Abstract

We investigate the optical properties of mono- and double-layer asymmetric fishnet metamaterials with orientated elliptical holes, which exhibit exotic spectral and polarization rotating characteristics in the visible spectral range. Our results show that nontrivial orientations of the holes with respect to the reciprocal lattice vectors of the periodic lattice in both systems produce strong polarization rotation as well as additional enhanced optical transmission peaks. Analysis of the electromagnetic field distribution shows the unusual effect is produced by the spinning localized surface plasmon resonances due to the asymmetric geometry. High sensitivity of the hybridized mode on the dielectric spacing, the aspect ratio of the holes and the embedding media in double-layer structure is also observed. The dependence of spectral and polarization response on the orientation of the holes and the embedding media is useful for design of chiral metamaterials at optical frequencies and tailoring the polarization behavior of the metallic nano-structures.

© 2012 OSA

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  3. Z. Liu, Z. X. Liang, X. Y. Jiang, X. H. Hu, X. Li, and J. Zi, “Hyper interface, the bridge between radiative wave and evanescent wave,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 113507 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “Trapped rainbow storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450, 397–401 (2007).
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  5. Y. Jeyaram, S. K. Jha, M. Agio, J. F. Loffler, and Y. Ekinci, “Magnetic metamaterials in the blue range using aluminum nanostructures,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1656–1658 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. U. K. Chettier, A. V. Kildishev, T. A. Klar, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative index metamaterial combining magnetic resonators with metal films,” Opt. Express 14, 7872–7877 (2006).
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  7. S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial exhibiting negative refractive index,” Nature 455, 376–380 (2008).
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  9. M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235114 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Garcia-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Marti, A. Martinez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, “Low-loss multilayered metamaterial exhibiting a negative index of refraction at visible wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of nanoscale left-handed metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 235111 (2010).
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  12. J. Parsons, E. Hendry, J. R. Sambles, and W. L. Barnes, “Localized surface-plasmon resonances and negative refractive index in nanostructured electromagnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 245117 (2009).
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  13. G. Dolling, M. Wegner, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Design-related losses of double-fishnet negative-index photonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15, 11536–11541 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Minovich, D. N. Neshev, D. A. Powell, I. V. Shadrivov, M. Lapine, I. McKerracher, H. T. Hattori, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tilted response of fishnet metamaterials at near-infrared optical wavelength,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 115109 (2010).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. Decker, R. Zhao, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegner, “Twisted split-ring-resonator photonic metamaterial with huge optical activity,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1593–1595 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludv, “Metamaterials with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. B. Wang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Chiral metamaterials: simulations and experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114003 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. G. Mackay and A. Lakhtakia, “Negatively refracting chiral metamaterials: a review,” SPIE Rev. 1, 018003 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Single-slit split-ring resonators at optical frequencies: limits of size scaling,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1259–1261 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4378 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  28. F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  29. K. L. van der Molen, K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. Van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Role of shape and localized resonances in extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 045421 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Polarization control of optical transmission of a periodic array of elliptical nanoholes in a metal film,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1414–1416 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  31. J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polartonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 233403 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  32. R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. E. Plum, J. Dong, J. Zhou, V. A. Fedotov, Th. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  34. H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Hybridization effect in coupled metamaterials,” Front. Phys. China 5, 277–290 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  35. N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, “Stereometamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 3, 157–162 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  36. L. Shi, A. Kabashin, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Spectral, amplitude and phase sensitivity of a plasmonic gas sensor in a metallic photonic crystal slab geometry: comparison of the near and far field phase detection strategies,” Sens. Act. B 143, 76–86 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  37. W. Jin, Y. L. Zhang, X. Z. Dong, X. M. Duan, and Z. S. Zhao, “Engineering electromagnetic response of composite terahertz metamaterial with broken symmetry,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4815–4819 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  38. A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, “Theory of negative-refractive-index response of double-fishnet structures,” Phy. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (6)

C. Garcia-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Marti, A. Martinez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, “Low-loss multilayered metamaterial exhibiting a negative index of refraction at visible wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Hamm, S. Wuestner, K. L. Tsakmakidis, and O. Hess, “Theory of light amplification in active fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 167405 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, “Theory of fishnet negative-index optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043903 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Jin, Y. L. Zhang, X. Z. Dong, X. M. Duan, and Z. S. Zhao, “Engineering electromagnetic response of composite terahertz metamaterial with broken symmetry,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4815–4819 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Lodewijks, N. Verellen, W. V. Roy, V. Moshchalkov, G. Borghs, and P. V. Dorpe, “Self-assembled hexeganol double fishnets as negative index materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Navarro-Cia, C. Garcia-Meca, M. Beruete, A. Martinez, and M. Sorolla, “Dual-band double-negative-index fishnet metamaterial at millimeter wave,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4245–4247 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (8)

M. Decker, R. Zhao, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegner, “Twisted split-ring-resonator photonic metamaterial with huge optical activity,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1593–1595 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jeyaram, S. K. Jha, M. Agio, J. F. Loffler, and Y. Ekinci, “Magnetic metamaterials in the blue range using aluminum nanostructures,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1656–1658 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Hybridization effect in coupled metamaterials,” Front. Phys. China 5, 277–290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Mackay and A. Lakhtakia, “Negatively refracting chiral metamaterials: a review,” SPIE Rev. 1, 018003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, D. N. Neshev, D. A. Powell, I. V. Shadrivov, M. Lapine, I. McKerracher, H. T. Hattori, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tilted response of fishnet metamaterials at near-infrared optical wavelength,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 115109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of nanoscale left-handed metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 235111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, Z. X. Liang, X. Y. Jiang, X. H. Hu, X. Li, and J. Zi, “Hyper interface, the bridge between radiative wave and evanescent wave,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 113507 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (7)

J. Parsons, E. Hendry, J. R. Sambles, and W. L. Barnes, “Localized surface-plasmon resonances and negative refractive index in nanostructured electromagnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 245117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Dong, J. Zhou, V. A. Fedotov, Th. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludv, “Metamaterials with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Chiral metamaterials: simulations and experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, “Stereometamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 3, 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Shi, A. Kabashin, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Spectral, amplitude and phase sensitivity of a plasmonic gas sensor in a metallic photonic crystal slab geometry: comparison of the near and far field phase detection strategies,” Sens. Act. B 143, 76–86 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, “Theory of negative-refractive-index response of double-fishnet structures,” Phy. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Alici and E. Ozbay, “A planar metamaterial: polarization independent fishnet structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 102–107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial exhibiting negative refractive index,” Nature 455, 376–380 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “Trapped rainbow storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450, 397–401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, M. Wegner, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Design-related losses of double-fishnet negative-index photonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15, 11536–11541 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

M. W. Klein, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Single-slit split-ring resonators at optical frequencies: limits of size scaling,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1259–1261 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. K. Chettier, A. V. Kildishev, T. A. Klar, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative index metamaterial combining magnetic resonators with metal films,” Opt. Express 14, 7872–7877 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromegnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, “Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. van der Molen, K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. Van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Role of shape and localized resonances in extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 045421 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Polarization control of optical transmission of a periodic array of elliptical nanoholes in a metal film,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1414–1416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polartonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4378 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Agio, M.

Alici, K. B.

K. B. Alici and E. Ozbay, “A planar metamaterial: polarization independent fishnet structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 102–107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

J. Parsons, E. Hendry, J. R. Sambles, and W. L. Barnes, “Localized surface-plasmon resonances and negative refractive index in nanostructured electromagnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 245117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial exhibiting negative refractive index,” Nature 455, 376–380 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beruete, M.

Boardman, A. D.

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “Trapped rainbow storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450, 397–401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borghs, G.

K. Lodewijks, N. Verellen, W. V. Roy, V. Moshchalkov, G. Borghs, and P. V. Dorpe, “Self-assembled hexeganol double fishnets as negative index materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brolo, A. G.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brueck, S. R. J.

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chettier, U. K.

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4378 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Decker, M.

Dickson, W.

C. Garcia-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Marti, A. Martinez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, “Low-loss multilayered metamaterial exhibiting a negative index of refraction at visible wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dolling, G.

Dong, J.

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Dong, J. Zhou, V. A. Fedotov, Th. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludv, “Metamaterials with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. Z.

W. Jin, Y. L. Zhang, X. Z. Dong, X. M. Duan, and Z. S. Zhao, “Engineering electromagnetic response of composite terahertz metamaterial with broken symmetry,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4815–4819 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dorpe, P. V.

K. Lodewijks, N. Verellen, W. V. Roy, V. Moshchalkov, G. Borghs, and P. V. Dorpe, “Self-assembled hexeganol double fishnets as negative index materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Duan, X. M.

W. Jin, Y. L. Zhang, X. Z. Dong, X. M. Duan, and Z. S. Zhao, “Engineering electromagnetic response of composite terahertz metamaterial with broken symmetry,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4815–4819 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Economou, E. N.

R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of nanoscale left-handed metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 235111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ekinci, Y.

Elliot, J.

J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Polarization control of optical transmission of a periodic array of elliptical nanoholes in a metal film,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1414–1416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polartonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Enkrich, C.

Enoch, S.

K. L. van der Molen, K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. Van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Role of shape and localized resonances in extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 045421 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, W. J.

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedotov, V. A.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludv, “Metamaterials with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Dong, J. Zhou, V. A. Fedotov, Th. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, “Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Meca, C.

M. Navarro-Cia, C. Garcia-Meca, M. Beruete, A. Martinez, and M. Sorolla, “Dual-band double-negative-index fishnet metamaterial at millimeter wave,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4245–4247 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Garcia-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Marti, A. Martinez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, “Low-loss multilayered metamaterial exhibiting a negative index of refraction at visible wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, “Theory of negative-refractive-index response of double-fishnet structures,” Phy. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Genov, D. A.

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B. Wang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Chiral metamaterials: simulations and experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114003 (2009).
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J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. M.

H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Hybridization effect in coupled metamaterials,” Front. Phys. China 5, 277–290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

Wegner, M.

Wuestner, S.

J. M. Hamm, S. Wuestner, K. L. Tsakmakidis, and O. Hess, “Theory of light amplification in active fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 167405 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, “Theory of fishnet negative-index optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043903 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zayats, A. V.

C. Garcia-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Marti, A. Martinez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, “Low-loss multilayered metamaterial exhibiting a negative index of refraction at visible wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polartonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Polarization control of optical transmission of a periodic array of elliptical nanoholes in a metal film,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1414–1416 (2004).
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J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial exhibiting negative refractive index,” Nature 455, 376–380 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial exhibiting negative refractive index,” Nature 455, 376–380 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
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J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial exhibiting negative refractive index,” Nature 455, 376–380 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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W. Jin, Y. L. Zhang, X. Z. Dong, X. M. Duan, and Z. S. Zhao, “Engineering electromagnetic response of composite terahertz metamaterial with broken symmetry,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4815–4819 (2011).
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W. Jin, Y. L. Zhang, X. Z. Dong, X. M. Duan, and Z. S. Zhao, “Engineering electromagnetic response of composite terahertz metamaterial with broken symmetry,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4815–4819 (2011).
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E. Plum, J. Dong, J. Zhou, V. A. Fedotov, Th. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
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A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, “Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Polarization control of optical transmission of a periodic array of elliptical nanoholes in a metal film,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1414–1416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polartonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludv, “Metamaterials with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludv, “Metamaterials with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
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E. Plum, J. Dong, J. Zhou, V. A. Fedotov, Th. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Chiral metamaterials: simulations and experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Hybridization effect in coupled metamaterials,” Front. Phys. China 5, 277–290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, “Stereometamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 3, 157–162 (2009).
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Z. Liu, Z. X. Liang, X. Y. Jiang, X. H. Hu, X. Li, and J. Zi, “Hyper interface, the bridge between radiative wave and evanescent wave,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 113507 (2010).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Z. Liu, Z. X. Liang, X. Y. Jiang, X. H. Hu, X. Li, and J. Zi, “Hyper interface, the bridge between radiative wave and evanescent wave,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 113507 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Lodewijks, N. Verellen, W. V. Roy, V. Moshchalkov, G. Borghs, and P. V. Dorpe, “Self-assembled hexeganol double fishnets as negative index materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 091101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Front. Phys. China (1)

H. Liu, T. Li, S. M. Wang, and S. N. Zhu, “Hybridization effect in coupled metamaterials,” Front. Phys. China 5, 277–290 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

B. Wang, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Chiral metamaterials: simulations and experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11, 114003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

N. Liu, H. Liu, S. N. Zhu, and H. Giessen, “Stereometamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 3, 157–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial exhibiting negative refractive index,” Nature 455, 376–380 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, “Trapped rainbow storage of light in metamaterials,” Nature 450, 397–401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Jin, Y. L. Zhang, X. Z. Dong, X. M. Duan, and Z. S. Zhao, “Engineering electromagnetic response of composite terahertz metamaterial with broken symmetry,” Opt. Commun. 284, 4815–4819 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

K. B. Alici and E. Ozbay, “A planar metamaterial: polarization independent fishnet structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 102–107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phy. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, “Theory of negative-refractive-index response of double-fishnet structures,” Phy. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (10)

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[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Dong, J. Zhou, V. A. Fedotov, Th. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. L. van der Molen, K. J. K. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. Van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Role of shape and localized resonances in extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 045421 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of nanoscale left-handed metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 235111 (2010).
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J. Parsons, E. Hendry, J. R. Sambles, and W. L. Barnes, “Localized surface-plasmon resonances and negative refractive index in nanostructured electromagnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 245117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, D. N. Neshev, D. A. Powell, I. V. Shadrivov, M. Lapine, I. McKerracher, H. T. Hattori, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tilted response of fishnet metamaterials at near-infrared optical wavelength,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 115109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kafesaki, I. Tsiapa, N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. N. Economou, “Left-handed metamaterials: the fishnet structure and its variations,” Phys. Rev. B 75, 235114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludv, “Metamaterials with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, J. Dong, B. Wang, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Negative refractive index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 121104(R) (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Elliot, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polartonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Garcia-Meca, J. Hurtado, J. Marti, A. Martinez, W. Dickson, and A. V. Zayats, “Low-loss multilayered metamaterial exhibiting a negative index of refraction at visible wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 067402 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Hamm, S. Wuestner, K. L. Tsakmakidis, and O. Hess, “Theory of light amplification in active fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 167405 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yang, C. Sauvan, H. T. Liu, and P. Lalanne, “Theory of fishnet negative-index optical metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 043903 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, “Giant gyrotropy due to electromagnetic-field coupling in a bilayered chiral structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
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Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
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Science (1)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromegnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
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Sens. Act. B (1)

L. Shi, A. Kabashin, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Spectral, amplitude and phase sensitivity of a plasmonic gas sensor in a metallic photonic crystal slab geometry: comparison of the near and far field phase detection strategies,” Sens. Act. B 143, 76–86 (2009).
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SPIE Rev. (1)

T. G. Mackay and A. Lakhtakia, “Negatively refracting chiral metamaterials: a review,” SPIE Rev. 1, 018003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketch of the proposed asymmetric double-layer elliptical holes fishnet MTM. The silver films are in xy plane and the y polarized incident light propagate in z direction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a). Scheme of the unit cell of the monolayer fishnet MTM with twisted angle ϕ. (b). The reflection spectra for ϕ = 0° and 90°. And the corresponding Hz distribution in the middle plane of the metallic film with the major axis of the elliptic hole is (c) vertical (ϕ = 0°) (d) parallel (ϕ = 90°) to the polarization.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normal incident reflection and transmission spectra of monolayer fishnet MTM with respect to different ϕ, where ϕ is defined by the azimuth angle of the ellipse with respect to x axis. Curves are shifted upward for clarity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

ψ (a) and depolarization (|Ex|2/|Ey|2) (b) of the transmitted elliptical polarized light for single layer fishnet MTM with ϕ = 45°.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The distribution of Hz at resonance (a,b) L -like LSP, 529 THz and (c,d) S -like LSP, 663 THz in the middle plane of the metallic film with ϕ = 45°.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Normal incident reflection and transmission spectra of double-layers fishnet MTM with different ϕ. Curves are shifted upward for clarity.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Simulated Hz distribution at hybridized mode (a,b) A (511 THz), (c,d) B (585 THz) and (e,f) C (711 THz) in the middle plane of the dielectric spacer with ϕ = 45°.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

ψ (a) and depolarization (b) of the transmitted elliptical polarized light for double layers FMM with ϕ = 45°.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The resonant frequency is plotted as a function of the spacing between metal films (a) and aspect ratio of the elliptical holes (b) for double fishnet MTM geometry with ϕ = 45° while keeping the other parameters. In Fig. 9(b), the minor axis of the hole is set to 60 nm. Dashed green lines indicates the parameters adapted in previous section.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Reflection spectra ryy of monolayer fishnet structures (a,b,c) and double layer fishnet structures with ϕ = 45° (d,e,f) for different background materials: (a,d) air, n=1; (b,e) Al2O3, n=1.38; and (c,f) glass, n=1.52.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

(ExEy)=(txxtyxtxytyy)(cosθsinθ)
ψ=12arctan(tan2αcosδ)

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