Abstract

Optical beam steering is a key element in many industrial and scientific applications like in material processing, information technologies, medical imaging and laser display. Even though galvanometer-based scanners offer flexibility, speed and accuracy at a relatively low cost, they still lack the necessary control over the polarization required for certain applications. We report on the development of a polarization steerable system assembled with a fiber polarization controller and a galvanometric scanner, both controlled by a digital signal processor board. The system implements control of the polarization decoupled from the pointing direction through a feed-forward control scheme. This enables to direct optical beams to a desired direction without affecting its initial polarization state. When considering the full working field of view, we are able to compensate polarization angle errors larger than 0.2 rad, in a temporal window of less than ∼ 20 ms. Given the unification of components to fully control any polarization state while steering an optical beam, the proposed system is potentially integrable and robust.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. G. F. Marshall and G. E. Stutz, Handbook of Optical and Laser Scanning (CRC Press, 2004).
  2. R. M. A. Azzam and N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, 1977).
  3. W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, Optical Coherence Tomography: Technology and Applications (Springer, 2008).
  4. P. Hariharan, Optical Interferometry, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 2003).
  5. J. G. Rarity, “Quantum communications and beyond,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 361, 1507–1518 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Gisin and R. Thew, “Quantum communication,” Nat. Photonics 1, 165–171 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Projection display for the generation of two orthogonal polarized images using liquid crystal on silicon,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1535–1542 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Cho, Optomechatronics: Fusion of Optical and Mechatronic Engineering (CRC Press, 2006).
  9. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).
  10. J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82.1–82.21 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, M. Pfennigbauer, W. R. Leeb, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-Distance Quantum Communications with Entangled Photons Using Satellites,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1541–1551 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Bonato, A. Tomaello, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and P. Villoresi, “Feasibility of satellite quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys. 11, 045017 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Bonato, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, C. Pernechele, P. Villoresi, and A. Zeilinger, “Influence of satellite motion on polarization qubits in a Space-Earth quantum communication link,” Opt. Express 14, 10050–10059 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. Bonato, C. Pernechele, and P. Villoresi, “Influence of all-reflective optical systems in the transmission of polarization-encoded qubits,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 899–906 (2007).
  15. G. Anzolin, A. Gardelein, M. Jofre, G. Molina-Terriza, and M. W. Mitchell, “Polarization change induced by a galvanometric optical scanner,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 1946–1952 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Hirabayashi and C. Amano, “Feed-forward continuous and complete polarization control with a PLZT rotatable-variable waveplate and inline polarimeter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1920–1932 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. Ge and M. Jouaneh, “Modeling hysteresis in piezoceramic actuators,” Precis. Eng. 17, 211–221 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. T. Ang, P. K. Khosla, and C. N. Riviere, “Feedforward Controller With Inverse Rate-Dependent Model for Piezoelectric Actuators in Trajectory-Tracking Applications,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron. 12, 134–142 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. U.-X. Tan, W. T. Latt, F. Widjaja, C. Y. Shee, C. N. Riviere, and W. T. Ang, “Tracking control of hysteretic piezoelectric actuator using adaptive rate-dependent controller,” Sens. Actuators A 150, 116–123 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Johnson, “In-line fiber-optical polarization transformer,” Appl. Opt. 18, 1288–1289 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. W. La and L. Qian, “Modeling Polarization in a Bidirectional Fiber System,” in Signal Processing in Photonics Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper SPMC5.
  22. Z.-Y. Li, C.-Q. Wu, S.-S. Yang, C.-Y. Tian, S. Zhao, and Y.-J. Wang, “Generalized Principal-State-of-Polarization Analysis and Matrix Model for Piezoelectric Polarization Controllers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1325–1328 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Nielsen and I. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge U. Press, 2010).

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

C. Bonato, A. Tomaello, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and P. Villoresi, “Feasibility of satellite quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys. 11, 045017 (2009).
[CrossRef]

U.-X. Tan, W. T. Latt, F. Widjaja, C. Y. Shee, C. N. Riviere, and W. T. Ang, “Tracking control of hysteretic piezoelectric actuator using adaptive rate-dependent controller,” Sens. Actuators A 150, 116–123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

Z.-Y. Li, C.-Q. Wu, S.-S. Yang, C.-Y. Tian, S. Zhao, and Y.-J. Wang, “Generalized Principal-State-of-Polarization Analysis and Matrix Model for Piezoelectric Polarization Controllers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1325–1328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Bogaert, Y. Meuret, B. Van Giel, H. Murat, H. De Smet, and H. Thienpont, “Projection display for the generation of two orthogonal polarized images using liquid crystal on silicon,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1535–1542 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

N. Gisin and R. Thew, “Quantum communication,” Nat. Photonics 1, 165–171 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Bonato, C. Pernechele, and P. Villoresi, “Influence of all-reflective optical systems in the transmission of polarization-encoded qubits,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 899–906 (2007).

W. T. Ang, P. K. Khosla, and C. N. Riviere, “Feedforward Controller With Inverse Rate-Dependent Model for Piezoelectric Actuators in Trajectory-Tracking Applications,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron. 12, 134–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2003 (3)

K. Hirabayashi and C. Amano, “Feed-forward continuous and complete polarization control with a PLZT rotatable-variable waveplate and inline polarimeter,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1920–1932 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity, “Quantum communications and beyond,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 361, 1507–1518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, M. Pfennigbauer, W. R. Leeb, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-Distance Quantum Communications with Entangled Photons Using Satellites,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1541–1551 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82.1–82.21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. Ge and M. Jouaneh, “Modeling hysteresis in piezoceramic actuators,” Precis. Eng. 17, 211–221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

Amano, C.

Ang, W. T.

U.-X. Tan, W. T. Latt, F. Widjaja, C. Y. Shee, C. N. Riviere, and W. T. Ang, “Tracking control of hysteretic piezoelectric actuator using adaptive rate-dependent controller,” Sens. Actuators A 150, 116–123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Ang, P. K. Khosla, and C. N. Riviere, “Feedforward Controller With Inverse Rate-Dependent Model for Piezoelectric Actuators in Trajectory-Tracking Applications,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron. 12, 134–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Anzolin, G.

Aspelmeyer, M.

C. Bonato, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, C. Pernechele, P. Villoresi, and A. Zeilinger, “Influence of satellite motion on polarization qubits in a Space-Earth quantum communication link,” Opt. Express 14, 10050–10059 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, M. Pfennigbauer, W. R. Leeb, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-Distance Quantum Communications with Entangled Photons Using Satellites,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1541–1551 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Azzam, R. M. A.

R. M. A. Azzam and N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, 1977).

Bashara, N. M.

R. M. A. Azzam and N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, 1977).

Bogaert, L.

Bonato, C.

C. Bonato, A. Tomaello, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and P. Villoresi, “Feasibility of satellite quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys. 11, 045017 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Bonato, C. Pernechele, and P. Villoresi, “Influence of all-reflective optical systems in the transmission of polarization-encoded qubits,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 899–906 (2007).

C. Bonato, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, C. Pernechele, P. Villoresi, and A. Zeilinger, “Influence of satellite motion on polarization qubits in a Space-Earth quantum communication link,” Opt. Express 14, 10050–10059 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

Cho, H.

H. Cho, Optomechatronics: Fusion of Optical and Mechatronic Engineering (CRC Press, 2006).

Chuang, I.

M. Nielsen and I. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge U. Press, 2010).

De Smet, H.

Deppo, V. D.

C. Bonato, A. Tomaello, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and P. Villoresi, “Feasibility of satellite quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys. 11, 045017 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Drexler, W.

W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, Optical Coherence Tomography: Technology and Applications (Springer, 2008).

Fujimoto, J. G.

W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, Optical Coherence Tomography: Technology and Applications (Springer, 2008).

Gardelein, A.

Ge, P.

P. Ge and M. Jouaneh, “Modeling hysteresis in piezoceramic actuators,” Precis. Eng. 17, 211–221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin and R. Thew, “Quantum communication,” Nat. Photonics 1, 165–171 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gorman, P. M.

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82.1–82.21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hariharan, P.

P. Hariharan, Optical Interferometry, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 2003).

Hirabayashi, K.

Jennewein, T.

C. Bonato, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, C. Pernechele, P. Villoresi, and A. Zeilinger, “Influence of satellite motion on polarization qubits in a Space-Earth quantum communication link,” Opt. Express 14, 10050–10059 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, M. Pfennigbauer, W. R. Leeb, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-Distance Quantum Communications with Entangled Photons Using Satellites,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1541–1551 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jofre, M.

Johnson, M.

Jouaneh, M.

P. Ge and M. Jouaneh, “Modeling hysteresis in piezoceramic actuators,” Precis. Eng. 17, 211–221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Khosla, P. K.

W. T. Ang, P. K. Khosla, and C. N. Riviere, “Feedforward Controller With Inverse Rate-Dependent Model for Piezoelectric Actuators in Trajectory-Tracking Applications,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron. 12, 134–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Knight, P.

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82.1–82.21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

La, W.

W. La and L. Qian, “Modeling Polarization in a Bidirectional Fiber System,” in Signal Processing in Photonics Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper SPMC5.

Latt, W. T.

U.-X. Tan, W. T. Latt, F. Widjaja, C. Y. Shee, C. N. Riviere, and W. T. Ang, “Tracking control of hysteretic piezoelectric actuator using adaptive rate-dependent controller,” Sens. Actuators A 150, 116–123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leeb, W. R.

M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, M. Pfennigbauer, W. R. Leeb, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-Distance Quantum Communications with Entangled Photons Using Satellites,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1541–1551 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.-Y.

Z.-Y. Li, C.-Q. Wu, S.-S. Yang, C.-Y. Tian, S. Zhao, and Y.-J. Wang, “Generalized Principal-State-of-Polarization Analysis and Matrix Model for Piezoelectric Polarization Controllers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1325–1328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, G. F.

G. F. Marshall and G. E. Stutz, Handbook of Optical and Laser Scanning (CRC Press, 2004).

Meuret, Y.

Mitchell, M. W.

Molina-Terriza, G.

Murat, H.

Naletto, G.

C. Bonato, A. Tomaello, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and P. Villoresi, “Feasibility of satellite quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys. 11, 045017 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, M.

M. Nielsen and I. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge U. Press, 2010).

Pernechele, C.

C. Bonato, C. Pernechele, and P. Villoresi, “Influence of all-reflective optical systems in the transmission of polarization-encoded qubits,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 899–906 (2007).

C. Bonato, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, C. Pernechele, P. Villoresi, and A. Zeilinger, “Influence of satellite motion on polarization qubits in a Space-Earth quantum communication link,” Opt. Express 14, 10050–10059 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfennigbauer, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, M. Pfennigbauer, W. R. Leeb, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-Distance Quantum Communications with Entangled Photons Using Satellites,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1541–1551 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L.

W. La and L. Qian, “Modeling Polarization in a Bidirectional Fiber System,” in Signal Processing in Photonics Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper SPMC5.

Rarity, J. G.

J. G. Rarity, “Quantum communications and beyond,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 361, 1507–1518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82.1–82.21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Riviere, C. N.

U.-X. Tan, W. T. Latt, F. Widjaja, C. Y. Shee, C. N. Riviere, and W. T. Ang, “Tracking control of hysteretic piezoelectric actuator using adaptive rate-dependent controller,” Sens. Actuators A 150, 116–123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Ang, P. K. Khosla, and C. N. Riviere, “Feedforward Controller With Inverse Rate-Dependent Model for Piezoelectric Actuators in Trajectory-Tracking Applications,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron. 12, 134–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shee, C. Y.

U.-X. Tan, W. T. Latt, F. Widjaja, C. Y. Shee, C. N. Riviere, and W. T. Ang, “Tracking control of hysteretic piezoelectric actuator using adaptive rate-dependent controller,” Sens. Actuators A 150, 116–123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stutz, G. E.

G. F. Marshall and G. E. Stutz, Handbook of Optical and Laser Scanning (CRC Press, 2004).

Tan, U.-X.

U.-X. Tan, W. T. Latt, F. Widjaja, C. Y. Shee, C. N. Riviere, and W. T. Ang, “Tracking control of hysteretic piezoelectric actuator using adaptive rate-dependent controller,” Sens. Actuators A 150, 116–123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P. R.

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82.1–82.21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thew, R.

N. Gisin and R. Thew, “Quantum communication,” Nat. Photonics 1, 165–171 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

Tian, C.-Y.

Z.-Y. Li, C.-Q. Wu, S.-S. Yang, C.-Y. Tian, S. Zhao, and Y.-J. Wang, “Generalized Principal-State-of-Polarization Analysis and Matrix Model for Piezoelectric Polarization Controllers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1325–1328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tomaello, A.

C. Bonato, A. Tomaello, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and P. Villoresi, “Feasibility of satellite quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys. 11, 045017 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Van Giel, B.

Villoresi, P.

C. Bonato, A. Tomaello, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and P. Villoresi, “Feasibility of satellite quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys. 11, 045017 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Bonato, C. Pernechele, and P. Villoresi, “Influence of all-reflective optical systems in the transmission of polarization-encoded qubits,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 899–906 (2007).

C. Bonato, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, C. Pernechele, P. Villoresi, and A. Zeilinger, “Influence of satellite motion on polarization qubits in a Space-Earth quantum communication link,” Opt. Express 14, 10050–10059 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.-J.

Z.-Y. Li, C.-Q. Wu, S.-S. Yang, C.-Y. Tian, S. Zhao, and Y.-J. Wang, “Generalized Principal-State-of-Polarization Analysis and Matrix Model for Piezoelectric Polarization Controllers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1325–1328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Widjaja, F.

U.-X. Tan, W. T. Latt, F. Widjaja, C. Y. Shee, C. N. Riviere, and W. T. Ang, “Tracking control of hysteretic piezoelectric actuator using adaptive rate-dependent controller,” Sens. Actuators A 150, 116–123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

Wu, C.-Q.

Z.-Y. Li, C.-Q. Wu, S.-S. Yang, C.-Y. Tian, S. Zhao, and Y.-J. Wang, “Generalized Principal-State-of-Polarization Analysis and Matrix Model for Piezoelectric Polarization Controllers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1325–1328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.-S.

Z.-Y. Li, C.-Q. Wu, S.-S. Yang, C.-Y. Tian, S. Zhao, and Y.-J. Wang, “Generalized Principal-State-of-Polarization Analysis and Matrix Model for Piezoelectric Polarization Controllers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1325–1328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

C. Bonato, M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, C. Pernechele, P. Villoresi, and A. Zeilinger, “Influence of satellite motion on polarization qubits in a Space-Earth quantum communication link,” Opt. Express 14, 10050–10059 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, M. Pfennigbauer, W. R. Leeb, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-Distance Quantum Communications with Entangled Photons Using Satellites,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1541–1551 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

Z.-Y. Li, C.-Q. Wu, S.-S. Yang, C.-Y. Tian, S. Zhao, and Y.-J. Wang, “Generalized Principal-State-of-Polarization Analysis and Matrix Model for Piezoelectric Polarization Controllers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1325–1328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z.-Y. Li, C.-Q. Wu, S.-S. Yang, C.-Y. Tian, S. Zhao, and Y.-J. Wang, “Generalized Principal-State-of-Polarization Analysis and Matrix Model for Piezoelectric Polarization Controllers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 1325–1328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, M. Pfennigbauer, W. R. Leeb, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-Distance Quantum Communications with Entangled Photons Using Satellites,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1541–1551 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron. (1)

W. T. Ang, P. K. Khosla, and C. N. Riviere, “Feedforward Controller With Inverse Rate-Dependent Model for Piezoelectric Actuators in Trajectory-Tracking Applications,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron. 12, 134–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

G. Anzolin, A. Gardelein, M. Jofre, G. Molina-Terriza, and M. W. Mitchell, “Polarization change induced by a galvanometric optical scanner,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 1946–1952 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Bonato, C. Pernechele, and P. Villoresi, “Influence of all-reflective optical systems in the transmission of polarization-encoded qubits,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 899–906 (2007).

Nat. Photonics (1)

N. Gisin and R. Thew, “Quantum communication,” Nat. Photonics 1, 165–171 (2007).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (2)

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, P. M. Gorman, and P. Knight, “Ground to satellite secure key exchange using quantum cryptography,” New J. Phys. 4, 82.1–82.21 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Bonato, A. Tomaello, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and P. Villoresi, “Feasibility of satellite quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys. 11, 045017 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (1)

J. G. Rarity, “Quantum communications and beyond,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 361, 1507–1518 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Precis. Eng. (1)

P. Ge and M. Jouaneh, “Modeling hysteresis in piezoceramic actuators,” Precis. Eng. 17, 211–221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A (1)

U.-X. Tan, W. T. Latt, F. Widjaja, C. Y. Shee, C. N. Riviere, and W. T. Ang, “Tracking control of hysteretic piezoelectric actuator using adaptive rate-dependent controller,” Sens. Actuators A 150, 116–123 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

W. La and L. Qian, “Modeling Polarization in a Bidirectional Fiber System,” in Signal Processing in Photonics Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper SPMC5.

M. Nielsen and I. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge U. Press, 2010).

H. Cho, Optomechatronics: Fusion of Optical and Mechatronic Engineering (CRC Press, 2006).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge U. Press, 1999).

G. F. Marshall and G. E. Stutz, Handbook of Optical and Laser Scanning (CRC Press, 2004).

R. M. A. Azzam and N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (North-Holland, 1977).

W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, Optical Coherence Tomography: Technology and Applications (Springer, 2008).

P. Hariharan, Optical Interferometry, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 2003).

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