.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

M. T. Hill, H. J. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, C.-M.

J. Lee, S. Rim, J. Cho, and C.-M. Kim, “Unidirectional resonance modes supported by secondary islands in a microcavity comprised of two half-ellipses,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033815 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Yi, S. H. Lee, M.-W. Kim, J. Cho, J. Lee, S.-Y. Lee, J. Wiersig, and C.-M. Kim, “Light emission of a scarlike mode with assistance of quasiperiodicity,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Yi, M.-W. Kim, and C.-M. Kim, “Lasing characteristics of a limaçon-shaped microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kurdoglyan, S. Y. Lee, S. Rim, and C.-M. Kim, “Unidirectional lasing from a microcavity with a rounded isoceles triangle shape,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2758–2760 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, M.-W.

C.-H. Yi, S. H. Lee, M.-W. Kim, J. Cho, J. Lee, S.-Y. Lee, J. Wiersig, and C.-M. Kim, “Light emission of a scarlike mode with assistance of quasiperiodicity,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Yi, M.-W. Kim, and C.-M. Kim, “Lasing characteristics of a limaçon-shaped microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. W.

S.-B. Lee, J. Yang, S. Moon, J.-H. Lee, K. An, J.-B. Shim, H.-W. Lee, and S. W. Kim, “Universal output directionality of single modes in a deformed microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011802(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kippenberg, T. J.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415, 621–623 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kneissl, M.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kosterev, A. A.

Kubicky, J.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kurdoglyan, M. S.

Kuzucu, O.

Lee, B. G.

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.-W.

S.-B. Lee, J. Yang, S. Moon, J.-H. Lee, K. An, J.-B. Shim, H.-W. Lee, and S. W. Kim, “Universal output directionality of single modes in a deformed microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011802(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

C.-H. Yi, S. H. Lee, M.-W. Kim, J. Cho, J. Lee, S.-Y. Lee, J. Wiersig, and C.-M. Kim, “Light emission of a scarlike mode with assistance of quasiperiodicity,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, S. Rim, J. Cho, and C.-M. Kim, “Unidirectional resonance modes supported by secondary islands in a microcavity comprised of two half-ellipses,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033815 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-H.

S.-B. Lee, J. Yang, S. Moon, J.-H. Lee, K. An, J.-B. Shim, H.-W. Lee, and S. W. Kim, “Universal output directionality of single modes in a deformed microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011802(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

C.-H. Yi, S. H. Lee, M.-W. Kim, J. Cho, J. Lee, S.-Y. Lee, J. Wiersig, and C.-M. Kim, “Light emission of a scarlike mode with assistance of quasiperiodicity,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. Y.

Lee, S.-B.

S.-B. Lee, J. Yang, S. Moon, J.-H. Lee, K. An, J.-B. Shim, H.-W. Lee, and S. W. Kim, “Universal output directionality of single modes in a deformed microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011802(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-Y.

C.-H. Yi, S. H. Lee, M.-W. Kim, J. Cho, J. Lee, S.-Y. Lee, J. Wiersig, and C.-M. Kim, “Light emission of a scarlike mode with assistance of quasiperiodicity,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leijtens, X. J.

M. T. Hill, H. J. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, K.

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

McDonald, D.

Moon, S.

S.-B. Lee, J. Yang, S. Moon, J.-H. Lee, K. An, J.-B. Shim, H.-W. Lee, and S. W. Kim, “Universal output directionality of single modes in a deformed microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011802(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Narimanov, E. E.

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science 280, 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nöckel, J. U.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science 280, 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. U. Nöckel and A. D. Stone, “Ray and wave chaos in asymmetric resonant optical cavities,” Nature 385, 45–47 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oei, Y. S.

M. T. Hill, H. J. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pezeshki, B.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pflügl, C.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Razazan, T.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rim, S.

J. Lee, S. Rim, J. Cho, and C.-M. Kim, “Unidirectional resonance modes supported by secondary islands in a microcavity comprised of two half-ellipses,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033815 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kurdoglyan, S. Y. Lee, S. Rim, and C.-M. Kim, “Unidirectional lasing from a microcavity with a rounded isoceles triangle shape,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2758–2760 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rishton, S.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ryan, N.

Sekaric, L.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1, 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sherback, M.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shim, J.-B.

S.-B. Lee, J. Yang, S. Moon, J.-H. Lee, K. An, J.-B. Shim, H.-W. Lee, and S. W. Kim, “Universal output directionality of single modes in a deformed microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011802(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sivco, D. L.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science 280, 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smalbrugge, B.

M. T. Hill, H. J. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smit, M. K.

M. T. Hill, H. J. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432, 206–209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spillane, S. M.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415, 621–623 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stone, A. D.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science 280, 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. U. Nöckel and A. D. Stone, “Ray and wave chaos in asymmetric resonant optical cavities,” Nature 385, 45–47 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, F.-W.

C. L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, X.-W. Wu, J.-M. Cui, Y. Yang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Mechanism of unidirectional emission of ultrahigh Q whispering gallery mode in microcavities,” arXiv:0908.3531v1 (2008).

Tittel, F. K.

Ton, D.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tureci, H. E.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Unterhinninghofen, J.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vahala, K. J.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421, 925–928 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Spillane, T. J. Kippenberg, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415, 621–623 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vail, E.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1, 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. J.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weidmann, D.

Wen, Y. H.

Wiersig, J.

C.-H. Yi, S. H. Lee, M.-W. Kim, J. Cho, J. Lee, S.-Y. Lee, J. Wiersig, and C.-M. Kim, “Light emission of a scarlike mode with assistance of quasiperiodicity,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Combining directional light output and ultralow loss in deformed microdisks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Unidirectional light emission from high-Q modes in optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 031802(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.-W.

C. L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, X.-W. Wu, J.-M. Cui, Y. Yang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Mechanism of unidirectional emission of ultrahigh Q whispering gallery mode in microcavities,” arXiv:0908.3531v1 (2008).

Xia, F.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1, 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamanishi, M.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yan, C.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

S.-B. Lee, J. Yang, S. Moon, J.-H. Lee, K. An, J.-B. Shim, H.-W. Lee, and S. W. Kim, “Universal output directionality of single modes in a deformed microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 011802(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

C. L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, X.-W. Wu, J.-M. Cui, Y. Yang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Mechanism of unidirectional emission of ultrahigh Q whispering gallery mode in microcavities,” arXiv:0908.3531v1 (2008).

Yi, C.-H.

C.-H. Yi, S. H. Lee, M.-W. Kim, J. Cho, J. Lee, S.-Y. Lee, J. Wiersig, and C.-M. Kim, “Light emission of a scarlike mode with assistance of quasiperiodicity,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 041803(R) (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Yi, M.-W. Kim, and C.-M. Kim, “Lasing characteristics of a limaçon-shaped microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoffe, G.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N.

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, N. Yu, J. Unterhinninghofen, J. Wiersig, C. Pflügl, L. Diehl, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators for highly unidirectional laser action,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 22407–22412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Wang, C. Yan, L. Diehl, M. Hentschel, J. Wiersig, N. Yu, C. Pflügl, M. A. Belkin, T. Edamura, M. Yamanishi, H. Kan, and F. Capasso, “Deformed microcavity quantum cascade lasers with directional emission,” New J. Phys. 11, 125018 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J.

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zou, C. L.

C. L. Zou, F.-W. Sun, C.-H. Dong, X.-W. Wu, J.-M. Cui, Y. Yang, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “Mechanism of unidirectional emission of ultrahigh Q whispering gallery mode in microcavities,” arXiv:0908.3531v1 (2008).

Zou, S.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

G. D. Chern, H. E. Tureci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “Unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Yi, M.-W. Kim, and C.-M. Kim, “Lasing characteristics of a limaçon-shaped microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141107 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Audet, M. A. Belkin, J. A. Fan, B. G. Lee, K. Lin, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, and G. Höfler, “Single-mode laser action in quantum cascade lasers with spiral-shaped chaotic resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 131106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Faraji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman, and T. Razazan, “20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1457–1459 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The design of our laser that is composed of a circle and an isosceles trapezoid. (b) SEM image of the fabricated InGaAsP semiconductor laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The output power according to the current at 22°C. The output power is measured at θ = 45° as shown in the inset A. The inset B is the output power in the range of 10 to 45 mA, which shows the lasing threshold of about 35 mA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The spectrum at 40 mA. The red arrows show a lasing mode group having a mode spacing of 2.64 nm. The lasing mode marked by the thick red arrow develops into a single mode. (b) The single mode emission at 22°C in the range of 50 to 210 mA with 20 mA step. (c) The single mode emission at 16°C in the range of 60 to 240 mA with 20 mA step.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) FFPs of the experiment (dashed line) at 80 mA and the resonance (solid line). The angle (θ) is defined in the inset. (b) Inside intensity patterns of the typical scar type resonance. (c) Outside emission intensity patterns of the typical resonance from the cavity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized Probability distribution function (PDF) of the standing wave ratio (SWR) in the resonance of the trapezoid (black) and Limaçon (red) cavity. The PDF of the resonance of the trapezoid cavity is largely distributed for smaller SWR compared to that of the Limaçon. This indicates resonance of the trapezoid cavity has more travelling wave components than that of the Limaçon. The inset shows the typical whispering gallery type resonance of the Limaçon cavity.

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