Abstract

We propose an optical configuration to achieve symmetric and high contrast ratio (CR) in three-dimensional (3D) polarization switching (PS) displays. This optical configuration is accomplished using three retardation films and a λ/2 retardation switching panel. Typically, λ/2 retardation switching in the PS panels has an unanticipated asymmetric CR on the left- and right-hand side of 3D glasses because of the wavelength-dependent phase dispersion. To overcome this problem, we designed an optical configuration and applied it to the electrically controlled birefringence (ECB) cell. As a result, symmetric and high CRs are obtained for the 3D PS display.

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2011

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Fast polarization switching panel with high brightness and contrast ratio for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 063505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2009

2004

2001

1994

Ahn, C. H.

Cho, H. J.

Gu, J.

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

Jin, H.-J.

Jones, M.

Kim, J. C.

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Fast polarization switching panel with high brightness and contrast ratio for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 063505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, H.-J. Jin, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Stereoscopic three-dimensional display based on polarization-switching device with low cross talk and high contrast ratio,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2227–2229 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.-W.

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Fast polarization switching panel with high brightness and contrast ratio for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 063505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kowel, S. T.

Kulick, J. H.

Lee, J. H.

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Fast polarization switching panel with high brightness and contrast ratio for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 063505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, H.-J. Jin, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Stereoscopic three-dimensional display based on polarization-switching device with low cross talk and high contrast ratio,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2227–2229 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, D.-H.

Lindquist, R. G.

Nasiatka, P.

Nordin, G. P.

Shin, H. K.

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Fast polarization switching panel with high brightness and contrast ratio for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 063505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, H.-J. Jin, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Stereoscopic three-dimensional display based on polarization-switching device with low cross talk and high contrast ratio,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2227–2229 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tao, Y.-H.

Wang, Q.-H.

Yan, J.

Yoon, T.-H.

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Fast polarization switching panel with high brightness and contrast ratio for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 063505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, H.-J. Jin, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Stereoscopic three-dimensional display based on polarization-switching device with low cross talk and high contrast ratio,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2227–2229 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, W.-X.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. K. Shin, J. H. Lee, J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Yoon, and J. C. Kim, “Fast polarization switching panel with high brightness and contrast ratio for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 063505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

P. Yeh and C. Cu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (John Wiley & Sons, 1999), Chap. 4.

D. Suzuki, T. Fukami, E. Higano, N. Kubota, T. Higano, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Nishimoto, K. Nishiyama, and K. Nakao, “Crosstalk-Free 3D Display with Time-Sequential OCB LCD” in Proc. SID40, 428–431 (2009).

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World’s First 240Hz TFT-LCD Technology for Full-HD LCD-TV and Its Application to 3D Display” in Proc. SID40, 424–427 (2009).

Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, and T. Tanabe, “3D Crosstalk of Stereoscopic (3D) Display using Patterned Retarder and Corresponding Glasses” in Proc. IDW15, 1135–1138 (2008).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical configuration for the development of symmetric and high CR PS-3D display.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Poincare sphere representation of the polarization path (a) from front polarizer on the 2D display, after passing through (b) a general λ/2 retardation LC cell, (c) film 1, (d) film 2, (e) film 3, and (f) summarized operation scheme in the voltage-off state.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Poincare sphere representation of the polarization path after passing through (a) a general λ/2 retardation LC cell, (b) film 1, (c) film 2, (d) film 3, and (e) summarized operation scheme in the voltage-on state.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated transmittances as a function of wavelength for (a) non-compensated ECB and (b) compensated ECB cell. The left ones show the in the perpendicular polarizer condition and the right ones show the corresponding transmittance in the parallel polarizer condition.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured transmittance as a function of wavelength in the (a) perpendicular polarizer condition and (b) parallel polarizer condition.

Equations (6)

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T= | [ cosχ sinχ ] M film3 M film2 M film1 M LC [ 1 0 ] t | 2
M LC =[ cosϕ sinϕ sinϕ cosϕ ][ e i Γ LC /2 0 0 e i Γ LC /2 ][ cosϕ sinϕ sinϕ cosϕ ]
M film1 =[ cosα sinα sinα cosα ][ e i Γ film1 /2 0 0 e i Γ film1 /2 ][ cosα sinα sinα cosα ]
M film2 =[ cosβ sinβ sinβ cosβ ][ e i Γ film2 /2 0 0 e i Γ film2 /2 ][ cosβ sinβ sinβ cosβ ]
M film3 =[ cosγ sinγ sinγ cosγ ][ e i Γ film3 /2 0 0 e i Γ film3 /2 ][ cosγ sinγ sinγ cosγ ]
CR= 380 780 T bright ( λ ) D( λ )P( λ )dλ/ 380 780 T dark ( λ ) D( λ )P( λ )dλ

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