Abstract

Frequency-selective surfaces (FSS) are a class of metasurfaces with engineered reflectance, absorbance, and transmittance behavior. We study an array of metallic crossed dipole FSS elements in the infrared using interferometric scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy (s-SNOM). We resolve the dependence of the near-field phase on the dimensions of the elements and compare with numerical models. The combined phase and amplitude information of the underlying near-field mode distribution compared to conventional far-field absorption spectroscopy greatly improves the targeted design of frequency-selective surfaces.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. García-Extarri, I. Romero, F. Javier García de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and J. Aizpurua, “Influence of the tip in near-field imaging of nanoparticle plasmonic modes: weak and strong coupling, regimes,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125439 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (4)

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Gómez-Pedrero, J. Ginn, J. Alda, and G. Boreman, “Modulation transfer function for infrared reflectarrays,” Appl. Opt. 50(27), 5344–5350 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dorfmüller, D. Dregely, M. Esslinger, W. Khunsin, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “Near-field dynamics of optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2819–2824 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

X. Zhang, M. Davanço, K. Maller, T. W. Jarvis, C. Wu, C. Fietz, D. Korobkin, X. Li, G. Shvets, and S. R. Forrest, “Interferometric characterization of a sub-wavelength near-infrared negative index metamaterial,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17788–17795 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Olmon, M. Rang, P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, L. V. Saraf, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Determination of electric-field, magnetic-field, and electric-current distributions of infrared optical antennas: a near-field optical vector network analyzer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(16), 167403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ginn, D. Shelton, P. Krenz, B. Lail, and G. Boreman, “Polarized infrared emission using frequency selective surfaces,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4557–4563 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[PubMed]

2009 (3)

M. Schnell, A. García-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Jones, R. L. Olmon, S. E. Skrabalak, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, and M. B. Raschke, “Mid-IR plasmonics: near-field imaging of coherent plasmon modes of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2553–2558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. García-Extarri, I. Romero, F. Javier García de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and J. Aizpurua, “Influence of the tip in near-field imaging of nanoparticle plasmonic modes: weak and strong coupling, regimes,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

J. C. Ginn, B. A. Lail, and G. D. Boreman, “Phase characterization of reflectarray elements at infrared,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(11), 2989–2993 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

I. Puscasu, W. Schaich, and G. D. Boreman, “Resonant enhancement of emission and absorption using frequency selective surfaces in the infrared,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 43(2), 101–107 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Aizpurua, J.

M. Schnell, A. García-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Extarri, I. Romero, F. Javier García de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and J. Aizpurua, “Influence of the tip in near-field imaging of nanoparticle plasmonic modes: weak and strong coupling, regimes,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Albella, P.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alda, J.

Alonso-Gonzalez, P.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arju, N.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arzubiaga, L.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boreman, G.

Boreman, G. D.

R. L. Olmon, M. Rang, P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, L. V. Saraf, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Determination of electric-field, magnetic-field, and electric-current distributions of infrared optical antennas: a near-field optical vector network analyzer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(16), 167403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Shelton, J. W. Cleary, J. C. Ginn, S. L. Wadsworth, R. E. Peale, D. K. Kotter, and G. D. Boreman, “Gangbuster frequency selective surface metamaterials in terahertz band,” Electron. Lett. 44(22), 1288–1289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Ginn, B. A. Lail, and G. D. Boreman, “Phase characterization of reflectarray elements at infrared,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(11), 2989–2993 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Tharp, J. M. Lopez-Alonso, J. C. Ginn, C. F. Middleton, B. A. Lail, B. A. Munk, and G. D. Boreman, “Demonstration of a single-layer meanderline phase retarder at infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2687–2689 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Puscasu, W. Schaich, and G. D. Boreman, “Resonant enhancement of emission and absorption using frequency selective surfaces in the infrared,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 43(2), 101–107 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Casanova, F.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cleary, J. W.

D. J. Shelton, J. W. Cleary, J. C. Ginn, S. L. Wadsworth, R. E. Peale, D. K. Kotter, and G. D. Boreman, “Gangbuster frequency selective surface metamaterials in terahertz band,” Electron. Lett. 44(22), 1288–1289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Crozier, K.

M. Schnell, A. García-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Damon, E. K.

Davanço, M.

Dorfmüller, J.

Dregely, D.

J. Dorfmüller, D. Dregely, M. Esslinger, W. Khunsin, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “Near-field dynamics of optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2819–2824 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esslinger, M.

J. Dorfmüller, D. Dregely, M. Esslinger, W. Khunsin, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “Near-field dynamics of optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2819–2824 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Etrich, C.

Fietz, C.

Forrest, S. R.

García-Etxarri, A.

M. Schnell, A. García-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

García-Extarri, A.

A. García-Extarri, I. Romero, F. Javier García de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and J. Aizpurua, “Influence of the tip in near-field imaging of nanoparticle plasmonic modes: weak and strong coupling, regimes,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

Ginn, J.

Ginn, J. C.

D. J. Shelton, J. W. Cleary, J. C. Ginn, S. L. Wadsworth, R. E. Peale, D. K. Kotter, and G. D. Boreman, “Gangbuster frequency selective surface metamaterials in terahertz band,” Electron. Lett. 44(22), 1288–1289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Ginn, B. A. Lail, and G. D. Boreman, “Phase characterization of reflectarray elements at infrared,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(11), 2989–2993 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Tharp, J. M. Lopez-Alonso, J. C. Ginn, C. F. Middleton, B. A. Lail, B. A. Munk, and G. D. Boreman, “Demonstration of a single-layer meanderline phase retarder at infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2687–2689 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golmar, F.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gómez-Pedrero, J. A.

Hillenbrand, R.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. García-Extarri, I. Romero, F. Javier García de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and J. Aizpurua, “Influence of the tip in near-field imaging of nanoparticle plasmonic modes: weak and strong coupling, regimes,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Schnell, A. García-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huber, A. J.

M. Schnell, A. García-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hueso, L. E.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jarvis, T. W.

Javier García de Abajo, F.

A. García-Extarri, I. Romero, F. Javier García de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and J. Aizpurua, “Influence of the tip in near-field imaging of nanoparticle plasmonic modes: weak and strong coupling, regimes,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jokerst, N. M.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, A. C.

A. C. Jones, R. L. Olmon, S. E. Skrabalak, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, and M. B. Raschke, “Mid-IR plasmonics: near-field imaging of coherent plasmon modes of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2553–2558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kern, K.

Khanikaev, A.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khunsin, W.

J. Dorfmüller, D. Dregely, M. Esslinger, W. Khunsin, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “Near-field dynamics of optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2819–2824 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korobkin, D.

Kotter, D. K.

D. J. Shelton, J. W. Cleary, J. C. Ginn, S. L. Wadsworth, R. E. Peale, D. K. Kotter, and G. D. Boreman, “Gangbuster frequency selective surface metamaterials in terahertz band,” Electron. Lett. 44(22), 1288–1289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krenz, P.

Krenz, P. M.

R. L. Olmon, M. Rang, P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, L. V. Saraf, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Determination of electric-field, magnetic-field, and electric-current distributions of infrared optical antennas: a near-field optical vector network analyzer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(16), 167403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lail, B.

Lail, B. A.

R. L. Olmon, M. Rang, P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, L. V. Saraf, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Determination of electric-field, magnetic-field, and electric-current distributions of infrared optical antennas: a near-field optical vector network analyzer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(16), 167403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Ginn, B. A. Lail, and G. D. Boreman, “Phase characterization of reflectarray elements at infrared,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(11), 2989–2993 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Tharp, J. M. Lopez-Alonso, J. C. Ginn, C. F. Middleton, B. A. Lail, B. A. Munk, and G. D. Boreman, “Demonstration of a single-layer meanderline phase retarder at infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(18), 2687–2689 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lederer, F.

Li, X.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[PubMed]

Lopez-Alonso, J. M.

Maller, K.

Middleton, C. F.

Munk, B. A.

Nordlander, P.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olmon, R. L.

R. L. Olmon, M. Rang, P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, L. V. Saraf, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Determination of electric-field, magnetic-field, and electric-current distributions of infrared optical antennas: a near-field optical vector network analyzer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(16), 167403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Jones, R. L. Olmon, S. E. Skrabalak, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, and M. B. Raschke, “Mid-IR plasmonics: near-field imaging of coherent plasmon modes of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2553–2558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[PubMed]

Peale, R. E.

D. J. Shelton, J. W. Cleary, J. C. Ginn, S. L. Wadsworth, R. E. Peale, D. K. Kotter, and G. D. Boreman, “Gangbuster frequency selective surface metamaterials in terahertz band,” Electron. Lett. 44(22), 1288–1289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

Puscasu, I.

I. Puscasu, W. Schaich, and G. D. Boreman, “Resonant enhancement of emission and absorption using frequency selective surfaces in the infrared,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 43(2), 101–107 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rang, M.

R. L. Olmon, M. Rang, P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, L. V. Saraf, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Determination of electric-field, magnetic-field, and electric-current distributions of infrared optical antennas: a near-field optical vector network analyzer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(16), 167403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raschke, M. B.

R. L. Olmon, M. Rang, P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, L. V. Saraf, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Determination of electric-field, magnetic-field, and electric-current distributions of infrared optical antennas: a near-field optical vector network analyzer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(16), 167403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Jones, R. L. Olmon, S. E. Skrabalak, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, and M. B. Raschke, “Mid-IR plasmonics: near-field imaging of coherent plasmon modes of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2553–2558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rhoads, C. M.

Rockstuhl, C.

Romero, I.

A. García-Extarri, I. Romero, F. Javier García de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and J. Aizpurua, “Influence of the tip in near-field imaging of nanoparticle plasmonic modes: weak and strong coupling, regimes,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saraf, L. V.

R. L. Olmon, M. Rang, P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, L. V. Saraf, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Determination of electric-field, magnetic-field, and electric-current distributions of infrared optical antennas: a near-field optical vector network analyzer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(16), 167403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarriugarte, P.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schaich, W.

I. Puscasu, W. Schaich, and G. D. Boreman, “Resonant enhancement of emission and absorption using frequency selective surfaces in the infrared,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 43(2), 101–107 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schnell, M.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schnell, A. García-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, D.

Shelton, D. J.

D. J. Shelton, J. W. Cleary, J. C. Ginn, S. L. Wadsworth, R. E. Peale, D. K. Kotter, and G. D. Boreman, “Gangbuster frequency selective surface metamaterials in terahertz band,” Electron. Lett. 44(22), 1288–1289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shvets, G.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, M. Davanço, K. Maller, T. W. Jarvis, C. Wu, C. Fietz, D. Korobkin, X. Li, G. Shvets, and S. R. Forrest, “Interferometric characterization of a sub-wavelength near-infrared negative index metamaterial,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17788–17795 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skrabalak, S. E.

A. C. Jones, R. L. Olmon, S. E. Skrabalak, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, and M. B. Raschke, “Mid-IR plasmonics: near-field imaging of coherent plasmon modes of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2553–2558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sobhani, H.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[PubMed]

Tharp, J. S.

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogelgesang, R.

Wadsworth, S. L.

D. J. Shelton, J. W. Cleary, J. C. Ginn, S. L. Wadsworth, R. E. Peale, D. K. Kotter, and G. D. Boreman, “Gangbuster frequency selective surface metamaterials in terahertz band,” Electron. Lett. 44(22), 1288–1289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wiley, B. J.

A. C. Jones, R. L. Olmon, S. E. Skrabalak, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, and M. B. Raschke, “Mid-IR plasmonics: near-field imaging of coherent plasmon modes of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2553–2558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, C.

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, M. Davanço, K. Maller, T. W. Jarvis, C. Wu, C. Fietz, D. Korobkin, X. Li, G. Shvets, and S. R. Forrest, “Interferometric characterization of a sub-wavelength near-infrared negative index metamaterial,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17788–17795 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, Y. N.

A. C. Jones, R. L. Olmon, S. E. Skrabalak, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, and M. B. Raschke, “Mid-IR plasmonics: near-field imaging of coherent plasmon modes of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2553–2558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

Zhang, X.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. J. Shelton, J. W. Cleary, J. C. Ginn, S. L. Wadsworth, R. E. Peale, D. K. Kotter, and G. D. Boreman, “Gangbuster frequency selective surface metamaterials in terahertz band,” Electron. Lett. 44(22), 1288–1289 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

J. C. Ginn, B. A. Lail, and G. D. Boreman, “Phase characterization of reflectarray elements at infrared,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(11), 2989–2993 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

I. Puscasu, W. Schaich, and G. D. Boreman, “Resonant enhancement of emission and absorption using frequency selective surfaces in the infrared,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 43(2), 101–107 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (3)

A. C. Jones, R. L. Olmon, S. E. Skrabalak, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, and M. B. Raschke, “Mid-IR plasmonics: near-field imaging of coherent plasmon modes of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2553–2558 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dorfmüller, D. Dregely, M. Esslinger, W. Khunsin, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, and H. Giessen, “Near-field dynamics of optical Yagi-Uda nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2819–2824 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Alonso-Gonzalez, M. Schnell, P. Sarriugarte, H. Sobhani, C. Wu, N. Arju, A. Khanikaev, F. Golmar, P. Albella, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, “Real-space mapping of Fano interference in plasmonic metamolecules,” Nano Lett. 11(9), 3922–3926 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Schnell, A. García-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. García-Extarri, I. Romero, F. Javier García de Abajo, R. Hillenbrand, and J. Aizpurua, “Influence of the tip in near-field imaging of nanoparticle plasmonic modes: weak and strong coupling, regimes,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

R. L. Olmon, M. Rang, P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, L. V. Saraf, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Determination of electric-field, magnetic-field, and electric-current distributions of infrared optical antennas: a near-field optical vector network analyzer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(16), 167403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surfaces, Theory and Design (Wiley & Sons, 2000).

Supplementary Material (4)

» Media 1: AVI (1207 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (809 KB)     
» Media 3: AVI (1216 KB)     
» Media 4: AVI (827 KB)     

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscope with interferometric homodyne detection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

FSS geometry. (a) Definition of geometric parameters of FSS, and SEM images of (b) uniformly-sized resonant crosses and (c) five-element phase ramp.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical modeling of an infinite FSS for s-polarized, 60° off-normal λ = 10.6 μm illumination: (a) reflectivity and (b) reflected phase.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Far-field reflectivity of an infinite uniform FSS. (a) FTIR measurement and simulation at normal incidence. Simulated (b) TE and (c) TM specular reflectivity as a function of incidence angle and wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SNOM results for uniform resonant FSS: (a) SEM image of structure; (b) sample topography from AFM data; (c) measured SNOM signal and (d) HFSS simulation results showing Ez after post-processing to account for scanning (Media 1 and Media 2).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

s-SNOM results for phase ramp FSS: (a) SEM image of structure; (b) sample topography from the AFM data; (c) and (d) measured s-SNOM signal with reference leg adjusted to maximize signal from center cross and 90° relative phase; (e) and (f) post-processed HFSS simulation results showing Ez at 0 and 90° relative phase (Media 3 and Media 4).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison between s-SNOM and simulation results: (a) normalized magnitude; (b) phase; and (c) topography for the uniform FSS array; (d) normalized magnitude; (e) phase ; and (f) topography for the phase ramp.

Equations (2)

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S d I= | E scat + E ref | 2 = | E scat | 2 + | E ref | 2 +2| E scat E ref |cosφ+ I b
φ= φ 0 y k 0 sinθ

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