Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel design of an electron accelerator on-chip by using a small scale device known as a PANDA microring resonator, which can be embedded within the solar cell device, where the trapped electron can be accelerated and moved faster to the final destination. Therefore, the solar cell efficiency can be improved. In principle, a PANDA microring can generate the optical tweezers for hole tapping and transportation. The transported holes can be accelerated and moved via the optical waveguide to the solar cell device contact, where the effect of defects in silicon bulk can be solved. Therefore, this technique can be used to improve the solar cells performance. In practice, the accelerator unit can be embedded within the solar cell device, which allows the trapped holes moving to the required destination. This is claimed to be a novel technique by using a PANDA microring to accelerate the holes for solar cell performance improvement. Finally, this technique is the starting point of using a PANDA microring to enhance the performance of semiconductor device.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2012 (5)

R. Lagring, S. Degraer, G. de Montpellier, T. Jacques, W. Van Roy, and R. Schallier, “Twenty years of Belgian North Sea aerial surveillance: a quantitative analysis of results confirms effectiveness of international oil pollution legislation,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64(3), 644–652 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Tsai, S. C. Wu, and W. C. Li, “Defect detection of solar cells in electroluminescence imange using fourier image reconstruction,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 250–262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Aziz, N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, R. Jomtarak, T. Saktioto, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Gold nanoparticle trapping and delivery for therapeutic applications,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 7, 11–17 (2012).
[PubMed]

J. Gutmann, M. Peters, B. Bläsi, M. Hermle, A. Gombert, H. Zappe, and J. C. Goldschmidt, “Electromagnetic simulations of a photonic luminescent solar concentrator,” Opt. Express 20(S2Suppl 2), A157–A167 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. W. Liu, I. C. Cheng, J. Z. Chen, H. W. Chen, K. C. Ho, and C. C. Chiang, “Enhanced optical absorption of dye-sensitized solar cells with microcavity-embedded TiO2 photoanodes,” Opt. Express 20(S2Suppl 2), A168–A176 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (7)

N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, C. Teeka, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Optical vortices generated by a PANDA ring resonator for drug trapping and delivery applications,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(1), 159–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sumetsky, D. J. DiGiovanni, Y. Dulashko, J. M. Fini, X. Liu, E. M. Monberg, and T. F. Taunay, “Surface nanoscale axial photonics: robust fabrication of high-quality-factor microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 36(24), 4824–4826 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Suwanpayak, C. Teeka, and P. P. Yupapin, “Hybrid transistor manipulation controlled by light,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2533–2537 (2011).

N. Suwanpayak and P. P. Yupapin, “Drug trapping and delivery using a PANDA ring resonator,” Procedia Eng. 8, 252–260 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Beringer, H. Schilke, I. Lohse, and G. Seckmeyer, “Case study showing that the tilt angle of photovoltaic plants is nearly irrelevant,” Sol. Energy 85(3), 470–476 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Han, J. H. Shin, W. Y. Yoon, and H. Lee, “Enhanced performance of solar cells with anti-reflection layer fabricated by nano-imprint lithography,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(1), 288–291 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ali, T. Gouveas, M. A. Hasan, S. H. Zaidi, and M. Asghar, “Influence of deep level defects on the performance of crystalline silicon solar cells: Experimental and simulation study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2805–2810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (6)

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Mukhopadhyay, S. D. Datta, and H. Saha, “Dependence of efficiency on slat angles of microgrooved solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 30, 1717–1722 (2010).

H. Cheun, J. Kim, Y. Zhou, Y. Fang, A. Dindar, J. Shim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, K. H. Sandhage, and B. Kippelen, “Inverted polymer solar cells with amorphous indium zinc oxide as the electron-collecting electrode,” Opt. Express 18(S4Suppl 4), A506–A512 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Han, H. Kim, S. Lee, M. Seo, and S. Yoo, “Realization of efficient semitransparent organic photovoltaic cells with metallic top electrodes: utilizing the tunable absorption asymmetry,” Opt. Express 18(S4Suppl 4), A513–A521 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Phatharaworamet, C. Teeka, R. Jomtarak, S. Mitatha, and P. P. Yupapin, “Random binary code generation using dark-bright soliton conversion control within a PANDA ring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(19), 2804–2809 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Yupapin, “Generalized quantum key distribution via micro ring resonator for mobile telephone networks,” Optik (Stuttg.) 121(5), 422–425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

S. Mitatha, N. Pornsuwancharoen, and P. P. Yupapin, “A simultaneous short-wave and millimeter-wave generation using a soliton pulse within a nano-waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 932–934 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Wilhelm, G. J. Robertson, P. C. Ryan, S. F. Tobin, and R. D. Elliot, “Re-evaluating the use of beached bird oiling rates to assess long-term trends in chronic oil pollution,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 58(2), 249–255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

C. J. Camphuysen and M. Heubeck, “Marine oil pollution and beached bird surveys: the development of a sensitive monitoring instrument,” Environ. Pollut. 112(3), 443–461 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

J. Hagen, W. Schaffrath, P. Otschik, R. Fink, A. Bacher, H. W. Schmidt, and D. Haarer, “Novel hybrid solar cells consisting of inorganic nanoparticles and an organic hole transport material,” Synth. Met. 89(3), 215–220 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. K. Tiwary and B. B. Dhar, “Environmental pollution from coal mining activities in damodar river basin, India,” Mine Water Environ. 13, 1–10 (1994).

Ali, A.

A. Ali, T. Gouveas, M. A. Hasan, S. H. Zaidi, and M. Asghar, “Influence of deep level defects on the performance of crystalline silicon solar cells: Experimental and simulation study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2805–2810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ali, J.

M. S. Aziz, N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, R. Jomtarak, T. Saktioto, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Gold nanoparticle trapping and delivery for therapeutic applications,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 7, 11–17 (2012).
[PubMed]

N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, C. Teeka, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Optical vortices generated by a PANDA ring resonator for drug trapping and delivery applications,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(1), 159–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asghar, M.

A. Ali, T. Gouveas, M. A. Hasan, S. H. Zaidi, and M. Asghar, “Influence of deep level defects on the performance of crystalline silicon solar cells: Experimental and simulation study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2805–2810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Aziz, M. S.

M. S. Aziz, N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, R. Jomtarak, T. Saktioto, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Gold nanoparticle trapping and delivery for therapeutic applications,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 7, 11–17 (2012).
[PubMed]

Bacher, A.

J. Hagen, W. Schaffrath, P. Otschik, R. Fink, A. Bacher, H. W. Schmidt, and D. Haarer, “Novel hybrid solar cells consisting of inorganic nanoparticles and an organic hole transport material,” Synth. Met. 89(3), 215–220 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beringer, S.

S. Beringer, H. Schilke, I. Lohse, and G. Seckmeyer, “Case study showing that the tilt angle of photovoltaic plants is nearly irrelevant,” Sol. Energy 85(3), 470–476 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bläsi, B.

Camphuysen, C. J.

C. J. Camphuysen and M. Heubeck, “Marine oil pollution and beached bird surveys: the development of a sensitive monitoring instrument,” Environ. Pollut. 112(3), 443–461 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. W.

Chen, J. Z.

Cheng, F.

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, I. C.

Cheun, H.

Chiang, C. C.

Datta, S. D.

K. Mukhopadhyay, S. D. Datta, and H. Saha, “Dependence of efficiency on slat angles of microgrooved solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 30, 1717–1722 (2010).

de Montpellier, G.

R. Lagring, S. Degraer, G. de Montpellier, T. Jacques, W. Van Roy, and R. Schallier, “Twenty years of Belgian North Sea aerial surveillance: a quantitative analysis of results confirms effectiveness of international oil pollution legislation,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64(3), 644–652 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degraer, S.

R. Lagring, S. Degraer, G. de Montpellier, T. Jacques, W. Van Roy, and R. Schallier, “Twenty years of Belgian North Sea aerial surveillance: a quantitative analysis of results confirms effectiveness of international oil pollution legislation,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64(3), 644–652 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dhar, B. B.

R. K. Tiwary and B. B. Dhar, “Environmental pollution from coal mining activities in damodar river basin, India,” Mine Water Environ. 13, 1–10 (1994).

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Dindar, A.

Dulashko, Y.

Elliot, R. D.

S. I. Wilhelm, G. J. Robertson, P. C. Ryan, S. F. Tobin, and R. D. Elliot, “Re-evaluating the use of beached bird oiling rates to assess long-term trends in chronic oil pollution,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 58(2), 249–255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, X.

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fang, G.

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Y.

Fini, J. M.

Fink, R.

J. Hagen, W. Schaffrath, P. Otschik, R. Fink, A. Bacher, H. W. Schmidt, and D. Haarer, “Novel hybrid solar cells consisting of inorganic nanoparticles and an organic hole transport material,” Synth. Met. 89(3), 215–220 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuentes-Hernandez, C.

Goldschmidt, J. C.

Gombert, A.

Gouveas, T.

A. Ali, T. Gouveas, M. A. Hasan, S. H. Zaidi, and M. Asghar, “Influence of deep level defects on the performance of crystalline silicon solar cells: Experimental and simulation study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2805–2810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gutmann, J.

Haarer, D.

J. Hagen, W. Schaffrath, P. Otschik, R. Fink, A. Bacher, H. W. Schmidt, and D. Haarer, “Novel hybrid solar cells consisting of inorganic nanoparticles and an organic hole transport material,” Synth. Met. 89(3), 215–220 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hagen, J.

J. Hagen, W. Schaffrath, P. Otschik, R. Fink, A. Bacher, H. W. Schmidt, and D. Haarer, “Novel hybrid solar cells consisting of inorganic nanoparticles and an organic hole transport material,” Synth. Met. 89(3), 215–220 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Han, D.

Han, K. S.

K. S. Han, J. H. Shin, W. Y. Yoon, and H. Lee, “Enhanced performance of solar cells with anti-reflection layer fabricated by nano-imprint lithography,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(1), 288–291 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, M. A.

A. Ali, T. Gouveas, M. A. Hasan, S. H. Zaidi, and M. Asghar, “Influence of deep level defects on the performance of crystalline silicon solar cells: Experimental and simulation study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2805–2810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hermle, M.

Heubeck, M.

C. J. Camphuysen and M. Heubeck, “Marine oil pollution and beached bird surveys: the development of a sensitive monitoring instrument,” Environ. Pollut. 112(3), 443–461 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, K. C.

Jacques, T.

R. Lagring, S. Degraer, G. de Montpellier, T. Jacques, W. Van Roy, and R. Schallier, “Twenty years of Belgian North Sea aerial surveillance: a quantitative analysis of results confirms effectiveness of international oil pollution legislation,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64(3), 644–652 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jalil, M. A.

M. S. Aziz, N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, R. Jomtarak, T. Saktioto, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Gold nanoparticle trapping and delivery for therapeutic applications,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 7, 11–17 (2012).
[PubMed]

N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, C. Teeka, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Optical vortices generated by a PANDA ring resonator for drug trapping and delivery applications,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(1), 159–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jomtarak, R.

M. S. Aziz, N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, R. Jomtarak, T. Saktioto, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Gold nanoparticle trapping and delivery for therapeutic applications,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 7, 11–17 (2012).
[PubMed]

T. Phatharaworamet, C. Teeka, R. Jomtarak, S. Mitatha, and P. P. Yupapin, “Random binary code generation using dark-bright soliton conversion control within a PANDA ring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(19), 2804–2809 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

Kippelen, B.

Lagring, R.

R. Lagring, S. Degraer, G. de Montpellier, T. Jacques, W. Van Roy, and R. Schallier, “Twenty years of Belgian North Sea aerial surveillance: a quantitative analysis of results confirms effectiveness of international oil pollution legislation,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64(3), 644–652 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H.

K. S. Han, J. H. Shin, W. Y. Yoon, and H. Lee, “Enhanced performance of solar cells with anti-reflection layer fabricated by nano-imprint lithography,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(1), 288–291 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

Li, W. C.

D. M. Tsai, S. C. Wu, and W. C. Li, “Defect detection of solar cells in electroluminescence imange using fourier image reconstruction,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 250–262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D. W.

Liu, X.

Lohse, I.

S. Beringer, H. Schilke, I. Lohse, and G. Seckmeyer, “Case study showing that the tilt angle of photovoltaic plants is nearly irrelevant,” Sol. Energy 85(3), 470–476 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mitatha, S.

T. Phatharaworamet, C. Teeka, R. Jomtarak, S. Mitatha, and P. P. Yupapin, “Random binary code generation using dark-bright soliton conversion control within a PANDA ring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(19), 2804–2809 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Mitatha, N. Pornsuwancharoen, and P. P. Yupapin, “A simultaneous short-wave and millimeter-wave generation using a soliton pulse within a nano-waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 932–934 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monberg, E. M.

Mukhopadhyay, K.

K. Mukhopadhyay, S. D. Datta, and H. Saha, “Dependence of efficiency on slat angles of microgrooved solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 30, 1717–1722 (2010).

Otschik, P.

J. Hagen, W. Schaffrath, P. Otschik, R. Fink, A. Bacher, H. W. Schmidt, and D. Haarer, “Novel hybrid solar cells consisting of inorganic nanoparticles and an organic hole transport material,” Synth. Met. 89(3), 215–220 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peters, M.

Phatharaworamet, T.

Pornsuwancharoen, N.

S. Mitatha, N. Pornsuwancharoen, and P. P. Yupapin, “A simultaneous short-wave and millimeter-wave generation using a soliton pulse within a nano-waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 932–934 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qin, P.

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, G. J.

S. I. Wilhelm, G. J. Robertson, P. C. Ryan, S. F. Tobin, and R. D. Elliot, “Re-evaluating the use of beached bird oiling rates to assess long-term trends in chronic oil pollution,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 58(2), 249–255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryan, P. C.

S. I. Wilhelm, G. J. Robertson, P. C. Ryan, S. F. Tobin, and R. D. Elliot, “Re-evaluating the use of beached bird oiling rates to assess long-term trends in chronic oil pollution,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 58(2), 249–255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saha, H.

K. Mukhopadhyay, S. D. Datta, and H. Saha, “Dependence of efficiency on slat angles of microgrooved solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 30, 1717–1722 (2010).

Saktioto, T.

M. S. Aziz, N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, R. Jomtarak, T. Saktioto, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Gold nanoparticle trapping and delivery for therapeutic applications,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 7, 11–17 (2012).
[PubMed]

Sandhage, K. H.

Schaffrath, W.

J. Hagen, W. Schaffrath, P. Otschik, R. Fink, A. Bacher, H. W. Schmidt, and D. Haarer, “Novel hybrid solar cells consisting of inorganic nanoparticles and an organic hole transport material,” Synth. Met. 89(3), 215–220 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schallier, R.

R. Lagring, S. Degraer, G. de Montpellier, T. Jacques, W. Van Roy, and R. Schallier, “Twenty years of Belgian North Sea aerial surveillance: a quantitative analysis of results confirms effectiveness of international oil pollution legislation,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64(3), 644–652 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schilke, H.

S. Beringer, H. Schilke, I. Lohse, and G. Seckmeyer, “Case study showing that the tilt angle of photovoltaic plants is nearly irrelevant,” Sol. Energy 85(3), 470–476 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H. W.

J. Hagen, W. Schaffrath, P. Otschik, R. Fink, A. Bacher, H. W. Schmidt, and D. Haarer, “Novel hybrid solar cells consisting of inorganic nanoparticles and an organic hole transport material,” Synth. Met. 89(3), 215–220 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seckmeyer, G.

S. Beringer, H. Schilke, I. Lohse, and G. Seckmeyer, “Case study showing that the tilt angle of photovoltaic plants is nearly irrelevant,” Sol. Energy 85(3), 470–476 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Seo, M.

Shim, J.

Shin, J. H.

K. S. Han, J. H. Shin, W. Y. Yoon, and H. Lee, “Enhanced performance of solar cells with anti-reflection layer fabricated by nano-imprint lithography,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(1), 288–291 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

Sun, N.

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Suwanpayak, N.

M. S. Aziz, N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, R. Jomtarak, T. Saktioto, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Gold nanoparticle trapping and delivery for therapeutic applications,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 7, 11–17 (2012).
[PubMed]

N. Suwanpayak, C. Teeka, and P. P. Yupapin, “Hybrid transistor manipulation controlled by light,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2533–2537 (2011).

N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, C. Teeka, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Optical vortices generated by a PANDA ring resonator for drug trapping and delivery applications,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(1), 159–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Suwanpayak and P. P. Yupapin, “Drug trapping and delivery using a PANDA ring resonator,” Procedia Eng. 8, 252–260 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Taunay, T. F.

Teeka, C.

Tiwary, R. K.

R. K. Tiwary and B. B. Dhar, “Environmental pollution from coal mining activities in damodar river basin, India,” Mine Water Environ. 13, 1–10 (1994).

Tobin, S. F.

S. I. Wilhelm, G. J. Robertson, P. C. Ryan, S. F. Tobin, and R. D. Elliot, “Re-evaluating the use of beached bird oiling rates to assess long-term trends in chronic oil pollution,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 58(2), 249–255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, D. M.

D. M. Tsai, S. C. Wu, and W. C. Li, “Defect detection of solar cells in electroluminescence imange using fourier image reconstruction,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 250–262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Van Roy, W.

R. Lagring, S. Degraer, G. de Montpellier, T. Jacques, W. Van Roy, and R. Schallier, “Twenty years of Belgian North Sea aerial surveillance: a quantitative analysis of results confirms effectiveness of international oil pollution legislation,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64(3), 644–652 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wan, J.

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, S. I.

S. I. Wilhelm, G. J. Robertson, P. C. Ryan, S. F. Tobin, and R. D. Elliot, “Re-evaluating the use of beached bird oiling rates to assess long-term trends in chronic oil pollution,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 58(2), 249–255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, S. C.

D. M. Tsai, S. C. Wu, and W. C. Li, “Defect detection of solar cells in electroluminescence imange using fourier image reconstruction,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 250–262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S.

Yoon, W. Y.

K. S. Han, J. H. Shin, W. Y. Yoon, and H. Lee, “Enhanced performance of solar cells with anti-reflection layer fabricated by nano-imprint lithography,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(1), 288–291 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yupapin, P. P.

M. S. Aziz, N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, R. Jomtarak, T. Saktioto, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Gold nanoparticle trapping and delivery for therapeutic applications,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 7, 11–17 (2012).
[PubMed]

N. Suwanpayak, C. Teeka, and P. P. Yupapin, “Hybrid transistor manipulation controlled by light,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2533–2537 (2011).

N. Suwanpayak and P. P. Yupapin, “Drug trapping and delivery using a PANDA ring resonator,” Procedia Eng. 8, 252–260 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, C. Teeka, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Optical vortices generated by a PANDA ring resonator for drug trapping and delivery applications,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(1), 159–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Yupapin, “Generalized quantum key distribution via micro ring resonator for mobile telephone networks,” Optik (Stuttg.) 121(5), 422–425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Phatharaworamet, C. Teeka, R. Jomtarak, S. Mitatha, and P. P. Yupapin, “Random binary code generation using dark-bright soliton conversion control within a PANDA ring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(19), 2804–2809 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Mitatha, N. Pornsuwancharoen, and P. P. Yupapin, “A simultaneous short-wave and millimeter-wave generation using a soliton pulse within a nano-waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 932–934 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zaidi, S. H.

A. Ali, T. Gouveas, M. A. Hasan, S. H. Zaidi, and M. Asghar, “Influence of deep level defects on the performance of crystalline silicon solar cells: Experimental and simulation study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2805–2810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zappe, H.

Zhao, X.

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Q.

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Environ. Pollut. (1)

C. J. Camphuysen and M. Heubeck, “Marine oil pollution and beached bird surveys: the development of a sensitive monitoring instrument,” Environ. Pollut. 112(3), 443–461 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Mitatha, N. Pornsuwancharoen, and P. P. Yupapin, “A simultaneous short-wave and millimeter-wave generation using a soliton pulse within a nano-waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 932–934 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Nanomedicine (1)

M. S. Aziz, N. Suwanpayak, M. A. Jalil, R. Jomtarak, T. Saktioto, J. Ali, and P. P. Yupapin, “Gold nanoparticle trapping and delivery for therapeutic applications,” Int. J. Nanomedicine 7, 11–17 (2012).
[PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Mar. Pollut. Bull. (2)

S. I. Wilhelm, G. J. Robertson, P. C. Ryan, S. F. Tobin, and R. D. Elliot, “Re-evaluating the use of beached bird oiling rates to assess long-term trends in chronic oil pollution,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 58(2), 249–255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Lagring, S. Degraer, G. de Montpellier, T. Jacques, W. Van Roy, and R. Schallier, “Twenty years of Belgian North Sea aerial surveillance: a quantitative analysis of results confirms effectiveness of international oil pollution legislation,” Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64(3), 644–652 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

N. Suwanpayak, C. Teeka, and P. P. Yupapin, “Hybrid transistor manipulation controlled by light,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 53, 2533–2537 (2011).

Mine Water Environ. (1)

R. K. Tiwary and B. B. Dhar, “Environmental pollution from coal mining activities in damodar river basin, India,” Mine Water Environ. 13, 1–10 (1994).

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

P. P. Yupapin, “Generalized quantum key distribution via micro ring resonator for mobile telephone networks,” Optik (Stuttg.) 121(5), 422–425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Procedia Eng. (1)

N. Suwanpayak and P. P. Yupapin, “Drug trapping and delivery using a PANDA ring resonator,” Procedia Eng. 8, 252–260 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy (1)

S. Beringer, H. Schilke, I. Lohse, and G. Seckmeyer, “Case study showing that the tilt angle of photovoltaic plants is nearly irrelevant,” Sol. Energy 85(3), 470–476 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (5)

N. Sun, G. Fang, P. Qin, Q. Zheng, M. Wang, X. Fan, F. Cheng, J. Wan, and X. Zhao, “Bulk heterojunction solar cells with NiO hole transporting layer based on AZO anode,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(12), 2328–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Han, J. H. Shin, W. Y. Yoon, and H. Lee, “Enhanced performance of solar cells with anti-reflection layer fabricated by nano-imprint lithography,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(1), 288–291 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ali, T. Gouveas, M. A. Hasan, S. H. Zaidi, and M. Asghar, “Influence of deep level defects on the performance of crystalline silicon solar cells: Experimental and simulation study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(10), 2805–2810 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Tsai, S. C. Wu, and W. C. Li, “Defect detection of solar cells in electroluminescence imange using fourier image reconstruction,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 250–262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Mukhopadhyay, S. D. Datta, and H. Saha, “Dependence of efficiency on slat angles of microgrooved solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 30, 1717–1722 (2010).

Synth. Met. (1)

J. Hagen, W. Schaffrath, P. Otschik, R. Fink, A. Bacher, H. W. Schmidt, and D. Haarer, “Novel hybrid solar cells consisting of inorganic nanoparticles and an organic hole transport material,” Synth. Met. 89(3), 215–220 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. S. Kousik and J. G. Fossum, “P+-n-n+ solar cells with hole diffusion lengths comparable with the base width: A simple analytic model,” Sol. cells 5, 75–79 (1981).

D. A. Neamen, Semiconductor Physic and Devices, McGraw-Hill, New York (2003).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A PANDA microring resonator

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical tweezer for hole trapping, where (a) trapping potential well, (b) an optical tweezer for hole trapping

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Solar cell model using a PANDA microring, where (a) hole trapping and moving via optical waveguide, (b) diode model with PANDA microring.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Results of dynamic optical tweezers generated at different center wavelengths, where (a) \E1\2, (b) \E2\2, (c) \E3\2, (d) \E4\2, (e) through port and (f) drop port signals.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Trapping potential well of optical tweezers with various trapping sizes, where (a) 2 nm, (b) 1 nm, (c) 0.5 nm, and (d) 0.25 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Light current of the diode using PANDA microring resonator.

Equations (24)

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E in (t)=Atanh[ T T 0 ]exp[ ( z 2 L D )i ω 0 t ],
E in (t)=Asech[ T T 0 ]exp[ ( z 2 L D )i ω 0 t ],
E add (t)= E 0 exp[ ( z 2 L D )i ω 0 t ],
n= n 0 + n 2 I= n 0 =( n 2 A eff )P,
E 1 =j κ i + τ 1 E 4 ,
E 2 =exp( jωT 2 )exp( αL 4 ) E 1 ,
E 3 = τ 2 E 2 j κ 2 E 1 ,
E 4 =exp( jωT 2 )exp( αL 4 ) E 3 ,
E t = τ t E i j κ 1 E 4 ,
E d = τ 2 E a j κ 2 E 2 ,
| E d | 2 =| κ 1 κ 2 A 1,2 Φ 1/2 1 τ 1 τ 2 AΦ E i + τ 2 τ 1 AΦ 1 τ 1 τ 2 AΦ E a |,
| E t | 2 =| τ 2 τ 1 AΦ 1 τ 1 τ 2 AΦ E i + κ 1 κ 2 A 1,2 Φ 1/2 1 τ 1 τ 2 AΦ E a |,
E r1 = j 1γ κ 0 E 1 1 1γ 1 κ 0 e α 2 L 1 j κ n L 1 ,
E r2 = j 1γ κ 0 E 1 e α 2 L 1 j κ n L 1 1 1γ 1 κ 0 e α 2 L 1 j κ n L 1 ,
E 0 = 1γ ( 1 κ 0 ) ( 1γ ) e α 2 L 1 j κ n L 1 1 1γ 1 κ 0 e α 2 L 1 j κ n L 1 ,
E 0L = E 3 ( 1 γ 3 ( 1 κ 3 ) ( 1 γ 3 ) e α 2 L 2 j κ n L 2 1 1 γ 3 1 κ 3 e α 2 L 2 j κ n L 2 ),
E 1 = j x 1 κ 1 E i1 +j x 1 x 2 y 1 κ 2 E 0L E i2 e α 2 L 2 j κ n L 2 1 x 1 x 2 y 1 y 2 E 0 E 0L e α 2 Lj κ n L ,
E 3 = x 2 y 2 E 0 E 1 e α 2 L 2 j κ n L 2 +j x 2 κ 2 E i2 ,
E 4 = x 2 y 2 E 0 E 1 e α 2 L 2 j κ n L 2 +j x 2 κ 2 E i2 e α 2 L 2 j κ n L 2 ,
E t1 = x 1 y 1 E i1 +( j x 1 x 2 y 2 κ 1 E 0 E 0L E 1 x 1 x 2 κ 1 κ 2 E 0L E i2 ) e α 2 L 2 j κ 2 L 2 ,
P t1 =( E t1 ) ( E t1 ) = | E t1 | 2 ,
E t2 = x 2 y 2 E i2 +j x 2 κ 2 E 0 E 1 e α 2 L 2 j κ n L 2 ,
P t2 =( E t2 ) ( E t2 ) * = | E t1 | 2 ,
I L =qA( L n +W+ L p )G

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