Abstract

The realization of an integrated delay line using tapered Bragg gratings in a drop-filter configuration is presented. The device is fabricated on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) rib waveguides using a Deep-UV 248 nm lithography. The continuous delay tunability is achieved using the thermo-optical effect, showing experimentally that a tuning range of 450 ps can be obtained with a tuning coefficient of −51 ps/°C. Furthermore the system performance is considered, showing that an operation at a bit rate of 25 Gbit/s can be achieved, and could be extended to 80 Gbit/s with the addition of a proper dispersion compensation.

© 2012 OSA

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2011

2010

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel, “Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 181–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 192–199 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

S. Homampour, M. P. Bulk, P. E. Jessop, and A. P. Knights, “Thermal tuning of planar Bragg gratings in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi C 6(S1), S240–S243 (2009).

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Giuntoni, A. Gajda, M. Krause, R. Steingrüber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, “Tunable Bragg reflectors on silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18518–18524 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, C. Ferrari, and M. Martinelli, “Error-free continuously-tunable delay at 10 Gbit/s in a reconfigurable on-chip delay-line,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8395–8405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Yan, and I. Fazal, “Optical signal processing using tunable delay elements based on slow light,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 691–705 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Continuously variable optical delay line based on a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2551–2553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and K.-D. Lee, “Tailoring chirp characteristics of waveguide Bragg gratings using tapered core profiles,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2413–2415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2002

2000

1998

1997

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, “True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(11), 1529–1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, J.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 192–199 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Andonovic, I.

Andrés, M. V.

Baba, T.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 192–199 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baghban, M. A.

Bauer, J.

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bruns, J.

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Giuntoni, A. Gajda, M. Krause, R. Steingrüber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, “Tunable Bragg reflectors on silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18518–18524 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bulk, M. P.

S. Homampour, M. P. Bulk, P. E. Jessop, and A. P. Knights, “Thermal tuning of planar Bragg gratings in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi C 6(S1), S240–S243 (2009).

Burrows, E.

Campopiano, S.

M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Continuously variable optical delay line based on a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2551–2553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Canciamilla, A.

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel, “Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 181–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chia, M. C.

Choi, E.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

Corral, J. L.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, “True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(11), 1529–1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

Cusano, A.

M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Continuously variable optical delay line based on a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2551–2553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cutolo, A.

M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Continuously variable optical delay line based on a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2551–2553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R.

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel, “Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 181–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

Fathpour, S.

Fazal, I.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Yan, and I. Fazal, “Optical signal processing using tunable delay elements based on slow light,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 691–705 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, C.

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel, “Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 181–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, C. Ferrari, and M. Martinelli, “Error-free continuously-tunable delay at 10 Gbit/s in a reconfigurable on-chip delay-line,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8395–8405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuster, J. M.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, “True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(11), 1529–1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gajda, A.

I. Giuntoni, A. Gajda, M. Krause, R. Steingrüber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, “Tunable Bragg reflectors on silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18518–18524 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Giuntoni, I.

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Giuntoni, A. Gajda, M. Krause, R. Steingrüber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, “Tunable Bragg reflectors on silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18518–18524 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gnauck, A. H.

Hamilton, S. A.

Homampour, S.

S. Homampour, M. P. Bulk, P. E. Jessop, and A. P. Knights, “Thermal tuning of planar Bragg gratings in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi C 6(S1), S240–S243 (2009).

Hunter, D. K.

Ippen, E. P.

Ishikura, N.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 192–199 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jessop, P. E.

S. Homampour, M. P. Bulk, P. E. Jessop, and A. P. Knights, “Thermal tuning of planar Bragg gratings in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi C 6(S1), S240–S243 (2009).

Ju, J. J.

M. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and K.-D. Lee, “Tailoring chirp characteristics of waveguide Bragg gratings using tapered core profiles,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2413–2415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khan, S.

Kim, M.

M. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and K.-D. Lee, “Tailoring chirp characteristics of waveguide Bragg gratings using tapered core profiles,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2413–2415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

M. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and K.-D. Lee, “Tailoring chirp characteristics of waveguide Bragg gratings using tapered core profiles,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2413–2415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Knights, A. P.

S. Homampour, M. P. Bulk, P. E. Jessop, and A. P. Knights, “Thermal tuning of planar Bragg gratings in silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi C 6(S1), S240–S243 (2009).

Krause, M.

Krauss, T. F.

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel, “Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 181–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, “True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(11), 1529–1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. H.

Lee, K.-D.

M. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and K.-D. Lee, “Tailoring chirp characteristics of waveguide Bragg gratings using tapered core profiles,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2413–2415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.-H.

M. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and K.-D. Lee, “Tailoring chirp characteristics of waveguide Bragg gratings using tapered core profiles,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2413–2415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marschmeyer, S.

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, and R. I. Laming, “True time-delay scheme for feeding optically controlled phased-array antennas using chirped-fiber gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(11), 1529–1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

Melloni, A.

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel, “Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 181–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, C. Ferrari, and M. Martinelli, “Error-free continuously-tunable delay at 10 Gbit/s in a reconfigurable on-chip delay-line,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8395–8405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morichetti, F.

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel, “Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 181–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, C. Ferrari, and M. Martinelli, “Error-free continuously-tunable delay at 10 Gbit/s in a reconfigurable on-chip delay-line,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8395–8405 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mudhana, G.

Murphy, T. E.

Na, J.

O’Faolain, L.

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel, “Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 181–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, B.

Pafchek, R.

Park, S. K.

M. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and K.-D. Lee, “Tailoring chirp characteristics of waveguide Bragg gratings using tapered core profiles,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2413–2415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pastor, D.

Petermann, K.

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Giuntoni, A. Gajda, M. Krause, R. Steingrüber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, “Tunable Bragg reflectors on silicon-on-insulator rib waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18518–18524 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pisco, M.

M. Pisco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Continuously variable optical delay line based on a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2551–2553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Richter, H.

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, B. S.

Ryu, S. Y.

Samarelli, A.

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel, “Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 181–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, H.

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 192–199 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Savage, S. J.

Sekaric, L.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, M.

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel, “Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 181–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steingrüber, R.

Stolarek, D.

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

Tillack, B.

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Yan, and I. Fazal, “Optical signal processing using tunable delay elements based on slow light,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 691–705 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Xia, F.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Yan, and I. Fazal, “Optical signal processing using tunable delay elements based on slow light,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 691–705 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Yan, and I. Fazal, “Optical signal processing using tunable delay elements based on slow light,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 691–705 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Yan, and I. Fazal, “Optical signal processing using tunable delay elements based on slow light,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 691–705 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, L.

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, H. Richter, S. Marschmeyer, J. Bauer, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, and L. Zimmermann, “Deep-UV technology for the fabrication of Bragg gratings on SOI rib waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1894–1896 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. Yan, and I. Fazal, “Optical signal processing using tunable delay elements based on slow light,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 691–705 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Adachi, N. Ishikura, H. Sasaki, and T. Baba, “Wide range tuning of slow light pulse in SOI photonic crystal coupled waveguide via folded chirping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 192–199 (2010).
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Other

I. Giuntoni, D. Stolarek, A. Gajda, J. Bruns, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Integrated drop-filter for dispersion compensation based on SOI rib waveguides,” in 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper Th.12.LeSaleve.4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Uniform Bragg grating on a tapered rib waveguide to achieve a chirp. (b) Scheme of the integrated Drop-filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra and group delay of the drop-filter with tapered gratings at different temperatures between 32°C and 41°C. TE polarization is considered. The dashed line indicates the position of the signal wavelength λs = 1535.8 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of the added delay (red curve) and the inserted loss (blue curve) at different temperatures. The signal wavelength is λs = 1535.8 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Scheme of the used setup for the system emulation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Bit error rate (BER) at different data rates with and without dispersion compensation. (b) Signal shape of a 10 Gbit/s QPSK-NRZ bit sequence at the output of the transmitter (TX) and after propagating through the delay line at different temperatures with dispersion compensation.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison with the state of the art silicon based tunable delay lines (from [13])a

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