Abstract

Growth of laser damage on fused silica optical components depends on several key parameters including laser fluence, wavelength, pulse duration, and site size. Here we investigate the growth behavior of small damage sites on the exit surface of SiO2 optics under exposure to tightly controlled laser pulses. Results demonstrate that the onset of damage growth is not governed by a threshold, but is probabilistic in nature and depends both on the current size of a damage site and the laser fluence to which it is exposed. We also develop models for use in growth prediction. In addition, we show that laser exposure history also influences the behavior of individual sites.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE7797, 77970P (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.112, 032013 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030K (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 041110 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321C (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B82, 184304 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. W. Carr, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and R. A. Negres, “The effect of laser pulse shape and duration on the size at which damage sites initiate and the implications to subsequent repair,” Opt. Express19, A859–A864 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large-aperture lasers,” Appl. Opt.41, 3628–3633 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. O. Kucheyev and S. G. Demos, “Optical defects produced in fused silica during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82, 3230–3232 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE6403, 640306 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 061115 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE6720, 672003 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. A. Stevens-Kalceff and J. Wong, “Distribution of defects induced in fused silica by ultraviolet laser pulses before and after treatment with a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Phys.97, 113519 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352, 255–272 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 087401 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express18, 19966–19976 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7504, 750412 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE4932, 127–135 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE5273, 236–243 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE5647, 197–205 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE5991, 599108 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200F (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030L (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  28. W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  30. H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4932, 276–285 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  31. A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE3578, 456–471 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  32. R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  33. R. A. Negres, Z. M. Liao, G. M. Abdulla, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and C. W. Carr, “Exploration of the multi-parameter space of nanosecond-laser damage growth in fused silica optics,” Appl. Opt.50, D12–D20 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  35. C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol.17, 1958–1962 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  36. J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  37. R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Opt. Lett.30, 2766–2768 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

2010

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express18, 19966–19976 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B82, 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol.17, 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. A. Stevens-Kalceff and J. Wong, “Distribution of defects induced in fused silica by ultraviolet laser pulses before and after treatment with a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Phys.97, 113519 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Opt. Lett.30, 2766–2768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

S. O. Kucheyev and S. G. Demos, “Optical defects produced in fused silica during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82, 3230–3232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE3578, 456–471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abdulla, G. M.

Adams, J. J.

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol.17, 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bercegol, H.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bordenave, E.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boscheron, A.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boscheron, A. C. L.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bude, J. D.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B82, 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burke, M. W.

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carr, A. V.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carr, C. W.

R. A. Negres, Z. M. Liao, G. M. Abdulla, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and C. W. Carr, “Exploration of the multi-parameter space of nanosecond-laser damage growth in fused silica optics,” Appl. Opt.50, D12–D20 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and R. A. Negres, “The effect of laser pulse shape and duration on the size at which damage sites initiate and the implications to subsequent repair,” Opt. Express19, A859–A864 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B82, 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express18, 19966–19976 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol.17, 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, J.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chinsio, R.

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE3578, 456–471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Conder, A.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

Courchinoux, R.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cross, D.

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cross, D. A.

DeMange, P.

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B82, 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Opt. Lett.30, 2766–2768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demos, S. G.

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Opt. Lett.30, 2766–2768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Kucheyev and S. G. Demos, “Optical defects produced in fused silica during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82, 3230–3232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large-aperture lasers,” Appl. Opt.41, 3628–3633 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di-Nicola, J. M.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Donohue, E. E.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Donval, T.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol.17, 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feng, B.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferriera, J. L.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Garrec, B. L.

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Genin, F. Y.

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE3578, 456–471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grua, P.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, R. P.

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, W.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haupt, D. L.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hebert, D.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hollingsworth, W. G.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Honig, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hrubesh, L. W.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W. Q.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hutcheon, I. D.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jarboe, J. A.

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jing, F.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Josse, M.

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Josse, M. A.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Journot, E.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kegelmeyer, L.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kinney, J. H.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kozlowski, M. R.

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and M. R. Kozlowski, “Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large-aperture lasers,” Appl. Opt.41, 3628–3633 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kucheyev, S. O.

S. O. Kucheyev and S. G. Demos, “Optical defects produced in fused silica during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82, 3230–3232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lamaignere, L.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laurence, T. A.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lepage, C.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, F. Q.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Z.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Z. M.

R. A. Negres, Z. M. Liao, G. M. Abdulla, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and C. W. Carr, “Exploration of the multi-parameter space of nanosecond-laser damage growth in fused silica optics,” Appl. Opt.50, D12–D20 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lindsey, E. F.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, M.

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luthi, R. L.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maricle, S. M.

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, M. J.

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mazataud, E.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McElroy, J. N.

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Milam, D.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Miller, P. E.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Molander, W. A.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Monticelli, M. V.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morchain, J. M.

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morreeuw, J. P.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mouser, R. P.

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Neauport, J.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Neeb, K. P.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Negres, R. A.

R. A. Negres, Z. M. Liao, G. M. Abdulla, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and C. W. Carr, “Exploration of the multi-parameter space of nanosecond-laser damage growth in fused silica optics,” Appl. Opt.50, D12–D20 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and R. A. Negres, “The effect of laser pulse shape and duration on the size at which damage sites initiate and the implications to subsequent repair,” Opt. Express19, A859–A864 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express18, 19966–19976 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Opt. Lett.30, 2766–2768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norton, M. A.

R. A. Negres, Z. M. Liao, G. M. Abdulla, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and C. W. Carr, “Exploration of the multi-parameter space of nanosecond-laser damage growth in fused silica optics,” Appl. Opt.50, D12–D20 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and R. A. Negres, “The effect of laser pulse shape and duration on the size at which damage sites initiate and the implications to subsequent repair,” Opt. Express19, A859–A864 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express18, 19966–19976 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nostrand, M. C.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol.17, 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poncetta, J. C.

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

Radousky, H. B.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raze, G.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reyne, S.

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salleo, A.

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE3578, 456–471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sell, W. D.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shen, N.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Spaeth, M.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spaeth, M. L.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Staggs, M.

Stanley, J. A.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stanley, J. R.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steele, W. A.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stevens-Kalceff, M. A.

M. A. Stevens-Kalceff and J. Wong, “Distribution of defects induced in fused silica by ultraviolet laser pulses before and after treatment with a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Phys.97, 113519 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sudre, C.

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suratwala, T. I.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S. B.

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Trenholme, J. B.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vickers, J. L.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Volto, P.

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P.

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P. J.

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X. F.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weiland, T. L.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Whitman, P.

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wong, J.

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Stevens-Kalceff and J. Wong, “Distribution of defects induced in fused silica by ultraviolet laser pulses before and after treatment with a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Phys.97, 113519 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wong, L. L.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z.

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, Y.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W. G.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. O. Kucheyev and S. G. Demos, “Optical defects produced in fused silica during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82, 3230–3232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, S. B. Sutton, P. DeMange, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Evaluation of UV absorption coefficient in laser-modified fused silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 061115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90, 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett.

W. Q. Huang, W. Han, F. Wang, Y. Xiang, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, F. Jing, X. F. Wei, W. G. Zheng, and X. M. Zhang, “Laser-induced damage growth on large aperture fused silica optical components at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett.26, 017901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. A. Stevens-Kalceff and J. Wong, “Distribution of defects induced in fused silica by ultraviolet laser pulses before and after treatment with a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Phys.97, 113519 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

J. Wong, J. L. Ferriera, E. F. Lindsey, D. L. Haupt, I. D. Hutcheon, and J. H. Kinney, “Morphology and microstructure in fused silica induced by high fluence ultraviolet 3ω (355 nm) laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352, 255–272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser.

H. Bercegol, A. Boscheron, J. M. Di-Nicola, E. Journot, L. Lamaignere, J. Neauport, and G. Raze, “Laser damage phenomena relevant to the design and operation of an ICF laser driver,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser.112, 032013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol.17, 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B82, 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 087401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, Z. M. Liao, D. A. Cross, J. D. Bude, and C. W. Carr, “The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7504, 750412 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, L. W. Hrubesh, Z. Wu, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, M. R. Kozlowski, D. Milam, K. P. Neeb, W. A. Molander, A. M. Rubenchik, W. D. Sell, and P. Wegner, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE4347, 468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Raze, J. M. Morchain, M. Loiseau, L. Lamaignere, M. Josse, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of the growth of damage sites on the rear surface of fused silica windows,” Proc. SPIE4932, 127–135 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. N. McElroy, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 527 nm,” Proc. SPIE5273, 236–243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingsworth, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, and R. P. Hackel, “Growth of laser initiated damage in fused silica at 1053 nm,” Proc. SPIE5647, 197–205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in SiO2 under multiple wavelength irradiation,” Proc. SPIE5991, 599108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignere, S. Reyne, M. Loiseau, J. C. Poncetta, and H. Bercegol, “Effects of wavelengths combination on initiation and growth of laser-induced surface damage in SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200F (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, A. V. Carr, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, W. G. Hollingsworth, Z. Liao, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and P. Wegner, “Laser damage growth in fused silica with simultaneous 351 nm and 1053 nm irradiation,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321H (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage on the input surface of SiO2 at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030L (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, D. Cross, M. D. Feit, and J. D. Bude, “Using shaped pulses to probe energy deposition during laser-induced damage of SiO2 surfaces,” Proc. SPIE7132, 71321C (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE6403, 64030K (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Kozlowski, R. P. Mouser, S. M. Maricle, P. J. Wegner, and T. L. Weiland, “Laser damage performance of fused silica optical components measured on the beamlet laser at 351 nm,” Proc. SPIE3578, 436–445 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Conder, J. Chang, L. Kegelmeyer, M. Spaeth, and P. Whitman, “Final optics damage inspection (FODI) for the National Ignition Facility,” Proc. SPIE7797, 77970P (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, J. J. Adams, C. W. Carr, E. E. Donohue, M. D. Feit, R. P. Hackel, W. G. Hollingsworth, J. A. Jarboe, M. J. Matthews, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. L. Spaeth, “Growth of laser damage in fused silica: diameter to depth ratio,” Proc. SPIE6720, 67200H (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, L. Lamaignere, B. L. Garrec, M. Loiseau, and P. Volto, “Self-focusing and rear surface damage in a fused silica window at 1064 nm and 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE4932, 276–285 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Salleo, R. Chinsio, and F. Y. Genin, “Crack propagation in fused silica during UV and IR ns-laser illumination,” Proc. SPIE3578, 456–471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Courchinoux, G. Raze, C. Sudre, M. A. Josse, A. C. L. Boscheron, C. Lepage, E. Mazataud, E. Bordenave, L. Lamaignere, M. Loiseau, T. Donval, and H. Bercegol, “Laser-induced damage growth with small and large beams: comparison between laboratory experiments and large-scale laser data,” Proc. SPIE5273, 99–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. Wegner, “A large aperture, high energy laser system for optics and optical components testing,” Proc. SPIE5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J. P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE6720, 672003 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. W. Burke, P. DeMange, S. B. Sutton, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Thermal imaging investigation of modified fused silica at surface damage sites for understanding the underlying mechanisms of damage growth,” Proc. SPIE6403, 640306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical (a) layout of damage sites and in-beam CO2 fiducials and (b) size distribution of individual pits produced by a single pass, raster scan initiation method at a preset grid with 1 mm spacing on the exit surface of SiO2 substrates for probability of growth experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Top) Micrographs of typical small damage sites acquired by the robotic microscope using back illumination before and after one laser exposure (images are on the same scale). The red arrows indicate the locations where changes in the sites’ lateral dimensions occurred after laser exposure. (Bottom) The binary growth decisions based on visual inspection compared to the measured changes in the sites’ diameter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Preliminary results on single-shot probability of growth vs. size vs. shot number (1 to 4) for damage sites exposed to nearly identical laser exposures with average fluence of ∼5 J/cm2 (sample #1).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cumulative single-shot probability of growth vs. site size vs. laser fluence for damage sites exposed to (a) nearly constant and (b) ramp-up fluence sequence of shots, respectively. The solid lines represent the best fits to the data using logistic curves (Eq. (2)).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of (a) the probability of growth vs. fluence for 20–30 μm and 30–50 μm size bins and (b) the fluence at which the probability of growth is equal to 0.5, x0, vs. damage site size (bin center) for two laser exposure scenarios, fixed fluence (solid lines) and ramp-up fluence (dashed lines), respectively. The logistic curves and fitting parameters are based on the results shown in Figs. 4(a)–4(b).

Equations (2)

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% error = p ( 1 p ) p n ,
y ( x ) = A 1 A 2 1 + ( x / x 0 ) p + A 2 ,

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