Abstract

We investigate the interaction of an open (N + 1)-level extended V-type atomic system (i.e. a closed (N + 2)-level atomic system) with N coherent laser fields and one incoherent pumping field through both analytical and numerical calculations. Our results show that the system can exhibit multiple resonant gain suppressions via perfect quantum destructive interference, which is usually believed to be absent in closed three-level V system and its extended versions involving more atomic levels, with at most N – 1 transparency windows associated with very steep anomalous dispersions occurring in the system. The superluminal group velocity of the probe-laser pulse with at most N – 1 negative values can also be generated and controlled with little gain or absorption.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “Controlling the velocity of light pulses,” Science 326, 1074–1077 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Mork, F. Ohman, M. Van Der Poel, Y. Chen, P. Lunnemann, and K. Yvind, “Slow and fast light: Controlling the speed of light using semiconductor waveguides,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 30–44 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Mork, P. Lunnemann, W. Xue, Y. Chen, P. Kaer, and T. R. Nielsen, “Slow and fast light in semiconductor waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25, 083002 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Thevenaz, “Slow and fast light in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 2, 474–481 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  7. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Gonzalez-Herraez, K.-Y. Song, and L. Thevenaz, “Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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  11. C. Zhu and G. Huang, “High-order nonlinear Schrodinger equation and weak-light superluminal solitons in active Raman gain media with two control fields,” Opt. Express 19, 1963–1974 (2011).
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  12. F. Arrieta-Yanez, O. G. Calderon, and S. Melle, “Slow and fast light based on coherent population oscillations in erbium-doped fibres,” J. Opt. 12, 104002 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033815 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Steep anomalous dispersion in coherently prepared Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4277–4280 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013810 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. E. Paspalakis and P. L. Knight, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and controlled group velocity in a multilevel system,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 015802 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. T. F. Gallagher, Rydberg Atoms (Cambridge University PressCambridge, England, 1984).
  22. D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D. Yan, J.-W. Gao, Q.-Q. Bao, H. Yang, H. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a five-level Λ system dominated by two-photon resonant transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033830 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Mahmoudi, M. Sahrai, and H. Tajalli, “Subluminal and superluminal light propagation via interference of incoherent pumpfields,” Phys. Lett. A 357, 66–71 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Fleischhauer, C. H. Keitel, M. O. Scully, and C. Su, “Lasing without inversion and enhancement of the index of refraction via interference of incoherent pump processes,” Opt. Commun. 87, 109–114 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  26. D. Bullock, J. Evers, and C. H. Keitel, “Modifying spontaneous emission via interferences from incoherent pump fields,” Phys. Lett. A 307, 8–12 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

C.-L. C., J.-K. Jia, Y. Zhang, Y. Xue, H.-L. Xu, and J.-H. Wu, “Resonant gain suppression and quantum destructive interference in a three-level open V system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 215504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Yan, J.-W. Gao, Q.-Q. Bao, H. Yang, H. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a five-level Λ system dominated by two-photon resonant transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhu and G. Huang, “High-order nonlinear Schrodinger equation and weak-light superluminal solitons in active Raman gain media with two control fields,” Opt. Express 19, 1963–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

A. M. Akulshin and R. J. McLean, “Fast light in atomic media,” J. Opt. 12, 104001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mork, P. Lunnemann, W. Xue, Y. Chen, P. Kaer, and T. R. Nielsen, “Slow and fast light in semiconductor waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25, 083002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Arrieta-Yanez, O. G. Calderon, and S. Melle, “Slow and fast light based on coherent population oscillations in erbium-doped fibres,” J. Opt. 12, 104002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “Controlling the velocity of light pulses,” Science 326, 1074–1077 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mork, F. Ohman, M. Van Der Poel, Y. Chen, P. Lunnemann, and K. Yvind, “Slow and fast light: Controlling the speed of light using semiconductor waveguides,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 30–44 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Mahmoudi, M. Sahrai, and H. Tajalli, “Subluminal and superluminal light propagation via interference of incoherent pumpfields,” Phys. Lett. A 357, 66–71 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. Gonzalez-Herraez, K.-Y. Song, and L. Thevenaz, “Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

D. Bullock, J. Evers, and C. H. Keitel, “Modifying spontaneous emission via interferences from incoherent pump fields,” Phys. Lett. A 307, 8–12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

E. Paspalakis and P. L. Knight, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and controlled group velocity in a multilevel system,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 015802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, “Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation,” Nature 406, 277–279 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Steep anomalous dispersion in coherently prepared Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4277–4280 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. Fleischhauer, C. H. Keitel, M. O. Scully, and C. Su, “Lasing without inversion and enhancement of the index of refraction via interference of incoherent pump processes,” Opt. Commun. 87, 109–114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. Chu and S. Wang, “Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 738–741 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

M. D. Crisp, “Concept of group velocity in resonant pulse propagation,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 2104–2108 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. McCumber, “Propagation of a Gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium,” Phys. Rev. A 1, 305–313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

Akulshin, A. M.

A. M. Akulshin and R. J. McLean, “Fast light in atomic media,” J. Opt. 12, 104001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Steep anomalous dispersion in coherently prepared Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4277–4280 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arrieta-Yanez, F.

F. Arrieta-Yanez, O. G. Calderon, and S. Melle, “Slow and fast light based on coherent population oscillations in erbium-doped fibres,” J. Opt. 12, 104002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Q.-Q.

D. Yan, J.-W. Gao, Q.-Q. Bao, H. Yang, H. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a five-level Λ system dominated by two-photon resonant transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barreiro, S.

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Steep anomalous dispersion in coherently prepared Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4277–4280 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, M. S.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “Controlling the velocity of light pulses,” Science 326, 1074–1077 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brillouin, L.

L. Brillouin, Wave Propagation and Group Velocity (Academic, New York, 1960).

Bullock, D.

D. Bullock, J. Evers, and C. H. Keitel, “Modifying spontaneous emission via interferences from incoherent pump fields,” Phys. Lett. A 307, 8–12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C., C.-L.

C.-L. C., J.-K. Jia, Y. Zhang, Y. Xue, H.-L. Xu, and J.-H. Wu, “Resonant gain suppression and quantum destructive interference in a three-level open V system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 215504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Calderon, O. G.

F. Arrieta-Yanez, O. G. Calderon, and S. Melle, “Slow and fast light based on coherent population oscillations in erbium-doped fibres,” J. Opt. 12, 104002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

J. Mork, P. Lunnemann, W. Xue, Y. Chen, P. Kaer, and T. R. Nielsen, “Slow and fast light in semiconductor waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25, 083002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mork, F. Ohman, M. Van Der Poel, Y. Chen, P. Lunnemann, and K. Yvind, “Slow and fast light: Controlling the speed of light using semiconductor waveguides,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 30–44 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

S. Chu and S. Wang, “Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 738–741 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Cote, R.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crisp, M. D.

M. D. Crisp, “Concept of group velocity in resonant pulse propagation,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 2104–2108 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Cui, C.-L.

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, “Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation,” Nature 406, 277–279 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evers, J.

D. Bullock, J. Evers, and C. H. Keitel, “Modifying spontaneous emission via interferences from incoherent pump fields,” Phys. Lett. A 307, 8–12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eyler, E. E.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farooqi, S. M.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, C. H. Keitel, M. O. Scully, and C. Su, “Lasing without inversion and enhancement of the index of refraction via interference of incoherent pump processes,” Opt. Commun. 87, 109–114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, T. F.

T. F. Gallagher, Rydberg Atoms (Cambridge University PressCambridge, England, 1984).

Gao, J.-W.

D. Yan, J.-W. Gao, Q.-Q. Bao, H. Yang, H. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a five-level Λ system dominated by two-photon resonant transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Garrett, C. G. B.

C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. McCumber, “Propagation of a Gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium,” Phys. Rev. A 1, 305–313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D. J.

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, “Controlling the velocity of light pulses,” Science 326, 1074–1077 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gonzalez-Herraez, M.

M. Gonzalez-Herraez, K.-Y. Song, and L. Thevenaz, “Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gould, P. L.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hotate, K.

Huang, G.

Jia, J.-K.

C.-L. C., J.-K. Jia, Y. Zhang, Y. Xue, H.-L. Xu, and J.-H. Wu, “Resonant gain suppression and quantum destructive interference in a three-level open V system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 215504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kaer, P.

J. Mork, P. Lunnemann, W. Xue, Y. Chen, P. Kaer, and T. R. Nielsen, “Slow and fast light in semiconductor waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25, 083002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Keitel, C. H.

D. Bullock, J. Evers, and C. H. Keitel, “Modifying spontaneous emission via interferences from incoherent pump fields,” Phys. Lett. A 307, 8–12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer, C. H. Keitel, M. O. Scully, and C. Su, “Lasing without inversion and enhancement of the index of refraction via interference of incoherent pump processes,” Opt. Commun. 87, 109–114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. B.

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. K.

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Knight, P. L.

E. Paspalakis and P. L. Knight, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and controlled group velocity in a multilevel system,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 015802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krishnan, S.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzmich, A.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, “Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation,” Nature 406, 277–279 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezama, A.

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Steep anomalous dispersion in coherently prepared Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4277–4280 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lunnemann, P.

J. Mork, P. Lunnemann, W. Xue, Y. Chen, P. Kaer, and T. R. Nielsen, “Slow and fast light in semiconductor waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25, 083002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mork, F. Ohman, M. Van Der Poel, Y. Chen, P. Lunnemann, and K. Yvind, “Slow and fast light: Controlling the speed of light using semiconductor waveguides,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 30–44 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mahmoudi, M.

M. Mahmoudi, M. Sahrai, and H. Tajalli, “Subluminal and superluminal light propagation via interference of incoherent pumpfields,” Phys. Lett. A 357, 66–71 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McCumber, D. E.

C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. McCumber, “Propagation of a Gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium,” Phys. Rev. A 1, 305–313 (1970).
[CrossRef]

McLean, R. J.

A. M. Akulshin and R. J. McLean, “Fast light in atomic media,” J. Opt. 12, 104001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Melle, S.

F. Arrieta-Yanez, O. G. Calderon, and S. Melle, “Slow and fast light based on coherent population oscillations in erbium-doped fibres,” J. Opt. 12, 104002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moon, H. S.

K. Kim, H. S. Moon, C. Lee, S. K. Kim, and J. B. Kim, “Observation of arbitrary group velocities of light from superluminal to subluminal on a single atomic transition line,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mork, J.

J. Mork, P. Lunnemann, W. Xue, Y. Chen, P. Kaer, and T. R. Nielsen, “Slow and fast light in semiconductor waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25, 083002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mork, F. Ohman, M. Van Der Poel, Y. Chen, P. Lunnemann, and K. Yvind, “Slow and fast light: Controlling the speed of light using semiconductor waveguides,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 30–44 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, T. R.

J. Mork, P. Lunnemann, W. Xue, Y. Chen, P. Kaer, and T. R. Nielsen, “Slow and fast light in semiconductor waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25, 083002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ohman, F.

J. Mork, F. Ohman, M. Van Der Poel, Y. Chen, P. Lunnemann, and K. Yvind, “Slow and fast light: Controlling the speed of light using semiconductor waveguides,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 30–44 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Paspalakis, E.

E. Paspalakis and P. L. Knight, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and controlled group velocity in a multilevel system,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 015802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sahrai, M.

M. Mahmoudi, M. Sahrai, and H. Tajalli, “Subluminal and superluminal light propagation via interference of incoherent pumpfields,” Phys. Lett. A 357, 66–71 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

M. Fleischhauer, C. H. Keitel, M. O. Scully, and C. Su, “Lasing without inversion and enhancement of the index of refraction via interference of incoherent pump processes,” Opt. Commun. 87, 109–114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Song, K. Y.

Song, K.-Y.

M. Gonzalez-Herraez, K.-Y. Song, and L. Thevenaz, “Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stanojevic, J.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, C.

M. Fleischhauer, C. H. Keitel, M. O. Scully, and C. Su, “Lasing without inversion and enhancement of the index of refraction via interference of incoherent pump processes,” Opt. Commun. 87, 109–114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Taichenachev, A. V.

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tajalli, H.

M. Mahmoudi, M. Sahrai, and H. Tajalli, “Subluminal and superluminal light propagation via interference of incoherent pumpfields,” Phys. Lett. A 357, 66–71 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thevenaz, L.

L. Thevenaz, “Slow and fast light in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 2, 474–481 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Gonzalez-Herraez, K.-Y. Song, and L. Thevenaz, “Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tong, D.

D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
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A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
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J. Mork, F. Ohman, M. Van Der Poel, Y. Chen, P. Lunnemann, and K. Yvind, “Slow and fast light: Controlling the speed of light using semiconductor waveguides,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 30–44 (2009).
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Wang, G.

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

D. Yan, J.-W. Gao, Q.-Q. Bao, H. Yang, H. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a five-level Λ system dominated by two-photon resonant transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, “Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation,” Nature 406, 277–279 (2000).
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S. Chu and S. Wang, “Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 738–741 (1982).
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C.-L. C., J.-K. Jia, Y. Zhang, Y. Xue, H.-L. Xu, and J.-H. Wu, “Resonant gain suppression and quantum destructive interference in a three-level open V system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 215504 (2011).
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D. Yan, J.-W. Gao, Q.-Q. Bao, H. Yang, H. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a five-level Λ system dominated by two-photon resonant transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033830 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033815 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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C.-L. C., J.-K. Jia, Y. Zhang, Y. Xue, H.-L. Xu, and J.-H. Wu, “Resonant gain suppression and quantum destructive interference in a three-level open V system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 215504 (2011).
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J. Mork, P. Lunnemann, W. Xue, Y. Chen, P. Kaer, and T. R. Nielsen, “Slow and fast light in semiconductor waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25, 083002 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xue, Y.

C.-L. C., J.-K. Jia, Y. Zhang, Y. Xue, H.-L. Xu, and J.-H. Wu, “Resonant gain suppression and quantum destructive interference in a three-level open V system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 215504 (2011).
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C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033815 (2007).
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D. Yan, J.-W. Gao, Q.-Q. Bao, H. Yang, H. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a five-level Λ system dominated by two-photon resonant transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033830 (2011).
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D. Yan, J.-W. Gao, Q.-Q. Bao, H. Yang, H. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a five-level Λ system dominated by two-photon resonant transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033830 (2011).
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A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
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J. Mork, F. Ohman, M. Van Der Poel, Y. Chen, P. Lunnemann, and K. Yvind, “Slow and fast light: Controlling the speed of light using semiconductor waveguides,” Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 30–44 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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C.-L. C., J.-K. Jia, Y. Zhang, Y. Xue, H.-L. Xu, and J.-H. Wu, “Resonant gain suppression and quantum destructive interference in a three-level open V system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 215504 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
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C.-L. C., J.-K. Jia, Y. Zhang, Y. Xue, H.-L. Xu, and J.-H. Wu, “Resonant gain suppression and quantum destructive interference in a three-level open V system,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 215504 (2011).
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D. Yan, J.-W. Gao, Q.-Q. Bao, H. Yang, H. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a five-level Λ system dominated by two-photon resonant transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 033830 (2011).
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[CrossRef]

C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033815 (2007).
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D. Tong, S. M. Farooqi, J. Stanojevic, S. Krishnan, Y. P. Zhang, R. Cote, E. E. Eyler, and P. L. Gould, “Local blockade of Rydberg excitation in an ultracold gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 063001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chu and S. Wang, “Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 738–741 (1982).
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J. Mork, P. Lunnemann, W. Xue, Y. Chen, P. Kaer, and T. R. Nielsen, “Slow and fast light in semiconductor waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 25, 083002 (2010).
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