Abstract

Passive signal regeneration based on the Membrane InP Switch (MIPS) is demonstrated. Because of the high confinement of light in the active region of the MIPS, the device acts as a saturable absorber with a highly non-linear response. Using this effect, the extinction ratio (ER) of low-ER signals can be tripled and a receiver sensitivity enhancement of 4.5dB is demonstrated using an input signal at 1Gb/s with an ER of 2dB. Regenerator operation up to 5Gb/s is demonstrated and using a device simulator a strategy to reach higher bitrate operation is proposed.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011

2010

N. Feng, S. Liao, D. Feng, P. Dong, D. Zheng, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, G. Li, J. Cunningham, A. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “High speed carrier-depletion modulators with 1.4V-cm Vπ L integrated on 0.25 μm silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 7994–7999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4, 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

D. Miller, “Device requirements for optical interconnects to silicon chips,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1166–1185 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

2007

2005

Alduino, D.

Asghari, M.

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

Barkai, A.

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

Bowers, J.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brouckaert, J.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

Chetrit, Y.

Cohen, O.

Cohen, R.

Cunningham, J.

Dong, P.

Dorren, H.

Dosunmu, O.

Elek, N.

Fang, A.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feng, D.

Feng, N.

Franck, T.

Gardes, F.

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4, 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ginsburg, E.

Green, W.

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics 2011 (2011), Vol. 1–2.

Grenouillet, L.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hodge, D.

Izhaky, N.

Jones, R.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Keil, U. D.

Keyvaninia, S.

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics 2011 (2011), Vol. 1–2.

Koch, B.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kopp, C.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamoorthy, A.

Kumar, R.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, Y.

Li, G.

Liang, D.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

Liao, L.

Liao, S.

Litski, S.

Liu, A.

Liu, H.-F.

Liu, L.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

Mandorlo, F.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mashanovich, G.

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4, 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Michaeli, A.

Miller, D.

D. Miller, “Device requirements for optical interconnects to silicon chips,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1166–1185 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morse, M.

Morthier, G.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

Raday, O.

Raz, O.

M. Tassaert, G. Roelkens, H. Dorren, D. Van Thourhout, and O. Raz, “Bias-free, low power and optically driven membrane InP switch on SOI for remotely configurable photonic packet switches,” Opt. Express 19, B817–B824 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reed, G.

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4, 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roelkens, G.

M. Tassaert, G. Roelkens, H. Dorren, D. Van Thourhout, and O. Raz, “Bias-free, low power and optically driven membrane InP switch on SOI for remotely configurable photonic packet switches,” Opt. Express 19, B817–B824 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics 2011 (2011), Vol. 1–2.

Rojo-Romeo, P.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H.

Rubin, D.

Rubinm, D.

Samara-Rubio, D.

Sarid, G.

Selvaraja, S.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

Shafiiha, R.

Spuesens, T.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

Tassaert, M.

M. Tassaert, G. Roelkens, H. Dorren, D. Van Thourhout, and O. Raz, “Bias-free, low power and optically driven membrane InP switch on SOI for remotely configurable photonic packet switches,” Opt. Express 19, B817–B824 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics 2011 (2011), Vol. 1–2.

Thomson, D.

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4, 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, J.

Van Thourhout, D.

M. Tassaert, G. Roelkens, H. Dorren, D. Van Thourhout, and O. Raz, “Bias-free, low power and optically driven membrane InP switch on SOI for remotely configurable photonic packet switches,” Opt. Express 19, B817–B824 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics 2011 (2011), Vol. 1–2.

Vermeulen, D.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

Vlasov, Y.

Y. Vlasov, “Silicon photonics for next generation computing systems [Tutorial],” presented at the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2008), Brussels, Belgium, 21–25 Sept. 2008.

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics 2011 (2011), Vol. 1–2.

Xu, S.

Zheng, D.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

D. Van Thourhout, T. Spuesens, S. Selvaraja, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, P. Rojo-Romeo, F. Mandorlo, O. Raz, C. Kopp, and L. Grenouillet, “Nanophotonic devices for optical interconnect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1363–1375 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw.

Laser Photon. Rev.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4, 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Proc. IEEE

D. Miller, “Device requirements for optical interconnects to silicon chips,” Proc. IEEE 97, 1166–1185 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O-1 (2008).

Other

Y. Vlasov, “Silicon photonics for next generation computing systems [Tutorial],” presented at the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2008), Brussels, Belgium, 21–25 Sept. 2008.

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics 2011 (2011), Vol. 1–2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic view of the device. In the inset, a SEM image of a 40 μm long device is shown. (b) The mode profile in the III–V membrane waveguide and cross section of the intensity in the center of the waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transmission measurements through a 150 μm long device. Input and output power are on-chip powers, which were derived by subtracting the measured fiber-to-chip coupling loss from the data (6.5dB). (b) Simulated transmission through this device.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Setup used for the regeneration experiment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Achieved ER and associated insertion loss as a function of input power. (b) Measured BER as a function of average received power at 1Gb/s.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Eye diagram for regeneration of (a) a 1Gb/s signal at 1530nm and a power of −1.5dBm and of (b) a 5Gb/s signal at 1530nm and a power of 6dBm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Simulated transmission curves in the MIPS for different values of τc (b) Simulated eye diagram at 10Gb/s with τc = 100ps.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N ( z , t ) t = P ˜ abs ( z , t ) h ν A Q W N ( z , t ) τ c B N ( z , t ) 2 C N ( z , t ) 3
P ( z , t ) z = ( Γ α mat ( z , t ) Γ α fca ( z , t ) α scat ) P ( z )
P ˜ abs = Γ α mat ( z , t ) Γ α mat ( z , t ) + Γ α fca ( z , t ) + α scat P z
α mat ( z , t ) = α 0 ( λ ) ( 1 N ( z , t ) / N t ( λ ) )

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