Abstract

We report the first demonstration of superbroadband emission extending from 1.30 to 1.68 μm in praseodymium(Pr3+)-erbium(Er3+) codoped fluorotellurite glasses under 488 nm excitation. This superbroad near-infrared emission is contributed by the Pr3+: 1D21G4 and Er3+: 4I13/24I15/2 transitions which lead to emissions located at 1.48 and 1.53 μm, respectively. The quenching of the Pr3+ emission resulted from the cross relaxation [1D2, 3H4]→[1G4, 3F3,4] was effectively compensated by the codoping of Er3+. The results suggest that, other than the heavy-metal and transition-metal elements of active bismuth (Bi), nickel (Ni), chromium (Cr), etc., Pr3+-Er3+ codoped system is a promising alternative for the broadband near-infrared emission covering the expanded low-loss window.

© 2012 OSA

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2011 (4)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, “Dual-pumped tellurite fiber amplifier and tunable laser using Er/Ce codoping scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 736–738 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, H. Lin, B. J. Chen, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Superbroadband near-infrared emission in Tm-Bi codoped sodium-germanium-gallate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6514–6523 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhou and E. Y. B. Pun, “Superbroadband near-IR emission from praseodymium-doped bismuth gallate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2958–2960 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (4)

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, “Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(13), 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Moorthy, M. Jayasimhadri, A. Radhapathy, and R. V. S. S. N. Ravikumar, “Lasing properties of Pr3+-doped tellurofluorophosphate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 93(2–3), 455–460 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Dai, J. Zhang, C. Yu, G. Zhou, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Effect of hydroxyl groups on nonradiative decay of Er3+: 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition in zinc tellurite glasses,” Mater. Lett. 59(18), 2333–2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

R. T. Génova, I. R. Martin, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, F. Lahoz, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Nunez, J. Gonzalez-Platas, and V. Lavin, “Optical intensities of Pr3+ ions in transparent oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramic. Applications of the standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories,” J. Alloy. Comp. 380(1–2), 167–172 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. H. Park, D. C. Lee, J. Heo, and D. W. Shin, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Pr3+ in chalcogenide glasses for dual-wavelength fiber-optic amplifiers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(11), 9072–9077 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Park, and J. Heo, “1.6 μm emission from Pr3+: (3F3, 3F4)→3H4 transition in Pr3+- and Pr3+/Er3+-doped selenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(19), 1249–1251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Energy transfer processes in Er3+-doped and Er3+, Pr3+-codoped ZBLAN glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(2), 856–864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, “Towards the clarity limit in optical fibre,” Nature 404(6775), 262–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44(1–4), 437–439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1991 (1)

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

Araki, T.

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bykov, A. B.

Cardinal, T.

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

Chen, B. J.

Chen, D.

Chen, J. C.

Cheng, W. H.

Choi, Y. G.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Park, and J. Heo, “1.6 μm emission from Pr3+: (3F3, 3F4)→3H4 transition in Pr3+- and Pr3+/Er3+-doped selenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(19), 1249–1251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S.

S. Dai, J. Zhang, C. Yu, G. Zhou, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Effect of hydroxyl groups on nonradiative decay of Er3+: 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition in zinc tellurite glasses,” Mater. Lett. 59(18), 2333–2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Waal, H.

Dianov, E. M.

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, “Dual-pumped tellurite fiber amplifier and tunable laser using Er/Ce codoping scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 736–738 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Faber, A. J.

Fujimoto, Y.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44(1–4), 437–439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, H.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44(1–4), 437–439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Génova, R. T.

R. T. Génova, I. R. Martin, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, F. Lahoz, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Nunez, J. Gonzalez-Platas, and V. Lavin, “Optical intensities of Pr3+ ions in transparent oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramic. Applications of the standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories,” J. Alloy. Comp. 380(1–2), 167–172 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Glodis, P. F.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, “Towards the clarity limit in optical fibre,” Nature 404(6775), 262–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golding, P. S.

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Energy transfer processes in Er3+-doped and Er3+, Pr3+-codoped ZBLAN glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(2), 856–864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gonzalez-Platas, J.

R. T. Génova, I. R. Martin, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, F. Lahoz, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Nunez, J. Gonzalez-Platas, and V. Lavin, “Optical intensities of Pr3+ ions in transparent oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramic. Applications of the standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories,” J. Alloy. Comp. 380(1–2), 167–172 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hanafusa, H.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Heo, J.

S. H. Park, D. C. Lee, J. Heo, and D. W. Shin, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Pr3+ in chalcogenide glasses for dual-wavelength fiber-optic amplifiers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(11), 9072–9077 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Park, and J. Heo, “1.6 μm emission from Pr3+: (3F3, 3F4)→3H4 transition in Pr3+- and Pr3+/Er3+-doped selenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(19), 1249–1251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hewak, D. W.

Hondo, T.

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, M.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, Y. C.

Hu, L.

S. Dai, J. Zhang, C. Yu, G. Zhou, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Effect of hydroxyl groups on nonradiative decay of Er3+: 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition in zinc tellurite glasses,” Mater. Lett. 59(18), 2333–2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. L.

Huang, Y. C.

Huang, Y. M.

Inoue, S.

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Energy transfer processes in Er3+-doped and Er3+, Pr3+-codoped ZBLAN glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(2), 856–864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R.

Jayasimhadri, M.

L. R. Moorthy, M. Jayasimhadri, A. Radhapathy, and R. V. S. S. N. Ravikumar, “Lasing properties of Pr3+-doped tellurofluorophosphate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 93(2–3), 455–460 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, “Dual-pumped tellurite fiber amplifier and tunable laser using Er/Ce codoping scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 736–738 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jose, G.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, “Dual-pumped tellurite fiber amplifier and tunable laser using Er/Ce codoping scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 736–738 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Kanabe, T.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44(1–4), 437–439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Park, and J. Heo, “1.6 μm emission from Pr3+: (3F3, 3F4)→3H4 transition in Pr3+- and Pr3+/Er3+-doped selenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(19), 1249–1251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Energy transfer processes in Er3+-doped and Er3+, Pr3+-codoped ZBLAN glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(2), 856–864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lahoz, F.

R. T. Génova, I. R. Martin, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, F. Lahoz, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Nunez, J. Gonzalez-Platas, and V. Lavin, “Optical intensities of Pr3+ ions in transparent oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramic. Applications of the standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories,” J. Alloy. Comp. 380(1–2), 167–172 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lavin, V.

R. T. Génova, I. R. Martin, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, F. Lahoz, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Nunez, J. Gonzalez-Platas, and V. Lavin, “Optical intensities of Pr3+ ions in transparent oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramic. Applications of the standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories,” J. Alloy. Comp. 380(1–2), 167–172 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. C.

S. H. Park, D. C. Lee, J. Heo, and D. W. Shin, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Pr3+ in chalcogenide glasses for dual-wavelength fiber-optic amplifiers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(11), 9072–9077 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lerouge, A.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

Lousteau, J.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, “Dual-pumped tellurite fiber amplifier and tunable laser using Er/Ce codoping scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 736–738 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lozano-Gorrin, A. D.

R. T. Génova, I. R. Martin, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, F. Lahoz, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Nunez, J. Gonzalez-Platas, and V. Lavin, “Optical intensities of Pr3+ ions in transparent oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramic. Applications of the standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories,” J. Alloy. Comp. 380(1–2), 167–172 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. K.

Martin, I. R.

R. T. Génova, I. R. Martin, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, F. Lahoz, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Nunez, J. Gonzalez-Platas, and V. Lavin, “Optical intensities of Pr3+ ions in transparent oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramic. Applications of the standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories,” J. Alloy. Comp. 380(1–2), 167–172 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, T.

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

Moorthy, L. R.

L. R. Moorthy, M. Jayasimhadri, A. Radhapathy, and R. V. S. S. N. Ravikumar, “Lasing properties of Pr3+-doped tellurofluorophosphate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 93(2–3), 455–460 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Murata, K.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44(1–4), 437–439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murugan, G. S.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, “Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(13), 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Naftaly, M.

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44(1–4), 437–439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nazabal, V.

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nukui, A.

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nunez, P.

R. T. Génova, I. R. Martin, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, F. Lahoz, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Nunez, J. Gonzalez-Platas, and V. Lavin, “Optical intensities of Pr3+ ions in transparent oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramic. Applications of the standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories,” J. Alloy. Comp. 380(1–2), 167–172 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, “Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(13), 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Park, B. J.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Park, and J. Heo, “1.6 μm emission from Pr3+: (3F3, 3F4)→3H4 transition in Pr3+- and Pr3+/Er3+-doped selenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(19), 1249–1251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. H.

S. H. Park, D. C. Lee, J. Heo, and D. W. Shin, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Pr3+ in chalcogenide glasses for dual-wavelength fiber-optic amplifiers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(11), 9072–9077 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Peng, M.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Penty, R. V.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, “Dual-pumped tellurite fiber amplifier and tunable laser using Er/Ce codoping scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 736–738 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Petricevic, V.

Pollnau, M.

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Energy transfer processes in Er3+-doped and Er3+, Pr3+-codoped ZBLAN glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(2), 856–864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pun, E. Y. B.

Qiu, J.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radhapathy, A.

L. R. Moorthy, M. Jayasimhadri, A. Radhapathy, and R. V. S. S. N. Ravikumar, “Lasing properties of Pr3+-doped tellurofluorophosphate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 93(2–3), 455–460 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ravikumar, R. V. S. S. N.

L. R. Moorthy, M. Jayasimhadri, A. Radhapathy, and R. V. S. S. N. Ravikumar, “Lasing properties of Pr3+-doped tellurofluorophosphate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 93(2–3), 455–460 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Razdobreev, I.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rivero, C.

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Mendoza, U. R.

R. T. Génova, I. R. Martin, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, F. Lahoz, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Nunez, J. Gonzalez-Platas, and V. Lavin, “Optical intensities of Pr3+ ions in transparent oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramic. Applications of the standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories,” J. Alloy. Comp. 380(1–2), 167–172 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Samson, B. N.

Schweizer, T.

Sharonov, M. Y.

Shen, S.

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, M.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D. W.

S. H. Park, D. C. Lee, J. Heo, and D. W. Shin, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Pr3+ in chalcogenide glasses for dual-wavelength fiber-optic amplifiers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(11), 9072–9077 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shraiman, B. I.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, “Towards the clarity limit in optical fibre,” Nature 404(6775), 262–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simons, D. R.

Stephen, M. J.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, “Towards the clarity limit in optical fibre,” Nature 404(6775), 262–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suehara, S.

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, “Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(13), 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, S.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Temmyo, J.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, G. A.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, “Towards the clarity limit in optical fibre,” Nature 404(6775), 262–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Todoroki, S.

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Truong, V. G.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wada, M.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

S. Dai, J. Zhang, C. Yu, G. Zhou, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Effect of hydroxyl groups on nonradiative decay of Er3+: 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition in zinc tellurite glasses,” Mater. Lett. 59(18), 2333–2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y. Q.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, “Dual-pumped tellurite fiber amplifier and tunable laser using Er/Ce codoping scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 736–738 (2011).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, “Dual-pumped tellurite fiber amplifier and tunable laser using Er/Ce codoping scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 736–738 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wonfor, A.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, “Dual-pumped tellurite fiber amplifier and tunable laser using Er/Ce codoping scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 736–738 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

Yoshino, K.

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

S. Dai, J. Zhang, C. Yu, G. Zhou, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Effect of hydroxyl groups on nonradiative decay of Er3+: 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition in zinc tellurite glasses,” Mater. Lett. 59(18), 2333–2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

S. Dai, J. Zhang, C. Yu, G. Zhou, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Effect of hydroxyl groups on nonradiative decay of Er3+: 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition in zinc tellurite glasses,” Mater. Lett. 59(18), 2333–2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, N.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, B.

Zhou, G.

S. Dai, J. Zhang, C. Yu, G. Zhou, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Effect of hydroxyl groups on nonradiative decay of Er3+: 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition in zinc tellurite glasses,” Mater. Lett. 59(18), 2333–2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

Zhu, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, “Optical properties of transparent Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramics embedding Ni-doped nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(13), 131903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Park, and J. Heo, “1.6 μm emission from Pr3+: (3F3, 3F4)→3H4 transition in Pr3+- and Pr3+/Er3+-doped selenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(19), 1249–1251 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, J. Temmyo, M. Wada, M. Yamada, M. Shimizu, K. Yoshino, H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and S. Takahashi, “Laser diode pumped Pr3+-doped and Pr3+-Yb3+-codoped fluoride fiber amplifiers operating at 1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 27(22), 1995–1996 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Eng. Des. (1)

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, “Bi-doped SiO2 as a new laser material for an intense laser,” Fusion Eng. Des. 44(1–4), 437–439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, “Dual-pumped tellurite fiber amplifier and tunable laser using Er/Ce codoping scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(11), 736–738 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

R. T. Génova, I. R. Martin, U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, F. Lahoz, A. D. Lozano-Gorrin, P. Nunez, J. Gonzalez-Platas, and V. Lavin, “Optical intensities of Pr3+ ions in transparent oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramic. Applications of the standard and modified Judd-Ofelt theories,” J. Alloy. Comp. 380(1–2), 167–172 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. H. Park, D. C. Lee, J. Heo, and D. W. Shin, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Pr3+ in chalcogenide glasses for dual-wavelength fiber-optic amplifiers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(11), 9072–9077 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Nazabal, S. Todoroki, A. Nukui, T. Matsumoto, S. Suehara, T. Hondo, T. Araki, S. Inoue, C. Rivero, and T. Cardinal, “Oxyfluoride tellurite glasses doped by erbium: thermal analysis, structural organization and spectral properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 325(1–3), 85–102 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

L. R. Moorthy, M. Jayasimhadri, A. Radhapathy, and R. V. S. S. N. Ravikumar, “Lasing properties of Pr3+-doped tellurofluorophosphate glasses,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 93(2–3), 455–460 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

S. Dai, J. Zhang, C. Yu, G. Zhou, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Effect of hydroxyl groups on nonradiative decay of Er3+: 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition in zinc tellurite glasses,” Mater. Lett. 59(18), 2333–2336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, “Towards the clarity limit in optical fibre,” Nature 404(6775), 262–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. (1)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, “Energy transfer processes in Er3+-doped and Er3+, Pr3+-codoped ZBLAN glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62(2), 856–864 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, “Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-μm emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” Phys. Rev. B 62(10), 6215–6227 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

See, for example, Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers (Second Edition, Revised and Expanded) edited by M. J. F. Digonnet (Marcel Dekker, 2009), and references therein.

S. Kasap, “Optoelectronics” in The Optics Encyclopedia edited by T. Brown, K. Creath, H. Kogelnik, M. A. Kriss, J. Schmit, and M. J. Weber (Wiley-VCH, 2004), vol. 4, pp. 2237–2284.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of (0.3 mol%)Pr3+-doped, (0.1 mol%)Er3+-doped, and (0.3mol%)Pr3+ -(0.1mol%)Er3+ codoped fluorotellurite glasses. Inset (a) shows the details of absorption spectra in wavelength region 410-560 nm; Inset (b) shows the excitation spectra monitored at 1.42 and 1.53 μm wavelengths from Pr3+- and Er3+-singly doped samples, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized near-infrared emission spectra of Er3+-doped and Pr3+-Er3+ codoped samples with respect to the Er3+ 1.53 μm emission. Inset shows the normalized emission spectra with respect to the Pr3+ emission at 1.42 μm wavelength. The excitation wavelength is 488 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Decay curves monitored at (a) 1420 nm and (b) 495 nm under 488 nm excitation. Inset of (a) shows the spectral overlaps between normalized (i) Pr3+: 1D21G4 emission band, (ii) Pr3+: 3F4,33H4 and (iii) Er3+: 4I13/24I15/2 absorption bands. Inset of (b) shows the Pr3+: 3P03H4 emission band under 488 nm excitation. (c) Visible emissions of Pr3+-Er3+ codoped sample under 525 nm excitation and Pr3+-doped sample under 488 nm excitation. Inset of (c) shows the Pr3+ 1.3 μm emission from Pr3+-Er3+ codoped sample under 980 nm excitation. (d) Er3+ 1.53 μm emissions from Er3+-singly doped and Pr3+-Er3+ codoped samples under 980 nm excitation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic energy-level diagram of Pr3+ and Er3+, and possible energy transfer routes involved. ETi (i = 1,2,3), CRi (i = 1,2,3), and MPR represent energy transfer, cross relaxation, and multi-phonon relaxation processes, respectively.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Spontaneous transition parameters of Pr3+ and Er3+ in fluorotellurite glass

Metrics