Abstract

In an interferometric time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy (ITR-PEEM) experiment, the near-field associated with surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) can be locally sensed via interference with ultrashort laser pulses. Here, we present ITR-PEEM data of SPP propagation at a gold vacuum interface recorded in a counter-propagating pump-probe geometry. In comparison to former work this approach provides a very intuitive real-time access to the SPP wave packet. The quantitative analysis of the PEEM data enables us to determine in a rather direct manner the propagation characteristics of the SPP.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. J. Halas, “Plasmonics: an emerging field fostered by nano letters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 3816–3822 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. L. M. Balistreri, H. Gersen, J. P. Korterik, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “Tracking femtosecond laser pulses in space and time,” Science294(5544), 1080–1082 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, H. Gersen, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, “Ultrafast evolution of photonic eigenstates in k-space,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 401–405 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Kubo, N. Pontius, and H. Petek, “Femtosecond microscopy of surface plasmon polariton wave packet evolution at the silver/vacuum interface,” Nano Lett.7(2), 470–475 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.88(3), 473–480 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Meyer zu Heringdorf, L. Chelaru, S. Mollenbeck, D. Thien, and M. Horn von Hoegen, “Femtosecond photoemission microscopy,” Surf. Sci.601(20), 4700–4705 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. U. Wehner, M. H. Ulm, and M. Wegener, “Scanning interferometer stabilized by use of Pancharatnam’s phase,” Opt. Lett.22(19), 1455–1457 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Leißner, K. Thilsing-Hansen, C. Lemke, S. Jauernik, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, M. Bauer, and H.-G. Rubahn, “Surface plasmon polariton emission prompted by organic nanofibers on thin gold films,” Plasmonics, doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-lambda metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep.64(10), 453–469 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, and T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B84(24), 245442 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J. P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(1), 011114 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon interferometry: measuring group velocity of surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett.32(10), 1235–1237 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [CrossRef]

2011

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, and T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

N. J. Halas, “Plasmonics: an emerging field fostered by nano letters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 3816–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J. P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-lambda metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep.64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

V. V. Temnov, U. Woggon, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon interferometry: measuring group velocity of surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett.32(10), 1235–1237 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, H. Gersen, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, “Ultrafast evolution of photonic eigenstates in k-space,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 401–405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Kubo, N. Pontius, and H. Petek, “Femtosecond microscopy of surface plasmon polariton wave packet evolution at the silver/vacuum interface,” Nano Lett.7(2), 470–475 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.88(3), 473–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Meyer zu Heringdorf, L. Chelaru, S. Mollenbeck, D. Thien, and M. Horn von Hoegen, “Femtosecond photoemission microscopy,” Surf. Sci.601(20), 4700–4705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

M. L. M. Balistreri, H. Gersen, J. P. Korterik, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “Tracking femtosecond laser pulses in space and time,” Science294(5544), 1080–1082 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. U. Wehner, M. H. Ulm, and M. Wegener, “Scanning interferometer stabilized by use of Pancharatnam’s phase,” Opt. Lett.22(19), 1455–1457 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Aeschlimann, M.

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.88(3), 473–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aigouy, L.

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J. P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Andreyev, O.

O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Asakawa, K.

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, H. Gersen, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, “Ultrafast evolution of photonic eigenstates in k-space,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 401–405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Balistreri, M. L. M.

M. L. M. Balistreri, H. Gersen, J. P. Korterik, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “Tracking femtosecond laser pulses in space and time,” Science294(5544), 1080–1082 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bauer, M.

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.88(3), 473–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Leißner, K. Thilsing-Hansen, C. Lemke, S. Jauernik, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, M. Bauer, and H.-G. Rubahn, “Surface plasmon polariton emission prompted by organic nanofibers on thin gold films,” Plasmonics, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Bayer, D.

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.88(3), 473–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bourhis, E.

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J. P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chelaru, L.

F. Meyer zu Heringdorf, L. Chelaru, S. Mollenbeck, D. Thien, and M. Horn von Hoegen, “Femtosecond photoemission microscopy,” Surf. Sci.601(20), 4700–4705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

Dintinger, J.

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

Engelen, R. J. P.

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, H. Gersen, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, “Ultrafast evolution of photonic eigenstates in k-space,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 401–405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fecher, G. H.

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Felidj, N.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Frömter, R.

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gersen, H.

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, H. Gersen, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, “Ultrafast evolution of photonic eigenstates in k-space,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 401–405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. M. Balistreri, H. Gersen, J. P. Korterik, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “Tracking femtosecond laser pulses in space and time,” Science294(5544), 1080–1082 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gierak, J.

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J. P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grzelakowski, K.

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

N. J. Halas, “Plasmonics: an emerging field fostered by nano letters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 3816–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horn von Hoegen, M.

F. Meyer zu Heringdorf, L. Chelaru, S. Mollenbeck, D. Thien, and M. Horn von Hoegen, “Femtosecond photoemission microscopy,” Surf. Sci.601(20), 4700–4705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hugonin, J. P.

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J. P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-lambda metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep.64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, N.

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, H. Gersen, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, “Ultrafast evolution of photonic eigenstates in k-space,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 401–405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jauernik, S.

T. Leißner, K. Thilsing-Hansen, C. Lemke, S. Jauernik, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, M. Bauer, and H.-G. Rubahn, “Surface plasmon polariton emission prompted by organic nanofibers on thin gold films,” Plasmonics, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T. J.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirschner, J.

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kjelstrup-Hansen, J.

T. Leißner, K. Thilsing-Hansen, C. Lemke, S. Jauernik, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, M. Bauer, and H.-G. Rubahn, “Surface plasmon polariton emission prompted by organic nanofibers on thin gold films,” Plasmonics, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Korterik, J. P.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. M. Balistreri, H. Gersen, J. P. Korterik, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “Tracking femtosecond laser pulses in space and time,” Science294(5544), 1080–1082 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kubo, A.

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, and T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kubo, N. Pontius, and H. Petek, “Femtosecond microscopy of surface plasmon polariton wave packet evolution at the silver/vacuum interface,” Nano Lett.7(2), 470–475 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuipers, L.

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, H. Gersen, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, “Ultrafast evolution of photonic eigenstates in k-space,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 401–405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. M. Balistreri, H. Gersen, J. P. Korterik, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “Tracking femtosecond laser pulses in space and time,” Science294(5544), 1080–1082 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lalanne, P.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-lambda metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep.64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J. P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lamprecht, B.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lange, J.

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.88(3), 473–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leißner, T.

T. Leißner, K. Thilsing-Hansen, C. Lemke, S. Jauernik, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, M. Bauer, and H.-G. Rubahn, “Surface plasmon polariton emission prompted by organic nanofibers on thin gold films,” Plasmonics, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lemke, C.

T. Leißner, K. Thilsing-Hansen, C. Lemke, S. Jauernik, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, M. Bauer, and H.-G. Rubahn, “Surface plasmon polariton emission prompted by organic nanofibers on thin gold films,” Plasmonics, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. T.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-lambda metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep.64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Schneider, C.

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meyer zu Heringdorf, F.

F. Meyer zu Heringdorf, L. Chelaru, S. Mollenbeck, D. Thien, and M. Horn von Hoegen, “Femtosecond photoemission microscopy,” Surf. Sci.601(20), 4700–4705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mollenbeck, S.

F. Meyer zu Heringdorf, L. Chelaru, S. Mollenbeck, D. Thien, and M. Horn von Hoegen, “Femtosecond photoemission microscopy,” Surf. Sci.601(20), 4700–4705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oepen, H. P.

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petek, H.

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, and T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kubo, N. Pontius, and H. Petek, “Femtosecond microscopy of surface plasmon polariton wave packet evolution at the silver/vacuum interface,” Nano Lett.7(2), 470–475 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pontius, N.

A. Kubo, N. Pontius, and H. Petek, “Femtosecond microscopy of surface plasmon polariton wave packet evolution at the silver/vacuum interface,” Nano Lett.7(2), 470–475 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Porath, R.

O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rohmer, M.

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.88(3), 473–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rubahn, H.-G.

T. Leißner, K. Thilsing-Hansen, C. Lemke, S. Jauernik, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, M. Bauer, and H.-G. Rubahn, “Surface plasmon polariton emission prompted by organic nanofibers on thin gold films,” Plasmonics, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Salerno, M.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scharte, M.

O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schider, G.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, O.

O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schönhense, G.

O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seideman, T.

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, and T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, H. Gersen, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, “Ultrafast evolution of photonic eigenstates in k-space,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 401–405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Swiech, W.

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Temnov, V. V.

Thien, D.

F. Meyer zu Heringdorf, L. Chelaru, S. Mollenbeck, D. Thien, and M. Horn von Hoegen, “Femtosecond photoemission microscopy,” Surf. Sci.601(20), 4700–4705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thilsing-Hansen, K.

T. Leißner, K. Thilsing-Hansen, C. Lemke, S. Jauernik, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, M. Bauer, and H.-G. Rubahn, “Surface plasmon polariton emission prompted by organic nanofibers on thin gold films,” Plasmonics, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Ulm, M. H.

van Hulst, N. F.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. M. Balistreri, H. Gersen, J. P. Korterik, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “Tracking femtosecond laser pulses in space and time,” Science294(5544), 1080–1082 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, B.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-lambda metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep.64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J. P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, and T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

Wehner, M. U.

Wiemann, C.

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.88(3), 473–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Woggon, U.

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, and T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ziethen, C.

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

O. Schmidt, M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, R. Porath, M. Scharte, O. Andreyev, G. Schönhense, and M. Aeschlimann, “Time-resolved two photon photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys. B74(3), 223–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(3), 404–406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J. P. Hugonin, and P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.

M. Bauer, C. Wiemann, J. Lange, D. Bayer, M. Rohmer, and M. Aeschlimann, “Phase propagation of localized surface plasmons probed by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.88(3), 473–480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.

W. Swiech, G. H. Fecher, C. Ziethen, O. Schmidt, G. Schönhense, K. Grzelakowski, C. M. Schneider, R. Frömter, H. P. Oepen, and J. Kirschner, “Recent progress in photoemission microscopy with emphasis on chemical and magnetic sensitivity,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.84, 171–188 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

A. Kubo, N. Pontius, and H. Petek, “Femtosecond microscopy of surface plasmon polariton wave packet evolution at the silver/vacuum interface,” Nano Lett.7(2), 470–475 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Halas, “Plasmonics: an emerging field fostered by nano letters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 3816–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys.

R. J. P. Engelen, Y. Sugimoto, H. Gersen, N. Ikeda, K. Asakawa, and L. Kuipers, “Ultrafast evolution of photonic eigenstates in k-space,” Nat. Phys.3(6), 401–405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, and T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, “Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(7), 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plasmonics

T. Leißner, K. Thilsing-Hansen, C. Lemke, S. Jauernik, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, M. Bauer, and H.-G. Rubahn, “Surface plasmon polariton emission prompted by organic nanofibers on thin gold films,” Plasmonics, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Science

M. L. M. Balistreri, H. Gersen, J. P. Korterik, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, “Tracking femtosecond laser pulses in space and time,” Science294(5544), 1080–1082 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci.

F. Meyer zu Heringdorf, L. Chelaru, S. Mollenbeck, D. Thien, and M. Horn von Hoegen, “Femtosecond photoemission microscopy,” Surf. Sci.601(20), 4700–4705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Surf. Sci. Rep.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, H. T. Liu, and B. Wang, “A microscopic view of the electromagnetic properties of sub-lambda metallic surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep.64(10), 453–469 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Comparison of co-propagation (left) and counter-propagation (right) PEEM detection of SPP wave packet propagation; (a),(b) scheme of the co-propagation (counter-propagation) detection mode: SPP and probing laser pulse are propagating in the same (opposite) direction; (c) co-propagation PEEM data of SPP propagation along a planar gold surface for temporal excitation-probe delays of 0 fs and 40 fs; (d) corresponding data for the counter-propagating PEEM imaging mode; (e), (f) scheme of the gold structures as used for the PEEM experiments shown in (c) and (d);

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Delay-path diagram of SPP propagating at the gold-vacuum interface deduced from the ITR-PEEM measurements, (b) corresponding delay-path diagram as deduced from an analytic simulation (c) delay-path diagram of SPP propagating at the gold-p6P interface; note that in the latter case the second SPP wave packet excited at the left hand edge of the gold bar is not observable; the green dashed line in the graph marks a trace along an interference maximum; the red dashed line follows the envelope maximum of the SPP-laser superposition signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) signal envelope of the laser-SPP superposition pattern for different temporal delays between 65 fs and 120 fs; for better illustration, the signals have been normalized to the envelope maxima; the full lines show Gaussian fits to the data to determine the position xg of the envelope maxima; (b) shows a plot of xg versus τ inclusive linear fit.

Equations (2)

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τ x p =( sin(θ) c Vac + 1 v p,SPP )
τ x g =( sin(θ) c Vac + 1 v g,SPP )

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