The measurement ability of the conventional Phase diversity wavefront sensor (C-PD WFS) is limited by the accuracy and dynamic range of CCD cameras. In this letter, a modified Phase diversity wavefront sensor based on a diffraction grating (G-PD WFS) is proposed. We build a corresponding experimental setup to compare the measurement accuracy of the G-PD WFS and the C-GPDWFS under the same experimental conditions. The experimental results show that the measurement ability of G-PD WFS is improved obviously, especially for the wavefront aberration with larger amplitude.
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