Abstract

A high-power ultra-broadband frequency comb covering the spectral range from ultraviolet to infrared was generated directly by nonlinear frequency conversion of a multi-stage high-power fiber comb amplifier. The 1030-nm infrared spectral fraction of a broadband Ti:sapphire femtosecond frequency comb was power-scaled up to 100 W average power by using a large-mode-area fiber chirped-pulse amplifier. We obtained a frequency-doubled green comb at 515 nm and frequency-quadrupled ultraviolet pulses at 258 nm with the average power of 12.8 and 1.62 W under the input infrared power of 42.2 W, respectively. The carrier envelope phase stabilization was accomplished with an ultra-narrow line-width of 1.86 mHz and a quite low accumulated phase jitter of 0.41 rad, corresponding to a timing jitter of 143 as.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. Eikema, “Extreme ultraviolet frequency comb metrology,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(6), 063001 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. Hnatovsky, V. G. Shvedov, W. Krolikowski, and A. V. Rode, “Materials processing with a tightly focused femtosecond laser vortex pulse,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3417–3419 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Vaschenko, F. Brizuela, C. Brewer, M. Grisham, H. Mancini, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, W. Chao, J. A. Liddle, E. H. Anderson, D. T. Attwood, A. V. Vinogradov, I. A. Artioukov, Y. P. Pershyn, and V. V. Kondratenko, “Nanoimaging with a compact extreme-ultraviolet laser,” Opt. Lett.30(16), 2095–2097 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Ghotbi, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Tunable, high-repetition-rate, femtosecond pulse generation in the ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett.33(4), 345–347 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. H. Sun, B. J. Gale, and D. T. Reid, “Composite frequency comb spanning 0.4-2.4 microm from a phase-controlled femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser and synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1414–1416 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. Zhou, D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “1 W average-power 100 MHz repetition-rate 259 nm femtosecond deep ultraviolet pulse generation from ytterbium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1713–1715 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. O. Kuzucu, F. N. Wong, D. E. Zelmon, S. M. Hegde, T. D. Roberts, and P. Battle, “Generation of 250 mW narrowband pulsed ultraviolet light by frequency quadrupling of an amplified erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.32(10), 1290–1292 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submilihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 355–359 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Baumann, F. R. Giorgetta, J. W. Nicholson, W. C. Swann, I. Coddington, and N. R. Newbury, “High-performance, vibration-immune, fiber-laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett.34(5), 638–640 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Z. W. Barber, F. R. Giorgetta, P. A. Roos, I. Coddington, J. R. Dahl, R. R. Reibel, N. Greenfield, and N. R. Newbury, “Characterization of an actively linearized ultrabroadband chirped laser with a fiber-laser optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett.36(7), 1152–1154 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. Li, Q. Hao, M. Yan, and H. Zeng, “Tunable flat-top nanosecond fiber laser oscillator and 280 W average power nanosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express17(12), 10113–10118 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. I. Hartl, T. R. Schibli, A. Marcinkevicius, D. C. Yost, D. D. Hudson, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced similariton Yb-fiber laser frequency comb: 3 x 1014 W/cm2 peak intensity at 136 MHz,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2870–2872 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase stabilized fiber-bulk hybrid laser with millihertz linewidth and 50 W average power,” Laser Phys.21(3), 531–535 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3015–3017 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase stabilized fiber-bulk hybrid laser with millihertz linewidth and 50 W average power,” Laser Phys.21(3), 531–535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, F. R. Giorgetta, P. A. Roos, I. Coddington, J. R. Dahl, R. R. Reibel, N. Greenfield, and N. R. Newbury, “Characterization of an actively linearized ultrabroadband chirped laser with a fiber-laser optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett.36(7), 1152–1154 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2009

2008

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submilihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Ghotbi, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Tunable, high-repetition-rate, femtosecond pulse generation in the ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett.33(4), 345–347 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2002

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albertini, R. A.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allison, T. K.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, E. H.

Artioukov, I. A.

Attwood, D. T.

Barber, Z. W.

Battle, P.

Baumann, E.

Brand, L.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brewer, C.

Brizuela, F.

Callis, P. R.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chao, W.

Cingöz, A.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coddington, I.

Dahl, J. R.

Ding, J.

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase stabilized fiber-bulk hybrid laser with millihertz linewidth and 50 W average power,” Laser Phys.21(3), 531–535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Eikema, K. S.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. Eikema, “Extreme ultraviolet frequency comb metrology,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(6), 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esteban-Martin, A.

Fermann, M.

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submilihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Gale, B. J.

Ghotbi, M.

Giorgetta, F. R.

Gohle, C.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. Eikema, “Extreme ultraviolet frequency comb metrology,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(6), 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graver, K. J.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greenfield, N.

Grisham, M.

Hänsch, T. W.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, Q.

Hartl, I.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3015–3017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submilihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, T. R. Schibli, A. Marcinkevicius, D. C. Yost, D. D. Hudson, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced similariton Yb-fiber laser frequency comb: 3 x 1014 W/cm2 peak intensity at 136 MHz,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2870–2872 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hegde, S. M.

Hnatovsky, C.

Holzwarth, R.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hudson, D. D.

Kandula, D. Z.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. Eikema, “Extreme ultraviolet frequency comb metrology,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(6), 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knutson, J. R.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, Y.

Kondratenko, V. V.

Krolikowski, W.

Kuzucu, O.

Li, W.

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase stabilized fiber-bulk hybrid laser with millihertz linewidth and 50 W average power,” Laser Phys.21(3), 531–535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, Q. Hao, M. Yan, and H. Zeng, “Tunable flat-top nanosecond fiber laser oscillator and 280 W average power nanosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express17(12), 10113–10118 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liddle, J. A.

Mancini, H.

Marcinkevicius, A.

Marconi, M. C.

Martin, M.

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submilihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meadow, N. D.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menoni, C. S.

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Pershyn, Y. P.

Pinkert, T. J.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. Eikema, “Extreme ultraviolet frequency comb metrology,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(6), 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reibel, R. R.

Reid, D. T.

Roberts, T. D.

Rocca, J. J.

Rode, A. V.

Roos, P. A.

Roseman, S.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruehl, A.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3015–3017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savtchenko, R. S.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schibli, T.

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submilihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Shvedov, V. G.

Sun, J. H.

Swann, W. C.

Toptygin, D.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torizuka, K.

Ubachs, W.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. Eikema, “Extreme ultraviolet frequency comb metrology,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(6), 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaschenko, G.

Vinogradov, A. V.

Wong, F. N.

Xu, J.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, M.

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase stabilized fiber-bulk hybrid laser with millihertz linewidth and 50 W average power,” Laser Phys.21(3), 531–535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, Q. Hao, M. Yan, and H. Zeng, “Tunable flat-top nanosecond fiber laser oscillator and 280 W average power nanosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express17(12), 10113–10118 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, K.

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase stabilized fiber-bulk hybrid laser with millihertz linewidth and 50 W average power,” Laser Phys.21(3), 531–535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submilihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, T. R. Schibli, A. Marcinkevicius, D. C. Yost, D. D. Hudson, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced similariton Yb-fiber laser frequency comb: 3 x 1014 W/cm2 peak intensity at 136 MHz,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2870–2872 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshitomi, D.

Yost, D.

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submilihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yost, D. C.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, T. R. Schibli, A. Marcinkevicius, D. C. Yost, D. D. Hudson, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced similariton Yb-fiber laser frequency comb: 3 x 1014 W/cm2 peak intensity at 136 MHz,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2870–2872 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zelmon, D. E.

Zeng, H.

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase stabilized fiber-bulk hybrid laser with millihertz linewidth and 50 W average power,” Laser Phys.21(3), 531–535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, Q. Hao, M. Yan, and H. Zeng, “Tunable flat-top nanosecond fiber laser oscillator and 280 W average power nanosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express17(12), 10113–10118 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, H.

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase stabilized fiber-bulk hybrid laser with millihertz linewidth and 50 W average power,” Laser Phys.21(3), 531–535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

J. Xu, D. Toptygin, K. J. Graver, R. A. Albertini, R. S. Savtchenko, N. D. Meadow, S. Roseman, P. R. Callis, L. Brand, and J. R. Knutson, “Ultrafast fluorescence dynamics of tryptophan in the proteins monellin and IIAGic,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.128(4), 1214–1221 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Phys.

W. Li, K. Yang, M. Yan, H. Zhou, J. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Long-term carrier-envelope-phase stabilized fiber-bulk hybrid laser with millihertz linewidth and 50 W average power,” Laser Phys.21(3), 531–535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submilihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature482(7383), 68–71 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

X. Zhou, D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “1 W average-power 100 MHz repetition-rate 259 nm femtosecond deep ultraviolet pulse generation from ytterbium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1713–1715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3015–3017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hnatovsky, V. G. Shvedov, W. Krolikowski, and A. V. Rode, “Materials processing with a tightly focused femtosecond laser vortex pulse,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3417–3419 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, F. R. Giorgetta, P. A. Roos, I. Coddington, J. R. Dahl, R. R. Reibel, N. Greenfield, and N. R. Newbury, “Characterization of an actively linearized ultrabroadband chirped laser with a fiber-laser optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett.36(7), 1152–1154 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Vaschenko, F. Brizuela, C. Brewer, M. Grisham, H. Mancini, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, W. Chao, J. A. Liddle, E. H. Anderson, D. T. Attwood, A. V. Vinogradov, I. A. Artioukov, Y. P. Pershyn, and V. V. Kondratenko, “Nanoimaging with a compact extreme-ultraviolet laser,” Opt. Lett.30(16), 2095–2097 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Kuzucu, F. N. Wong, D. E. Zelmon, S. M. Hegde, T. D. Roberts, and P. Battle, “Generation of 250 mW narrowband pulsed ultraviolet light by frequency quadrupling of an amplified erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.32(10), 1290–1292 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Sun, B. J. Gale, and D. T. Reid, “Composite frequency comb spanning 0.4-2.4 microm from a phase-controlled femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser and synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1414–1416 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, T. R. Schibli, A. Marcinkevicius, D. C. Yost, D. D. Hudson, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Cavity-enhanced similariton Yb-fiber laser frequency comb: 3 x 1014 W/cm2 peak intensity at 136 MHz,” Opt. Lett.32(19), 2870–2872 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ghotbi, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Tunable, high-repetition-rate, femtosecond pulse generation in the ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett.33(4), 345–347 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: IF, infrared filter; WDM, wavelength division multiplexing; YDF, ytterbium-doped ðber; OI, optical isolator; λ/2, half-wave plate; LD, laser diode; LMA-YDCF, large-mode-area Yb-doped double-clad fiber; APD, silicon avalanche photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The super-continuum from the amplified infrared pulses after the first-stage amplifier; (b) The raw RF beat signal at the resolution bandwidth of 100 kHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The averaged free-running RF beat signal with a span of 800 kHz; (b) CEP offset frequency deviation measured by a high-accuracy counter with 1-s gate time.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The power spectral density and phase noise of locked offset frequency measured by (a) self- and (b) cross-referenced f-2f method. Linewidth of locked offset frequency measured by (c) self- and (d) cross-referenced f-2f method.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The clean blue spectrum at 258 nm, a zoomed spectrum was shown in the inset. (b) The output ultraviolet power and corresponding conversion efficiency versus the input infrared power.

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